baloch log

baloch logon ka bhaugolik failaav (gulaabi rang mein)
paaramparik baloch poshaak mein omaan ki ek baloch ladki
paaramparik baloch striyon ke jevar

baloch, balauch ya balooch dakshinpashchimi Pakistan ke balochistaan praant aur Iran ke sistaan va baloochestaan praant mein basane waali ek jaati hai. yeh baloch bhaasha bolte hain, jo Irani bhaasha parivaar ki ek sadasya hai aur jismein ati-praacheen avastaai bhaasha ki jhalak milti hai (jo swayam vaidik sanskrut ki badi kreebi bhaasha maani jaati hai. baloch log kbeelon mein sangathit hain. ve pahaadi aur registaani kshetron mein rahate hain aur aaspaas ke samudaayon se bilkul bhinn pehchaan banaae hue hain. ek braahui naamak samudaaya bhi baloch maana jaata hai, haalaanki yeh ek Dravid bhaasha parivaar ki braahui naam ki bhaasha bolte hain.

san 2009 mein baloch logon ki kul janasankhya 90 lakh par anumaanit ki gayi thi.[1][2][3] ismein se lagbhag 60% Pakistan ke balochistaan praant mein aur 25% Iran ke sistaan va baloochestaan praant mein rahate hain.[4] Pakistan ke sindh aur Punjab praant ke dakshini bhaag mein bhi bahut se baloch rahate hain. afgaanistaan, Turkmenistan, omaan, bahareen, Kuwait aur afreeka ke kuchh bhaagon mein bhi baloch milte hain. baloch log adhiktar sunni islaam ke anuyaayi hote hain. Iran mein shiyaaon ki bahutaayat hai, isliye vahaaain inki ek alag dhaarmik pehchaan hai.

anukram

mukhya kbeele

balochon ke kuchh mukhya kbeele is prakaar hain:

  • bugati (بaaگaaٹaaی): yeh baloch-bhaashi hain aur inhein balochistaan ka sab se shaktishaali kbeela maana jaata hai. inki anumaanit sankhya 3 lakh hai.
  • marri (مaaرaaی): yeh baloch-bhaashi log Pakistan ke balochistaan ke kohaloo, sibi, jaafraabaad aur naseeraabaad jilon ke nivaasi hain. inki sankhya 2 lakh anumaanit ki gayi hai. yeh alagaavavaadi vichaaradhaara se khunkhaar tareeke se ladne ke liye pahachaane gaye hain.
  • meingal (مaaیaaنaaگaaل): yeh braahui-bhaashi hain aur inka kbeela doosra sab se bada kbeela maana jaata hai. yeh balochistaan ke chagi, khujdaar aur khaaraan jilon mein rahate hain.
  • bijeinjo (بaaزaaنaaجaaو): yeh balochistaan ke avaaraan jile mein rahate hain. is kbeele se ek gaus bakhsh bijeinjo naamak baloch raashtravaadi neta prasiddh hue the jo 1972-73 mein balochistaan ke raajyapaal bhi rahe.
  • laango (لaaاaaنaaگaaو): yeh balochistaan ke madhya mein rahate hain. laango kbeele mein praathamik roop se balochi boli jaati hai lekin bahut se log braahui bhi dviteeya bhaasha ke roop mein bolatein hain.
  • bangulaji (بaaنaaگaaلaaزaaی): yeh ek braahui-bhaashi kbeela hai aur balochistaan ke bade kbeelon mein gina jaata hai.
  • majaari (مaaزaaاaaرaaی): yeh balochistaan ka bahut hi praacheen kbeela maana jaata hai. "majaari" shabd ka arth balochi bhaasha mein "Singh" hota hai. inka kshetr Punjab praant mein raajanapur jila hai jo balochistaan ki seema par padta hai.
  • nutkaani (نaaتaaكaaاaaنaaى): yeh baloch kbeela sadiyon pehle balochistaan se chalakar Punjab se aa basa.
  • lagaari (لaaغaaاaaرaaي): Punjab aur sindh mein basa hua ek baloch kbeela. inmein se bahut ab sindhi, punjabi aur siraaiki bhaashaaeain bolte hain, lekin fir bhi apni baloch pehchaan banaae hue hain.

reeti rivaaj

baloch purush shalavaar kameej pahanate hain aur baloch topi ki bhi vishesh pehchaan hai. baloch striyaaain khule choge aur lehange pahanati hain, jispar aksar sheeshe ke tukade lage hote hain. auratein apna sar ek "sarig" naam ke vastr se dhakati hain. inmein jevar bahut lokapreeya hain, khaasakar kaan mein pahanane vaale "dor" naam ke bhaari jhumake jinko sone ki patali jnjeeron se sar par baaaindha jaata hai taaki bhaar se kaanon ko nuksaan na pahuainche. ve apne chogon ko saamane se band karne ke liye ek "tasani" naam ke sone ke jevar ka bhi prayog karateen hain.

baloch logon mein dhaarmik kattaravaad bahut kam milta hai aur raashtreeyata ki bhaavana kaafi prabal hai. balochistaan ke Irani aur Pakistani donon hisson mein alagaavavaadi vidroh samay-samay par hote rahe hain. Iran mein shiya-sunni alagaav ko lekar unamein bhinnata ki bhaavana hai. gaana-bajaana balochon ki sanskruti mein bahut mahatvapoorn hai aur ismein dhol ka prayog bahut hota hai (ise balochistaan mein dohol kaha jaata hai).

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. Languages of Pakistan, Ethnologue.com.
  2. Languages of Iran, Ethnologue.com . Retrieved June 7, 2006.
  3. Iran, Library of Congress, Country Profile . Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  4. Blood, Peter, ed. "Baloch". Pakistan: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1995.