baarkalej

Barclays PLC
prakaar Public limited company
LSE: BARC
NYSE: BCS
udmog Banking
Financial services
sthaapana 1690
mukhyaalaya One Churchill Place,
Canary Wharf, London, United Kingdom
kshetr Worldwide
pramukh vyakti Marcus Agius
(Group Chairman)

Robert Diamond
(Group Chief Executive)
utpaad Retail banking
Commercial banking
Investment banking
Investment management
Private Equity
raajasv £29.954 billion (2009)[1]
prachaalan aay £a4.585 billion (2009)[1]
nivl aay £a3.511 billion (2009)[1]
kul sampatti £a1.378 trillion (2009)[1]
kul ikviti £a47.27 billion (2009)[1]
karmachaari 145,000 (2010)[2]
sahaayak kanpaniyaaain Barclays Bank PLC
website Barclays.com
baarkalej samooh kainari vhaarf mein sthit hai.

baarkalej peeelasi (LSE: BARC, NYSE: BCS) ek vaishvik vitteeya seva company hai jiska mukhyaalaya London, United kingadam mein hai. yatha 2010, yeh vishv ka 10vaan sabse bada banking aur vitteeya seva samooh hai aur Forbes patrika ke anusaar samagr roop se yeh 21vein number ki sabse badi company hai.[3] Africa, Asia, Europe, uttar America aur dakshin America mein kareeb 50 se bhi adhik deshon aur praanton mein iska sanchaalan kiya jaata hai aur iske lagbhag 48 million graahak hain.[4] 30 June 2010 tak iske paas kul €a1.94 triliyn ki sampatti thi, jo ki duniya bhar ke beinkon mein teesara sarvaadhik hai (beeenapi paribaas aur HSBC ke baad).[5]

baarkalej ek saarvabhaumik bank hai aur do vyaavasaayik 'samoohon' ke bheetar sangathit hai : kaurporet end inavestameint banking end velth menejameint aur global retail banking.[6] kaurporet end inavestameint banking end velth menejameint klastar mein teen vyaapaar ikaai shaamil hain : baarkalej kaipitl (nivesh banking), baarkalej kaurporet (vaanijyik bank) aur baarkalej velth (dhan prabandhan).[6] global retail banking samooh mein chaar vyaapaar ikaaiyaan shaamil hain : baarkalekaard (kredit card aur rin praavadhaan), baarkalej Africa, UK retail banking aur western Europe retail banking.[6]

iska praathamik soochibddhan London stock exchange par hai aur yeh index FTSE 100 ka ek ghatak hai. New York stock exchange par iska soochibddhan maadhyamik hai.

anukram

itihaas

praarambhik varsh

is bank ki utpatti tab hui jab 1690 mein John frem aur Thomas gold ne lombaard street, London mein sunaar banker ke roop mein vyaapaar shuroo kiya. "baarkalej" naam kaarobaar ke saath 1736 mein juda jab iske ek sansthaapak John frem ke daamaad James baarkale vyaapaar mein bhaageedaar bane. [7] 1728 mein bank 54 lombaard street mein sthaanaantarit hua, jise 'kaale spred igal ke chinh' ke saath pehchaan ki jaati thi aur samay ke saath yeh chinh bank ki pehchaan ka abhinn hissa ban gaya.[8]

1776 mein is farm ko "baarkale, bevan aur bening" ke roop mein shaileekrut kiya gaya aur 1785 tak yeh bana raha aur jab ek aur saathi, John tritn, jisne ek baarkale se shaadi ki thi, unke bhi ismein shaamil hone se vyaapaar "baarkale, bevan, baarkale aur tritn" ban gaya.[9]

1896 mein London aur angreji praanton mein kai bank, vishesh roop se daaralingatan ka baikahaausej bank aur naurvich ka guraneej back, ek sanyukt-share ke roop mein baarkalej end kan. banner ke tahat ek ho gaye. 1905 aur 1916 ke beech baarkalej ne chhote angreji bankon ke adhigrahan ke maadhyam se apne shaakha network ko badhaaya.

1918 mein iska aur vistaar hua jab London, provinsal aur south western bank ke saath baarkalej samaamelit hua aur 1919 mein jab british linen bank ko baarkalej bank dvaara adhigrahan kar liya gaya, haalaanki british linn bank ne apne board of daayarektars ko alag banaae rakha aur apne swayam ke back ke nots ko jaari rakha ((starling pound ke bainkanots deinkhe) aur fir 1924 mein kingstan national bank ke adhigrahan ki yojana lagbhag ban chuki thi lekin antim roop diye jaane ke teen din pehle hi sthagit ho gayi.

yuddh ke baad

baarkalej global inavestars ka mukhyaalaya sain Francisco, California mein haavard street par hai.

1965 mein baarkalej ne sain Francisco mein ek ameriki sahayogi, baarkalej bank of California ko sthaapit kiya.

Britain mein pehle kredit card, baarkalekaard ki shurooaat 1966 mein ki gayi aur 1967 mein baarkalej ne uttar London, enafeeld mein duniya ke pehle ATM nakad machine ka anaavaran kiya. british abhineta reg varni aise pehle vyakti the jinhonne ATM ka pratham upayog kiya.

1969 mein Martin bank aur lauyads bank ke saath vilay hone ki jo yojana banaai gayi thi use vilyan aur ekaadhikaar aayog dvaara rok diya gaya lekin maartins bank ke svaichha se iske adhigrahan ki anumati di gayi thi. iske alaava usi varsh sahaayak british linn bank ko 25% hissedaari ke aadaan-pradaan ke liye bank of Scotland ko bech diya gaya tha, ise March 1971 se laagoo kiya gaya.

1974 mein, maadhyamik banking giraavat ke baad, baarkalej ne markeintaail kredit company ko khareeda.

