baasamati chaaval

laal baasamati chaaval

baasamati (angreji: Basmati, IAST: bāasmatī, urdoo: بaaاaaسaaمaaتaaى) Bhaarat ki lambe chaaval ki ek utkrusht kism hai. iska vaigyaanik naam hai oraayja saitiva. yeh apne khaas svaad aur mohak khushboo ke liye prasiddh hai. iska naam baasamati arthaat khushboo waali kism hota hai. iska doosra arth komal ya mulaayam chaaval bhi hota hai. Bhaarat is kism ka sabse bada utpaadak hai, jiske baad Pakistan, Nepal aur Bangladesh aate hain.[1][2] paaramparik baasamati paudhe lambe aur patale hote hain. inka tana tej havaaen bhi sah naheen sakta hai. inmein apekshaakrut kam, parantu uchch shreni ki paidaavaar hoti hai. yeh antarraashtreeya aur bhaarateeya donon hi baajaaron mein ooainche daamon par bikta hai.[3] baasamati ke daane anya daanon se kaafi lambe hote hain. pakane ke baad, ye aapas mein lesadaar hokar chipkate naheen, balki bikhre hue rahate hain. yeh chaaval do prakaar ka hota hai :- shvet aur bhoora. kanaadiyaai madhumeh sangh ke anusaar, baasamati chaaval mein madhyam glaaisemik soochakaank 56 se 69 ke beech hota hai, jo ki ise madhumeh rogiyon ke liye anya anaajon aur shvet aate ki apeksha adhik shreyaskar banaata hai.

anukram

svaad aur gandh tatha prajaatiyaan

baasamati chaaval ka ek khaas paindan (paindenas emaarifoliys patte) ka svaad hota hai. yeh flevar (svaad+khushboo) rasaayan 2-esitaail-1-paayarolaain[4] ke kaaran hota hai.

baasamati ki anek kismein hoti hain. puraani kismon mein – baasamati-370, baasamati-385 aur baasamati-ranabirsiainhapura (aar.S.pura), evam anya sankar kismon mein poos baasamati 1, (jise todal bhi kaha jaata hai) aati hai. khushaboodaar kismein baasamati stock se hi vyutpann ki jaati hain, parantu unhein shuddh baasamati naheen maana jaata hai. udaaharan ke liye peebee2 (jise sugandh-2 bhi kehte hain), peebi-3 evam aar.H-10. nai Delhi sthit bhaarateeya krushi vigyaan anusandhaan kendra, poosa sansthaan, ne ek paramparaagat baasamati ki kism ko shodhit kar ek sankar kism banaai, jismein baasamati ke sabhi achhe gun hain aur saath hi yeh paudha bahut chhota bhi hai. is baasamati ko poosa baasamati-1 kaha gaya. pi.bi.-1 ki upaj/paidaavaar anya paramparaagat kismon se apekshaakrut duguni hoti hai. kaala shaah kaakoo, mein sthit Pakistan ke chaaval anusandhaan sansthaan baasamati ki kai kismein viksit karne mein kaaryarat raha hai. iski ek utkrusht kism hai super baasamati, jo ki dau॰aamajeed naamak ek vaigyaanik ne 1996 mein viksit ki thi. yaheen viksit hua vishv ka sabse lamba chaaval daana, jise Pakistan karnail baasamati kaha gaya. iski ausat lambaai kachcha: 9.1 mi.mi. aur paka hua: 18.3 mi.mi. hoti hai.[5]

iske saath anya anumodit kismon mein kastoori (baraan, Rajasthan), baasamati 198, baasamati 217, baasamati 370, baasamati 385, baasamati 386, karnail (Pakistan), Bihar, deharaadoon, Haryana, kastoori, maahi sugandh, Punjab, poosa, Ranbeer, taraori hain.[6] kuchh gair-paramparaagat khushaboodaar sankar kismein bhi hoti hain, jinmein baasamati lakshan hain.[7][8]

