bahaadur shaah jfr

bahaadur shaah jfr

bahaadur shaah jfr (1775-1862) Bhaarat mein mugl saamraajya ke aakhiri shahanshaah the aur urdoo bhaasha ke maane hue shaayar the. unhonne 1857 ka pratham bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam mein bhaarateeya sipaahiyon ka netrutv kiya. yuddh mein haar ke baad angrejon ne unhein barma (ab myaanmaar) bhej diya jahaaain unki mrutyu hui. "bahaadur shaah jafar ka janm 24 October 1775 ko hua tha. vah apne pita Akbar shaah dviteeya ki maut ke baad 28 September 1838 ko Delhi ke baadshah bane. unki maan lalabaai hindu parivaar se theen. 1857 mein jab Hindustan ki aajaadi ki chingaari bhadki to sabhi vidrohi sainikon aur raaja-mahaaraajaaon ne unhein Hindustan ka samraat maana aur unke netrutv mein angrejon ki it se it baja di. angrejon ke khilaaf bhaarateeya sainikon ki bagaavat ko dekh bahaadur shaah jafar ka bhi gussa foot pada aur unhonne angrejon ko Hindustan se khadedne ka aahvaan kar daala. bhaarateeyon ne Delhi aur desh ke anya hisson mein angrejon ko kadi shikast di.

shuruaati parinaam hindustaani yoddhaaon ke paksh mein rahe, lekin baad mein angrejon ke chhal-kapat ke chalte pratham svaadheenata sangraam ka rukh badal gaya aur angrej bagaavat ko dabaane mein kaamayaab ho gaye. bahaadur shaah jafar ne humaayoon ke makabare mein sharan li, lekin major hadas ne unhein unke bete mirja mugal aur khijr sultaan va pote Abu bakar ke saath pakad liya.

angrejon ne julm ki sabhi hadein paar kar Dean. jab bahaadur shaah jafar ko bhookh lagi to angrej unke saamane thaali mein parosakar unke beton ke sir le aae. unhonne angrejon ko javaab diya ki Hindustan ke bete desh ke liye sir kurbaan kar apne baap ke paas isi andaaj mein aaya karte hain. aajaadi ke liye hui bagaavat ko poori tarah khatm karne ke maksad se angrejon ne antim mugal baadshah ko desh se nirvaasit kar rangoon bhej diya. "

anukram

urdoo ke kavi

faarasi mein kavita, jo bahaadurashaah ne likha..

bahaadur shaah jafar sirf ek deshbhakt mugal baadshah hi naheen balki urdoo ke mashahoor kavi bhi the. unhonne bahut si mashahoor urdoo kavitaaen likheen, jinmein se kaafi angrejon ke khilaaf bagaavat ke samay machi uthal-puthal ke dauraan kho gayi ya nasht ho gayi. unke dvaara urdoo mein likhi gayi panktiyaan bhi kaafi mashahoor hain-

desh se baahar rangoon mein bhi unki urdoo kavitaaon ka jalwa jaari raha. vahaan unhein har vakt Hindustan ki fikr rahi. unki antim ichha thi ki vah apne jeevan ki antim saans Hindustan mein hi lein aur vaheen unhein dafnaaya jaae lekin aisa naheen ho paaya.

mulk se angrejon ko bhagaane ka sapana liye saat November 1862 ko 87 angrge sarkar se ladte huye unka nidhan ho gaya / unhein rangoon mein shvedaagon paigoda ke najadeek dafnaaya gaya. unke dafan sthal ko ab bahaadur shaah jafar dargaah ke naam se jaana jaata hai. logon ke dil mein unke liye kitna sammaan tha usaka andaaja isi baat se lagaaya ja sakta hai ki Hindustan mein jahaan kai jagah sadkon ka naam unke naam par rakha gaya hai, vaheen Pakistan ke Lahore shahar mein bhi unke naam par ek sadak ka naam rakha gaya hai. Bangladesh ke old dhaaka shahar sthit Victoria park ka naam badalkar bahaadur shaah jafar park kar diya gaya hai."

lagta naheen hai ji mera ujade dayaar mein,
kis ki bani hai aalam-A-naapaayadaar mein.

bulabul ko baagabaan se na saiyaad se gila,
kismat mein kaid likhi thi fasal-A-bahaar mein.

kah do in hasaraton se kaheen aur ja basein,
itni jagah kahaaain hai dil-A-daagdaar mein.

ek shaakh gul pe baith ke bulabul hai shaadamaan,
kaante bichha diye hain dil-A-laal-A-jaar mein.

umr-A-daraaj maaaing ke laaye the chaar din,
do aarajoo mein kat gaye, do intejaar mein.

din jindagi khatm hue shaam ho gayi,
faila ke paanv soenge kunj-A-majaar mein.

kitna hai badanaseeb 'jfar' dafn ke liye,
do gaj jameen bhi na mili koo-A-yaar mein.


kisi bhi desh ke itihaas mein bahaadur shaah jafar jaise kam hi shaasak hote hain jo apne desh ko mahbooba ki tarah mohabbat karte hain aur jeevan bhar deshaprem mein doobe rahane ke baad koo-A-yaar (pyaar ki gali) mein jagah na mil paane ki kasak ke saath parades mein dam tod dete hain.

baadshah jafar ne jab rangoon mein kaaraavaas ke dauraan apni aakhiri saans li to shaayad unke labon par apni hi mashahoor gajal ka yeh sher jaroor raha hoga- "kitna hai badanaseeb jafar dafn ke liye, do gaj jameen bhi na mili koo-A-yaar mein."