1980 mein, baarkalej bank international ne apne vyaapaar ka vistaar karte hue kamarshiyl kredit ko shaamil kiya aur ameriki kredit kaurporeshan ko haasil kiya aur iska pun: naamakaran karte hue baarkalej-American rakha.[10]

baarkalej aisa pehla bank tha jisne 1982 mein shanivaar ki subah apni shaakhaaon ko kholana shuroo kiya jabki yeh abhyaas bees saal pehle hi samaapt ho chuka tha. do saal baad 1984 mein, baarkalej ne rikaard munaafa arjit kiya.

agale varsh baarkalej bank aur baarkalej bank international ka aapas mein vilay ho gaya: kaurporet punargathan ke hisse ke roop mein, poorv baarkalej bank peeelasi, ek group holding company ban gayi aur iska naya naamakaran baarkalej peeelasi kiya gaya aur UK khudara banking ko beebeeaai ke tahat ekeekrut kiya gaya aur pun: naamakaran karte hue baarkalej bank peeelasi rakha gaya.

1985 mein baarkalej ne kanekt ki shurooaat ki jo ki United kingadam mein pehla debit card tha. kanekt brand ko sabhi baarkalej debit card par July 2010 tak istemaal kiya gaya.

dakshin Africa ke vyaapaar ki bikri

iske baad 1986 mein baarkalej ne dakshin Africa aur iski rangabhedi sarkaar ke saath apni bhaageedaari ke khilaaf pratirodh ke baad, baarkalej national bank ke tahat sanchaalit apne dakshin afreeki vyaapaar ko bech diya. isi varsh baarkalej ne BZW aur London stock exchange par big bang ka laabh uthaane ke liye di joyata end bevan aur vedd durlaasher bhi khareeda.

1988 mein baarkalej ne vels faarago bank, N.A. ko baarkalej bank of California ko bech diya.

edagar piyrs, "maardi graas baumbar", ne 1994 mein bank aur suparamaarket sahaayak shrrunkhala ke khilaaf abhiyaan shuroo kiya.[11]

1996 mein baarkalej ne vels faarago nikko inavestameint adavaaijars (WFNIA) khareeda aur baarkalej global inavestars ke nirmaan ke liye BZW inavestameint menejameint ke saath vilay kiya.[12]

do saal baad - 1998 mein - BZW vyaapaar toot gaya aur uske kuchh bhaagon ko kredit suis first Boston ko bech diya gaya: baarkalej ne rin vyavasaaya apne paas hi rakha aur usase ek neenv rakhi gayi jo ki vartamaan mein baarkalej kaipitl hain.[13]

1999 mein free aaiesapi ke kaal mein pravrutti ka hissa banaate hue ek asaamaanya kadam mein, baarkalej ne ek Internet service ki shurooaat ki jise Barclays.net kaha gaya: ise 2001 mein british telikaum ne adhigrahan kiya.[14]

nai sahasraabdi

maurle, vest yaurkashaayar mein queen street par baarkalej

varsh 2000 mein voolavich peeelasi (poorv mein voolavich bilding society) ka adhigrahan hua.[15] fir 2001 mein baarkalej ne Britain mein apni 171 shaakhaaen band kar di jismein se adhikaansh graameen samudaaya mein the: baarkalej swayam ise "the big bank" kehta tha lekin sharmanaak PR stunt ki shrrunkhala ke baad jaldi hi is naam ko lo profaail diya gaya.[16]

2003 mein baarkalej ne seeaaibeesi se ameriki kredit card company joonipr bank ko khareeda aur iska pun: naamakaran karte hue "baarkalej bank delaaveyar" rakha.[17] usi saal 11vein Spanish bank, baanko jaaraagojaano ka adhigrahan hua.[18]

baarkalej ne 2004 mein baarkalekaard se Premier league ke praayojan ka kaaryabhaar sambhaala.[19] May 2005 mein baarkalej ne London shahar ke lombaard street par sthit apne mukhyaalaya ka sthaanaantaran karte hue keneri vhaarf mein van charchil place mein sthaapit kiya. 2005 mein bhi baarkalej ne dakshin Africa ke sabse bade khudara bank abasa group limited ke £a2.6bn ke adhigrahan ko sampann kiya aur 27 July 2005 ko 54% ki hissedaari haasil ki.[20]

fir 2006 mein baarkalej ne vaachoviya kaurp se $469 million nakad mein homaek sarvising korporeshan khareeda.[21] usi varsh vitteeya website kanpeyarathelaun ke adhigrahan ko bhi sampann kiya gaya[22] aur baarkalej ne voolavich shaakhaaon ke baarkalej ke roop mein pun: naamakaran karne ki ghoshana ki aur voolavich ke graahakon ko baarkalej khaaton mein antarit kiya aur prushth-kaaryaalayi prakriyaaon ko baarkalej ke system par bheja - voolavich brand ka istemaal baarkalej bandhak ke liye kiya jaana tha.[23]

January 2007 mein baarkalej ne ghoshana ki ki isne baarkalej center ke liye naam ke adhikaar ko khareed liya hai, jo brukaleen, New York mein 18,000 seat ka prastaavit maidaan hai, jahaan new jersey nets ko sthaanaantarit karne ki yojana thi.[24] 2008 mein baarkalej ne tokyo stock exchange mein apne maadhyamik soochibddhan ko radd kar diya.

ebeeen emaro ke saath vilay ki yojana

March 2007 mein baarkalej ne Netherland ke sabse bade bank ebeeen emaro ke saath apne vilay ki ghoshana ki.[25][26] haalaanki, 5 October 2007 ko baarkalej ne apni boli chhodne ki ghoshana ki[27] aur ebeeen sheyaradhaarakon ke aparyaapt samarthan ka havaala diya. baarkalej ki nakad-aur-share peshakash ke liye 80% share se bhi kam ki peshakash ki gayi thi.[28] iske chalte sahaayata-sangh ka netrutv royal bank of Scotland ne kiya aur ebeeen emaro ke liye $99.9 seints boli ke saath aage badha.

