ayodhya

ayodhya
shahar
View of अयोध्या, India
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttar pradesh
jila faijaabaad
janasankhya
ghanatv
75,000 (2001 tak )
• 9
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
10.24 km² (4 sq mi)
• 93 meter

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a48′aN 82°a12′aE / 26.80°aN 82.20°aE / 26.80; 82.20 ayodhya Bhaarat ke uttar pradesh praant ka ek ati praacheen dhaarmik nagar hai. yeh faijaabaad jila ke antargat aata hai. yeh sarayoo nadi (ghaaghara nadi) ke daaen tat par basa hai. praacheen kaal mein ise 'kaushal desh' kaha jaata tha. ayodhya hinduon ka praacheen aur saat pavitra teerthasthalon mein ek hai.

anukram

itihaas

ved mein ayodhya ko ishvar ka nagar bataaya gaya hai, "ashtachakra navadvaara devaanaan poorayodhya"[1] aur iski sampannta ki tulana svarg se ki gayi hai. raamaayan ke anusaar ayodhya ki sthaapana manu ne ki thi. yeh puri sarayoo ke tat par baarah yojan (lagbhag 144 ki.mi) lambaai aaaair teen yojan (lagbhag 36 ki.mi.) chaudaai mein basi thi . [2]kai shataabdi tak yeh nagar sooryavanshi raajaaon ki rajdhani raha. ayodhya mool roop se mandiron ka shahar hai. yahaan aaj bhi hindu, bauddh, islaam aivam jain dharm se jude avashesh dekhe ja sakte hain. jain mat ke anusaar yahaan aadinaath sahit paanch teerthankaron ka janm hua tha.

iska mahatva iske praacheen itihaas mein nihit hai kyonki Bhaarat ke prasiddh evam prataapi kshatriyon (sooryavanshi) ki rajdhani yahi nagar raha hai. ukt kshatriyon mein daasharathi raamachandr avataar ke roop mein pooje jaate hain. pehle yeh kosal janapad ki rajdhani tha. praacheen ullekhon ke anusaar tab iska kshetrafal 96 varg meal tha. yahaaain par saataveen shaataabdi mein cheeni yaatri henatsaang aaya tha. uske anusaar yahaaain 20 bauddh mandir the tatha 3000 bhikshu rahate the.

== mukhya aakarshan ==is praacheen nagar ke avashesh ab khandahar ke roop mein rah gaye hain jismein kaheen kaheen kuchh achhe mandir bhi hain. vartamaan ayoghya ke praacheen mandiron mein seetaarasoi tatha hanumaanagadhi mukhya hain. kuchh mandir 18veen tatha 19veen shataabdi mein bane jinmein kanakabhavan, naageshvaranaath tatha darshanasinh mandir darshaneeya hain. kuchh jain mandir bhi hain. yahaaain par varsh mein teen mele lagte hain - March-April, July-August tatha October-nanvabar ke maheenon mein. in avsaron par yahaaain laakhon yaatri aate hain. ab yeh ek teerthasthaan ke roop mein hi rah gaya hai.

vishesh

Bhagwan shreeraam ki leela ke atirikt ayodhya mein shreehari ke anya saat praakatya huye hain jinhein saptahari ke naam se jaana jaata hai. alag-alag samay devataaaaaein aaaair muniyon ki tapasya se praakatya huye. inke naam Bhagwan guptahari , vishnuhari , chakrahari , punyahari , chandrahari , dharmahari aaaair bilvahari hain.

raamakot

shahar ke pashchimi hisse mein sthit raamakot ayodhya mein pooja ka pramukh sthaan hai. yahaan Bhaarat aur videsh se aane vaale shraddhaaluon ka saal bhar aana jaana laga rahata hai. March-April mein manaaya jaane wala raamanavami parv yahaan bade josh aur dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hai.

treta ke thaakur

yeh mandir us sthaan par bana hai jahaan Bhagwan Ram ne ashvamedh yagya ka aayojan kiya tha. lagbhag 300 saal pehle kulloo ke raaja ne yahaan ek naya mandir banavaaya. is mandir mein Indore ke ahilyaabaai holkar ne 1784 mein aur sudhaar kiya. usi samay mandir se sate hue ghaat bhi banavaae gaye. kaaleraam ka mandir naam se lokapriya naye mandir mein jo kaale baluaa patthar ki pratima sthaapit hai vah sarayoo nadi se praapt hui thi.

hanumaan gadhi

nagar ke kendra mein sthit is mandir mein 76 kadamon ki chaal se pahuaincha ja sakta hai. is mandir me viraajamaan hanumaan ji ko vartamaan ayodhya ka raaja maana jaata hai . kehte hain ki hanumaan yahaaain ek gufa mein rahate the aur raamajanmabhoomi aur raamakot ki raksha karte the. mukhya mandir mein baal hanumaan ke saath anjani ki pratima hai. shraddhaaluon ka maanana hai ki is mandir mein aane se unki saari manokaamanaaen poorn hoti hain.

