atal bihaari Vajpayee

atal bihaari Vajpayee
अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी

kaaryakaal
16 May 19961 June 1996
poorvavarti pi. vi. narasinh Rao
paravarti ऍch. di. devagauda

(dviteeya shaasanakaal)
kaaryakaal
19 March 199822 May 2004
poorvavarti indr Kumar gujaraal
paravarti Manmohan Singh

janm 25 December 1924
gvaaliyr, madhya pradesh
raajanaitik dal bhaarateeya janta party
hastaakshar अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी's signature

atal bihaari Vajpayee (janm: 25 December, 1924) Bhaarat ke poorv pradhaanamantri hain. ve pehle 16 May se 1 June 1996 tatha fir 19 March 1998 se 22 May 2004 tak Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri rahe.[1] ve hindi kavi, patrakaar va prakhar vakta bhi hain. ve bhaarateeya janasangh ki sthaapana karne vaale mahaapurushon mein se ek hain aur 1968 se 1973 tak uske adhyaksh bhi rahe. ve jeevan bhar bhaarateeya raajaneeti mein sakriya rahe. unhonne lambe samay tak raashtradharm, paanchajanya aur veer arjun aadi raashtreeya bhaavana se ot-prot anek patra-patrikaaon ka sampaadan bhi kiya. unhonne apna jeevan raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke prachaarak ke roop mein aajeevan avivaahit rahane ka sankalp lekar praarambh kiya tha aur desh ke sarvochch pad par pahuainchane tak us sankalp ko poori nishtha se nibhaaya. Vajpayee raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan (raajag) sarkaar ke pehle pradhaanamantri the jinhonne gair kaaaingresi pradhaanamantri pad ke 5 saal bina kisi samasya ke poore kiye. unhonne 24 dalon ke gathabandhan se sarkaar banaai thi jismein 81 mantri the. kabhi kisi dal ne aanaakaani naheen ki. isse unki netrutv kshamata ka pata chalta hai.

samprati ve raajaneeti se sannyaas le chuke hain aur nai Delhi mein 6-A krushnaamenan maarg sthit sarkaari aavaas mein rahate hain.[2]

anukram

aarambhik jeevan

uttar pradesh mein Agra janapad ke praacheen sthaan bateshvar ke mool nivaasi pandit Krishna bihaari Vajpayee madhya pradesh ki gvaaliyr riyaasat mein adhyaapak the. vaheen shinde ki chhaavani mein 25 December 1924[3] ko brahmamuhoort mein unki sahadharmini Krishna Vajpayee ki kokh se atal ji ka janm hua tha. pita Krishna bihaari Vajpayee gvaaliyr mein adhyaapan kaarya to karte hi the iske atirikt ve hindi va braj bhaasha ke siddhahast kavi[4] bhi the. putr mein kaavya ke gun vanshaanugat paripaati se praapt hue. mahaatma raamachandr veer dvaara rachit amar kruti "vijay pataaka" padhakar atal ji ke jeevan ki disha hi badal gayi. atal ji ki bee0e0 ki shiksha gvaaliyr ke Victoria kaalej (vartamaan mein lakshmeebaai kaalej) mein hui. chhaatr jeevan se ve raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke swayamsevak bane aur tabhi se raashtreeya star ki vaad-vivaad pratiyogitaaon mein bhaag lete rahe. Kanpur ke dee0e0vee0 kaalej se raajaneeti shaastr mein ema0e0 ki pareeksha pratham shreni[5] mein utteern ki. uske baad unhonne apne pitaaji ke saath-saath Kanpur mein hi ela0ela0bee0 ki padhaai bhi praarambh ki lekin use beech mein hi viraam dekar poori nishtha se sangh ke kaarya mein jut gaye. dau॰ shyaama prasaad mukharji aur pandit deenadayaal upaadhyaaya ke nirdeshan mein raajaneeti ka paath to padha hi, saath-saath paanyachajanya, raashtradharm, dainik svadesh aur veer arjun jaise patra-patrikaaon ke sampaadan ka kaarya[6] bhi kushalata poorvak karte rahe.

sarvatomukhi vikaas ke liye kiye gaye yogadaan tatha asaadhaaran kaaryon ke liye 2014 December mein unhein Bhaarat ratn se sammaanit kiya gaya.