ebeeen emaro ki boli lagaane mein vitteeya sahaayata ke liye baarkalej ne apne 3.1% ki hissedaari ko China development bank aur 3% ki hissedaari ko Singapore sarkaar ki hathiyaar nivesh company temaasek holdings ko bech diya.[29]

iske alaava 2007 mein baarkalej ne reejans financial korporeshan se $225 million mein ikveefarst korporeshan ko khareedne ke liye apni sveekruti di.[30] usi varsh, baarkalej parsanal investameint management ne peetaraboro mein apne sanchaalan ko band karne aur ise glaasago mein sthaanaantarit karne ki ghoshana ki aur apne lagbhag 900 karmachaariyon ki chhantani kar di.[31]

vittaposhan

30 August 2007 ko baarkalej ko bank of England starling aapaatopayogi suvidha se £a1.6bn ($3.2bn) ka rin lene ke liye majaboor hona pada. ise antim upaaya ke roop mein upalabdh karaaya jaata hai jab bank pratidin ki trading ke ant mein anya bankon ke rin ka niptaan karne mein asamarth hote hain.[32] baarkalej mein nakadi taralata ke baare mein afavaahon ke baavajood, unke kampyootareekrut niptaan network mein ek takaneeki samasya ke kaaran rin aavashyak ho gaya tha. baarkalej ke ek pravakta ne uddhrut kiya ki "Britain ke baajaaron mein nagadi ki koi samasya naheen hai. khud baarkalej nakadi se bhara hai."[33]

9 November 2007 ko, baarkalej ke sheyaron mein 9% ki giraavat I aur America mein £a4.8bn ($10bn) ke jokhim bhare kharaab rin ki afavaahon ke chalte asthaayi roop se ek alpaavadhi ke liye ise nilambit kar diya gaya, haalaanki, baarkalej ke ek pravakta ne afavaahon ko galat bataaya.[34] bank mein baad ke avalekhan ko £a1 billion ($1.9 billion) ghoshit kiya gaya, jo ki aashanka se kaafi kam tha.

July 2008 mein, baarkalej ne apne kamjor hote tier 1 poonji anupaat ko ubaarane ke liye ek gair-paaramparik adhikaar ishyu ke maadhyam se £a4.5bn ugaahane ki koshish ki jismein maujooda sheyaradhaarakon ko adhikaar ki peshakash aur sumitomo mitsui banking korporeshan ko ek hissedaari bechana shaamil tha. keval 19% sheyaradhaarakon ne apne adhikaaron ko grahan kiya aur bank mein holding ke saath cheen development bank aur kataar inavestameint othariti niveshakon ko chhod diya.[35]

2008 mein baarkalej ne $70 million mein kredit card brand goldafish khareeda aur 1.7 million graahakon aur $3.9 billion praapt raashiyon ki praapti ki.[36] saath hi baarkalej ne $745 million mein rashiyn retail bank eksapobaink se ek niyantrit hissedaari khareedi.[37] baad ke varshon mein baarkalej ne praarambhik $100 million ke vitt poshan ke saath Pakistan parichaalan ki shurooaat ki.[38]

lemain brothers ka adhigrahan

16 sitmbar 2008 ko baarkalej ne lemain brothers ke nivesh-banking aur trading prabhaag ko, viniyaamak dvaara anumodit kiye jaane par khareedne ke apne anubandh ki ghoshana ki. lemain brothers, sanyukt raajya America ka ek vitteeya samooh tha jisne khud ko divaaliya ghoshit kiya tha. saude mein, baarkalej ko lemain brothers ke New York mukhyaalaya ke bhavan praapt hone the.

20 sitmbar 2008 ko saude ke ek sanshodhit sanskaran mein baarkalej peeelasi ke liye lemain brothers ke mukhya vyavasaaya ke adhigrahan (mukhya roop se 9000 poorv ke karmachaari ki jimmedaari ke saath lemain ke $960 million ki midtaaun mainahattan gagachunbi imaarat) ke liye $1.35 billion (£a700 million) ki yojana ko anumodit kiya gaya. mainahattan court ke divaaliya-vishyak nyaayaadheesh James pek ne ek 7 ghante ki sunavaai ke baad kaha: "main is saude ko manjoori de raha hoon kyonki keval yahi lenaden upalabdh hai. lemain brothers aparaadhi ban gaye hain aur parinaamasvaroop yahi sahi chinh hai jo soonaami hai jiske chalte rin baajaar mein ek giraavat I hai. divaaliyaapan ki yeh sabse mahatvapoorn sunavaai hai isse pehle mainne aise maamale kabhi naheen deinkhe. is misaal ko bhavishya ke maamalon ke liye kabhi naheen samjha ja sakta hai. is tarah ke samaan aapaat ki kalpana mere liye mushkil hai."[39]