Bhaarat ke pratham svatantrata sangraam mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaane vaale antim mugal baadshah bahaadur shaah jafar urdoo ke ek bade shaayar ke roop mein bhi vikhyaat hain. unki shaayari bhaavuk kavi ki bajaay deshbhakti ke josh se bhari rahati thi aur yahi kaaran tha ki unhonne angrej shaasakon ko takhte-London tak Hindustan ki shamasheer (talavaar) chalne ki chetaavani di thi.

janashrutiyon ke anusaar pratham svatantrata sangraam ke baad jab baadshah jafar ko giraftaar kiya gaya to urdoo jaanane vaale ek angrej sainya adhikaari ne un par kataaksh karte hue yeh sher kaha- "dam mein dam naheen, ab khair maango jaan ki A jafar.ab myaan ho chuki hai, samasher Hindustan ki..!!" is par jafar ne karaara javaab dete hue kaha tha- "hindeeo mein boo rahegi jab talap imaan ki,takhte London tak chalegi teg Hindustan ki..!!"

Bhaarat mein mugalakaal ke antim baadshah kahe jaane vaale jafar ko pratham svatantrata sangraam ke dauraan Delhi ka baadshah banaaya gaya tha. baadshah bante hi unhonne jo chand aadesh diye, unamein se ek tha gohatya par rok lagaana. is aadesh se pata chalta hai ki ve hindu-muslim ekta ke kitne bade pakshadhar the.

Gorakhpur vishvavidyaalaya mein itihaas ke poorv praadhyaapak Dr. shailanaath chaturvedi ke anusaar 1857 ke samay bahaadur shaah jafar ek aisi badi hasti the, jinka baadshah ke taur par hi naheen ek dharmanirpeksh vyakti ke roop mein bhi sabhi sammaan karte the. iseeliye behad svaabhaavik tha ki Meerut se vidroh kar jo sainik Delhi pahunche unhonne sabse pehle bahaadur shaah jafar ko apna baadshah banaaya.

chaturvedi ne baatcheet mein kaha ki jafar ko baadshah banaana saanketik roop se british shaasakon ko ek sandesh tha. iske tahat bhaarateeya sainik yeh sandesh dena chaahate the ki Bhaarat ke kendra Delhi mein videshi naheen balki bhaarateeya shaasak ki satta chalegi. baadshah banane ke baad bahaadur shaah jafar ne gohatya par paabandi ka jo aadesh diya tha vah koi naya aadesh naheen tha. balki Akbar ne apne shaasanakaal mein isi tarah ka aadesh de rakha tha. jafar ne mahaj is aadesh ka paalan fir se karavaana shuroo kar diya tha.

deshaprem ke saath-saath jafar ke vyaktitv ka ek anya pahaloo shaayari thi. unhonne na keval gaalib, daag, momin aur jauk jaise urdoo ke bade shaayaron ko tamaam tarah se protsaahan diya, balki vah swayam ek achhe shaayar the. saahityik sameekshakon ke anusaar jafar ke samay mein jahaan mugalakaaleen satta charamara rahi thi vaheen urdoo saahitya khaaskar urdoo shaayari apni bulandiyon par thi. jafar ki maut ke baad unki shaayari kulliyaat A jafar ke naam se sankalit ki gayi.

jafar ka janm 24 October, 1775 mein hua tha. unke pita Akbar shaah dviteeya aur maan laalabaai theen. apne pita ki mrutyu ke baad jafar ko 18 September, 1837 mein mugal baadshah banaaya gaya. yeh deegar baat thi ki us samay tak Delhi ki saltanat behad kamjor ho gayi thi aur mugal baadshah naamamaatr ka samraat rah gaya tha.

Bhaarat ke pratham svatantrata sangraam mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaane ki jafar ko bhaari keemat bhi chukaani padi thi. unke putron aur prapautron ko british adhikaariyon ne sareaam goliyon se bhoon daala. yahi naheen unhein bandi banaakar rangoon le jaaya gaya, jahaan unhonne saat November, 1862 mein ek bandi ke roop mein dam toda aur unhein vaheen dafnaaya gaya. aaj bhi koi deshapremi vyakti jab tatkaaleen barma (myanmaar) ki yaatra karta hai to vah jafar ki majaar par jaakar unhein shraddhaanjali dena naheen bhoolata.

mugl samraaton ka kaalakram

अकबर शाह द्वितीय अली गौहर मुही-उल-मिल्लत अज़ीज़ुद्दीन अहमद शाह बहादुर रोशन अख्तर बहादुर रफी उद-दौलत रफी उल-दर्जत फर्रुख्शियार जहांदार शाह बहादुर शाह प्रथम औरंगज़ेब शाहजहाँ जहांगीर अकबर हुमायूँ इस्लाम शाह सूरी शेर शाह सूरी हुमायूँ बाबर

gailari

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bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam

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