baalkan

dakshin-poorvi Europe ka baalkan praayadveep

baalkan ya baalkan praayadveep dakshin-poorvi Europe ka ek kshetr hai jo bhaugolik tatha aitihaasik drushti se apna alag pehchaan bana chuka hai. iska kul kshetrafal 5,50,000 varg kilometer tatha janasankhya lagbhag saadhe 5 karod hai. ise baalkan praayadveep bhi kaha jaata hai jiska kaaran iski bhaugolik sthiti hai. dakshini Europe ka yeh sabse poorvi praayadveep hai. yeh teen or se samudra se ghira hua hai - iske poorv mein kaala saagar, ijiain saagar, maaramaara saagar, dakshin mein bhoomadhyasaagar, pashchim mein iyoniyn saagar tatha edriaitik saagar hain tatha uttar mein saava, koopa aur dainyoob nadiyaaain bahti hain. is prakaar sampoorn ailbeniya, yoonaan, balgeriya, yoogoslaaviya aur roomaaniyaaain ke kuchh bhaag ko baulkan praayadveep kaha jaata hai. in chhah deshon ko 'baulkan state' bhi kaha jaata hai. yeh pahaadi kshetr hai tatha iski mukhya parvatamaalaaeain dinairik ailps, baulkan parvat tatha rodoshe parvat hain. yahaaain ki mukhya nadiyaaain moraava, vaaradaar, strooma (struma), mesta tatha mairitsa hain. jalavaayu mahaadveepeeya hai parantu edriaitik, iyoniyn tatha ijiain samudron ke tat par roomasaagareeya jalavaayu pai jaati hai, yeh sampoorn kshetr krushipradhaan hai. iske alaava yahaaain par loha, koyala, mainganeej, taaainba, jasta tatha sees aadi ke keemati khanij bhi paae jaate hain. yahaaain par anek maanav jaatiyaaain basi hui hain.

aitihaasik drushti se yeh kai bade sangharshon tatha aandolanon ka kendra raha hai.

inhein bhi dekhiye