lenadaar samiti ke vakeel, Luke despins ne kaha, "hamaare dvaara aapatti na karne ka kaaran yeh hai ki vaastav mein yeh vyavahaarya vikalp ke abhaav par aadhaarit hai. humne is saude ka samarthan naheen kiya kyonki theek se iski sameeksha karne ke liye hamein paryaapt samay naheen diya gaya tha." sanshodhit samjhaute mein, baarkalej sekyuriti mein $47.4 billion pratibhootiyon mein avashoshit kareinge aur vyaapaar daayitv mein $45.5 billion grahan kareinge. lemain ke vakeel haarve aar Miller, vel, gotshal end manjes ne kaha, "saude mein achal sampatti ghatakon ki khareed moolya $1.29 billion hogi, jismein lemain ke new yaurk mukhyaalaya ke liye $960 million aur new jersey ke do data kendra ke liye $330 million shaamil hai. lemain ke mukhyaalaya ka mool anumaanit moolya $1.02 billion hai lekin seebi richrd Alice ke ek moolyaankan se is saptaah yeh $900 million ki hai." iske alaava, baarkalej, lemain ke igal enarji unit ko adhigruhit naheen karega, lekin uske paas uchch nivl moolya ke liye lemain brothers Canada ink, lehaman brothers sudaamerika, lehaman brothers urugve aur iske niji nivesh prabandhan vyaapaar ki ikaaiyaan hongi. ant mein, lemain ke paas lemain brothers ink ki $20 billion ki pratibhootiyaan hongi jise baarkalej ko hastaantarit naheen kiya gaya hai.[40] baarkalej ke paas vichhed ke roop mein bhugataan karne ke liye $2.5 beeliyn ki thos deyata hai, agar vah guaranty ke 90 dinon ke baad lemain ke kuchh karmachaariyon banaae naheen rakhata hai.[41][42]

haal ki pragati

rauyatars ne baad mein khabar di ki british sarkaar ne baarkalej sahit teen bankon mein £a40 billion ($69 billion) daalegi, jismein baarkalej ko £a7 billion se bhi adhik ki jarurat ho sakti hai.[43] baarkalej ne baad mein pushti ki ki isne prastaav ko asveekaar kar diya hai or vah naee poonji mein £a6.5 billion utpann karega (£a2 billion laabhaansh ke dvaara aur £a4.5 billion niji niveshakon se).[44]

January 2009 mein press ki report thi ki aage aur poonji ki aavashyakta ho sakti hai aur jabki sarkaar is nidhi ke liye taiyaar hai, vah aisa karne mein asamarth ho sakti hai kyonki kataari raajya se poorv ka poonji nivesh ek parantuk ke adheen tha, uske niyam ke anusaar ho sakta hai ki koi teesara paksh kataaris se share moolya par paise liye bina paise daal sakta hai jo ki October 2008 mein praapt muaavaja mein aajnyaa di thi.[45]

March 2009 mein yeh soochana mili thi ki 2008 mein eaaiji ke saath apni beema vyavastha ke jariye baarkalej ko kai billion dollar haasil hue, jismein eaaiji ko ubaarane ke liye sanyukt raajya dvaara $8.5bn ki nidhi shaamil thi.[46][47]

12 June 2009 ko baarkalej ne apni global inavestars ikaai ko $13.5bn mein blaikarauk ko bech diya jismein kosh vyavasaaya vyaapaar vinimay, aaisheyars shaamil hai.[48]

October 2009 mein standard life ne baarkalej peeelasi ko standard life bank peeelasi bech diya. 1 January 2010 mein yeh sauda poora hua.[49]

11 November 2009 ko, baarkalej aur soochana vaanijya ka ek vaishvik praudyogiki pradaata, first data ne ek anubandh mein pravesh kiya jiske anusaar baarkalej apne card portafoliyon ki ek shreni ko first data ke jaari aur upabhokta vitteeya plaitafaarm ko visthaapit karegi.[50]

13 fravari 2010 ko baarkalej ne ghoshana ki ki vah bonas mein £a2 billion se bhi adhik ka bhugataan karega.[51]

prachaalan

baarkalej group ke sanghatak

  • baarkalej bank peeelasi
  • mesars rin sangrah agency
  • baarkalej bank delaaveyar (poorv mein baarkalekaard America, mool junipr bank, 2003 mein adhigraheet)
  • baarkalej retail bank - Britain samaashodhan bank
  • baarkalej kaurporet - madhyam aur bade kaurporet duniya bhar ke kaarobaar ke saath lenaden.
  • baarkalej velth - share dalaalon, apatateeya aur niji bank
  • baarkalej private klaaints international limited - channel aaisalaind mein shaakha ke saath aail of main par sahaayak company par aadhaarit
  • baarkalej private ikviti
  • baarkalekaard - global kredit card kaarobaar
  • baarkalekaard America - baarkalekaard vaishvik sanchaalan se alag, yeh kauporeshan ke America kredit card operation hai (poorv mein "junipr bank" ke roop mein gyaat). America Airways, midvest airlines, frontier airlines maastarakaard, eyaratran Airways visa card aur eppal store visa aur maastarakaard khaata jaise braanded kredit card jaari karna
  • baarkalej kaipitl - nivesh bank
  • voolavich peeelasi - Britain bandhak brand
  • baarkalej Africa
  • baarkalej Spain (550 shaakha)[52]
  • baarkalej Portugal (162 shaakha)[52]
  • baarkalej France
  • baarkalej morakko
  • baarkalej bank elaelasi (roos)
  • baarkalej Pakistan
  • abasa group limited (south Africa)
  • farstaplas financial group peeelasi
  • baarkalej paartanar finance (poorv kledesdel vitteeya sevaaen)
  • baarkalej India
  • baarkalej teknolaujeej center cheen
  • baarkalej teknolaujeej center India
  • peeti bank baarkalej Indonesia, poorv mein peeti bank akita ke roop mein gyaat (baarkalej bank Indonesia ke nae roop ke kaaran)[53][54]
  • baarkalej kroeshiya
  • baarkalej sheyard services (beeesaes)

baarkalej, global elaayans ka hissa

baarkalej, global ATM elaayans ka ek sadasya hai, jo ki kai pramukh antarraashtreeya bankon ka ek sanyukt udyam hota hai aur jo global ATM elaayans ke bheetar bina kisi abhigm shulk ke bank ke graahakon ko antarraashtreeya yaatra mein unke ATM card ka istemaal karne ya aur doosare bankon mein card jaanch karne ki anumati deta hai. bank of America (sanyukt raajya), beeenapi paribaas (France), ukrsibbaink (Ukraine), cheen construction bank (cheen), dyooshi bank (Germany), seinteindar serfin (Mexico), skotiyaabaink (Canada) aur vestapaak (Australia aur New Zealand) ismein bhaag lene vaale anya bank hain.

