ashok Kumar (abhineta)

ashok Kumar
Ashok Kumar in Kismet1.jpg
1943 mein nirmit film kismat mein Kumar
janm naam kumudalaal kunjeelaal Ganguly
janm 13 October 1911
Bhaagalpur, Bengal presideinsi, british Bhaarat
mrutyu 10 December 2001(2001-12-10) (umr 90)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, Bhaarat
anya naam sanjaya ashok Kumar
vyavasaaya abhineta, chitrakaar
kaaryakaal 1936 - 1997
jeevanasaathi rattan baai

ashok Kumar (baangla: অaaশaaোaaক কaaুaaমaaাaaর ; 13 October 1911, Bhaagalpur[1], kumud Kumar Ganguly - 10 December 2001, Mumbai) hindi filmon ke ek abhineta the. san 1999 mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne unhein kala ke kshetr mein unke yogadaanon ke liye padm bhooshan se sammaanit kiya. ye Maharashtra raajya se the.

anukram

vyaktigat jeevan

hindi film industry mein daada muni ke naam se mashahoor Kumar ka janm ek madhyam vargeeya bangaali parivaar mein hua tha. inke pita kunjalaal Ganguly peshe se vakeel the[2]. ashok Kumar ne apni praarambhik shiksha Madhya Pradesh ke khandava shahar mein praapt ki. baad me unhonne apni snaatak ki shiksha Allahabad vishvavidyaalaya se poori ki. is dauraan unki dosti shashadhar mukharji se hui. bhaai bahano mein sabse bade ashok Kumar ki bachapan se hi filmon me kaam karke shoharat ki bunladiyo par pahunchane ki chaahat thi, lekin vah abhineta naheen balki nirdeshak banana chaahate the. apni dosti ko rishte me badalate hue ashok Kumar ne apni ikalauti bahan ki shaadi shashadhar se kar di. san 1934 me new theatre me bataur leboretri asisteint kaam kar rahe ashok Kumar ko unke bahanoi shashadhar mukharji ne Bombay taukeej mein apne paas bula liya[2].

filmi safar

1936 me baanbe taukeej ki film (jeevan naiya) ke nirmaan ke dauraan film ke abhineta najam ul hasan ne kisi kaaranavash film mein kaam karne se mana kar diya. is vikt paristhiti mein baanbe taukeej ke maalik himaanshu rai ka dhyaan ashok Kumar par gaya aur unhonne unase film mein bataur abhineta kaam karne ki peshakash ki. iske saath hi 'jeevan naiya' se ashok Kumar ka bataur abhineta filmi safar shuroo ho gaya. 1937 me ashok Kumar ko baanbe taukeej ke banner tale pradarshit film 'achhoot kanya' mein kaam karne ka mauka mila. is film mein jeevan naiya ke baad 'devika raani' fir se unki naayika bani. film me ashok Kumar ek braahman yuvak ke kirdaar me the, jinhein ek achhoot ladki se pyaar ho jaata hai. saamaajik prushthabhoomi par bani yeh film kaafi pasand ki gayi aur iske saath hi ashok Kumar bataur abhineta film industry me apni pehchaan banaane mein safal ho gaye. iske baad devika raani ke saath ashok Kumar ne kai filmon mein kaam kiya. in filmon mein 1937 me pradarshit film ijjat ke alaava film saavitri (1938) aur nirmala (1938) jaisi filmein shaamil hain. in filmon ko darshako ne pasand to kiya, lekin kaamayaabi ka shreya bajaae ashok Kumar ke film ki abhinetri devika raani ko diya gaya. iske baad unhonne 1939 me pradarshit film kangan, bandhan 1940 aur jhoola 1941 mein abhinetri leela chitnish ke saath kaam kiya. in filmon me unke abhinay ko darshako dvaara kaafi saraaha gaya, jiske baad ashok Kumar bataur abhineta film industry me sthaapit ho gaye. ashok Kumar ko 1943 me baanbe taakeej ki ek anya film kismat mein kaam karne ka mauka mila. is film mein ashok Kumar ne film industry ke abhineta ki paanraparik chhavi se baahar nikal kar apni ek alag chhavi banaai. is film me unhonne pehli baar anti hero ki bhoomika ki aur apni is bhoomika ke jariye bhi vah darshako ka dhyaan apni or aakarshit karne me safal rahe. kismat ne box aafis ke saare rikaard todte hue Kolkata ke chitra cinema hall mein lagbhag chaar varsh tak lagaataar chalne ka rikaard banaaya. baanbe taukeej ke maalik himaanshu rai ki maut ke baad 1943 mein ashok Kumar Bombay taakeej ko chhod filmistaan stoodiyon chale gaye. varsh 1947 me devika raani ke Bombay taukeej chhod dene ke baad ashok Kumar ne bataur production cheef Bombay taakeej ke banner tale mashaal jiddi aur majaboor jaisi kai filmon ka nirmaan kiya. isi dauraan Bombay taukeej ke banner tale unhonne 1949 mein pradarshit superhit film mahal ka nirmaan kiya. us film ki safalta ne abhinetri madhubaala ke saath-saath paarshvagaayika lataamangeshkar ko bhi shoharat ki bunladiyon par pahuncha diya tha.

