audyogeekaran

san 1860 ke aas-paas Germany ke ek audyogik kaarkhaane ka drushya

audyogeekaran ek saamaajik tatha aarthik prakriya ka naam hai. ismein maanav-samooh ki saamaajik-aarthik sthiti badal jaati hai jismein udyog-dhandhon ka bolabaala hota hai. vastut: yeh aadhuneekeekaran ka ek ang hai. bade-paimaane ki urja-khapat, bade paimaane par utpaadan, dhaatukarm ki adhikta aadi audyogeekaran ke lakshan hain. ek prakaar se yeh nirmaan kaaryon ko badhaava dene ke hisaab se arthapranaali ka bade paimaane par sangathan hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

pathaneeya saamagri

  • Hobsbawm, Eric (1962): The Age of Revolution. Abacus.
  • Pomeranz, Ken (2001)The Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of the Modern World Economy (Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by (Princeton University Press; New Ed edition, 2001)
  • Hewitt, T., Johnson, H. and Wield, D. (Eds) (1992) Industrialization and Development, Oxford University Press: Oxford.
  • Kiely, R (1998) Industrialization and Development: A comparative analysis, UCL Press:London.™