ashshoor

ashshoor/Ašašaur
آaaشaaوaaر
Flickr - The U.S. Army - www.Army.mil (218).jpg
ashshoor ke bache hue avasheshon ki raksha mein pahara dete ameriki sainik (2008)
अश्शूर is located in Iraq
Shown within Iraq
sthaan salah al-din, iraak
kshetr mesopotaamiya
nirdeshaank 35°a27′a24″aN 43°a15′a45″aE / 35.45667°aN 43.2625°aE / 35.45667; 43.2625Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 35°a27′a24″aN 43°a15′a45″aE / 35.45667°aN 43.2625°aE / 35.45667; 43.2625
prakaar basti
itihaas
sthaapit lagbhag 2400-2500 E.poo.
tyakt chaudahaveen shataabdi
kaal shurooaati kaaainsya yug se ?
aadhikaarik naam: ashoor (Qal'at Sherqat)
prakaar saaainskrutik
maapdand iii, iv
nirdisht 2003 (27vaaain adhiveshan)
sandarbh san. 1130
kshetr arab raajya
sankatagrast 2003–vartamaan

ashshoor praacheen mesopotaamiya mein nav aseeriyaai saamraajya ki rajdhani thi. is shahar ke avashesh iraak mein dajala nadi ke upari hisse mein sthit hain. yeh beesavi sadi isaapoorv se lekar saataveen sadi isaapoorv tak astitv mein tha. iske baad faaras ke hakhaamani vansh ke shaasakon ke adheen aa gaya. yeh shahar lagbhag 2600-2500 ipoo se 1400 isavi tak haraabhara va samruddh raha. lekin jab taimooralang ne apne hi logon ka narasanhaar shuroo karva diya tab se is shahar ka astitv khatm hota raha.

ashshoor is shahar ke pramukh devata ka bhi naam tha. vah aseeriya mein sabse pramukh va shaktishaali devata aur aseeriyaai saamraajya ke sanrakshak maane jaate the. vartamaan mein is jagah ko yoonesko vishv dharohar maana jaata hai. 2003 mein iraak yuddh shuru hone ke baad is jagah ko khatre mein pade vishv dharoharon mein gina jaane laga.

puraataatvik sarvekshan

ashshoor ka puraataatvik sarvekshan Germany ke puraatatvavidon ne 1898 mein shuroo kiya. fredarik delijch ke netrutv mein 1990 mein khudaai shuroo hui va 1903 se 1913 ke beech tak pehle Robert koldave aur baad mein vaaltar aaaindre ke netrutv mein jarman oriental society ki ek team dvaara jaari rahi. [1][2][3][4][5] yahaaain 1600 se jyaada sfaanalipi (cuneiform) mein likhe mitti ke bartan mile. jyaadaatar vastuon ko barlin ke pargamaun sangrahaalaya le jaaya gaya.

1990 mein myunikh vishvaviddaalaya ke liye bi harauda aur baveriyaai sanskruti mantraalaya dvaara bhi yahaaain khudaai karaai gayi.[6] isi kaal mein 1988-89 mein yahaaain jarman research faauaindeshan ke aar. dittamain ne bhi kaam kiya. [7]

sandarbh

  1. vaaltar aaaindre, the anu-adaad-teinpal in ashshoor|ashshoor mein anu adaad ka mandir, JC hinriks, 1909, (1984 punarmudran ISBN 3-7648-1805-0)
  2. vaaltar aaaindre, di stelenarein in ashshoor, JC hinriks, 1913, (1972 punarmudran ISBN 3-535-00587-6)
  3. vaaltar aaaindre, di aarkaaisken iskataar tempel in ashshoor, JC hinriks, 1922, (1970 punarmudran ISBN 3-7648-1806-9)
  4. vaaltar aaaindre, jarman mein Hethitische Inschriften auf Bleistreifen aus Assur, JC hinriks, 1924
  5. vaaltar aaaindre, jarman mein Das wiedererstandene Assur| the viderestainden ashshoor, 1938, JC hinriks, (1977 punarmudran ISBN 3-406-02947-7)
  6. eksakaiveshan in Iraq 1989-1990|Iraq mein khudaai 1989-1990, Iraq, sanskaran. 53, prushth. 169-182, 1991
  7. aar. dittamain, jarman mein Ausgrabungen der Freien Universitat Berlin in Ashur und Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta in den Jahren 1986-1989, MDOG, vol. 122, pp. 157-171, 1990