badaayooain

badaayoon
shahar
nirdeshaank: (nirdeshaank dhooaindhein)
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttar pradesh
mahaapaur
saansad


badaayoon Bhaarat ke uttar pradesh ka ek pramukh shahar evam Loksabha kshetr hai. badaayooain, uttar pradesh ka ek mahattvapoorn jila hai. yeh ganga ki sahaayak nadi srot ke sameep sthit hai. 11veen shati ke ek abhilekh mein, jo badaayooain se praapt hua hai, is nagar ka tatkaaleen naam vodaamayoota kaha gaya hai. is lekh se gyaat hota hai ki us samay badaayooain mein paanchaal desh ki rajdhani thi.

anukram

sthaapana

yeh jaan padta hai ki ahichhatra nagari, jo ati praacheen kaal se uttar paanchaal ki rajdhani chali I thi, is samay tak apna poorv gaurav gainva baithi thi. ek kinvadanti mein yeh bhi kaha gaya hai ki, is nagar ko aheer sardaar raaja buddh ne 10veen shati mein basaaya tha. 13 veen shataabdi mein yeh Delhi ke muslim raajya ki ek mahattvapoorn seemaavarti chauki tha aur 1657 mein bareli dvaara iska sthaan liye jaane tak praanteeya soobedaar yaheen rahata tha. 1838 mein yeh jila mukhyaalaya bana. kuchh logon ka yeh mat hai ki badaayooain ki neenv ajayapaal ne 1175 E. mein daali thi. raaja lakhanapaal ko bhi nagar ke basaane ka shreya diya jaata hai.

ganga ko pruthvi par laane ke liye raaja bhageerath ne kahaan tapasya ki thi. yahaan ganga ke kachhala ghaat se kuchh hi door par boodhi ganga ke kinaare ek praacheen teele par anoothi gufa hai. Kapil muni aashram ke bagal sthit is gufa ko bhageerath gufa ke naam se jaante hain. pehle yahaan raaja sagar ke 60 hajaar putron ki bhi moortiyaan thi, jo kuchh saal pehle chori chali gain. kareeb hi raaja bhageerath ka ek ati jeern-sheern mandir hai, jahaan ab sirf charan paaduka bachi hain. adhyaatmik drushti se sookarakhet (baaraah kshetr) ka vaise bhi bahut mahatva hai. badaayoon ke kachhala ganga ghaat se kareeb paanch kos ki doori par kaasaganj ki or badhkar ek board dikhaai padta hai, jis par likha hai bhageerath gufa. ek gaanv hai hodalapur. thodi door jungle ke beech ek praacheen teela dikhaai padta hai. bargad ka vishaalakaaya vruksh aur anya pedon ke jhuramuton beech mathiya hai. isi teele par sthit hai Kapil muni aashram aur bhageerath gufa. laakhori intein se bani ek mathiya ke dwaar par hanumaanaji ki vishaalakaaya moorti lagi hai. bheetar pravesh karne par ek moorti aur dikhaai padti hai, ise sthaaneeya log Kapil muni ki moorti bataate hain. moorti ke bagal se hi suranganuma raasta andar ko jaata hai, jismein se ek vyakti hi ek baar mein pravesh kar sakta hai. paanch meter bheetar tak hi surang ki deevaaron par laakhori itein dikhaai padti hain. iske baad shuroo ho jaati hai kachchi andheri gufa. suranganuma raaste se bheetar jaane ke baad ek badi kothari milti hai, jahaan ek shivling bhi kone mein hai. kothari ke baad fir surang aur fir kothari. pehle ganga isi teele ke bagal se hokar bahti theen. abhi bhi ganga ki ek dhaara sameep se hokar bahti hai, jise boodhi ganga kehte hain. teele ke neeche sthit mandir se durlabh mukhaar bindu shivling bhi chori chala gaya tha. baad mein police ne paali (Aligadh) ke ek taalaab se shivling to baraamad kar liya, lekin sagar putron ki moortiyon ka abhi bhi koi pata naheen hai. isi teele par teen samaadhi bhi hain, inmein se ek ko Goswami tulaseedaas ke guru naraharidaas ki samaadhi kehte hain.

itihaas

neelakanth mahaadev ka prasiddh mandir, shaayad lakhanapaal ka banavaaya hua tha. taajulamaasir ke lekhak ne badaayooain par kutubuddeen aibak ke aakraman ka varnan karte hue is nagar ko hind ke pramukh nagaron mein maana hai. badaayooain ke smaarakon mein jaama masjid Bhaarat ki madhya yugeen imaaraton mein shaayad sabse vishaal hai iska nirmaata iltutamish tha, jisne ise gaddi par baithane ke baarah varsh pashchaat arthaat 1222 E. mein banavaaya tha.

rachana-saundarya

yahaaain ki jaama masjid praay: samaantar chaturbhuj ke aakaar ki hai, kintu poorv ki or adhik chaudi hai. bheetari praagann ke poorvi kon par mukhya masjid hai, jo teen bhaagon mein vibhaajit hai. beech ke prakoshth par gumbad hai. baahar se dekhne par yeh masjid saadhaaran si dikhti hai, kintu iske chaaron konon ki burjiyon par sundar nakkaashi aur shilp pradarshit hai. badaayooain mein sultaan alaauddeen khilji ke parivaar ke banavaae hue kai makbare hain.

praacheen imaaraton

alaauddeen ne apne jeevan ke antim varsh badaayooain mein hi bitaae the. Akbar ke darbaar ka itihaas lekhak abdulakaadir badaayooainni yahaaain anek varshon tak raha tha aur badaayooainni ne ise apni aaainkhon se dekha. badaayooainni ka makbara badaayooain ka prasiddh smaarak hai. iske atirikt imaadulmulk ki dargaah (pisnahaari ka gumbad) bhi yahaaain ki praacheen imaaraton mein ullekhaneeya hai.

krushi va udyog

badaayooain mein aaspaas ke kshetron mein chaaval, geinhoon, jau, baajara aur safed chane ki upaj hoti hai. yahaaain laghu udyog bhi hain.

shiksha va janasankhya

yahaaain haafij muhammad Siddiqui intar college hai. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar nagar ki kul janasankhya 1,48,138 hai aur jile ki kul janasankhya 30,69,245hai.

baahari kadiyaaain