film nirmaan

pachaas ke dashak me Bombay taukeej se alag hone ke baad unhonne apni khud ki company shuroo ki aur joopitr theatre ko bhi khareed liya. ashok Kumar production ke banner tale unhonne sabse pehli film samaaj ka nirmaan kiya, lekin yeh film box aafis par buri tarah asafal rahi. iske baad unhonein apne banner tale film parineeta bhi banaai. lagbhag teen varsh ke baad film nirmaan kshetr mein ghaata hone ke kaaran unhon apni production company band kar di. 1953 me pradarshit film parineeta ke nirmaan ke dauraan film ke nirdeshak biml rai ke saath unki anban ho gayi thi. jiske kaaran unhonne biml rai ke saath kaam karna band kar diya, lekin abhinetri nootan ke kehne par ashok Kumar ne ek baar fir se biml Roy ke saath 1963 me pradarshit film bandini me kaam kiya yeh film hindi film ke itihaas mein aaj bhi classic filmon mein shumaar ki jaati hai. 1967 me pradarshit film .jvailatheef. mein ashok Kumar ke abhinay ka naya roop darshako ko dekhne ko mila. is film mein vah apne cine kairiyr me pehli baar khalanaayak ki bhoomika me dikhaai diye. is film ke jariye bhi unhonne darshako ka bharpoor manoranjan kiya. abhinay me I ekarupata se bachane aur svanya ko charitra abhineta ke roop me bhi sthaapit karne ke liye ashok Kumar ne khud ko vibhinn bhoomikaaon mein pesh kiya. inmein 1968 me pradarshit film aarsheevaad khaas taur par ullekhaneeya hai. film mein bemisaal abhinay ke liye unako sarvashreshth abhineta ke raashtreeya puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya. is film me unka gaaya gaana rel gaadi-rel gaadi bachchon ke beech kaafi lokapriya hua.

daadaamuni aur dooradarshan

1984 me dooradarshan ke itihaas ke pehle shop opera hamalog mein vah seeriyl ke sootradhaar ki bhoomika me dikhaai diye aur chhote parde par bhi unhonne darshako ka bharpoor manoranjan kiya. dooradarshan ke liye hi daadaamuni ne bheemabhavaani bahaadur shaah jafar aur ujaale ki or jaise seeriyl me bhi apne abhinay ka jauhar dikhaaya.

puraskaar va sammaan

ashok Kumar ko do baar sarvashreshth abhineta ke film fair puraskaar se bhi navaaja gaya. pehli baar raakhi 1962 aur doosari baar aarsheevaad 1968. iske alaava 1966 me pradarshit film afasaana ke liye vah sahaayak abhineta ke film fair award se bhi navaaje gaye. daadaamuni ko hindi cinema ke kshetr mein kiye gaye utkrushth sahayog ke liye 1988 mein hindi cinema ke sarvochch sammaan daada saahab faalke puraskaar se sammaanitashok Kumar bhaarateeya cinema ke ek pramukh abhineta rahe hain. prasiddh gaayak kishor Kumar bhi aapke hi sage bhaai the. lagbhag chhah dashak tak apne bemisaal abhinay se darshakon ke dil par raaj karne vaale ashok Kumar ka nidhan 10 December 2001 ko hua[2].