baasamati ashuddheekaran baadhak

baasamati chaaval vishvabhar mein atyadhik lambe daane aur khushboo ke liye prasiddh hai. yeh na keval raashtreeya, varan antarraashtreeya baajaaron mein bhi atyadhik maang mein hai, jo ki arabon daalaron ka niryaat upalabdh karaata hai. vishuddh baasamati kheti keval Bhaarat ke gaangeeya samatal kshetron aur Pakistan ke kuchh kshetron mein hi hoti hai. iske liye upabhoktaaon ki maang, yahaan uchch star ki videshi mudra aur kai kshetron mein kar-mukti bhi dilaati hai. krutrim kismein manhagi kheti maangateen hain aur fir bhi unke gun, shuddh kismon ka mukaabala na kar paane ke kaaran kam keemat laateen hain. saath hi chaaval baajaaron mein bina khushboo ki kismon ki nimn shreni ki kai kismein pehle hi upasthit hain. shuddh baasamati aur krutrim kismon ko pahachaanane mein mushkil aane ke kaaran hi nakali kismon ka dhokhaadhadi ka baajaar bhi khoob chalta hai. upabhoktaaon ko isse bachaane hetu, ek paulimrej chen pratikriya (pi.si.aar) aadhaarit aiseya (maanavon mein di.N.A. anguli chinh takaneek ki tarah hi) ashuddh kismon aur milaavati kismon ko pahachaanane mein madad karta hai. iski pehchaan kshamata 1% ±a1.5% hai. chaaval ke niryaatak aur aayatak is par aadhaarit shuddhata pramaan patra prayog karte hain.[9][10] is protokaul par aadhaarit, di.N.A. angulachinh aur nidaan shaastr kendra, lab-India , (ek bhaarateeya company) dvaara viksit kits prasaarit ki gayeen. ye kits baasamati mein ashuddhikran maapan karateen theen.

inhein bhi dekhein: lab India ki baasamati pareekshan kit

petent yuddh

September 1997 mein, raaisataik naamak ek taiksaas ki company ne baasamati laains aur daanon ka petent jeet liya (you.S.petent san0 5,663,484). is petent se baasamati aur samaan chaavalon ki shodhan prakriya aadi par unka ekaadhikaar ho gaya tha. raaisataik naamak leekhtenashtaain ki ek company ne antarraashtreeya star par virodh ka saamana kiya, jisse sanyukt raajya aur Bhaarat ke beech ek laghu kaaleeya raajanayik sankat ubhara tha. is sandarbh mein Bhaarat ne is maamale ko trip samjhaute ko todne ke aarop mein, dablyoo.ti.O. tak pahunchaane ka sankalp kiya, jisse san.raajya ko kaafi pareshaaniyon ka saamana karna pada.[11] baad mein kuchh svechhaapoorvak, va kuchh san.raajya peteint kaaryaalaya ke is daave ke punaraavalokan pashchaat, us company ko apne sabhi daave chhodne pade. antim faisala Bhaarat ke paksh mein hua tha. yeh bhaarateeya kisaanon ke liye ek badi vijay hui, kyonki anyatha unhein atyadhik aarthik haani jhelni padti. iske baad Bhaarat sarkaar ne baasamati chaaval se niryaat kar bhi hata liya. baasamati chaaval par 8000 rupae prati tan niryaat kar tha, jisse usaka nyoonatam niryaat moolya 1200 dollar prati tan tha. 21 January 2009 ko iski nyoonatam keemat ghataakar 1100 dollar prati tan kar di gayi hai.[12]

dekhein

  • aanbemohar
  • jaismin Rice
  • chaaval ki kismon ki soochi
  • oraayja saitiva
  • vehaani Rice
  • peteint aur paudhon ki kismein evam jaivik bhinnata

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. baasamati chaaval ki rooparekha varnan
  2. cheen: Bhaarat ka naya baasamati niryaat sthaan
  3. oksford journal par
  4. S. vaungapornchaai, ti.sraaisiyedaka, S.choonavisej (2003). "aaideintifikeshan end kvaantiteshan of the Rice aroma kampaaund, 2-esitaail-1-paayarolaain, in bresh flaavars (vailaaris glaibra)". J egrik food kem 51 (2): 457-462. doi:10.1021/jf025856x. PMID 12517110.
  5. balk baasamati sela chaaval
  6. sanyukt raajashaahi sarkaar ke jaalasthal par
  7. [1]
  8. [2]
  9. [3]
  10. [4]
  11. baasamati case stadi
  12. baasamati chaaval par niryaat kar hata web duniya par