banjaraanaama

banjaaraanaama najeer akabaraabaadi (1735-1830) dvaara likhi gayi ek kavita hai

banjaraanaama (urdoo: بaaنaaجaaاaaرaaاaaنaaاaaمaaہ), athaaravi shataabdi ke bhaarateeya shaayar najeer akabaraabaadi dvaara likhi gayi ek prasiddh kavita hai.[1] is rachana ka mukhya sandesh hai ke saansaarik safalataaon par abhimaan karna moorkhata hai kyonki manushya ki paristhitiyaaain palak jhapakte badal sakateen hain. dhan-sampati to aani-jaani cheej hai kintu mrutyu, ek nishchit satya hai jo, kabhi na kabhi har manushya ke saath ghatega.[2] yeh kavita teji se bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ke kai bhaagon mein lokapriya ho gayi aur iski khyaati lagbhag pichhli do shataabdiyon se bani hui hai.[2][3] iske baare mein kaha gaya hai ki, haalaanki iski bhaasha desi aur saral hai, par ismein pai jaane waali chhaviyaaain aur kalpanaaeain itna jhakajhor dene vaaleen hain ki yeh "geet kai hajaar varshon ki shikshaaon ko ek saar rup mein saamane lekar aata hai".[4] ismein banjaare ka paatr mrutyu ki or ishaara hai: jis tarah yeh kabhi naheen bata sakte ki koi banjaara kab apna saara saamaan laad kar kisi sthaan se chal dega, usi tarah se mrutyu kabhi bhi aa sakti hai.

anukram

kavita ke kuchh chhand aur tech

kavita ka har ansh ek hi tech par ant hota hai - "sab thaath pada rah jaavega jab laad chalega banjaara".[5] yeh pankti Bhaarat aur Pakistan ki lok-sanskruti mein ek sootravaakya ke roop mein sammilit ho chuki hai, jiska arth hai ki apni aatma aur jmeer ko kabhi bhi lobh aur ghamand ke liye bali naheen chadhaana chaahiye. Bhaarat mein iska prayog sansad aur anya raajanaitik gatividhiyon mein bhi bhrashtaachaar ke sandarbh mein ho chuka hai.[6]

urdoo devanaagari tippani

گaaر تaaو ہaaے لaaکaaھaaی بaaنaaجaaاaaرaaہ اaaوaaر کaaھaaیaaپ بaaھaaی تaaیaaرaaی بaaھaaاaaرaaی ہaaے
اaaے غaaاaaفaaل تaaجaaھ سaaے بaaھaaی چaaڑaaهaaتaaا اaaک اaaوaaر بaaڑaaا بaaیaaوaaپaaاaaرaaی ہaaے
کaaیaaا شaaکaaر مaaصaaرaaی قaaنaaد گaaرaaی کaaیaaا سaaاaaنaaبaaھaaر مaaیaaٹaaھaaا کaaھaaاaaرaaی ہaaے
کaaیaaا دaaاaaکaaھ مaaنaaقaaا سaaوaaنaaٹaaھ مaaرaaچ کaaیaaا کaaیaaسaaر لaaوaaنaaگ سaaپaaاaaرaaی ہaaے
سaaب ٹaaھaaاaaٹaaھ پaaڑaaا رaaہ جaaاaaوaaیaaگaaا جaaب لaaاaaد چaaلaaے گaaا بaaنaaجaaاaaرaaہ

gar too hai lakkhi banjaara aur khep bhi teri bhaari hai
ai gaafil tujhase bhi chadhta ik aur bada byopaari hai
kya shakkar misri knd gari, kya saanbhar meetha-khaari hai
kya daakh munakka sonth mirch, kya kesar laung supaari hai
sab thaath pada rah jaavega jab laad chalega banjaara