sangathanaatmak sanrachana

group Chairman maarkas ejias baarkalej ke pramukh hain jo 1 sitmbar 2006 ko board mein shaamil hue aur inhonne Chairman ke roop mein 1 January 2007 ko Matthew berait ki jagah li. ejias, BBC ke varishth kaaryakaari nideshak bhi hain aur poorv mein beeee peeelasi ke Chairman, London mein lajaard ke Chairman aur 31 December 2006 tak ke upaadhyaksh the.

group Chairman ko seedhe reporting karne vaale group cheef ekjeekyuteev John worli hain jo ki saamarik aur sabhi baarkalej operation ki disha yojana banaane ke liye jimmedaar hai. worli ko is pad ke liye September 2004 mein niyukt kiya gaya isse pehle unhonne diputi cheef ekjeekyuteev (January se September 2004) aur group finance director (2000-2003) ke roop mein kaarya kiya tha.

November 2009 mein John worli ne global retail banking aur kaurporet end inavestameint banking end velth menejameint mein baarkalej kaarobaar ko pun: sangathit kiya. global retail banking mein UK retail banking, baarkalekaard, pashchimi Europe aur ubharate baajaaron ke kaarobaar mein khudara operation aur khudara sanchaalan aur praudyogiki shaamil hain. kaurporet end inavestameint banking end velth menejameint mein baarkalej kaipitl, baarkalej kamarshiyl bank aur baarkalej velth shaamil hain. iske parinaamasvaroop team ke netrutv aur samooh ke kaaryakaari samiti (Exco) ke vistaar mein kuchh parivartan hue.

vestaminstar mein baarkalej ki shaakha

nideshak aur kaaryakaari samiti board

November 2009 ki kaaryakaari samiti mein shaamil hain:

  • Robert E. daayamand, junior - group preseedeint, group cheef ekjeekyuteev, baarkalej peeelasi; aur CEO, baarkalej corporate evam nivesh banking aur dhan prabandhan.
  • kris lukas - samooh vitt nideshak, baarkalej peeelasi.
  • Antony jenakeens - mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, global retail banking[55]
  • jairi Dale missiyer - sah-mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, baarkalej corporate evam nivesh banking.
  • rich rikki - sah mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, baarkalej corporate evam nivesh banking.
  • Tom kalaaris - mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, baarkalej dhan prabandhan.
  • Maria raamos - CEO, Absa.
  • mark [1] haarding - samooh general paraamarshadaata, baarkalej peeelasi.
  • Robert le blaaaink [2] - mukhya jokhim adhikaari, baarkalej peeelasi.
  • kaithi turner [3] - samooh maanav sansaadhan nideshak, baarkalej peeelasi.

[1] Robert daayamand ko reporting.

[2] kris lukaas ko reporting.

[3] HR, rananeeti, company maamalon, brand aur vipnan ke liye jimmedaar aur Robert E. daayamand, junior ko report

company mein koi seeoo ya seeaaio naheen hai. paul idjik, poorv seeoo ne sansthaan ki sangathanaatmak rooparekha ko naya roop diya jisse IT kaarya kor vyavasaaya shaakha mein chale gaye - vaishvik khudara aur vaanijyik banking aur nivesh banking - aur inke poora hote hi idjik ne apne pad se isteefa de diya.

board ke sadasya hain:[56]

  • maarkas ejias - Chairman
  • David booth - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • sar richrd baurdabeint - varishth mukt nideshak
  • le klifrd - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • fluviyo konti - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • professor sar Andrew likiyramaan - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • sar Michael raik - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • Stefan Russel - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • sar John sandaralaind - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • peseins vheetakrauft - gair kaaryakaari nideshak
  • Simon frejar - gair kaaryakaari nideshak

shaakhaaen

baarkalej ki 1800 se bhi adhik UK mukhya path shaakhaaen hain (jismein poorv ke voolavich shaakhaaen shaamil hain) aur yeh post office limited se judi hui hai, iska dhyeya un graahakon ko parsanal baiking ki suvidha dena hai jo post office shaakha ke aas-paas rahate hain aur jinhein surakshit ya asurakshit rin jaise vitteeya sevaaon ki aavashyakta hai.

duniya bhar mein 50 se bhi adhik deshon mein baarkalej ki 4750 shaakhaaen hain.[57]

adhikaansh baarkalej shaakhaaon mein chaubees ghante ki nakad machine hai. baarkalej ke graahakon aur kai anya bankon ke graahak ek shulk dekar baarkalej ATM ka upayog kar sakte hain. udaaharanasvaroop Ghana baarkalej mein unke ATM se prati lenaden mein gh¢a0.25 shulk ka bhugataan kiya jaata hai vaheen doosare bank ke ATM mein card ke istemaal mein gh¢a1.00 ka bhugataan karna hota hai.

baarkalej kaipitl ek majaboot nivesh shaakha hai jiska svaamitv baarkalej bank ka hai. baarkalej kaipitl ne ek nivesh fund kaarobaar ka nirmaan kiya hai jo ki pratidin arabon pound ki aaisheyars sanbhaalati hai. kaafi bahas ke baad, anya baarkalej maalikon ke saath baarkalej adhyaksh Bob daayamand poonji kaarobaar ko badhaava dene ke liye aaisheyars ko bechne ka faisala kiya. vyaapaar ke liye praarambhik moolya £a3 billion hai, haalaanki baarkalej ke paas ise ek uchch keemat par bechne ki lachakata bhi thi, jiske liye kisi boleedaata ko bechne ki aakhiri seema se pehle roochi dikhaana jaroori hai.

baarkalej group ki ek anya sahaayak company, baarkalej kaurporet, £a5 million se bhi adhik ke vaarshik kaarobaar ke saath sangathanon ke liye banking samaadhaan pradaan karti hai. in samaadhaanon mein shaamil hai jama aur nakadi, nakad prabandhan aur vyaapaar, vitt, videshi mudra, jokhim prabandhan aur online banking.[58] yeh duniya bhar mein 23 deshon mein faile 8000 se bhi adhik companiyon mein seva pradaan karta hai.[58]

baarkalej, global elaayans ATM ka ek sadasya hai.[59]

praayojak

ek leeds taxi ki or baarkalej ka vigyaapan.

