bahumat

bahumat (plurality ya majority) shabd ka prayog matadaan (vonting) ke sandarbh mein kiya jaata hai. saamaanyat: jo pratyaashi sarvaadhik mat praapt karta hai use 'bahut mila hai' kehte hain.

  • (1) saamaanya bahumat – upasthit sadasyau tatha matadaan karne vaalau ke 50% se adhik sadasya hi saamaanya bahumat hai is bahumat ka sadan ki kul sadasya sankhya se koi sambandh nahi hota hai

bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke anusaar avishvaas prastaav, vishvaas prastaav, kaamaroko prastaav, sabhaapati, upasabhaapati tatha adhyakshau ke chunaav hetu sadan ke yadi samvidhaan sanshodhan ka prastaav raajya vidhaayikaaon ko bhejana ho, saamaanya bill, dhan bill, raashtrapati shaasan, vitteeya aapaatakaal lagaane hetu saamaanya bahumat ko maanyata praapt hai yadi bahumat ke prakaar ka nirdesh na hone par use sadaiv saamaanya bahumat samjha jaata hai

  • (2) poorn bahumat – sadan ke 50% se adhik sadasyau ka bahumat [khaali seete bhi gini jaati hai] Loksabha me 273, Rajyasabha me 123 sadasyau ka samarthan . iska raajanaitik mahtv hai na ki vaidhaanik mahatva
  • (3) prabhaavi bahumat- matadaan ke samay upasthit sadan ke 50% se adhik sadasyau [khaali seetau ko chhodakar] yeh tab prayog aati hai jab lok sabha adhyaksh upaadhyaksh ya Rajyasabha ke upasabhaapati ko pad se hataana ho ya jab Rajyasabha uparaashtrapati ko pad se hataane hetu matadaan kare
  • (4) vishesh bahumat – pratham teeno prakaar ke bahumatau se bhinn hota hai iske teen prakaar hai
  • (k) anu 249 ke anusaar- upasthit tatha matadaan dene vaalau ke 2/3 sankhya ko vishesh bahumat kaha gaya hai
  • (kh) anu 368 ke anusaar – sanshodhan bill sadan ke upasthit tatha sadan me mat dene vaalo ke 2/3 sankhya jo ki sadan ke kul sadasya sankhya ka bhi bahumat ho [Loksabha me 273 sadasya]is bahumat se samvidhaan sanshodhan, nyaayadheeshau ko pad se hataana tatha raashtreeya aapaatakaal lagaana, raajya vidhaan sabha dvaara vidhaan parishad ki sthaapana athva vichhedan ki maanng ke prastaav paarit kiye jaate hai
  • (g) anu 61 ke anusaar – keval raashtrapati ke mahaabhiyog hetu sadan ke kul sankhya ka kam se kam 2/3 (Loksabha me 364 sadasya hone par)

inhein bhi dekhein