baasketabaul

baasketabaul
Jordan by Lipofsky 16577.jpg
Michael Jordan goes for a slam dunk
sarvochch niyantran nikaaya FIBA
sabse pehle khela gaya 1891, Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
visheshataaeain
anubandh Contact
dal ke sadasya 13 to 15 (5 at a time)
mishrit ling Single
vargeekaran Indoor or Outdoor
upakaran Basketball
olanpik 1936

baasketabaul ek team khel hai, jismein 5 sakriya khilaadi waali do teemein hoti hain, jo ek doosare ke khilaaf ek 10 foot (3,048 meter) oonche ghere (gol) mein, sangathit niyamon ke tahat ek geind daal kar ank arjit karne ki koshish karti hain. baasketabaul, vishv ke sabse lokapriya aur vyaapak roop se dekhe jaane vaale khelon mein se ek hai.[1]

geind ko oopar se tokari ke aar-paar feink kar (shooting) ank banaae jaate hain; khel ke ant mein adhik ankon waali team jeet jaati hai. geind ko court mein uchhaalate hue (dribling) ya saathiyon ke beech aadaan-pradaan karke aage badhaaya jaata hai. baadhit shaareerik sampark (foul) ko dandit kiya jaata hai aur geind ko kaise sambhaala jaae is par paabandiyaan hain (ullanghan).

samay ke saath, baasketabaul ne vikaas karte hue shooting, paasing aur dribling ki aam takaneekon ke saath-saath khilaadiyon ki sthiti aur aakraamak aur rakshaatmak sanrachanaaon ko bhi shaamil kiya. aam taur par, team ke sabse lambe sadasya center ya do forward pojeeshanon mein se ek par khelte hain, jabki chhote khilaadi ya ve jo geind ko sambhaalne mein sabse daksh aur tej hain, guard pojeeshan par khelte hain. jahaan pratispardhi baasketabaul ko saavadhaani se viniymit kiya gaya hai, yada-kada khelne ke liye, baasketabaul ke kai parivrtit roopon ko viksit kiya gaya hai. kuchh deshon mein, baasketabaul ek lokapriya darshak khel bhi hai.

jahaan pratispardhi baasketabaul mukhya roop se ek inador khel hai, jise baasketabaul court par khela jaata hai, vaheen aautador khele jaane vaale kam viniymit bhinn roop, shaharon aur graameen samoohon, donon ke beech teji se lokapriya ho gaye hain.

anukram

itihaas

pehla baasketabaul court: springafeeld college.

pratham niyam, court aur khel

December 1891 ke aarambh mein dau॰ James naaismith ne,[2] jo Canada mein janme shaareerik shiksha ke profesar aur international yang mens krishchiyn association training school (YMCA)[3] (vartamaan, springafeeld college) ke shikshak hain, sanyukt raajya America ke springafeeld, maisaachusetsamein, new England ki lambi sardiyon ke dauraan apne chhaatron ko vyast aur fitnes ke uchit star par rakhane ke liye ek sashakt inador khel ki talaash ki. bedhange ya zyaada se zyaada band jimnejiam mein khelne laayak bataate hue tamaam vichaaron ko khaarij karne ke baad, unhonne buniyaadi niyamon ko likha aur ek 10 foot (3.05 meter) oonche track par ek peech basket thonk di. aadhunik baasketabaul jaali ke vipreet, is peech basket ki peindi bani rahi aur geindon ko haath se pratyek "basket" ya ank arjan ke baad nikaala jaata tha; baharahaal, yeh beasar saabit hua, to tokari ki peindi mein ek chhed kiya gaya, jisse pratyek baar geind ko ek lambe daaval se bhonk kar baahar nikaala ja sake.aadoo tokari ka istemaal 1906 tak kiya gaya, jab antat: unhein baikabord vaale dhaatu ke kundon se pratisthaapit kiya gaya. jald hi ek aur badlaav kiya gaya, jisse geind keval aar-paar ho jaati thi, jisne khel ko vah roop diya, jo aaj ham jaante hain. gol ko shoot karne ke liye ek saukar geind ka prayog kiya gaya. jab bhi koi vyakti tokari mein geind daalata, usaki team ko ek ank haasil ho jaata.jis team ko sabse adhik ank milte, vah khel ki vijeta hoti.[4] moolat: tokari ko khel ke court ki duchhatti ke chhajje par thonka gaya tha, lekin yeh avyaavahaarik saabit hua, jab chhajje ke darshakon ne shot ke saath hastakshep shuroo kar diya. is hastakshep ko rokane ke liye baikabord ko chalaaya gaya tha; ismein pratikshep shot dene ka atirikt prabhaav tha.[5] 2006 ke praarambh mein naaismith ki poti dvaara khoji gayi unki hastalikhit daayariyon mein sanket hai ki ve apne dvaara aavishkrut nae khel ko lekar ghabaraae hue the, jismein dak on a rock naamak bachchon ke khel ke niyamon ko shaamil kiya gaya tha, kyonki kai isse pehle naakaam ho chuke the. naaismith ne nae khel ko "basket baul" kaha.[6]

aadhikaarik taur par pehli baar yeh khel nau khilaadiyon ke saath YMCA jimnejiam mein 20 January 1892 ko khela gaya tha. khel 1-0 par samaapt hua; shot 25 fut (7.6 mi) se kiya gaya tha, ek aise court par jo vartamaan samay ke streetabaul ya national baasketabaul association (NBA) court ke aakaar ka sirf aadha tha. 1897-1898 tak paanch ki team ka maanak ban gaya.

mahila baasketabaul

1892 mein mahila baasketabaul ki shurooaat smith college mein hui, jab seinda bereinsan naamak ek shaareerik-shiksha se judi shikshika ne mahilaaon ke liye naaismith ke niyamon ko sanshodhit kiya. smith mein kaam par rakhe jaane ke kuchh hi samay baad hi, ve naaismith ke paas khel ke baare mein adhik jaankaari ke liye gain.[7] nae khel aur uske dvaara sikhaae jaane vaale moolyon se romaanchit hokar, unhonne 21 March 1893 ko pratham mahila mahaavidyaalayeen baasketabaul khel ka aayojan kiya, jab unke smith freshamen aur sofomoron ne ek-doosare ke khilaaf khela.[8] unke niyam pehli baar 1899 mein prakaashit hue aur do saal baad bereinsan, A.G spaalding ki pehli veemens basket baul guide ki sampaadak bani,[8] jisne aage chal kar mahilaaon ke liye baasketabaul ke unke sanskaran ko aur prasaarit kiya.

lokapriyta ki lahar

baasketabaul ke praarambhik anuyaayi, poore sanyukt raajya America mein YMCAs ko bheje gaye aur yeh jaldi hi sanyukt raajya America aur Canada mein fail gaya. 1895 tak, yeh poori tarah se kai mahila uchch vidyaalayon mein sthaapit ho gaya. jahaan shurooaat mein khel ko viksit aur failaane ke liye YMCA jimmedaar tha, vaheen ek dashak ke bheetar usane is nae khel ko hatotsaahit kiya, choonki bhadde khel aur upadravi bheed ki vajah se YMCA apne praathamik mission se vimukh hoti gayi. baharahaal, anya shaukiya khel clubon, collegeon aur peshevar clubon ne jaldi hi is khaaleepan ko bhar diya. pratham vishv yuddh se pehle ke varshon mein, emechyor ethaletik sangh aur intar kaulejiyet ethaletik association of di United states (NCAA ke agradoot) ke beech khel ke niyamon par niyantran ke liye hod rahi. pehla pro league, the national baasketabaul league, ka gathan 1898 mein khilaadiyon ko shoshan se bachaane aur kuchh kam rookhe khel ko badhaava dene ke liye hua. yeh league keval paanch varshon tak chali.

baasketabaul hall of fem ki sthaapana

1950 ke dashak tak, baasketabaul ek pramukh college khel ban gaya tha, is prakaar isne peshevar baasketabaul mein roochi ki vruddhi ke liye maarg prashast kiya. 1959 mein, springafeeld, maisaachusets mein ek baasketabaul hall of fame sthaapit kiya gaya, jis sthal par pehli baar khela gaya tha. iski naamaavali mein shaamil hain - mahaan khilaadi, prashikshak, refri aur ve log, jinhonne is khel ke vikaas mein mahatvapoorn yogadaan diya.

upakaran aur takaneek ka vikaas

baasketabaul ko moolat: ek saukar geind ke saath khela jaata tha. baasketabaul ke liye vishesh roop se banaai gayi pehli geind bhoore rang ki thi aur 1950 dashak ke uttaraardh mein hi aisa hua ki toni hinkal ne, jinhein ek aisi geind ki talaash thi, jo khilaadiyon aur darshakon ko samaan donon ko spasht roop se dikhaai de, ek naarangi geind pesh ki jo ab aam upayog mein hai. team ke saathiyon ko bounce paas karne ke alaava, dribling (chhakaana) mool khel ka hissa naheen tha. geind ko paas karna, geind ko badhaane ka praathamik tareeka tha. antat: dribling ko pravartit kiya gaya, lekin praarambhik geind ke asamamit aakaar dvaara yeh seemit tha. keval 1950 ke dashak ke aas-paas dribling khel ka ek mukhya hissa ban gaya, choonki nirmaan ne geind ke aakaar mein sudhaar kiya.

aitihaasik poorvavrutt

baasketabaul, netabaul, daujabaul, vauleebaul aur laikros ki pehchaan aise geind ke khel ke roop mein ki gayi hai, jiska aavishkaar uttari America dvaara kiya gaya. geind ke anya khel, jaise besabaul aur Canadai football ka sambandh raashtramandal deshon, Europe, Asia ya afreeka se hai. yadyapi abhi tak koi pratyaksh pramaan naheen hai ki baasketabaul ka vichaar praacheen mesoamerikn baulagem se aaya, tathaapi is khel ka gyaan naaismith ki khoj se kam se kam 50 saal pehle se John lauyad steefens aur alekjeindar vaun hambolt ke lekhan mein upalabdh tha. steefens ke kaarya, visheshakar jismein fredarik kaitharavud dvaara chitr bhi shaamil the, 19veen sadi mein adhikaansh shikshan sansthaanon mein upalabdh the aur inka prasaar vyaapak roop se lokapriya bhi tha.

praarambhik college baasketabaul vikaas

dau॰ James naaismith ne college baasketabaul sthaapit karne mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai. unhonne chhah saal tak kainsaas vishvavidyaalaya mein prashikshan kaarya kiya, jiske baad unhonne prasiddh coach faurest "fog" elan ko baagdor saunp di.naaismith ke shishya amaus elaunjo staig baasketabaul ko Chicago vishvavidyaalaya mein le aae, jabki kainsaas mein naaismith ke ek chhaatr adaulf roop ne keintuki vishvavidyaalaya mein coach ke roop mein badi safalta arjit ki.