2004 ke baad se baarkalej ne Premier league aur 2006 se, charchil cup ko praayojit kiya hai. tude akhbaar ke baad baarkalej ne 1987 se 1993 tak football league ko bhi praayojit kiya, jiske baad ise endsalegh insuraans dvaara pratisthaapit kar diya gaya. isne 2008 dubai tennis championship ko bhi praayojit kiya hai.[60] 2009 mein yeh tennis masters cup ka aadhikaarik praayojak tha.

duniya bhar mein peshevar golf tournament ka baarkalej pramukh prayojak hai, 2002 se loch lemond mein yooropiyn tour par baarkalej skautish open, 2005-2006 se peejeee tour par baarkalej classic, jo ki 2007 mein the baarkalej bana, fedaeks cup ke pratham chaar pratiyogita aur 2006 se Singapore open, Asia mein richest national open ka baarkalej mukhya prayojak raha hai aur 2009 se Europeeya tour ke saath sah-prayojak hai. baarkalej ne peejeee tour star fil mikelasan aur Europeeya tour khilaadi dairen Clark ko praayojit kiya hai.

vivaad

rangabhed ke antargat dakshin Africa ke saath bhaageedaari

south Africa mein rangabhed shaasan ke dauraan iski lagaataar bhaageedaari ke chalte 1980 ke dashak mein baarkalej bank kai logon ke dvaara[kiske dvaara?] 'boaraklejabaink' ('Boerclaysbank') ke roop mein jaana jaata tha.[61] ek chhaatr bahishkaar ke chalte Britain chhaatr baajaar ke chhaatron ki hissedaari 27 pratishat se ghat kar 1986 mein iski vaapasi ke samay 15 pratishat ho gayi.[62]

2006 mein dakshin Africa ke kaaryakarta samooh, joobali south Africa baikd khulumani support group ne seeteegrup, beepi, royal dach shel, Ford, jeeem aur dauyashe bank se 1970 aur 1980 ke dashak ke dauraan dakshin Africa mein rangabhed sarkaar ka apratyaksh roop se samarthan karne mein unki bhoomika ke liye baarkalej se haanipoorti ki maang ki. kaanooni kaaryavaahi New York mein second sarkit court of appeal mein chal rahi hai, vaheen dakshin afreeki nyaaya mantraalaya raashtreeya samprabhuta ko najaraandaaj kiye jaane ke aadhaar par maamale ki barkhaastagi ki maang kar raha hai.[63]

Zimbabwe mein sarkaar ke liye vitteeya sahaayata

baarkalej ne Zimbabwe ke raashtrapati Robert mugaabe ki sarkaar ke liye vitteeya sahaayata pradaan ki.[64] baarkalej dvaara pradaan sabse vivaadaaspad rinon mein £a30 million ka rin hai jise isne bhoomi sudhaar ko banaae rakhane mein madad ke liye diya, jiske chalte mugaabe ne shvet-svaamitv vaale kheton ko jabt kar liya aur unke gharon se 1,00,000 se bhi adhik ashvet majadooron ko bhaga diya. virodhiyon ne bank ki bhaageedaari ko kalank maana aur ise laakhon logon ka apamaan kaha gaya jinhonne maanav adhikaar apamaan ka saamana kiya.[65] baarkalej ke pravaktaaon ka kehna hai ki dashakon se bank mein Zimbabwe ke graahak hain aur unhein mana karna hamaare liye bahut kharaab hoga, 'ham un graahakon ko apni seva pradaan karne ke liye pratibaddh hain jo ki spasht roop se operating karna mushkil hai."[66]

Zimbabwe par Europeeya sangh ke pratibandhon ki anadekhi karte hue baarkalej ne bank ke khaaton ke saath mugaabe ke do sahayogiyon ko bhi vitteeya sahaayata pradaan ki.[67] ve vyakti iliyt manyika aur saarvajanik seva mantri nikolas goche hain. baarkalej ne is sthiti ka bachaav karte hue kaha ki Europeeya sangh ke niyam iske 67% svaamitv vaale Zimbabwe ke sahayogi par laagoo naheen hote hain kyonki ise iyoo ke baahar shaamil kiya gaya tha.[68]

kaale dhan ko vaidh karne ka aarop

March 2009 mein, baarkalej par antararaashtreeya anti-mani launadaring kaanoonon ka ullanghan karne ka aarop lagaaya gaya. global witness naamak NGO ke anusaar, baarkalej ki peris shaakha mein ikvetoriyl gineeyan raashtrapati tiodoro obing ke bete tiodorin obing ka khaata paaya gaya tha, obing ke paas sarkaari kosh se sifon tel raajasv ka maamala 2004 mein ubhara tha. global witness ke anusaar, is khaate ke dhan se obing ne ek feraari khareedi thi aur maaliboo mein haveli rakhi thi.[69]