raajaneetik jeevan

roos ke raashtrapati blaadimir putin ke saath atal bihaari Vajpayee
ameriki raashtrapati George bush ke saath atal bihaari Vajpayee

vah bhaarateeya janasangh ki sthaapana karne vaalon mein se ek hain aur san 1968 se 1973 tak vah uske raashtreeya adhyaksh bhi rah chuke hain. san 1955 mein unhonne pehli baar Loksabha chunaav lada, parantu safalta naheen mili. lekin unhonne himmat naheen haari aur san 1957 mein balaraamapur (jila gonda, uttar pradesh) se janasangh ke pratyaashi ke roop mein vijayi hokar Loksabha mein pahuainche. san 1957 se 1977 tak janta party ki sthaapana tak ve bees varsh tak lagaataar janasangh ke sansadeeya dal ke neta rahe. moraaraji Desai ki sarkaar mein san 1977 se 1979 tak videsh mantri rahe aur videshon mein Bhaarat ki chhavi banaayi.

1980 mein janta party se asantusht hokar inhonne janta party chhod di aur bhaarateeya janta party ki sthaapana mein madad ki. 6 April 1980 mein bani bhaarateeya janta party ke adhyaksh pad ka daayitv bhi Vajpayee ko saunpa gaya.[7] do baar Rajyasabha ke liye bhi nirvaachit hue. lokatantr ke sajag prahari atal bihaari Vajpayee ne san 1997 mein pradhaanamantri ke roop mein desh ki baagdor sambhaali. 19 April 1998 ko pun: pradhaanamantri pad ki shapath li aur unke netrutv mein 13 dalon ki gathabandhan sarkaar ne paaainch varshon mein desh ke andar pragati ke anek aayaam chhue.

san 2004 mein kaaryakaal poora hone se pehle bhayankar garmi mein sampann karaaye gaye Loksabha chunaavon mein bhaa0ja0paa0 ke netrutv vaale raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan (ena0dee0e0) ne Vajpayee ke netrutv mein chunaav lada aur Bhaarat udaya (angreji mein indiya shaaining) ka naara diya. is chunaav mein kisi bhi party ko bahumat naheen mila. aisi sthiti mein vaamapanthi dalon ke samarthan se kaaaingres ne Bhaarat ki kendreeya sarkaar par kaayam hone mein safalta praapt ki aur bhaa0ja0paa0 vipaksh mein baithane ko majaboor hui. samprati ve raajaneeti se sannyaas le chuke hain aur nai Delhi mein 6-A krushnaamenan maarg sthit sarkaari aavaas mein rahate hain.

pradhaanamantri ke roop mein atal ka kaaryakaal

Bhaarat ko parmaanu shakti sampann raashtra banaana

inhein bhi dekhein: bhaarateeya parmaanu pareekshan

atal sarkaar ne 11 aur 13 May 1998 ko pokharan mein paaainch bhoomigat parmaanu pareekshan visfot karke Bhaarat ko parmaanu shakti sampann desh ghoshit kar diya. is kadam se unhonne Bhaarat ko nirvivaad roop se vishv maanachitr par ek sudrudh vaishvik shakti ke roop mein sthaapit kar diya. yeh sab itni gopaneeyata se kiya gaya ki ati viksit jaasoosi upagrahon va takaneeki se sampann pashchimi deshon ko iski bhanak tak naheen lagi. yahi naheen iske baad pashchimi deshon dvaara Bhaarat par anek pratibandh lagaae gaye lekin Vajpayee sarkaar ne sabka drudhtaapoorvak saamana karte hue aarthik vikaas ki oochaaiyon ko chhuaa.

Pakistan se sambandhon mein sudhaar ki pahal

19 fravari 1999 ko sada-A-sarhad naam se Delhi se Lahore tak bas seva shuroo ki gayi. is seva ka udghaatan karte hue pratham yaatri ke roop mein Vajpayee ji ne Pakistan ki yaatra karke navaaj shareef se mulaakaat ki aur aapasi sambandhon mein ek nayi shuruaat ki.[8]

Kargil yuddh

kuchh hi samay pashchaat Pakistan ke tatkaaleen sena pramukh paravej musharraf ki shah par Pakistani sena va ugravaadiyon ne Kargil kshetr mein ghuspaith karke kai pahaadi chotiyon par kabja kar liya. atal sarkaar ne Pakistan ki seema ka ullanghan na karne ki antarraashtreeya salaah ka sammaan karte hue dhairyapoorvak kintu thos kaaryavaahi karke bhaarateeya kshetr ko mukt karaaya. is yuddh mein pratikool paristhitiyon ke kaaran bhaarateeya sena ko jaan maal ka kaafi nuksaan hua aur Pakistan ke saath shuru kiye gaye sambandh sudhaar ekabaar fir shoonya ho gaye.