agar too lakhapati hai aur teri dookaan mein bharamaar hai
O moorkh! (yaad rakh) ke tujh se bhi bada ek aur vyaapaari hai
kya teri shakkar, mishri, gud aur meve, kya tera meetha aur khaara aata?
kya tere angoor, kishmish, adarak aur mirch, kya tera kesar, laung aur supaari?
jis din banjaare ne saamaan laad ke chalne ki thaan li, tera sab thaath-baath bekaar pada rah jaaega

aam bhaasha ka prayog

us jmaane mein urdoo shaayari mein bahut arabi-faarasi milaakar likhne ka rivaaj tha, lekin najeer akabaraabaadi ne use chhod kar sadkon par bole jaane vaale bilkul saadhaaran shabdon aur muhaavaron ka prayog kiya.[7] aadhunik hindi-urdoo bolne vaale kavita ko samajh to sakte hain, lekin ismein kuchh aise shabd hain jo aadhunik hindi-urdoo mein bahut kam prayog hote hain ya lupt ho chuke hain. udaaharan ke liye "daakh" shabd sanskrut ke "draaksh" shabd se utpann hai, lekin aadhunik hindi mein usaka sthaan lagbhag poori tarah faarasi ke "angoor" shabd dvaara le liya gaya hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Akbar Naqvi, National College of Arts (Pakistan). Research and Publication Centre, Shahid Sajjad's sculpture: collected essays, Research and Publication Centre, National College of Arts, 2007, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9789698623210, http://books.google.com/books?id=N2HqAAAAMAAJ, "... He had necklaces round his neck wom by the sadhus of India. As late as the sixties, beggars sang his immortal poems in the kingdom of Urdu on the Subcontinent. School children recited verses from his immortal 'Banjaranama' ..."
  2. a aa A history of Urdu literature, Sind Sagar Academy, 1975, http://books.google.com/books?id=p7xjAAAAMAAJ, "... His allegories, in beautiful verses, strike a note at once ennobling and enthralling. His pictures about the 'all conquering death' and his Banjara-nama, plead for a renunciation of pride in ..."
  3. ʻaAbdulḥaalīam Sharar, Abdul Halim Sharar, Rosie Llewellyn-Jones, Veena Talwar Oldenburg, The Lucknow omnibus, Oxford University Press, 2001, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780195653298, http://books.google.com/books?id=P1swAQAAIAAJ, "... His natural and simple poetry is expressed in commonplace words. Banjara Nama is ..."
  4. sab thaath pada rah jaavega jab laad chalega banjaara, CINE Manthan, http://www.cinemanthan.info/index.php/2010/05/sab-thhaath/, "... geet kai hajaar varshon ki shikshaaon ko ek saar rup mein saamane lekar aata hai... insaan akela aaya hai akela hi jaayega. khaali haath aaya tha aur dharati par jama ki huyi har ek cheej har ek sampatti yaheen chhod kar jaayega ..."
  5. K. C. Kanda, Masterpieces of Urdu nazm, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 1997, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788120719521, http://books.google.com/books?id=hT3h1mWbjA4C, "... سaaب ٹaaھaaاaaٹaaھ پaaڑaaاaaرaaہ جaaاaaوaaیaaگaaا جaaب لaaاaaد چaaلaaے گaaا بaaنaaجaaاaaرaaہ ..."
  6. House of the People (Lok Sabha), Parliament of India, Lok Sabha debates, Lok Sabha Secretariat, Government of India, 1996, http://books.google.com/books?id=sq1XAAAAMAAJ, "... Some times, l wonder as to how much money does a man need? "Sab thaath pada rah jayega, Jab bandh chalega banjara." Nothing will remain there. Yet the people are after money. People have lust for power because it is easy to make money ..."
  7. University Grants Commission, Pakistan pictorial, Volume 4, Pakistan Publications, 1980, http://books.google.com/books?id=b3lCAAAAYAAJ, "... commoners as he preferred to compose verses in a language and idiom most suited to the genius of the man in the street. He wrote such fluent poems like 'Banjara' (Gypsy) ..."