vaal street journal ke 2010 ki report ne bataaya ki kaise kredit suis, baarkalej, lauyads banking group aur anya bank ne alaavi foundation, bank meli, Irani sarkaar ki madad ki aur/ya kuchh raajyon ke saath ameriki kaanoon ne vitteeya lenaden ko dhokha dete hue pratibandh lagaaya. unhonne 'taar sthaanaantaran se is soochana ko alag karte hue aisa kiya aur is prakaar dhan ke strot ko chhupaaya. baarkalej ne $298,000,000 mein sarkaar ke saath iska niptaan kiya.[70]

varishth prabandhan bonas

baarkalej kaipitl ke pramukh Robert daayamand jo ki ameriki mool ke the, ko 2008 mein £a14.8 million ka bonas dena tay tha, kyonki 2007 mein America mein sabapraaim bandhak sankat ke chalte shaakha keval £a1.6 billion hi praapt karne mein safal hui thi iske baavajood baarkalej kaipitl ne saal mein £a2.3 billion ka munaafa kiya.[71]

kar parihaar

March 2009 mein baarkalej ne the gaarjiyn ke khilaaf iske website se leek dastaavejon ko hataane ke liye nishedhaagya praapt ki jismein bataaya gaya hai ki kaise esaseeem, baarkalej sanrachanaatmak poonji baajaar shaakha, "ek kemen aaisalaind company yooes paartanaraship aur laksamabarg sahaayak ke ek vistrut sarkit" ke maadhyam se million pound ke kar laabh ke liye £a11 billion se adhik rin ki yojana bana rahi hai.[72] iske ek sanskaran ke sampaadkeeya mein, gaarjiyn ne bataaya ki sansaadhanon ke bemel ki vajah se, kar sangraahak (HMRC) ko aise dastaavejon ko haasil karne ke liye ab vikileeks jaisi website par bharosa karna hoga[73] aur vivaadit dastaavej vaastav mein vikilik par prastut hue.[74][75] alag se, kai dinon ke baad ek aur baarkalej mukhabir se pata chala ki esaseeem leneden ne ek saal mein £a900 million aur £a1b million ke beech kar parihaar utpann kiya, iske alaava "sauda, kar ke saath shuroo hui aur fir unhein vyaavasaayik uddeshya ke liye bataaya gaya."[76]

hathiyaaron ke vyaapaar ke saath sambandh

December 2008 mein british gareebi-virodhi dharmaarth kaarya, vaar on vaant ne ek report jaari ki jismein baarkalej aur Britain ke anya vaanijyik bankon ne hathiyaar banaane waali companiyon ko rin dene jaisi banking sevaaen upalabdh karaai thi. chairiti ne apne report mein bataaya ki baarkalej duniya ka sabse bada hathiyaar niveshak hai aur unke paas hathiyaar nirmaataaon ke £a7.3 billion ke share hain. report mein yeh bhi bataaya gaya hai ki baarkalej gola-baarud aur rikt Uranium ke gyaat nirmaataaon ke saath sampark rakhata hai.[77]

granth soochi

  • baarkalej bank limited 1926-1969: sam riklekshans A. dablyoo tyuk aur aar J H gilmain dvaara[78]
  • the igal luks back: A silver jubali entholauji of twenty-five iyars kantreebyushans too "the spraid igal" (staaf maigajin jo ki 1926 mein pehli baar jaari hui)[79]

inhein bhi dekhein

London portal
Companies portal
Companies portal
  • yooropiyn faainenshial sarvises raaundatebal
  • pinseintri
  • United kingadam mein bankon ki soochi
  • sabapraaim girvi sankat
  • baarkalej Premier league
  • baarkalej bank Canada