svarnim chaturbhuj pariyojana

Bhaarat bhar ke chaaron konon ko sadak maarg se jodne ke liye svarnim chaturbhuj pariyojana (angareji mein- golden kvaadriletral projaikt ya sankshep mein ji kyoo projaikt) ki shuruaat ki gayi. iske antargat Delhi, Calcutta, chennai va mumbai ko raajamaarg se joda gaya. aisa maana jaata hai ki atal ji ke shaasanakaal mein Bhaarat mein jitni sadkon ka nirmaan hua itna keval sherashaah soori ke samay mein hi hua tha.

Vajpayee sarkaar ke anya pramukh kaarya

  • ek sau saal se bhi jyaada puraane kaaveri jal vivaad ko sulajhaaya.
  • sanrachanaatmak dhaaainche ke liye kaaryadal, software vikaas ke liye soochana evam praudyogiki kaaryadal, vidyuteekaran mein gati laane ke liye kendreeya vidyut niyaamak aayog aadi ka gathan kiya.
  • raashtreeya raajamaargon evam havaai addon ka vikaas; nai telecom neeti tatha kokan railway ki shuruaat karke buniyaadi sanrachanaatmak dhaaainche ko majaboot karne vaale kadam uthaaye.
  • raashtreeya suraksha samiti, aarthik salaah samiti, vyaapaar evam udyog samiti bhi gathit keen.
  • aavashyak upabhokta saamagriyon ki keematein niyntrit karne ke liye mukhyamantriyon ka sammelan bulaaya.
  • udeesa ke sarvaadhik gareeb kshetr ke liye saat sootreeya gareebi unmoolan kaaryakram shuroo kiya.
  • aavaas nirmaan ko protsaahan dene ke liye urban seeling act samaapt kiya.
  • graameen rojagaar srujan evam videshon mein base bhaarateeya mool ke logon ke liye beema yojana shuroo ki.
  • sarkaari kharche par roja iftaar shuroo kiya

ye saare tathya sarkaari vijnyaaptiyon ke maadhyam se samay samay par prakaashit hote rahe hain.

kavi ke roop mein atal

jagadguru raamabhadraachaarya ke saath atal ji

atal bihaari Vajpayee raajaneetijnya hone ke saath-saath ek kavi bhi hain. meri ikyaavan kavitaaeain atal ji ka prasiddh kaavyasangrah hai. Vajpayee ji ko kaavya rachanaasheelata evam rasaasvaad ke gun viraasat mein mile hain. unke pita Krishna bihaari Vajpayee gvaaliyr riyaasat mein apne samay ke jaane-maane kavi the. ve brajabhaasha aur khadi boli mein kaavya rachana karte the. paarivaarik vaataavaran saahityik evam kaavyamaya hone ke kaaran unki ragon mein kaavya rakt-ras anvarat ghoomta raha hai. unki sarv pratham kavita Tajmahal thi. ismein shrungaar ras ke prem prasoon na chadhaakar "ek shahanshaah ne banava ke haseen Tajmahal, ham gareebon ki mohabbat ka udaaya hai majaak" ki tarah unka bhi dhyaan Tajmahal ke kaareegaron ke shoshan par hi gaya. vaastav mein koi bhi kavi hrudaya kabhi kavita se vanchit naheen rah sakta. raajaneeti ke saath-saath samashti evam raashtra ke prati unki vaiyaktik sanvedanasheelata aadyopaant prakat hoti hi rahi hai. unke sangharshamaya jeevan, parivrtanasheel paristhitiyaaain, raashtravyaapi aandolan, jail-jeevan aadi anek aayaamon ke prabhaav evam anubhooti ne kaavya mein sadaiv hi abhivyakti paayi. vikhyaat gajl gaayak jagajeet Singh ne atal ji ki chuninda kavitaaon ko sangeetabaddh karke ek elbam bhi nikaala tha.

atal ji ki pramukh rachanaayein

unki kuchh pramukh prakaashit rachanaaeain is prakaar hain :

  • mrutyu ya hatya
  • amar balidaan (lok sabha mein atal ji ke vaktavyon ka sangrah)
  • kaidi kaviraaya ki kundaliyaaain
  • sansad mein teen dashak
  • amar aag hai
  • kuchh lekh: kuchh bhaashan
  • secular vaad
  • raajaneeti ki rapateeli raahein
  • bindu bindu vichaar, ityaadi.

