baloochistaan (Pakistan)

baloochistaan
praant
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baloochistaan ki avasthiti
nirdeshaank : 30°a07′aN 67°a01′aE / 30.12°aN 67.01°aE / 30.12; 67.01Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 30°a07′aN 67°a01′aE / 30.12°aN 67.01°aE / 30.12; 67.01
desh Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
sthaapit 1 July 1970
rajdhani Quetta
sabse bada shahar Quetta
shaasan
• pranaali praant
• sabha praanteeya vidhaanasabha
raajyapaal navaab julfikaar Ali magsi
• mukhyamantri navaab asalam raayasaani (PPP)
kshetr
• kul 3,47,190
janasankhya (2005)[1]
• kul 78,00,000
• ghanatv <
samay mandal PKT (UTC +5)
pramukh bhaashaaen
vidhaanasabha ki seatein 65
jile 30
shahar
sangheeya parishdein 86
jaalasthal balochistan.gov.pk

baloochistaan (urdoo: بaaلaaوaaچaaسaaتaaاaaن) Pakistan ka pashchimi praant hai. baloochistaan naam ka kshetr bada hai aur yeh Iran (sistaan va baloochistaan praant) tatha afgaanistaan ke sate hue kshetron mein bainta hua hai. yahaan ki rajdhani Quetta hai. yahaaain ke logon ki pramukh bhaasha balooch ya baloochi ke naam se jaani jaati hai. 1944 mein baloochistaan ke svatantrata ka vichaar general mani ke vichaar mein aaya tha par 1947 mein british ishaare par ise Pakistan mein shaamil kar liya gaya. 1970 ke dashak mein ek balooch raashtravaad ka udaya hua jismein baloochistaan ko Pakistan se svatantr karne ki maang uthi.[2]

yeh pradesh Pakistan ke sabse kam aabaad ilaakon mein se ek hai.

anukram

itihaas

iske poorvi kinaare par sindhu ghaati sabhyata ka udbhav hua. kuchh vidvaanon ka maanana hai ki sindhu ghaati sabhyata ke mool log balooch hi the. par iske saakshya naganya hain. sindhu ghaati ki lipi ko na padhe jaane ke kaaran sanshaya ab tak bana hua hai. par sindhu sabhyata ke avashesh aaj ke baloochistaan mein kam hi paae jaate hain.

baloochi logon ka maana hai ki unka mool nivaas Syria ke ilaake mein the aur unka mool semetik (afro-eshiyaatik) hai. aaj ka dakshini baloochistaan Iran ke Kamran praant ka hissa tha jabki uttar poorvi bhaag sistaan ka ang. san 652 mein muslim khaleefa umar ne Kamran par aakraman ke aadesh diye aur yeh islaami khilaaft ka ang ban gaya. par umar ne apna saamraajya Kamran tak hi seemit rakha. Ali ke khilaaft mein poora baloochistaan, sindhu nadi ke pashchimi chhor tak, khilaafat ke tahat aa gaya. is samay ek aur vidroh bhi hua tha. san 663 mein hue vidroh mein kalaat raashidun khilaaft ke haath se nikal gaya. baad mein ummayadon ne ispar kabja kar liya. iske baad yeh mugal hastakshep ka bhi vishay raha par ant mein british shaasan mein shaamil ho gaya. 1944 mein ise svatantr karne ka vichaar bhi angrejon ke man mein aaya tha par 1947 mein yeh svatantr Pakistan ka ang ban gaya.

sattar ke dashak mein yahaaain Pakistani shaasan ke khilaaf mukti abhiyaan bhi chala tha jise kuchal diya gaya.

prashaasanik vibhaag

is praant mein 27 jile hain :

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; worldbankpop naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  2. "Baluch nationalism, since its birth". http://www.balochwarna.com/modules/mastop_publish/?tac=Baluch_nationalism.

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