9 fravari 1895 ko, pratham antar-mahaavidyaalayeen 5-on-5 khel, haimalin vishvavidyaalaya mein haimalin aur school of egreekalchar, jo minesota vishvavidyaalaya se sambaddh tha, ke beech khela gaya.[9][10] 9-3 khel mein school of egreekalchar jeet gaya.

1901 mein, collegeon ne purushon ke khel ko praayojit karna shuroo kiya, jismein Chicago vishvavidyaalaya, Columbia vishvavidyaalaya, daartamaauth college, minesota vishvavidyaalaya, ameriki nausena academy, oota vishvavidyaalaya aur yel vishvavidyaalaya shaamil the. 1905 mein, futabaul ke maidaan par lagaataar choton ne raashtrapati thiyodor roojvelt ko yeh sujhaane par vivsh kiya ki kaalej ek shaasi nikaaya banaaen, jiske parinaamasvaroop intar kaulejiyet ethaletik association of the United states (IAAUS) ka nirmaan hua. 1910 mein, is sanstha ne apna naam badal kar national kaulejiyet ethaletik association (NCAA) rakh liya.

praarambhik mahila baasketabaul vikaas

1892 mein, kailiforniya vishvavidyaalaya aur miss heds school ne pratham mahila antar-sansthaaneeya khel khela. pratham mahila antar-mahaavidyaalayeen baasketabaul khel, bereinsan freshamen aur sofomor class ke beech smith college mein 21 March 1893 ko khela gaya.[11] usi varsh, maaunt holeeyok aur sofi nyookonb college (klaara gregari baaer dvaara prashikshit) ki mahilaaon ne baasketabaul khelna shuroo kiya. 1895 tak, yeh khel, velejli, vassar aur breen maur sahit desh bhar ke collegeon mein fail chuka tha. pratham antar-mahaavidyaalayeen mahila khel 4 April 1896 ko tha. stainaford mahilaaon ne Berkeley ke saath khela, 9-on-9, jo stainaford ki 2-1 ki jeet mein samaapt hua.

praarambhik varshon mein mahila baasketabaal ka vikaas, purushon ke mukaabale adhik sanrachanaabaddh tha. 1905 mein, ameriki shaareerik-shiksha sangh dvaara basket baul niyamon par (raashtreeya mahila baasketabaul samiti) kaaryakaari samiti banaai gayi.[12] in niyamon ne pratyek team mein chhah se nau khilaadiyon aur 11 adhikaariyon ko rakhane ki maang ki.antarraashtreeya mahila khel sangh (1924) ne ek mahila baasketabaul pratiyogita ko shaamil kiya. 1925 tak 37 mahila haai-school vishvavidyaalaya baasketabaal ya raajya tournament aayojit kiye gaye. aur 1926 mein, emechyor ethaletik union ne pehli baar purushon ke poore niyamon ke saath, raashtreeya mahila baasketabaal championship ka samarthan kiya.[12]

edamontan greds edamontan, elbarta aadhaarit ek bhramanakaari Canadai mahila team, 1915 aur 1940 ke beech kriyaasheel rahi.greds ne poore uttari America ka daura kiya aur asaadhaaran roop se safal rahe. us avadhi ke dauraan, gate paavatiyon se apne dauron ka nidheeyan karte hue, unhonne har us team ka saamana kiya, jo unhein chunauti dena chaahati thi aur rikaard 522 jeet aur keval 20 haar darj ki.[13] Europe ke kai pradarshani dauron par bhi greds chamake aur 1924, 1928, 1932 aur 1936 mein, lagaataar chaar pradarshani olanpik tournament jeete; tathaapi, 1976 tak mahila baasketabaul ek aadhikaarik olanpik khel naheen tha. greds ke khilaadi adatt the aur unhein avivaahit rahana padta tha. greds ki shaili, vyaktigat khilaadiyon ke kaushal par bina bal diye, team khel par keindrit thi.

1929 mein pratham mahila AAU akhil ameriki team chuni gayi.[12] mahila audyogik league poore America mein panapi, jisse prasiddh ethaleeton ka nirmaan hua, jinmein shaamil the golden saaiklon ke beb didriksan aur all American red heds team, jisne purushon ke niyamon ka upayog kar purushon ki team ke khilaaf mukaabala kiya. 1938 tak, mahila raashtreeya championship, three court game se chhah khilaadi prati team ke saath, too court game mein parivrtit ho gayi.[12]

pratham Canadai antar vishvavidyaalayeeya khel

pratham Canadai antar vishvavidyaalayeeya baasketabaul khel kingstan, ontaariyo mein YMCA mein 6 fravari 1904 ko khela gaya, jab maikagil university ne kveens university ka daura kiya. maikagil atirikt samay mein 9-7 se jeeta; viniyman khel ke ant mein score 7-7 tha aur das minute ki atirikt samayaavadhi se parinaam praapt hue.darshakon ki ek achhi taadaad ne khel dekha.[14]

chitr:Liberator-ad.jpg
March 1922 haarlem mein ek pradarshani ko badhaava dene wala the libretar patrika ka vigyaapan. hyoogo gilert dvaara peinting

praarambhik ameriki peshevar aur deshaatan teemein

poore 1920 ke dashak mein teemon ki vipulata bani rahi.poore sanyukt raajya America ke kasbon aur shaharon mein purushon ki saikadon peshevar baasketabaul teemein theen aur peshevar khel ke kuchh hi sangathan the. khilaadi ek team se doosari team mein koodate rahate the aur teemein aayudhaagaar aur dhoomit dance hall mein khelati theen. league aae aur gaye. orijinl seltiks aur too all afreekan American teems, the New York renesaan five ("Rens") aur (yatha 2009, abhi bhi astitv mein) haarlem globatrautars jaise deshaatan daston ne apne raashtreeya daure par ek saal mein do sau tak game khele.

ameriki national college championship

1937 mein, purushon ki pratham raashtreeya championship pratiyogita, the national association of intarakaulejiyet baasketabaul tournament, jo abhi bhi the national association of intarakaulejiyet ethaletiks (NAIA) tournament ke roop mein maujood hai, aayojit ki gayi. 1938 mein, NCAA teemon ke liye pehli raashtreeya championship, the national inaviteshan tournament (NIT) New York mein aayojit ki gayi; NCAA national tournament ek saal baad shuroo hui.

college baasketabaul 1948 se 1951 tak juaa ghotaalon se hil gaya, jab shreshth teemon ke darjanon khilaadi match fixing aur point sheving mein fans gaye.NIT ne, dhokhaadhadi ke sambandh dvaara aanshik roop se uttejana ki vajah se, NCAA tournament ka samarthan kho diya.

ameriki haai school baasketabaal

vyaapak school jila samekan se pehle, America ke adhikaansh uchch vidyaalaya apne vartamaan svarup ke mukaabale chhote the. 20veen sadi ke pehle dashak ke dauraan, baasketabaul apne maamooli upakaranon aur kaarmik aavashyakataaon ke kaaran jaldi hi aadarsh antar schooli khel ban gaya. peshevar aur mahaavidyaalayeeya khelon ke vyaapak teleevijn coverage se pehle, haai school baasketabaal ki lokapriyta America ke kai bhaagon mein bejod thi. shaayad uchch vidyaalaya teemon mein sabse mahaan hai indiyaana ka freinkalin vandar faaiv, jisne indiyaana baasketabaul par haavi hote hue aur raashtreeya pehchaan banaate hue, 1920 dashak ke dauraan samooche desh ko mohit kiya.

aaj vishvavidyaalaya pratiyogita mein America ka lagbhag har uchch vidyaalaya ek baasketabaul team utaarata hai. baasketabaul ki lokapriyta uchch bani rahi, graameen kshetron mein bhi, jahaan ve poore samudaaya ki pehchaan liye hote hain, saath hi saath kuchh bade vidyaalayon mein, jo apni baasketabaul team ke liye jaane jaate hain, jahaan kai khilaadi snaatak hone ke baad pratiyogita ke uchch star par bhaag lene ke liye jaate hain. 2003-04 satr mein, raajya haai school sanghon ki raashtreeya sabha ke anusaar, 1,002,797 ladke aur ladkiyon ne antar schooli baasketabaul pratiyogita mein apne school ka pratinidhitv kiya. ilinois, indiyaana aur keintuki ke raajya vishesh roop se apne nivaasiyon ke haai school baasketabaul ke prati samarpan ke liye jaane jaate hain, jise indiyaana mein aam taur par hoosiar histeeriya kaha jaata hai; sameekshakon dvaara saraahi gayi film hoosiyrs, in graameen samudaayon ke liye haai school baasketabaul ke gahre maayane ko darshaati hai.

raashtreeya championship

samprati, ek raashtreeya champion ka nirdhaaran karne ke liye koi raashtreeya pratiyogita naheen thi.

1917 se 1930 ke dauraan sabse gambhir prayaas Chicago vishvavidyaalaya mein raashtreeya antar-vidyaalayeen baasketabaal tournament tha. samaaroh amaus elonjo staig dvaara aayojit kiya gaya tha aur raajya vijeta teemon ko nimantran bheje gaye the. jyaadaatar yeh tournament ek midvest prapanch ke roop mein shuroo hua tha, lekin fir vikaas hua. 1929 mein ismein 29 raajya champion the.national fedareshan of state haai school association aur North sentral association of kaalej end school ke virodh ka saamana karte hue, jismein schoolon ko apni maanyata khone ka dar tha, aakhiri tournament 1930 mein sampann hua. sangathanon ne kaha ki ve is baat se chintit the ki tournament ka upayog, praathamik darje se peshevar khilaadiyon ki bharti ke liye kiya ja raha tha.[15]

tournament ne alpasankhyak schoolon ya niji/palleeya schoolon ko aamantrit naheen kiya.

the national Catholic intaraskolaistik baasketabaul tournament, loyola vishvavidyaalaya mein 1941 se 1924 tak chala.[16] the national Catholic inveeteshanal baasketabaul tournament Catholic vishvavidyaalaya, George taaun aur George mesan mein kai jagahon par 1978 se 1954 tak khela gaya.[17]

black haai-schoolon ke liye the national skolaistik baasketabaul tournament, haimpatan sansthaan mein 1929 se 1942 tak aayojit kiya gaya.[18] the national inveeteshanal intaraskolaistik baasketabaal tournament taskegi sansthaan mein shuroo hokar 1941 se 1967 tak chala.dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan ek viraam ke baad yeh Nashville mein Tennessee state college mein shuroo hua. champion ke liye aadhaar 1954 ke baad ghata, jab brown viruddh board of education ne schoolon ka ekeekaran shuroo kar diya. aakhiri tournament alaabaama state college mein 1964 se 1967 tak aayojit kiye gaye.[19]

national baasketabaul association

1946 mein, baasketabaul association of America (BAA) ka gathan kiya gaya. pehla match Toronto, ontaariyo, Canada mein 1 November 1946 ko Toronto hasakees aur New York nikrabokars ke beech khela gaya. teen seejnon ke baad, 1949 mein, BAA ka national baasketabaul league ke saath vilay ho gaya aur national baasketabaul association (NBA) ka gathan hua. ek navodit sangathan, American baasketabaul association 1967 mein ubhara aur 1976 mein ABA-NBA ka vilay hone tak, kuchh samay ke liye NBA ke prabhutv ko chunauti di. aaj NBA vishv mein lokapriyta, vetan, pratibha aur pratispardha ke star ke maamale mein sheersh peshevar baasketabaul league hai.

NBA se kai prasiddh khilaadi sambandhit rahe hain, jismein shaamil hain - pratham prabhaavakaari "big main" George mikn; geind sambhaalne ke jaadoogar Bob kausi aur baustan seltiks ki difeinsiv pratibha bill Russel; vilt chembaralen, jo mool roop se deshaatan haarlem globatrautars ke liye khelte the; all-araaund stars oscar robartasan aur jairi vest; abhi haal hi ke vishaal vyakti kareem abdul jabbaar aur kaarl melon; plemekar John stauktan; bheed ko khush karne vaale forward jooliys iraving; Europeeya sitaare dirk novitjki aur drajen petrovik aur ve teen khilaadi, jinhein kai log is peshevar khel ko lokapriyta ke uchchatam star tak pahunchaane ka shreya dete hain: lairi bird, iaravin "maijik" Johnson aur Michael jaurdan.

2001 mein, NBA ne ek vikaas league, NBDL ka gathan kiya. yatha 2008 league mein solah teemein hain.

mahila national baasketabaul association

NBA samarthit mahila national baasketabaul association (WNBA) 1997 mein shuroo hui. haalaanki ismein upasthiti ke asthir aankade the, kai marquee khilaadiyon ne (jinmein anya logon ke saath-saath leeja lejli, daayana taurasi aur kendes paarkar shaamil hain) is league ki lokapriyta aur pratispardha ke star par madad ki hai. America mein, American baasketabaul league (1996-1998) jaise anya mahila peshevar baasketabaul league, WNBA ki lokapriyta ke kaaran dheere-dheere band ho gaye.

kai logon dvaara WNBA ko ek aala league ke roop mein dekha gaya hai. baharahaal, is league ne haal hi mein aage kdam badhaae hain.

June 2007 mein, WNBA ne ESPN ke saath aage ki taareekh ke ek anubandh par hastaakshar kiye hain. yeh naya teleevijn sauda, 2009 se 2016 tak chalega. is saude ke saath, ek mahila peshevar sports league ko bhugataan ke liye pehli adhikaaron ki shulk mili.anubandh ke aath varshon mein,"laakhon aur karodon dollar league ki teemon ko baante jaaenge."

WNBA ko raashtreeya television prasaaran par, major league saukar (253,000)[20] aur NHL (310,732), donon ke mukaabale[21] adhik darshak (413,000) milte hain.[21]

March 12, 2009 ke ek lekh mein, NBA aayukt David Stern ne kaha ki kharaab arthavyavastha mein, "WNBA ki tulana mein NBA kaafi kam laabhadaayak rahi hai. ham teemon ki ek badi sankhya mein bahut paise kho rahe hain. WNBA ko laabh-alaabh sthiti par pahunchaane ke liye ham is saal bhi bajat de rahe hain."[22]

Philippine baasketabaul association

Philippine baasketabaul association duniya mein doosra sabse puraana peshevar league hai. pehla match 9 April 1975 ko kabaao ke araneta kolijeeyam, kyujon city fileepeens mein khela gaya. yeh ab-vikhndit, Manila industrial end Commerce ethaletik association se kai teemon ke 'vidroh' ke roop mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha, jo us samay ke FIBA dvaara maanyata praapt raashtreeya sangh, baasketabaul association of the fileepeens dvaara kadaai se niyantrit kiya jaata tha.MICAA ki nau teemon ne is league ke pehle season mein hissa liya, jo 9 April 1975 ko shuroo hua.

antarraashtreeya baasketabaul

1932 mein antarraashtreeya baasketabaul mahaasangh ka gathan, aath sansthaapak desh, yatha Argentina, chekoslovaakiya, grees, Italy, laataviya, Portugal, romaaniya aur svitjralaind dvaara kiya gaya tha. is samay, sangathan keval shaukiya khilaadiyon ka nireekshan karta hai. French ke Féadéaration Internationale de Basketball Amateur se liye gaye iske prathamaakshar is prakaar "FIBA" bane.

purushon ke baasketabaul ko sarvapratham 1936 mein barlin olanpik khelon mein shaamil kiya gaya, haalaanki ek pradarshan tournament 1904 mein aayojit kiya gaya tha. aautador khele gaye pratham nirnaayak khel mein sanyukt raajya America ne Canada ko hara diya.is pratiyogita mein aam taur par sanyukt raajya America ka varchasv raha hai, jiski team ne teen khitaab chhod kar baaki sabhi jeete hain, pehli haar 1972 mein, soviyt sangh ke khilaaf Munich mein ek vivaadaaspad nirnaayak khel mein hui thi. 1950 mein purushon ke liye pehla FIBA world championship Argentina mein aayojit kiya gaya. teen saal baad, mahilaaon ka FIBA world championship pehli baar chili mein aayojit hua. 1976 ke olanpik mein mahila baasketabaul shaamil kiya gaya, jo mauntriyl, Canada mein aayojit kiya gaya tha, jismein soviyt sangh, braajeel aur Australia jaisi teemon ne ameriki daston ke saath pratispardha ki.

olanpik mein peshevar khilaadi

1989 mein FIBA ne shaukiya aur peshevar khilaadiyon ke beech bhed samaapt kar diya aur 1992 mein, olanpik khelon mein pehli baar peshevar khilaadiyon ne khela. America ka prabhutv unki dreem team ke padaarpan ke saath jaari raha.haalaanki, anyatr vikaas kaaryakramon ke saath, anya raashtreeya teemon ne sanyukt raajya America ko haraana shuroo kar diya. NBA khilaadiyon se poori tarah se gathit ek team indiyaanaapolis mein aayojit 2002 vishv championship mein yoogoslaaviya, Argentina, Germany, nyoojeelaind aur Spain ke peechhe chhathe sthaan par rahi. 2004 Athens olanpik mein, peshevar khilaadiyon ka upayog karte hue sanyukt raajya America ne apna pehla olanpik nuksaan uthaaya, jab vah pyurto reeko se (19 point ke nuksaan mein) aur lithuaaniya se group khel mein haara aur Argentina dvaara semi-final mein paraast hua. antat: vah Argentina aur Italy ke peechhe rahate hue lithuaaniya ko hara kar kaansya padak jeet saka.2006 mein, Japan ke world championship mein, sanyukt raajya America semi-final tak badha, magar grees se 101-95 dvaara haar gaya. kaansya padak khel mein isne Argentina team ko haraaya aur grees aur Spain ke peechhe rahate hue teesara sthaan praapt kiya.

NBA mein antarraashtreeya sitaare

duniya bhar mein, sabhi aayu-staron ke ladke aur ladkiyon ke liye baasketabaal tournament aayojit kiye jaate hain. is khel ki vaishvik lokapriyta NBA mein pratinidhitv karne vaale deshon se parilkshit hoti hai. poori duniya se aae hue khilaadi NBA ki teemon mein dekhe ja sakte hain:

  • Chicago buls star forward luol deing, ek soodaan ka sharanaarthi hai, jo great Britain mein bas gaya.
  • Steve naish, jisne 2005 aur 2006 NBA MVP puraskaar jeeta, dakshin afreeka mein janma ek Canadai hai.
  • 2006 NBA draft mein top pik, Toronto raipatars ka endriya bargnaani, Italy se hai. iske alaava, America ka super star kob Bryant ne apna adhikaansh bachapan Italy mein bitaaya, jahaan uske pita khela karte the.
  • dalaas mevariks superstar aur 2007 NBA MVP dirk novitjki jarman * loss enjels lekars ka all-star paaoo gasol, Spain se hai.
  • 2005 NBA draft top ovaraol pik, milvauki baks ka Andrew bogat Australiaee hai. iske alaava, 2008-09 rooki Nathan javaai pehla svadeshi Australiaee hai jisne league khela.
  • Houston raukets center yaao ming cheen se hai.
  • all-star aur poorv three point champion peja stojaakovik sarbiyaai hai.
  • all-star aandrei kirileinko roosi hai.
  • feeniks sans guard leendro barbosa, kleevalaind kavailiars forward Anderson vaarijaao aur denavar nagets center nene braajeelavaasi hain.
  • kleevalaind kavailiars ka big main jidrunaas ilgauskas lithuaaniya ka hai.
  • NBA ki koi anya team shaayad antarraashtreeya khilaadiyon dvaara itni naheen pahachaani jaati hai, jitni sain entoniyo spars.team ke teen sabse pramukh khilaadi, U.S. varjin aailainds ke tim dankan, Argentina ke manu ginobili aur France ke toni paarakar antarraashtreeya hain (dankan sanyukt raajya America ke liye antarraashtreeya star par pratispardha karte hain, choonki varjin aailaind ne jab tak ki dankan ne antarraashtreeya star par khelna shuroo naheen kar diya, antarraashtreeya pratiyogita ke liye baasketabaal team maidaan mein naheen utaari aur U.S. varjin aailaind ke sabhi nivaasi janm se hi America ke naagrik hain).
  • ginobili ka hamavatan endres nosioni saikremeinto kings ke liye khelta hai.