puraskaar

jeevan ke kuchh pramukh tathya

  • aajeevan avivaahit rahe.
  • ve ek ojasvi evam patu vakta (oretar) evam siddh hindi kavi bhi hain.
  • parmaanu shakti sampann deshon ki sambhaavit naaraajagi se vichlit hue bina unhonne agni-do aur parmaanu pareekshan kar desh ki suraksha ke liye saahasi kadam bhi uthaaye.
  • san 1998 mein Rajasthan ke pokharan mein Bhaarat ka dviteeya parmaanu pareekshan kiya jise America ki see0aai0e0 ko bhanak tak naheen lagne di.
  • atal sabse lambe samay tak saansad rahe hain aur javaaharalaal Nehru va indira Gandhi ke baad sabse lambe samay tak gair Congressi pradhaanamantri bhi. vah pehle pradhaanamantri the jinhonne gathabandhan sarkaar ko na keval sthaayitv diya apitu safalta poorvak sanchaalit bhi kiya.
  • atal hi pehle videsh mantri the jinhonne sanyukt raashtra sangh mein hindi mein bhaashan dekar Bhaarat ko gauravaanvit kiya tha.

atal ji ki tippaniyaaain

chaahe pradhaan mantri ke pad par rahe hon ya neta pratipaksh; beshak desh ki baat ho ya kraantikaariyon ki, ya fir unki apni hi kavitaaon ki; napi-tuli aur bevaak tippani karne mein atal ji kabhi naheen chooke. yahaaain par unki kuchh tippaniyaaain di ja rahi hain.

  • "Bhaarat ko lekar meri ek drushti hai- aisa Bhaarat jo bhookh, bhaya, nirksharata aur abhaav se mukt ho."
  • "kraantikaariyon ke saath humne nyaaya naheen kiya, deshavaasi mahaan kraantikaariyon ko bhool rahe hain, aajaadi ke baad ahinsa ke atirek ke kaaran yeh sab hua[9][10]."
  • "meri kavita jang ka ailaan hai, paraajaya ki prastaavana naheen. vah haare hue sipaahi ka nairaashya-ninaad naheen, joohjte yoddha ka jaya-sankalp hai. vah niraasha ka svar naheen, aatmavishvaas ka jayaghosh hai[11]."

sandarbh

  1. http://pmindia.nic.in/pmsofindia.php?ln=hindi
  2. "... aur chupachaap sab dekh rahe hain atal bihaari Vajpayee". navabhaarat taaims. 27 March 2014. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/as-his-old-comrades-are-pushed-to-the-margins-vajpayee-follows-the-news-silently/articleshow/32737736.cms. abhigman tithi: 28 March 2014.
  3. meri ikyaavan kavitaaeain prushth 112
  4. meri ikyaavan kavitaaeain prushth 5 (kavi aur main)
  5. raajaneeti ke shikhar kavi atalabihaari baajapeyi prushth 16
  6. raajaneeti ke shikhar kavi atalabihaari baajapeyi prushth 25
  7. atal bihaari Vajpayee
  8. "Delhi-Lahore bus leaves for Pak". rediff.com (Rediff.com India limited). fravari 20, 2007. http://www.rediff.com/news/2007/feb/20samblast2.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008-04-21.
  9. Hindustan (hindi dainik) nai Delhi 20 December 1996 "kraantikaariyon ke saath humne nyaaya naheen kiya"
  10. dainik jaagaran nai Delhi 20 December 1996 "deshavaasi mahaan kraantikaariyon ko bhool rahe hain"
  11. * Bhagwat S. Goyal Values, Vision & Verses of Vajpayee: India's Man of Destiny prushth iii
  • meri ikyaavan kavitaaeain (atal bihaari baajapeyi) sampaadan: dau॰ chandrikaaprasaad sharma 1995 kitaabaghar 24, Ansari road, dariyaaganj,nai Delhi 110002 ISBN 81-7016-255-6
  • raajaneeti ke shikhar kavi atalabihaari baajapeyi (dau॰ suneel jogi) 2000 satsaahitya bhandaar, ashok vihaar (phase-2), nai Delhi 110052
  • Values, Vision & Verses of Vajpayee: India's Man of Destiny by Prof. Bhagwat S. Goyal 2001 srujan prakaashan, R-6/233, raajanagar, Ghaziabad 201002 ISBN 81-87996-00-5.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain