bagdaad

bagdaad (arabi: بaaغaaدaaاaaد‎) vishv ka ek pramukh nagar evam iraak ki rajdhani hai. iska naam 600 ipoo ke baabil ke raaja bhaagadatt par pada hai. yeh nagar 4,000 varsh pehle pashchimi Europe aur sudoor poorv ke deshon ke beech, samudri maarg ke aavishkaar ke pehle kaaravaaain maarg ka prasiddh kendra tha tatha nadi ke kinaare iski sthiti vyaapaarik mahatva rakhati thi. mesopotemiya ke upajaaoo bhaag mein sthit Baghdad vaastav mein shaanti aur samruddhi ka kendra tha. 9veen shataabdi ke praarambhik varshon mein yeh apne charamotkarsh par tha. us samay yahaaain prabuddh khaleefa ki chhatrachhaaya mein dhani vyaapaari evam vidvaan log fale-foole. reshami vastr evam vishaal khaparail ke bhavanon ke liye prasiddh Baghdad islaam dharm ka kendra raha hai. yahaaain ka ausat taap lagbhag 23 degree sein. tatha vaarshik varsha saat inch hain, at: yahaaain khajoor tatha jhaadiyon ke kunj adhik milte hain.

Baghdad (Baghdad) sthiti : 33 degree 20 minute uttar akshaansh tatha 44 degree 25mint poorvi deshaantar. Iraq mein faaras ki khaadi se 250 meal door, dajla nadi ke kinaare, saagaratal se 120 foot ki ooainchaai par sthit.

itihaas

Baghdad ka vaastavik patan 1258 E. mein shuru hota hai, jab halaakoo naamak mangol ne mesopotemiya par adhikaar kar islaami sabhyata ko nasht kar diya. isne dheere-dheere sinchaai pranaali ko bhi chhinn-bhinn karke upajaaoo krushikshetr ko steps ya ghaas ke maidaan mein parivrtit kar diya. is kaal se lekar praarambhik 20veen shataabdi tak ke kuchh samay ko chhodkar Baghdad kabhi bhi svatantr rajdhani naheen raha hai.

yahaaain hinaidi mein ek bahut bada havaai adda banaaya gaya jisse kaahira evam basara sambaddh the. baad mein iska England, Bhaarat aur sudoor poorv se bhi vaayusanbandh ho gaya. vartamaan samay mein sansaar ki sabhi pramukh vaayusevaaeain yahaaain se hokar jaati hain. turkeen tak relamaarg ban jaane se iska sampark seedhe bhoomadhyasaagar se ho gaya. is prakaar aavaagaman ke saadhanon ke vikaas ke kaaran 20veen shataabdi mein Baghdad pun: apni khoi hui pratishtha praapt kar madhya poorv ka prasiddh nagar ho gaya. yahaaain se dariyon, oon, gond, khajoor aur pashucharm ka niryaat tatha kapaas aur chai ka aayaat karke punarniryaat karte hain.

yahaaain chikitsa, kala, kaanoon, engineering, sainyashaastr aadi ki shiksha ka uchit prabandh hai. yahaaain prasiddh puraatatv sangrahaalaya hai. nagar ke puraane bhaag mein mitti ke makaan, patali tatha dhool bhari sadkein dekhne ko milti hain. aadhunik bhaag darshaneeya hai. yahaaain sundar sundar masajidein evam baajaar hain.

sandarbh