yahaan tak ki 90 ke dashak mein, kai gair ameriki khilaadiyon ne NBA mein apna naam roshan kiya, jaise ki krots ke drejen petrovik aur toni kukok, sarb ke vlaade divk, lithuaaniya ke arvidaas sabonis aur sarunaas maarkioolionis aur jarman detalef shrempf.

baasketabaul ka vaishveekaran

2002 mein indiyaanaapolis mein aur 2006 mein Japan mein aayojit do haal ke FIBA world championship mein all-tournament team, usi samaan naatakeeya taur par khel ke vaishveekaran ko pradarshit karte hain. 2006 mein donon teemon ka keval ek sadasya, kaarmelo enthoni ameriki tha. 2002 ki team mein the yoogoslaaviya ke (ab Serbia ke) novitjki, ginobili, yaao, peja stojakovik aur New Zealand ke pero Cameroon.ginobili 2006 ki team mein bhi tha; anya sadasya the enthoni, gasol, usaka speni team saathi George garabaajos aur grees ke thiyodoros paapalukaas. NBA mein kabhi shaamil na hone vaale donon teemon ke khilaadi the, Cameroon aur paapalukaas.antarraashtreeya baasketabaul ki taakt is tathya se spasht hai ki pichhle teen FIBA vishv championship, (kramash:) Serbia (1998 mein yugoslaaviya) aur Spain dvaara jeete gaye.

niyam aur viniym

is khand mein charchit maapan aur samay seema aksar tournament aur sangathanon ke beech alag-alag hoti hain; antarraashtreeya aur NBA niyamon ko is khand mein prayog kiya gaya hai.

khel ka lakshya hai virodhiyon ki tokari mein oopar se geind aar-paar daalna aur saath hi saath virodhiyon ko apni tokari mein vaisa hi karne se rokate hue unase jyaada ank arjit karna. is tareeke se ank arjit karne ka prayaas shot kahalaata hai. ek safal shot ka moolya do ank hai, ya fir teen ank, jab yeh three-point aark ke us paar se liya jaata hai, jo antarraashtreeya khelon mein tokari se 6.25 meter (20.5 fut) hai aur NBA khelon mein 23 fut 9 inch (7.24 mi) hai.

khel viniym

khelon ko 10 (antarraashtreeya) ya 12 minute (NBA) ke chaar kvaatars (chaturthaansh) mein khela jaata hai. college khelon mein do 20-minute haavs (ardh) ka upayog kiya jaata hai jabki adhikaansh haai school khel aath minute kvaartars (chaturthaansh) ka upayog karte hain. half-time break ke liye pandrah minute ki anumati hai aur anya break ke liye do minute ki anumati di jaati hai. ovarataaim samay paanch minute lambe hote hain. sekend haaf mein teemein tokari badal leti hain. pradatt samay, vaastavik khel samay hai; jab khel ruka hota hai to ghadi band kar di jaati hai. isliye, khel poora hone mein aam taur par aabantit khel samay se adhik lag jaata hai, aam taur par do ghante.

pratyek team se paanch khilaadi (baarah khilaadi rostar mein se) court par ek samay mein ho sakte hain. pratisthaapan aseemit hain, lekin keval tabhi ho sakte hain, jab khel ruka hua ho.teemon ka ek coach, jo team ke vikaas aur rananeeti par nazar rakhata hai aur anya team ke karmi bhi hote hain, jaise sahaayak coach, prabandhak, saankhyikeevid, Doctor aur trenar.

purush aur mahila, donon teemon ke liye, ek maanak yooneefaurm hai, jismein ek joda shaurts aur ek jersey shaamil hai, jiske aage aur peechhe spasht roop se dikhaai deti ek sankhya mudrit hoti hai, jo team ke bheetar ananya hoti hai. khilaadi haai-top joote pahanate hain, jo takhane ko atirikt sahaara pradaan karte hain. aam taur par, team ke naam, khilaadiyon ke naam aur uttari America ke baahar, praayojak ke naam, vardi par mudrit hote hain.

khilaadiyon ke saath ek laghu baithak ke liye coach ko ek seemit sankhya mein time-out, klauk staupej ki anumati hai. ve aam taur par ek minute se adhik lambe naheen hote, basharte ki ti.vi. par prasaarit khel ke liye ek vigyaapan antaraal ki jaroorat na pade.

khel, adhikaariyon dvaara niyantrit hota hai jismein refri (purushon ke college aur NBA mein "kryoo cheef"), ek ya do anpaayar (purushon ke college aur NBA mein "refri") aur table adhikaari shaamil hote hain. college, NBA aur kai uchch vidyaalayon ke liye court par kul teen refri rahate hain. table adhikaari ankon, samayaavadhi, vyaktigat aur team foul, khilaadi pratisthaapan, team pojeshan airo aur shot klauk ka byaura rakhane ke liye jimmedaar hote hain.

upakaran

paramparaagat aath-panel baasketabaul

baasketabaul khel mein ekamaatr aavashyak upakaran baasketabaul aur court hai: ek sapaat, aayataakaar satah jiske vipreet chhor par tokari ho (ya 3-on-3 street baasketabaul ke maamale mein, ek tokari ke saath ek aadha court). pratispardhi star par aur adhik upakaranon ke upayog ki aavashyakta hoti hai jaise ghadiyaan, ank-taalika, scoreboard, aaltaraneting pojeshan airo aur seeti-chaalit staap-klauk system.

ek aautador baasketabaul net.

antarraashtreeya khelon mein ek nirdhaarit baasketabaul court 28 bate 15 meter hota hai (lagbhag 92 bate 49 fut) aur NBA mein 94 bate 50 feet (29 bate 15 meter).adhikaansh court lakdi ke bane hote hain, aam taur par maipal ke.[23] jaali ke saath ek steel ki tokari court ke pratyek chhor par baikabord par lataki hoti hai. pratiyogita ke lagbhag sabhi staron par, rim ka sheersh court ke oopar theek 10 fut (3.05 meter)hai aur base line ke andar 4 fut (1.2 meter). jahaan court aur baikabord ke aayaam mein parivartan sambhav hai, tokari ke liye sahi oonchaai ka hona mahatvapoorn maana jaata hai; kuchh inch door ke trutipoorn rim ka shooting par pratikool prabhaav ho sakta hai.

ek baasketabaul ka aakaar kitna hona chaahiye, iske liye bhi viniym hain. yadi mahilaaen khel raheen hain, to aadhikaarik baasketabaul aakaar 28.5" paridhi (saaij 6) aur vajn 20 ouns hoga.purushon ke liye aadhikaarik geind 29.5 paridhi (saaij 7) ki aur vajn 22 ouns hoga.

ullanghan

baul ko shot dvaara, khilaadiyon ke beech paas karke, feink kar, taip karke, ludhka kar, ya dribling dvaara (daudte hue baul ko uchhaalana) tokari ki or badhaaya ja sakta hai.

geind ka court ke andar rahana aavashyak hai; vah team jo geind ki seema se baahar jaane se pehle use sparsh karti hai, usase geind ka adhikaar chhin jaata hai. geind ko seema se baahar maana jaata hai, yadi vah seema-rekha ko chhooti ya uske paar jaati hai, ya us khilaadi ko sparsh karti hai jo seema-rekha se baahar hai. yeh anya khelon jaise saukar, vauleebaul aur tennis (lekin ragbi ya ameriki football naheen) ke vipreet hai, jahaan geind ko (ya khilaadi) tab bhi andar maana jaata hai, jab usaka koi hissa seema-rekha ko chhoo raha ho.

sambhav hai baul-hendalar (geind sambhaalne wala) bina dribling kiye donon pair aage naheen badha sake, jise traivaling kehte hain aur na hi vah donon haathon se dribl kar sakta hai ya dribl ke beech mein geind ko pakad sakta hai jise double dribling naamak ullanghan maana jaaega. dribling karte samay, khilaadi ke haath geind ke neeche naheen hone chaahiye; aisa karna kairiing the baul ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. court ke aadhe bhaag mein geind par ek baar niyantran sthaapit kar lene waali team, geind ko vaapas back-court mein naheen lauta sakti hai. geind ko kick naheen kiya ja sakta aur na hi mutthi se maara ja sakta hai. in niyamon ke ullanghan ke parinaamasvarup geind se kabja chhin jaata hai, ya, agar difeins dvaara kiya gaya ho, to shot klauk ka reeset hota hai.

khel mein lagne vaale samay seemit kiye gaye hain, jaise aadhi doori tak geind ko aage le jaane se pehle (antarraashtreeya aur NBA mein 8 second; NCAA aur haai school mein 10 second), ek shot ka prayaas karne se pehle (NBA mein 24 second, NCAA mahilaaon ke liye aur kainediyn intar university sport play mein, mahilaaon aur purushon, donon ke liye 30 second aur NCAA purush khel ke liye 35 second), jab najdeeki gheraav ho to geind par kabja (5 second) aur pratibandhit kshetr mein rahana (len, ya "ki") (3 second). in niyamon ko aur adhik aakraamak banaane ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai.

koi khilaadi tokari ya geind ko inke neeche ki or jaate samay hastakshep naheen kar sakta ya jab yeh rim par ho (ya, NBA mein, jab yeh seedhe tokari ke oopar ho), yeh ullanghan golateinding ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. yadi ek difeinsiv khilaadi golateind karta hai, to shot ki us koshish ko safal maana jaata hai. agar shooter ki team ka koi saathi gol teind karta hai, to tokari ko radd kar diya jaata hai aur khel difeinsiv team ke geind par kbje ke saath jaari rahata hai.

faauls

refri sanket deta hai ki ek faaul kiya gaya hai.

galat tareeke se ek pratidvandvi ko shaareerik sampark ke maadhyam se nuksaan pahunchaane ka prayaas gair-kaanooni hai aur ise faaul kaha jaata hai. yeh adhikaanshat: difeinsiv khilaadiyon dvaara kiya jaata hai; lekin, aakraamak khilaadiyon dvaara bhi yeh kiya ja sakta hai. khilaadi jo faaul hote hain, ya to pun: inabaaunds paas karne ke liye geind praapt karte hain ya ek athva ek se adhik fri throw haasil karte hain agar ve shooting ke prayaas mein faaul ho jaate hain, jo is baat par nirbhar karta hai ki shot safal raha ya naheen. ek fri throw ke liye ek ank pradaan kiya jaata hai, jo tokari se ek line 15 fut (4.6 meter) se kiya jaata hai.

