badodara

vadodara
shahar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Gujarat
jila vadodara jila
mahaapaur shreemati jyoti pandya
saansad
janasankhya
ghanatv
1,641,566 (2001 tak )
• 952
kshetrafal 148.95 ki.mee²

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 22°a11′aN 73°a07′aE / 22.18°aN 73.12°aE / 22.18; 73.12 vadodara (poorv naam : Baroda ) Gujarat praant ka teesara sabse adhik janasankhya wala shahar hai. yeh ek shahar hai jaha ka mahaaraaja sayaajeeraav vishvavidyaalaya apne sundar sthaapatya ke liye jaana jaata hai. vadodara Gujarat ka ek mahattvapoorn nagar hai. vadodara shahar, vadodara jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya, poorvi-madhya Gujarat raajya, pashchim Bhaarat, Ahmedabad ke dakshin-poorv mein vishvaamitr nadi ke tat par sthit hai. vadodara ko Baroda bhi kehte hain. iska sabse puraana ullekh 812 E. ke adhikaaradaan ya raajapatr mein hai, jismein ise vaadapadrak bataaya gaya hai. yeh ankottaka shahar se sambaddh basti thi. is kshetr ko jainiyon se chheenane vaale dor rajput raaja chandan ke naam par shaayad ise chandanavaati ke naam se bhi jaana jaata tha. samay-samay par is shahar ke nae naamakaran hote rahe, jaise vaaraavati, vaatapatrak, Baroda aur 1971 mein vadodara.

anukram

itihaas

itihaas me shahar ka pehla ullekh 812 E. mein is kshetr mein aa kar base vyaapaariyon ke samay se milta hai. varsh E 1297 yeh praant hindu shaasan ke adhin hindooo ke varchasv me tha. isaai yoog ke praarambh me yeh kshetr guptavansh ke saamraajya ke adheen tha. bhayankar yoodhdh ke baad, is kshetr par chaalukya vansh satta aadhin hua. ant mein, is raajya par solanki raajapooton ne kabja kar liya. is samay tak muslim shaasan Bhaarat varsh me fail raha tha aur dekh te hi dekhte vadodara ki satta ki baagdor Delhi ke sultaanon ke haath aa gai. vadodara par Delhi ke sultaanon ne ek lambe samay tak shaasan kiya, jab tak ve mugal samraaton dvaara paraast nahi kiye gaye. mugalon ki sabse badi samasya maraatha shaashak the jinhone ne dheere dheere se lekin antat: is kshetr par apna raajya sthaapit kar deeya aur yeh maraatha vansh gaaikavaad (Gaekwads) ki rajdhani ban gaya. sar sayaaji Rao gaaikavaad (1875-1939) III, is vansh ke sabse saksham aur lokapriya shaasak the aur unho ne is kshetr mein kai sarkaari aur naukarashaahi sudhaar kiye, haalaanki british raaj ka kshetr par ek bada prabhaav tha. Baroda Bhaarat ki svatantrata tak ek raajasi raajya bana raha. kai anya riyaasaton ki tarah, Baroda raajya bhi 1947 mein Bhaarat dominiyn me shaamil ho gaya.

vishvaameetri (Vishwamitri) nadi ke tat par sthit vadodara urf Baroda shahar Bhaarat ke sabse bade mahaanagareeya shaharon mein athaarahavein number par hai. vadodara shahar vadodara jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya hai aur ise udyaano ka shahar, audyogik rajdhani aur Gujarat ke teesare sabse adhik aabaadi vaale shahar se bhi jaana jaata hai. iski samruddh saanskrutik paranparaaon ke kaaran, jile ko sanskaari (Sanskari) nagari ke roop mein sandarbhit kiya jaata hai. kai sangrahaalayon aur kala deerghaaon, udyogon ki is aagaami hab aur IT ke saath paryatakon ka pasandeeda sthal hai. raaja chandan ke shaasan ke samay me vadodara ko chandraavati (Chandravati) ke naam se jaana jaata tha aur baad me viro ki dharati yaanai viraashetra (Virakshetra) ya viraavati (Viravati). vishvaameetri nadi ke tat par bargad ke ped ki bahataayat ki vajah se vadodara ko vadapaatra (Vadpatra) ya vadapatra (Vadpatra) jaana jaane laga aur yaha se iske vartamaan naam ki utpatti hooi.

shikshan sansthaan

mahaaraaja sayaajeeraav vishvavidyaalaya

vadodara ka lamba itihaas iske kai mahalon, dvaaron, udyaanon aur maargon se parilkshit hota hai. yahaaain mahaaraaja sayaajeeraav university of Baroda (1949) tatha anya shaikshanik va saanskrutik sansthaan hain, jinmein engineering sankaaya, medical college vadodara homiyopaithik medical college, vadodara baayoinfaurmetiks center, kala bhavan tatha kai sangrahaalaya shaamil hain.

kalaakrutiyaaain

is shahar ka ek pramukh sthaan Baroda sangrahaalaya aur chitr deergha hai, jiski sthaapana Baroda ke mahaaraaja Gaikwad ne 1894 mein utkrusht kalaakrutiyon ke pratinidhi sangrah ke roop mein ki thi. iske bhavan ka nirmaan 1908 se 1914 ke beech hua aur aupachaarik roop se 1921 mein deergha ka udghaatan hua. is sangrahaalaya mein Europeeya chitr, visheshakar George romane ke english roopachitr, sar joshuaa renaulds tatha sar Peter leli ki shailiyon ki krutiyaaain aur bhaarateeya pustak chitr, moortishilp, lok kala, vaigyaanik vastueain va maanav jaati ke varnan se sambandhit vastueain pradarshit ki gayi hain. yahaaain itaalavi, Spanish, dach aur flemish kalaakaaron ki krutiyaaain bhi rakhi gayi hain.

lakshmi vilaas mahal

udyog

is shahar mein utpaadit hone waali vibhinn prakaar ki vastuon mein sooti vastr tatha hathakaragha vastr, rasaayan, diyaasalaai, masheenein aur frneechar shaamil hain.

parivhan

vadodara ek rel aur maarg jankshan hai tatha yahaaain ek havaai adda bhi hai.

krushi

vadodara jila 7,788 varg kimi mein faila hua hai, jo narmada nadi (dakshin) se maahi nadi (uttar) tak vistrut hai. yeh lagbhag poorv Baroda riyaasat (Gaikwad raajya ke) ki rajdhani ke kshetr ya jile ke baraabar hi hai. kapaas, tanbaakoo tatha erand ki faliyaaain yahaaain ki nakdi fsalein hain. sthaaneeya upayog aur niryaat ke liye gehooain, dalahan, makka, chaaval, tatha baagaani fsalein ugaai jaati hain.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar vadodara shahar ki janasankhya 13,06,035 va jile ki kul janasankhya 36,39,775 hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain