avesti bhaasha

avesti bhaasha ek poorvi Irani bhaasha hai. yeh bhaasha paarasi dharm jorostriyn abhesta ke pavitra bhajan evam granth me prayojit hai. yeh bhaasha Irani bhaashaaaun mein se ek hai. Irani bhaasha va bhaarateeya bhaasha milkar bhaarateeya-Irani bhaasha samooh banta hai jo bhaaropeli bhaasha parivaar ka ek shaakha hai.

avestan bhaasha ke is aadhunik bhaashaai vargeekaran ke baavajood, avestan bhaasha ki bhaugolik sthiti ka nirdhaaran kisi bhi aadhaar se poorn naheen hai. aadhunik vidvaanon ke mat anusaar poorvi Iran mein avestan bhaasha ka uttpatti hua tha parantu avestan bhaasha uttpatisthal uttar pashchim iraan hone vaale pramaan bhi praapt hue hai.

avestan bhaasha do alag roopon mein vibhkt hai:

1) praacheen avestan va gaathik avestan: avastan bhaasha ke is roop ko gaatha evam yasn ke praacheen khand rachana karne ke liye prayog kiya gaya tha. gaathik avestan ek jatil vyaakaranayukt praacheen bhaasha hai jismein aath case forms aur ek uchch inflected naam pranaali shaamil hai. yeh bhaasha vaidik sanskrut se nikat sanbandh rakhata hai aur sanskrut se bahut cognates baantata hai. 2)Young Avestan: is bhaashaai rup ko abhesta ke adheek bhaag nirmaan mein prayog kiya gaya hai. is ka prayojan yasht, visperaad, bhemdidaad aur yasn ke kuchh khand nirmaan ke liye kiya gaya tha.