faaul call karne mein refri vivek ka istemaal kar sakta hai (udaaharan ke liye, is baat par vichaar dvaara ki anuchit laabh praapt kiya gaya hai), jo kabhi-kabhi faaul ko vivaadaaspad banaata hai. khelon ke, league ke aur yahaan tak ki refri ke beech bhi faaul call karne mein bhinnata ho sakti hai.

ek khilaadi ya coach jo nimn khel-bhaavana pradarshit karta hai, udaaharan ke liye, ek refri ke saath bahas karke ya kisi anya khilaadi ke saath lad kar, us par adhik gambhir aarop lagaaya ja sakta hai, jise teknikl faaul kehte hain. penalty mein fri throw shaamil hai (jo ek vyaktigat faaul ke vipreet, doosari team kisi bhi khilaadi ko fri throw shoot karne ke liye chun sakti hai) aur vibhinn leegon ke beech bhinnata pai jaati hai. ghatna ki baaranbaarata ayogyata mein parint ho sakti hai. atyadhik sampark ke saath kiye gaye ghor faaul ya jo geind ko khelne ka ek prayaas naheen hota hai, unhein anasportsamainalaaik faaul (ya NBA mein flaigareint foul) kaha jaata hai aur aam taur par nishkaasan ka kaaran banta hai.

yadi ek team, di gayi avadhi (chaturthaansh ya aadha) mein, team faaul ki ek nishchit seema se adhik - NBA aur antarraashtreeya khelon mein chaar - faaul karti hai, to virodhi team ko us avadhi ke liye sabhi pichhle faaul par ek ya do fri throw pradaan kiye jaate hain, jahaan league ke aadhaar par sankhya nishchit hoti hai. America ke college khelon mein agar ek team aadhe samay mein 7 faaul se jyaada karti hai, to virodhi team ko van-end-van fri throw pradaan kiya jaata hai (ek khilaadi jo pehle banaata hai use doosra diya jaata hai). agar ek team aadhe samay mein 10 se adhik faaul karti hai, to virodhi team ko aadhe ke liye sabhi pichhle faaul par do fri throw pradaan kiye jaate hain. ek antarraashtreeya khel mein jo khilaadi paanch faaul karta hai (takaneeki faaul sahit), ya ek NBA khel mein, chhah faaul karta hai (takaneeki faaul ke atirikt) use shesh bache khel mein bhaag lene ki anumati naheen milti aur use "faauld out" kaha jaata hai.

ek team dvaara ek nirdhaarit sankhya mein faaul karne ke baad, use "in the penalty" kaha jaata hai. skorabordon par, yeh aam taur par ek soochak laait dvaara pradarshit hota hai, jis par likha hota hai "bonas" ya "penalty", ek chamakadaar dishaatmak teer dvaara, yeh ingit karte hue ki virodhi team dvaara faaul karne ki sthiti mein team ko fri throw praapt hoga. (kuchh skorabordon par kiye gaye faaulon ki sankhya ko bhi darshaate hain.)

ek khilaadi ke liye, jo ek shot ka prayaas na karte hue faaul ho jaata hai, pradaan kiye gaye fri throw ki sankhya, kiye gaye faaulon ki sankhya ke saath badhti jaati hai. shurooaat mein, ek shoot diya jaata hai, lekin atirikt faaulon ki ek nishchit sankhya ke baad, virodhi team ko (k) ek shot mil sakta hai aur agar pehla shot ban jaata hai to doosra shot milta hai, jise "van-end-van" kaha jaata hai, ya (kh) do shot mil sakte hain. agar ek team van-end-van ke maamale mein pehla shot (ya "frant end") naheen kar paati hai, to virodhi team geind ke adhikaar ko pun:praapt kar sakti hai aur khelna jaari rakh sakti hai. agar ek team, too-shot maamale mein pehla shot chook jaati hai, to virodhi team ko geind ke adhikaar ko pun:praapt karne ka prayaas karne aur khel jaari rakhane se pehle, doosare shot ke poorn hone ka prateeksha karni hogi.

agar ek khilaadi, shot karne ke prayaas mein faaul ho jaata hai aur shot asafal rahata hai, to khilaadi ko prayaas kiye gaye shot ki maatra ke baraabar fri throw pradaan kiya jaata hai. ek khilaadi niyamit too-point shot ke prayaas mein faaul ho jaata hai, to do shot praapt hote hain. ek khilaadi three-point shot ke prayaas mein faaul ho jaata hai, to teen shot praapt karta hai.

agar ek khilaadi shot ke prayaas mein faaul ho jaata hai aur shot safal rahata hai, to aam taur par khilaadi ko ek ank ke liye ek atirikt fri throw pradaan kiya jaata hai. ek niyamit shot ke saath sanyojan mein yeh "three-point-play" ya "for-point-play" (ya aam bolachaal ki bhaasha mein "end van") kahalaata hai, jiski vajah hai faaul ke samay bani tokari (2 ya 3 point) aur atirikt fri throw (1 ank).

saamaanya takaneek aur tareeke

pojeeshan aur dhaaainche

offeinsiv jon mein baasketabaul pojishns

haalaanki niyam kisi bhi pojeeshan ko nirdisht naheen karte hain, fir bhi ve baasketabaul ke hisse ke roop mein viksit ho gaye hain. baasketabaul ke vikaas ke pratham paanch dashakon ke dauraan, ek guard, do forward aur do center ya do guard, do forward aur ek center ka prayog kiya gaya. 1980 dashak ke baad se, adhik vishisht pojeeshanon ka vikaas hua, jinke naam hain:

  1. point guard : aam taur par team ka sarvaadhik tej khilaadi, geind ko niyantrit karte hue team ke aakraman ko prabandhit karta hai aur yeh sunishchit karta hai ki geind sahi vakt par sahi khilaadi ke paas jaae.
  2. shooting guard: aakraman ke dauraan uchch maatra mein shot banaata hai; virodhi ke sarvashreshth paridhi khilaadi ko pratirksha ke dauraan guard karta hai.
  3. smaul fauravard: aksar mukhya roop se tokari se kat karte hue aur dribl bhedan ke maadhyam se ank arjit karne ke liye jimmedaar; bachaav par reebaaunds aur steels talaashata hai, lekin kabhi-kabhi adhik sakriya roop se khelta hai.
  4. power fauravard: tokari ki or apni peeth karke aksar aakraamak roop se khelta hai; pratirksha par, tokari ke neeche khelta hai (jon raksha mein) ya virodhi ke power fauravard ke khilaaf (main-too-main pratirksha mein)
  5. center: ank arjit karne ke liye oonchaai aur aakaar ka upayog karta hai (aakraman par), tokari ki najdeek se raksha karne ke liye (pratirksha par), ya rebound ke liye.

uparokt vivran lacheele hain. kuchh avsaron par, kisi ek fauravard ya center ko teesare guard se pratisthaapit karte hue teemein, three guard ofeins ke upayog ka chayan karti hain. sabse adhik adala-badli kiya jaane wala pojeeshan hai point guard aur shooting guard, khaaskar yadi donon khilaadiyon ke paas achha netrutv aur geind ko sambhaalne ka kaushal hai.

do mukhya rakshaatmak rananeetiyaan hain: jon difeins aur main-too-main difeins . jon difeins mein, jo khilaadi difeins pojeeshan mein rahate hain, ve jo pratidvandvi unke jon mein rahata hai use guard karte hain.main-too-main difeins mein pratyek difeins khilaadi ek vishisht pratidvandvi ko guard karta hai aur use kaarravaai karne se rokane ki koshish karta hai.

aakraamak (ofeinsiv) khel mein adhik vividhta hai, jismein aam taur par shaamil hai niyojit paas aur bina geind ke khilaadiyon ka harkat karna. ek laabhaprad pojeeshan haasil karne ke liye ek aakraamak khilaadi dvaara bina geind ki teevr harkat kat kahi jaati hai. ek aakraamak khilaadi ka apne saathi ko pratidvandvi dvaara guard karne se rokane ka sahi prayaas, jismein vah difeindar ke raaste mein aise khada ho jaata hai ki usaka saathi uske bagl se kat karta hai, screen ya pik kahalaata hai. donon khel pik end rol mein sanyukt hain, jismein ek khilaadi ek pik set karta hai aur uske baad pik se door tokari ki taraf "rol" karta hai. screen aur kat aakraamak khel mein bahut mahatvapoorn hain; inse tvarit paas aur teemavark ko badhaava milta hai, jo safal tokari ka maarg prashast karta hai. teemon ke paas lagbhag hamesha kai aakraamak khel niyojit hote hain, yeh sunishchit karne ke liye ki unki yojana agyaat rahe.court mein, point guard aam taur par yeh sanket dene ke liye jimmedaar hai ki kaun-sa khel hoga.

baasketabaul ke uchch star par, rakshaatmak aur aakraamak sanrachana aur pojeeshanon par bal diya gaya hai; aur yahi sab hain, jin par ek coach aam taur par charcha karne ke liye time-out ka anurodh karta hai.

shooting

khilaadi ek short jamp shot ko release karta hai, jabki usaka defender ya to neeche gira diya jaata hai, ya "ek chaarj lene" ki koshish karta hai.

shooting, tokari ke aar-paar geind feink kar ank arjit karne ka prayaas hai. yadyapi, khilaadiyon aur sthitiyon ke saath tareeke bhinn ho sakte hain, tathaapi sabse aam takaneek nimn roop mein rekhaankit ki gayi hai:

khilaadi tokari ki or munh kiye hue kandhe ki chaudaai ke baraabar pair failaakar, ghutne ko thoda modkar aur peeth ko seedha rakhate hue khada hota hai. khilaadi geind ko pramukh haath (shooting haath) ki ungaliyon par sir se thoda oopar rakhata hai, jabki doosare haath se geind ko bagl se sahaara deta hai. geind ko nishaane par rakhane ke liye, agr baahu ko tokari ki disha mein rakhate hue, khilaadi ki kohani, khade roop se ek seedh mein honi chaahiye.mude ghutanon ko failaate hue aur shooting haath ko seedha karte hue geind ko feinka jaata hai; geind ungaliyon ke poron se ghoomate hue jaati hai, jabki kalaai poorn neeche ki or gaman ko poora karti hai. shooting haath ko, poori tarah se failaate hue geind feinkane ke pashchaat ek pal ke liye sthir rakha jaata hai, jabki kalaai poori tarah se mudi hoti hai aur ungaliyaan neeche ki or ishaara karti hain, ise faulo throo ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, jise sahi dhang se karne se shot ki sateekata badhti hai. aam taur par, gair-shooting haath ka prayog shot ko keval disha dene ke liye kiya jaata hai, us par bal dene ke liye naheen.