nots

  1. a aa i E u Preliminary Results 2009
  2. Key facts
  3. "The Global 2000 - 1-100". Forbes. 21 April 2010. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2010/18/global-2000-10_The-Global-2000_Rank.html. abhigman tithi: 11 December 2010.
  4. "Key facts". Barclays PLC. http://group.barclays.com/About-us/Barclays-at-a-glance/Key-facts. abhigman tithi: 4 September 2010.
  5. "BNP Grows to Biggest Bank as France Says Size Doesn't Matter". Bloomberg. 4 November 2010. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-11-03/bnp-grows-to-biggest-bank-as-france-says-size-doesn-t-matter.html. abhigman tithi: 11 December 2010.
  6. a aa i "Group organisation". Barclays PLC. http://group.barclays.com/About-us/Who-we-are-and-what-we-do/Group-organisation. abhigman tithi: 13 December 2010.
  7. "Company History". Barclays Newsroom: Business History. Barclays. http://www.aboutbarclays.co.uk/content/detail.asp?NewsAreaID=138. abhigman tithi: 2007-01-30. inhein bhi dekhein: baarkalej: the business of banking, 1690-1996, maargaret akril aur hanna lesli dvaara, Cambridge UP, 2001 ISBN 0-521-79035-2
  8. "Company History". Barclays.lk. Barclays. http://www.aboutbarclays.co.uk/content/detail.asp?NewsAreaID=138. abhigman tithi: 2008-05-11.
  9. (gainbal 1923,46).
  10. "Barclays plc". Funding Universe. http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Barclays-plc-Company-History.html. abhigman tithi: 2009-03-28.
  11. maardi gara baumbar jeld
  12. baarkalej me vel soon bye vels faargo nikko
  13. khulaasa: kya kredit suis vaastav mein BZW ke baare mein sochata hai
  14. Internet Archive Wayback Machine
  15. baarkalej ne apne pratidvandvi voolavich khareeda
  16. sab kuchh baarkalej mein bada hai
  17. baarkalej America kredit card jaareekarta ko $293 bhugataan karta hai$
  18. baarkalej Spanish bank ko khareedne ke liye nakad saude ke liye sahamat
  19. baarkalej efae Premier league praayojan ko praapt karta hai
  20. baarkalej ABSA stek ko khareedne ke liye taiyaar
  21. baarkalej $469 million ke liye vaachoviya ikaai khareedata hai$
  22. kanpeyarathelaun - saste homaonar rin, kanpeyar rin, Britain surakshit rin
  23. baarkalej ke voolavich ko ribraand karne ki yojana
  24. nets new arena ko kathit taur par baarkalej kendra maana jaata hai
  25. baarkalej aur ebeeen emaro praarambhik charchaaon ko rekhaankit karne ki ghoshana ki
  26. baarkalej bank ne ebeeen emaro ke adhigrahan ki jaanch ki - New York times
  27. BBC news | bijnes | barkalej ne ebeeen emaro ke ofar ko thukaraaya
  28. muft poorvaavalokan - WSJ.com
  29. baarkalej ne ebeeen emaro ko khareedne ke liye East se nidhi ki madad maangi
  30. baarkalej ka sab-prime leindar khareedna
  31. peetarabaro site band karne ki ghoshana
  32. baarkalej ne laakhon saikadon ki udhaar ko maana
  33. Bloomberg.com: Britain aur Ireland
  34. BBC samaachaar | vyaapaar | baarkalej ne bure rin afavaah se inkaar kiya
  35. baarkalej share bikri 4.5bn pound oopar utha
  36. baarkalej ne card kredit par yooes group call samay ke roop mein goldafish khareeda
  37. baarkalej ne roos mein eksapobaink saude ko band kiya
  38. baarkalej bank UK ne Pakistan mein abhiyaan shuroo kiya
  39. news.bbc.co.uk, nyaayaadheesh ne lehaman sauda $ 1.3bn ki manjoori di$
  40. reuters.com, nyaayaadheesh lehaman, baarkalej sandhi ko manjoori di
  41. ap.google.com, nyaayaadheesh kehte hain baarkalej ko lehamain apne ikaaiyon ko bech sakte hain
  42. guardian.co.uk, ameriki nyaayaadheesh ne baarkale ko lehamain sampatti ko bechne ki manjoori di
  43. rauyatars, british 40 billion pound mein bachaav ke liye set: srot
  44. bankingtimes.co.uk, baarkalej ki £a6.5bn dhan ugaahane ki pushti
  45. John worli preepleksd ej baarkalej share price daaivs times online, 23 January 2009
  46. eaaiji ka bhugataan praaptakartaaon ke beech mukhya Europe bank
  47. eaaiji ne videshon mein belaaaut ke liye arabon dollar jhonke, the paulitiko, 15 March 2009.
  48. Press Association (12 June 2009). "US giant BlackRock buys arm of Barclays bank | Business | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/jun/12/blackrock-to-buy-barclays-bank-arm. abhigman tithi: 2010-02-21.
  49. baarkalej ne standard life bank khareeda BBC samaachaar. 26 October 2009
  50. first data ki baarkalej anubandh report
  51. "Barclays bank bonuses expected to reach £a2bn". BBC News. 2010-02-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/8514650.stm. abhigman tithi: 2010-02-21.
  52. a aa baarkalej muls Spanish insuraans stek sel
  53. dhaal ke baad baarkalej slaaids
  54. "Bank Akita News". http://www.bankakita.co.id/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=38&Itemid=1. abhigman tithi: 2009-12-30.
  55. http://group.barclays.com/About-us/Management-structure/Barclays-Executive-Committee/Biography/1231783377802.html
  56. baarkalej: the board, 6 May 2009 ko pun: praapt
  57. baarkalej ke baare mein mukhya tathya
  58. a aa "avar services", Barclays.co.uk. 28 December 2010 ko pun:praapt
  59. "global ATM elaains mein paanch bade bank", ATMmarketplace.com. 9 January 2002. 22 June 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  60. dubai tennis championship
  61. rangabhed banker ke liye nirvaasan ki praapti
  62. baarkalej ka saamana rangabhed court kaarravaai se
  63. baarkalej ka saamana rangabhed court kaarravaai se jooliya kolleve, 21 January 2006.
  64. baarkalej bainkarols mugaabe brutal reejaaim
  65. baarkalej million help too praup ap mugaabe reejaaim
  66. baarkalej helping too fund mugaabe reejaaim
  67. baarkalej helping too fund mugaabe reejaaim
  68. Robert mugaabe heinchamain baikd bye baarkalej
  69. Shankleman, Martin (11 March 2009). "Barclays 'corrupt regime' claim". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7936335.stm. abhigman tithi: 2009-03-09.
  70. "prob sarkils globe too faaind darti mani, kairik molenakainp, Wall street journal, 2010 9 3
  71. Treanor, Jill (20 fravari 2008). "Barclays director lands £a14.8m bonus". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/feb/20/barclaysbusiness.executivesalaries. abhigman tithi: 27 March 2010.
  72. the gaarjiyn, 17 March 2009, baarkalej gaigs gaarjiyn over tax
  73. the gaarjiyn 17 March 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/mar/17/barclays-tax-secret-documents
  74. vikiliks 16 March 2009 http://www.wikileaks.org/wiki/The_Guardian:_Censored_Barclays_tax_avoidance_leaked_memos% 2C_16_Mar_2009
  75. NRC heindalsablaad 17 March 2009 http://weblogs3.nrc.nl/klaver/2009/03/17/guardian-moet-documenten-van-site-verwijderen/
  76. the gaarjiyn, 19 March 2009, new vishlabolar klems auvar £a1bn baarkalej tax dils
  77. vaar on vaant, banking on bladashed
  78. 1972 baarkalej bank limited 1926-1969 se ek prati, baarkalej bank limited London dvaara 1972 mein prakaashit. 167 prushthon aur ek ISBN ke liye koi sandarbh ke saath ek haardabaik
  79. the igal luks back se ek prati, baarkalej bank limited (spraid igal) London dvaara 1951 mein bina ISBN ke prakaashit.

sandarbh

baahya link