raaghavaji ka mandir

ye mandir ayodhya nagar ke kendra me sthit bahut hi pracheen Bhagwan shri raamaji ka sthaan hai jisko ham (raaghavaji ka mandir) naam se bhi jaante hai mandir me sthit Bhagwan raaghavaji akele hi viraajamaan hai ye maatr ek aisa mandir hai jisme bhagavan ji ke saath maata seetaaji ki moorti biraajamaan naheen hai sarayoo ji mein snaan karne ke baad raaghav ji ke darshan kiye jaate hai

naageshvar naath mandir

kaha jaata hai ki naageshvar naath mandir ko Bhagwan Ram ke putr kush ne banavaaya tha. maana jaata hai jab kush sarayoo nadi mein naha rahe the to unka baajooband kho gaya tha. baajooband ek naag kanya ko mila jise kush se prem ho gaya. vah shivbhakt thi. kush ne uske liye yeh mandir banavaaya. kaha jaata hai ki yahi ekamaatr mandir hai jo vikramaaditya ke kaal ke pehle se hai. shivraatri parv yahaan badi dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hai.

kanak bhavan

hanumaan gadhi ke nikat sthit kanak bhavan ayodhya ka ek mahatvapoorn mandir hai. yeh mandir seeta aur Ram ke sone mukut pahane pratimaaon ke liye lokapriya hai. isi kaaran bahut baar is mandir ko sone ka ghar bhi kaha jaata hai. yeh mandir teekamagadh ki raani ne 1891 mein banavaaya tha. is mandir ke shri vigrah (shri seetaaraam ji) Bhaarat ke sundaratam svaroop kahe ja sakte hai. yahaaain nitya darshan ke alaava sabhi samaiya-utsav bhavyata ke saath manaaye jaate hain.

aachaaryapeeth shri Lakshman kila

mahaan sant svaami shri yugalaananyasharan ji mahaaraaj ki tapasthali yeh sthaan desh bhar mein rasikopaasana ke aachaaryapeeth ke roop mein prasiddh hai. shri svaami ji chiraand (chhapra) nivaasi svaami shri yugalapriya sharan 'jeevaaraam' ji mahaaraaj ke shishya the. isvi san 1818 mein isharaam pur (naalanda) mein janme svaami yugalaananyasharan ji ka raamaanandeeya vaishnav-samaaj mein vishisht sthaan hai.

aapne uchchatar saadhanaatmak jeevan jeene ke saath hi aapne 'raghuvar gun darpan','paaras-bhaag','shri seetaaraamanaamaprataap-prakaash' tatha 'ishk-kaanti' aadi lagbhag sau granthon ki rachana ki hai. shri Lakshman kila aapki tapasya se abhibhoot reevaan raajya (m.pr.) dvaara nirmit karaaya gaya. 52 beeghe mein vistrut aashram ki bhoomi aapko british kaal mein shaasan se daan-svaroop mili thi. shri sarayoo ke tat par sthit yeh aashram shri seetaaraam ji aaraadhana ke saath sant-go-braahman seva sanchaalit karta hai. shri Ram navami, saavan jhoola, tatha shreeraam vivaah mahotsav yahaaain badi bhavyata ke saath manaaye jaate hain. yeh sthaan teerth-yaatriyon ke thaharane ka uttam vikalp hai. sarayoo ki dhaar se sata hone ke kaaran yahaaain sooryaast darshan aakarshan ka kendra hota hai.

jain mandir

hinduon ke mandiron ke alaava ayodhya jain mandiron ke liye bhi khaasa lokapriya hai. jain dharm ke anek anuyaayi niyamit roop se ayodhya aate rahate hain. ayodhya ko paanch jain rteethakaron ki janmabhoomi bhi kaha jaata hai. jahaan jis rteethakar ka janm hua tha, vaheen us rteethakar ka mandir bana hua hai. in mandiron ko faijaabaad ke navaab ke khajaanchi kesari Singh ne banavaaya tha.

smaraneeya sant

prabhu shreeraam ki nagari hone se ayodhya uchchakoti ke santon ki bhi saadhana-bhoomi rahi. yahaaain ke anek pratishtit aaashram eese hi santon ne banaaye. in santon me svaami shreeraamacharan das ji mahaaraaj 'karunaasindhu ji' svaami shreeraamaprasaadaachaarya ji , svaami shri yugalaananya sharan ji] , svaami shreemaniraam das ji , svaami shreeraghunaath das ji , pan.shri jaanakeevar sharan ji , pan. shri umaapati tripaathi ji aaadi anek naam ullekhaneeya hain.

gamyata

vaayu maarg-

ayodhya ka niktatam airport Lucknow mein hai jo lagbhag 140 kimi. ki doori par hai. yeh airport desh ke pramukh shaharon se vibhinn flaaiton ke maadhyam se juda hai.

rel maarg-

faijaabaad ayodhya ka niktatam railway station hai. yeh railway station mugal saraaya-Lucknow line par sthit hai. uttar pradesh aur desh ke lagbhag tamaam shaharon se yahaan pahuncha ja sakta hai. yahau se basti ke liye bhi seedhi train hai

sadak maarg-

uttar pradesh sadak parivhan nigam ki basein lagbhag sabhi pramukh shaharon se ayodhya ke liye chalti hain. raashtreeya aur raajya raajamaarg se ayodhya juda hua hai.

sandarbh

  1. atharvaved
  2. vaalmeeki raamaayan
  • Legge, James (1886): A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Reprint: New York, Paragon Book Reprint Corp. 1965.
  • Thomas, F. W. (1944): “aSandanes, Nahapāana, Caṣaṭaana and Kaniṣaka : Tung-li P'an-ch'i and Chinese Turkestan.” New Indian Antiquary VII. 1944, p. 90.
  • Watters, Thomas (1904-1905): On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India. Thomas Watters. London. Royal Asiatic Society. Reprint: Delhi. Mushiram Manoharlal. 1973.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

Wikisource-logo.svg
vikisrot has the text of the 1911 britainika vishvakosh article Ajodhya.