aksar khilaadi rim par geind ke prabhaav ko dheema karne ke liye, us par ek sthir baikaspin (paarshv-ghoornan) daalne ka prayaas karte hain. shot ka aadarsh prakshep-path kinchit vivaad-yogya hai, lekin aam taur par coach uchit chaap ki sifaarish karte hain. khilaadi seedhe tokari mein shot maar sakte hain ya baikabord ka upayog karte hue geind ko tokari mein pun:preshit kar sakte hain.

oopar varnit paddhati ka prayog karne vaale do sabse aam shot hain, set shot aur jamp shot .set shot khade pojeeshan se kiya jaata hai, jismein donon pair jameen par hi rahate hain aur aam taur par iska istemaal fri throw ke liye hota hai. jamp shot hava mein uchhalate hue kiya jaata hai, jab geind ko chhalaang ki sheersh oonchaai se feinka jaata hai. isse apekshaakrut adhik jor aur vistaar milta hai aur saath hi, isse khilaadi ko difeindar se oonche hone ka mauka milta hai. pair ke jameen par vaapas aane se pehle, geind ko feinkane mein vifalta yaatra-ullanghan maani jaati hai.

ek anya aam shot hai leap . is shot mein khilaadi ko tokari ki or gatisheel rahane ki aavashyakta hai aur geind ko tokari ke andar "le" "ap" karna hota hai aur aam taur par baikabord se hat kar (baikabord-mukt, andarahaind sanskaran fingar rol kahalaata hai).bheed ke liye sabse adhik aanandadaayak aur aam taur par sarvochch-pratishat sateek shot hai slam dank, jismein khilaadi bahut oonchi chhalaang lagaata hai aur geind ko neeche ki or feinkata hai, seedhe ghere ke aar-paar.

ek aur shot jo aam hota ja raha hai vah hai "sarkas shot". sarkas shot ek nimn-pratishat shot hai, jise shooter dvaara hava mein asantulit rahate hue, neeche aakar tatha/ya tokari se door munh fer kar, jhatke se uchhaalate hue ya ghere mein shoot kiya jaata hai.

ek shot, jo rim aur baikabord donon se poori tarah se chook jaata hai, ear baul kahalaata hai. vishesh roop se ek khraab shot, ya jo sirf baikabord ko hit karta hai, use majaak ke taur par brik kaha jaata hai.

reebaaunding

reebaaunding ka uddeshya ek fri throw ya feeld gol ke chook jaane ke baad safalataapoorvak baasketabaul ka adhikaar praapt karna hai, kyonki vah ghere ya baikabord se palatata hai. yeh khel mein ek pramukh bhoomika nibhaata hai, choonki adhikaansh kbje, ek team ke shot chook jaane ke baad samaapt ho jaate hain. reebaaund ki do shreniyaan hain: aakraamak reebaaund, jismein geind aakraamak paksh dvaara baraamad ki jaati hai aur kbja badalta naheen hai aur rakshaatmak reebaaund, jismein bachaav team, mukt geind par pun: kbja jamaati hai. adhikaansh reebaaund rakshaatmak hote hain, choonki jo team difeins mein hoti hai, vah chook jaane vaale shot ko pun:praapt karne ki behtar sthiti mein hoti hai.

paasing

inhein bhi dekhein: Assist (basketball)

khilaadiyon ke beech geind ko pahunchaane ki vidhi ko paas kehte hain. adhikaansh paas dete samay, shakti-vardhan ke liye ek kdam aage badhaaya jaata hai aur sateekata sunishchit karne ke liye haathon ko aage badhaate hain.

ek pramukh paas chest paas hai. geind, paas karne vaale ke seene se seedhe riseevar (paas lene vaale) ke seene par jaati hai. ek uchit chest paas mein, veg badhaane ke liye angoothe baahar ki or tadkate hain aur defence ko pratikriya ka mauka naheen milta.

paas ka ek anya prakaar hai bounce paas . ismein paas dene wala, geind ko apne seene se riseevar ke seene tak lahara kar bounce karte hue do tihaai doori tak le jaata hai. geind court par girti hai aur riseevar ki or chali jaati hai. chest paas ki tulana mein bounce paas ko poora hone mein zyaada vakt lagta hai, lekin virodhi team ke liye beech mein rokana mushkil bhi hota hai (geind ko jaan-boojh kar kick karna ullanghan hai). is prakaar, khilaadi bheed bhare maukon par ya ek difeindar ko paas karne ke liye, aksar bounce paas ka upayog karte hain.

overhead paas ka prayog ek difeindar ke oopar se geind paas karne ke liye kiya jaata hai. geind, paasar ke sir ke oopar se chhodi jaati hai.

aautalet paas tab kiya jaata hai, jab ek team ko difeinsiv reebaaund milta hai. reebaaund ke baad agala paas aautalet paas hota hai.

kisi bhi achhe paas ka mahatvapoorn pahaloo yeh hai ki ise rokana mushkil hota hai. achhe paasar kaafi sateekata ke saath geind ko paas karte hain aur unhein theek se pata hota hai ki unke pratyek saathi ko geind kahaan praapt karna pasand hai. aisa karne ka ek vishesh tareeka hai, praapt karne vaale saathi ko bina dekhe geind paas karna.ise kaha jaata hai no luk paas

paasing ki ek anya unnat shaili hai bihaaind the back paas, jismein iske naam ke anuroop, paasar dvaara peechhe ki or team ke ek saathi ko geind feinkana shaamil hai. haalaanki kuchh khilaadi aise paas ko prabhaavi dhang se kar sakte hain, tathaapi kai prashikshak no-luk ya bihaaind the back paas ko protsaahit naheen karte, unka maanana hai ki ise niyantrit karna mushkil hai aur ismein tarnaovars ya ullanghan ki adhik sambhaavana hai.

dribling

ek ameriki nausena ("nausena") khilaadi ne academy chhod diya, ek ameriki sainya academy ("sena") defender bana

geind ko ek haath se lagaataar uchhaalane ki kaarravaai ko dribling kehte hain aur ek khilaadi ke liye geind ke saath kdam badhaane ke liye, yeh ek apeksha hai. dribl karne ke liye, ek khilaadi geind ko hatheli se maarane ke bajaae ungaliyon se jameen ki or neeche dhakka deta hai; yeh adhik niyantran sunishchit karta hai.

jab dribling karte hue ek pratidvandvi ke saamane se gujrate hain to driblar ko apne haathon ko pratidvandvi se adhiktam doori par rakhate hue dribl karna chaahiye, jisse rakshaatmak khilaadi ke liye geind ko paana aur adhik mushkil ho jaae. isliye yeh ek khilaadi ke liye mahatvapoorn hai ki vah samarth roop se donon haathon se dribl karne mein saksham ho.

achhe dribl karne vaale (ya "geind sanchaalak") geind ko bhoomi par kam uchhaalate hain, jisse geind ki haath se jameen tak ki yaatra mein doori kam ho jaati hai aur isse difeindar ke liye geind "churaana" aur adhik kathin ho jaata hai. achhe geind sanchaalak badi teevrata se apni peeth ke peechhe se, apne pairon ke beech mein dribl karte hain aur achaanak disha badal lete hain, jisse ek aboojh dribling paddhati banti hai jiske khilaaf difeind karna adhik kathin ho jaata hai. yeh krausaovar kahalaata hai, jo dribling karte hue difeindar se aage nikalne ka sabse prabhaavi tareeka hai.

ek kushal khilaadi, geind ki sthiti ki khabar rakhane ke liye, dribl gati ya paridheeya drushti ke upayog dvaara, geind ko bina dekhe dribl kar sakta hai. geind par dhyaan keindrit karne ki aavashyakta na hone par ek khilaadi team ke saathiyon ko ya ank arjit karne ke maukon ko dekh sakta hai, saath hi saath, apne paas se kisi aur dvaara geind chura liye jaane ke khtare ko taal sakta hai.

blauking

jab kisi shot ke prayaas ke baad, ek difeindar geind chhookar shot ko badalne mein safal hota hai, to ek block nishpaadit hota hai. khel ke lagbhag sabhi sanskaranon mein, jab geind apne daayare se neeche ke raaste mein ho, geind ko chhoona avaidh hai; yeh golateinding ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. baikabord ko chhoo lene ke baad ek shot ko block karna bhi avaidh hai, ya jab geind ka koi bhi bhaag rim se pratyaksh roop se oopar hai.

ek shot ko block karne ke liye ek khilaadi ko, jis oonchaai se shot chhooti hai usase adhik oopar tak pahunchane mein saksham hona hoga. is prakaar, blauking mein oonchaai ek laabh ke roop mein ho sakti hai. khilaadi jo lambe hain aur aam taur par power fauravard ya center pojeeshan par khelte hain, ve guard pojeeshan par khelne vaale kam lambe khilaadiyon ki tulana mein adhik block darj karaate hain. haalaanki, achhe samay-prabandhan aur paryaapt uchch oordhvaadhar chhalaang ke dvaara, chhote kd ke khilaadi bhi prabhaavi shot blaukars ho sakte hain.

oonchaai

peshevar star par, adhikaansh purush khilaadi 6 fut 3 inch (1.91 mi) se oopar hain aur adhikaansh mahilaaen 5 fut 7 inch (1.70 mi) se oopar. gaards, jinke liye shaareerik samanvaya aur geind sanchaalan ka kaushal mahatvapoorn hai, aam taur par sabse chhote kd ke khilaadi hote hain. purush pro league mein lagbhag sabhi fauravard 6 fut 6 inch (1.98 mi) ya lambe hain. adhikaansh center 6 fut 10 inch (2.08 mi) se adhik lambe hain. sabhi NBA teemon ko diye gaye sarvekshan ke anusaar, sabhi NBA khilaadiyon ki ausat oonchaai bas 6 fut 7 inch (2.01 mi) ke neeche hai aur ausat vajn 222 paaund (101 kigra) ke kreeb.khilaadi, jo NBA mein aaj tak sabse lambe rahe hain, ve hain - mainyut bol aur gheorg muresan, donon hi 7 fut 7 inch (2.31 mi) oonche the. vartamaan mein sabse lamba NBA khilaadi yaao ming hai, jo 7 fut 6 inch (2.29 mi)ooncha hai.

NBA mein khelne wala aaj tak ka sabse chhote kd ka khilaadi hai, mugsi bogus, jiski lanbaai hai 5 fut 3 inch (1.60 mi) anya chhote khilaadi pro star par fale-foole.enthoni "spad" web sirf 5 fut 7 inch (1.70 mi) lamba tha, lekin usaki oordhvaadhar chhalaang 42-inch (1.07 meter) thi, jo chhalaang ke vakt use mahatvapoorn oonchaai deti thi. NBA mein varsh 2006-07 ke season ke dauraan sabse chhota khilaadi arl bauyakins hai, jiski oonchaai 5 feet 5 inch (1.65 meter) hai. jabki chhote khilaadi shooting ke khilaaf raksha mein aksar achhe naheen hote, court ke bheed-bhaad vaale kshetron ke beech se ve badi teevrata se apna raasta banaate hue nikalte hain aur laghuta ke saath geind ko chori karne ki kshamata, unki taakt hai.

bhinn aur samaan khel

baasketabaul ke bhinn roop, baasketabaul ke khel par aadhaarit gatividhiyaan hain, jismein baasketabaul ke aam kaushal aur upakaran (mukhya roop se geind aur tokari) ka upayog hota hai. kuchh bhinn roopon mein keval satahi niyam-parivartan hain, jabki anya roop, bhinn khel hain jismein baasketabaul ke vibhinn prabhaavon ko dekha ja sakta hai. anya bhinn roopon mein bachchon ke khel, pratiyogitaaen ya gatividhiyaan shaamil hain, jinka uddeshya khilaadiyon ke kaushal ko sudrudh karna hai.

mukhya baasketabaul khel ke alaava baasketabaul ke kai bhinn roop hain, jinmein shaamil hain - vheelachear baasketabaul, vaatar baasketabaul, beech baasketabaul, slaimabaul, streetabaul aur yooneesaaikil baasketabaul . baasketabaul ka ek praarambhik sanskaran tha six-on-six baasketabaal, jo 1950 dashak ke ant tak khela gaya. yahaan tak ki ek danki baasketabaul bhi hai, jo gadhe par khela jaata hai, lekin vah sanskaran pashu-adhikaar samoohon ke hamle ke antargat aa gaya.

khel, jinmein baasketabaul kaushal aur upakaranon ka upayog hota hai, unamein shaamil hain - haaf-court game ka lokapriya sanskaran, jo bina refri ya kade niyamon ke anaupachaarik seting mein khela jaata hai. shaayad sabse aam bhinn roop haaf court khel hai. keval ek tokari ka istemaal kiya jaata hai aur geind ko aavashyak roop se haaf court ya three point line ke baahar "kliar" - paas ya dribl kiya jaata hai - har baar geind ke adhikaar par ek team se doosari team mein parivartan hota hai. haaf court khel mein, kam hrudayavaahini kshamata ki aavashyakta hoti hai, choonki khilaadiyon ko poore court mein aage-peechhe bhaagane ki jaroorat naheen hoti.haaf court khel mein court par prayukt khilaadiyon ki sankhya bhi adhik hai, ek mahatvapoorn laabh, jab kai khilaadi khelna chaahate hon.(dilchasp roop se, haaf court khel tab bhi khele jaate hain jab poorn 5-on-5 team ke nirmaan ke liye khilaadiyon ki ek aparyaapt sankhya hoti hai)

anya baasketabaul ke khel bhi hain jaise

  • 21 (jo hasal, katathro aur rafhaaus ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai)
  • 42
  • araaund the world
  • bounce
  • firing skvaid
  • faaivs
  • H-O-R-S-E
  • hautashaut
  • knockout
  • van-shot kaunkar
  • steel the bekan
  • tip-it
  • tips
  • "the van"
  • baasketabaul vaar
  • van-on-van, ek roop jismein do khilaadi court ka keval ek chhota-sa hissa prayog kareinge (aksar aadhe court se adhik naheen) aur ek ekal ghere mein geind daalne ki hod lagaate hain. is tarah ke khelon ka jor, shooting aur team khel ki apeksha vyaktigat dribling aur geind churaane ke kaushal par hota hai.

wheelchair baasketabaul

dviteeya vishv yuddh ke viklaang diggajon[24] dvaara rachit wheelchair baasketabaul, shaareerik roop se viklaang logon ke liye vishesh roop se dijaain ki gayi wheelchair par khela jaata hai. duniya mein wheelchair baasketabaul ka shaasi nikaaya antarraashtreeya wheelchair baasketabaul fedareshan[25] (IWBF) hai.

vaatar baasketabaul

vaatar baasketabaul, ek sviming pool mein khela jaata hai aur ismein baasketabaul aur vaatar polo ke niyamon ko mila diya gaya hai.

beech baasketabaul

samudra taton par khele jaane vaale baasketabaal ke is sanshodhit sanskaran ka aavishkaar filip Bryant ne kiya tha.[26] beech baasketabaul ek vruttaakaar court mein gol par bina baikabord ke, bina out-of-baaunds niyam ke khela jaata hai, jahaan geind ko paas ya 2½ kdam dvaara chalaaya jaata hai, choonki ek naram satah par dribling lagbhag asambhav hai.[27] beech baasketabaul bahut lokapriya aur bade paimaane par khela jaane wala pratispardhaatmak khel ban gaya hai. pandrah vaarshik vishv championship ka aayojan kiya ja chuka hai.

dank hoops

dank hoops (urf dank baul) baasketabaul ke khel ka ek bhinn roop hai, jo apekshaakrut kam oonchaai (baasketabaul ke niyam ke antargat 10 fut) ke rim ke saath baasketabaul ke hoops par khela jaata hai. iski utpatti tab hui, jab slam dank ki lokapriyta badhi aur ise neechi rim ke saath aur parivrtit golateinding niyamon ke prayog se, dank ke aur behtar mauke banaane ke liye viksit kiya gaya.

slaimabaul

slaimabaul, traimpolaains sahit poorn-sampark baasketabaul hai. net ke aar-paar geind ko khel kar ank arjit kiye jaate hain, jaisa ki baasketabaul mein, haalaanki ank arjan ke niyamon ko sanshodhit kiya gaya hai. janak khel se mukhya antar court ka hai; gaddedaar baasketabaul rim aur baikabord ke neeche jameen par chaar traimpolaains rahate hain, jo khilaadiyon slam dank ke liye adhik oonchaaiyon tak prerit karti hain. chaar khilaadi vaale teemon ke sadasyon ko, niyam bhi kuchh shaareerik sampark ki anumati dete hain.

streetabaul

streetabaul, baasketabaul ka ek kam aupachaarik sanskaran hai, jo duniya bhar mein khel ke maidaanon par aur jimnejiam mein khela jaata hai. aksar court ka keval aadha hissa prayukt hota hai, anyatha khel ke niyam baasketabaul ke bilkul samaan hi hain. ek khel mein ya ek run mein bhaag lene vaalon ki sankhya, ek difeindar aur ek vyakti ofeins par se lekar (van on van ke roop mein gyaat) paanch khilaadiyon waali do poorn teemon tak ho sakti hai.

duniya bhar mein streetabaul ek bahut lokapriya khel hai aur sanyukt raajya America ke kuchh shaharon ne streetabaul kaaryakram aayojit kiye hain, jaise midnaait baasketabaul. kai shahar apne saptaahaant lambe streetabaul tournament bhi aayojit karte hain.

yooneesaaikil baasketabaul

yooneesaaikil baasketabaul, saamaanya baasketabaul court par samaan niyamon ke saath ek viniyman baasketabaul prayog se khela jaata hai, udaaharan ke liye savaari karte samay ek khilaadi ko dribl karna aavashyak hai. aise kai niyam hain jo yooneesaaikil baasketabaul ke liye vishisht roop se hain jaise ki geind ko in-baaunding karte vakt ek khilaadi ka kam se kam ek paanv pedal par hona chaahiye.yooneesaaikil baasketabaul aam taur par 24" ya chhoti yooneesaaikil ke upayog se khela jaata hai, tatha court aur khilaadiyon ke paanv ke agale bhaag, donon ko sanrakshit rakhane ke liye plastic pedal ka upayog kiya jaata hai. lokapriya yooneesaaikil baasketabaul khel uttari America mein aayojit kiye jaate hain.[28]

bahut doorasth sambandh vaale baasketabaul khel

baasketabaul se nikle khelon mein, jo aaj pruthak khel hain, nimn shaamil hain:

  • korfbaul (dach: korfbal) needaralainds mein shuroo hua aur ab miksd netabaul aur baasketabaul ke samaan, ek mishrit ling team geind khel ke roop mein duniya bhar mein khela jaata hai.
  • netabaul (pehle mahila baasketabaul ke roop mein vidit, lekin ab purush aur mahila, donon dvaara khela jaata hai), ek seemit-sampark team khel hai, jismein saat khilaadiyon waali do teemein ek doosare ke viruddh ek uchch ghere se geind aar-paar karke ank arjit karne ki koshish karti hain.
  • slaimabaul, traimapolaains sahit ek poorn-sampark baasketabaul hai. haalaanki ank arjit karne ke niyam sanshodhit hain, fir bhi net ke aar-paar geind ko khel kar ank banaae jaate hain, jaisa baasketabaul mein hota hai. janak khel ki tulana mein mukhya bhinnata court ki hai; gaddedaar baasketabaul rim aur baikabord ke neeche jameen par chaar traimpolaains rahate hain, jo khilaadiyon ko slam dank ke liye adhik oonchaaiyon tak prerit karti hain. chaar khilaadiyon vaale team ke sadasyon ko, niyam bhi kuchh shaareerik sampark ki anumati dete hain.

baasketabaul ke saamaajik roop

baasketabaul vibhinn saamaajik samoohon dvaara apnaaya gaya hai aur jinke liye unhonne apne swayam ke pariveshon aur kabhi-kabhi apne khud ke niyamon ki sthaapana ki hai. baasketabaul ke aise saamaajik roopon mein shaamil hain:

  • manoranjan baasketabaul, jahaan khel jeetne ke bajaay, aanand, manoranjan tatha parivaar aur mitrata ka saamraajya hai.
  • baasketabaul school aur academy, jahaan chhaatron ko baasketabaul ke viksit ho rahe mool siddhaanton ka prashikshan diya jaata hai, fitnes aur kshamata vruddhi ke abhyaas karaae jaate hain aur vibhinn baasketabaul kaushal sikhaae jaate hain. baasketabaul chhaatr, geind sanchaalan karna, paas karna, dribl karna, vibhinn dooriyon se shooting karna, reebaaunding karna, aakraamak chaalein, raksha, le-ap, screen aadi baasketabaul niyam aur baasketabaul naitikta seekhate hain. inke alaava, vibhinn avsaron par aayojit hone vaale baasketabaul kainps bhi lokapriya hain, jahaan aksar baasketabaul kaaryakramon ki taiyaari hoti hai aur kaushal mein sudhaar ke liye baasketabaul kleenik aayojit hote hain.
  • college aur vishvavidyaalaya baasketabaal uchch shiksha ke shikshan sansthaanon mein khela jaata hai.
    • ismein national kaulejiyet ethaletik association (NCCA) intarakaulejiyet baasketabaul shaamil hai, America mein saamaanyat: college baasketabaul ke roop mein gyaat, haalaanki yeh desh ke adhikaansh vishvavidyaalayon mein khela jaata hai.
  • viklaang baasketabaal vibhinn viklaang samoohon dvaara khela jaata hai jaise:
    • bainkashaut baasketabaul[29]
    • def baasketabaul
    • wheelchair baasketabaul, baasketabaul par aadhaarit ek khel hai jise wheelchair vaale viklaang logon ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai aur pramukh viklaang khelon mein ise ek maana jaata hai.
  • jaateeya aur dharm aadhaarit baasketabaul. jaateeya baasketabaul ke udaaharan hain Bhaarat-Pakistan ya America mein roosi ya armeniyaai league athva udaaharan ke liye Canada ya sanyukt raajya America ya khaadi mein filipino pravaasi baasketabaul league. jabki dharm-aadhaarit baasketabaul mein shaamil hain, vishesh roop se church sambandhit isaai baasketabaul league, yahoodi, muslim aur hindu baasketabaul league aadi ya panth sambandhi league jaise America ya Canada mein koptik, seeriyaak/aseeriyn baasketabaul league.
  • gay baasketabaal, gay (samalaingik purush) lesbiyn (samalaingik stri) ubhayalingi aur traansajeindar samudaayon mein samalaingik baasketabaul league khela jaata hai. baasketabaul ka khel samalaingik khelon, world aautagems aur Euro gems ke dauraan hone vaale kaaryakramon ka ek pramukh hissa hai.
  • midnaait baasketabaul, America aur anya jagahon par shahar ke aatanrik aparaadhon ko niyantrit karne ki ek baasketabaul pahal, jiske dvaara shahari yuvaaon ko sadkon se door rakhate hue unhein drags aur aparaadh ke vikalp ke taur par is khel mein ulajhaae rakha jaata hai.
  • mini baasketabaul, chhote bachchon dvaara khela jaata hai.
  • maiksi baasketabaul bujurg vyaktiyon dvaara khela jaata hai.
  • prijn baasketabaul, jailon aur sudhaar-gruhon mein khela jaane wala baasketabaul. sakriya dhaarmik baasketabaul mishnari samooh bhi hain, jo kaidiyon ke saath baasketabaul khelte hain. kuchh jailon ne apna prijn baasketabaul league viksit kiya hai. kabhi-kabhi, gair-kaidi bhi is tarah ke league mein khel sakte hain, basharte ki sabhi ghareloo aur baahya khel, jail ke court mein khele jaaen. film nirdeshak Jason moriyaarti ne ek khel se sambandhit jail baul naamak ek vruttachitr bhi jaari kiya hai.
  • rejbaul, rijrveshan baul ka chhota roop hai, jiska prayog baasketabaul ke shaukeen mool ameriki ko varnit karne ke liye kiya jaata hai aur kuchh kshetron mein unke mool ameriki teemon ke khelne ki shaili ke liye prayukt hota hai.
  • school/haai school baasketabaal, sabhi vidyaalaya pranaaliyon mein sabse adhik abhyaas kiye jaane vaale aur lokapriya khelon mein se ek baasketabaul ka khel.
  • sho baasketabaul, jaisa ki manoranjan baasketabaul sho teemon dvaara pradarshit kiya jaata hai, mukhya udaaharan hai haarlem globatrautars.kuchh vishisht manoranjan teemein bhi hain:
    • celebrity baasketabaul, mashahoor hastiyon (abhineta, gaayak aadi) se bani jo apne swayam ke league mein khelte hain ya aksar manoranjan aur dharmaarth kaaryakramon ke liye saarvajanik roop se.
    • mijet baasketabaul, chhote kd ke ethaleeton se bani team, jo baasketabaul ke prayog se sho prastut karti hai
    • slaimabaul, manoranjan kaaryakramon ke roop mein prastut
  • mahila baasketabaul mahilaaon dvaara kheli jaati hai

fantaasi baasketabaul

fantaasi baasketabaul, fantaasi besabaul se prerit tha. mool roop se haath se aankadon par nazar rakhate hue khela jaata hai, yeh 1990 ke dashak ke dauraan Internet ke aagaman ke baad lokapriya hua. jo log is khel ko khelte hain unhein kabhi-kabhi mahaaprabandhak kaha jaata hai, jo vaastavik NBA khilaadiyon ko draft karte hain aur unke baasketabaal aankadon ki ganana karte hain. yeh khel ESPN faintesi sports, NBA.com aur Yahoo! faintesi sports dvaara lokapriya banaaya gaya. anya khel websiton ne khel ko dilchasp rakhate hue aur pratibhaagiyon ko vaastav mein vishisht khilaadiyon ka maalik banaate hue samaan svaroop pradaan kiya.

yeh bhi dekhein

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  • baasketabaul chaalein
  • baasketabaul pojeeshan
  • greeshmakaaleen olanpik mein baasketabaul
  • antarraashtreeya baasketabaul fedareshan
  • mahaadveepeeya baasketabaul association
  • national baasketabaul association (NBA)
  • ULEB
  • Premier baasketabaul league
  • fileepeen baasketabaul association
  • FIBA vishv championship
  • FIBA vishv mahila championship
  • wheelchair baasketabaul
  • mahila national baasketabaul association (WNBA)
  • slaimabaul

sandarbh

  1. "They think it's all over". The Guardian. 2008-12-06. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2008/dec/06/football-brand-globalisation-china-basketball. abhigman tithi: 2008-12-24.
  2. "The Greatest Canadian Invention". Archived from the original on 2006-10-25. http://web.archive.org/web/20061025174826/http://www.cbc.ca/inventions/inventions.html.
  3. "Hoop Hall History Page". http://web.archive.org/web/20010419124201/www.hoophall.com/history/naismith_resume.htm.
  4. "James Naismith Biography". 2007-02-14. http://www.naismithmuseum.com/naismith_drjamesnaismith/main_drjamesnaismith.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-02-14.
  5. thinkakvest, baasketabaul. 2009/01/20 ko abhigm.
  6. "Newly found documents shed light on basketball's birth". ESPN.com. Associated Press. 2006-11-13. http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=2660882. abhigman tithi: 2007-01-11.
  7. "Pioneers in Physical Education". pp. 661–662. http://clio.fivecolleges.edu/smith/berenson/1biog/19411000/index.shtml?page=4. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-03.
  8. a aa "Senda Berenson Papers". http://clio.fivecolleges.edu/smith/berenson/. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-03.
  9. haimalin vishvavidyaalaya ethaletiks: hatan erena
  10. haimlin vishvavidyaalaya ethaletiks: pravesh ethaletiks parichay pej
  11. "You Come in as a Squirrel and Leave as an Owl". http://www.smith.edu/newssmith/fall2003/100.php. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-02.
  12. a aa i E "Historical Timeline". http://www.wbhof.com/timeline.html. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-02.
  13. "The Great Teams". http://www.histori.ca/minutes/lp.do?id=13113. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-02.
  14. kveens journal, khand. 31, san. 7, 16 fravari 1904, Canada vishvavidyaalaya baasketabaal ke 105 varsh, arl jukaraman dvaara, http://www.cisport.ca/e/m_basketball/story_detail.cfm?id=13618
  15. raashtreeya skolaistik baasketabaul pratiyogita - hoopedeia.nba.com - 13 sitmbar 2009 ko pun:praapt
  16. raashtreeya Catholic skolaistik baasketabaul pratiyogita, 1924-1941 - hoopedia.nba.com - 13 sitmbar 2009 ko pun:praapt
  17. national Catholic inaviteshan baasketabaal tournament - hoopedia.nba.com - 13 sitmbar 2009 ko pun:praapt
  18. hoopedia.nba.com - national intaraskolaistik baasketabaul tournament for black haai school, 1929-1942 - 13 sitmbar 2009 ko pun:praapt
  19. national inaviteshanal intaraskolaistik baasketabaul tournament - hoopedia.nba.com - 13 sitmbar 2009 ko pun:praapt
  20. street end smith sportsabijnas journal MLS upasthiti, ti.vi. darshakon ki sankhya ghati
  21. a aa street end smith ka sportsabijnes journal, NHL ki upasthiti, ti.vi. retings, donon badhte dikhe
  22. teleevijn nyoojeelaind, baasketabaul | kathin samay se gujar rahi NBA
  23. "Connor Sports Flooring". http://www.connorfloor.com/green.php. abhigman tithi: 2009-06-03.
  24. larn baasketabaul on faaindasportsanaaoo
  25. IWBF website
  26. world beech baasketabaul site
  27. http://www.beachbasketball.com Beachbasketball.com web site
  28. kaumakaast sportsanet feechar abaaut Berkeley yooneesaaikil baasketabaul
  29. bainkashaut baasketabaul website

baahari kadiyaaain