pramukh filmein

varsh film charitra tippani
1997 aaainkhon mein tum ho
1996 return of jvailatheef
dushman duniya ka Doctor
bekaaboo
1995 jamala ho jamala
mera daamaad ajeet khanna
1994 yoonhi kabhi
1993 aaainsoo bane angaare
1992 hamla
1991 maut ki saja
aadhi mimaansa
1989 mamata ki chhaaainv mein
klark bharat ke pita
anajaane rishte
daana paani
sachchaai ki taakat
majboor
1988 faisala Rahman
Bhaarat ek khoj
intakaam
1987 aavaam
hifaajt
vo din aayega
vatan ke rakhavaale professor Peter frnaandeej
pyaar ki jeet
mistar indiya
javaab ham deinge
suparamain
1986 bheem bhavaani
pyaar kiya hai pyaar kareinge abdul Rahman
dahaleej
katl
asli nakali
shatru suparitendent police
1985 ek daakoo shahar mein police inspector
durga
fir I barasaat
tavaayaf
1984 duniya
frishta rai bahaadur
Ram tera desh Ram das
ham log
raaja aur raana
akalamand major
gruhasthi shankar
ham rahe na ham
1983 mahaan
kaaya palat
love in goaa
haadasa
chor police
prem tapasya
bekaraar
pasand apni apni shaantilaal aanand
takadeer
1982 daayal 100
chalti ka naam jindagi
sambandh
shakti
mehandi rang laayegi
dard ka rishta
anokha bandhan
1981 jaya yaatra raamanaath varma
mahafil
maan gaye ustaad
shaukeen om prakaash chaudhari
jyoti
1980 sau din saas ke Colonel gupta
judaai nivrutt nyaayaadheesh umaakaant varma
khoobsoorat
jyoti bane jvaala
aakhiri insaaf
khvaab
saajan mere main saajan ki
aap ke deevaane
takkar
najraana pyaar ka mahesh Kumar gupta
1979 bagula bhagat
janta hawaldaar
amar deep Don (atithi paatr)
1978 khatta meetha
tumhaare liye daaktar vaachaspati/vaidyaraaj
apna kaanoon
do musaafir
chor ke ghar chor
premi gangaaraam
anmol tasveer
fool khile hain gulashan gulashan laala ganapat rai
dil aur deevaar
1977 anurodh
dreem girl mistar varma
aanand aashram
praayashchit
chala muraari hero banane
heera aur patthar
mastaan daada
aanand aashram thaakur
jaadoo tona
safed jhooth gulaati
1976 bhainvar
ek se badhkar ek raaja
shankar daada suparitendent police
santaan
arjun pandit
aap beeti
rangeela ratan
baarood
1975 aakraman
ek mahal ho sapanon ka
chori mera kaam shankar
mili
chhoti si baat
ulajhan
dafa 302
1974 khoon ki keemat
paise ki gudiya
badhti ka naam daadhi
ujaala hi ujaala professor shyaamalaal gupta
prem nagar
dulhan
do aaainkhein
1973 hifaajt
taxi driver
bada kabootar
do fool
dhundh
1972 dil daulat duniya
raakhi aur hathakadi
raani mera naam
sa re ga ma pa
Victoria number 203 raaja
maalik
saja
garam masaala
jameen aasmaan shaanti svaroop
anuraag mistar rai
jindagi jindagi chaudhari raamaprasaad
1971 adhikaar
naya jmaana
door ka raahi
paakeeja shahaabuddeen
kangan
ham tum aur vo
1970 poorab aur pashchim
maaain aur mamata William
safr
sharaaft
javaab jameendaar uma shankar
1969 satyakaam
aaraadhana
pyaar ka sapana
bhaai bahan raaja vikram prataap
intakaam heeraalaal Mehra
paisa ya pyaar
do bhaai
aaainsoo ban gaye fool
1968 aasheervaad Shiv naath
ek kali muskaai
saadhoo aur shaitaan
dil aur mohabbat
aabaroo
1967 jvailatheef arjun Singh
bahoo begam navaab sikndar mirja
nai roshani
(1967 film) mukharji
meharabaaain
1966 afsaana
toofaan mein pyaar kahaaain
ye jindagi kitni haseen hai
daadi maaain
mamata maneesh Roy
1965 aadhi raat ke baad
bheegi raat
ooainche log major chandrakaaaint
(1965 film)
naya kaanoon
Akashdeep
bahoo beti judge
chaaaind aur sooraj
1964 krausarods
chitralekha
pooja ke fool
benajeer navaab
foolon ki sej Doctor varma
dooj ka chaaaind
1963 bandini
gruhasthi hareesh chandr khanna
ye raaste hain pyaar ke
ustaadon ke ustaad
gumaraah bairistar ashok
meri soorat teri aaainkhein
mere mahaboob
aaj aur kal
1962 aarti
barma road
isi ka naam duniya
meheindi lagi mere haath
private sekretari
ummeed
nakali navaab
raakhi
1961 dharmaputr
flat number 9
warrant
Dirk street
1960 maasoom
aaainchal
kaala aadmi
kaanoon judge badri prasaad
hauspitl
kalpana amar
1959 dhool ka fool
baap bete
daaka
nai raahein
kangan
bedard jmaana kya jaane
1958 frishta
kaareegar
raagini
sitaaron ke aage
haavada brij
chalti ka naam gaadi brijmohan sharma
savera
1957 sheroo
ek saal suresh Kumar
talaash
bandi shankar
ustaad
mistar ex
1956 bhaai bhaai ashok Kumar
shataranj
ek hi raasta prakaash Mehta
inspector
1955 sardaar
bhagavat mahima
bandish kamal Roy
1954 lakeerein
samaaj
naaj
baadabaaain
1953 parineeta shekhar rai
shamasheer
shole
1952 jalapari
kaafila
nau bahaar ashok
raag rang
bevafa ashok
betaab
saloni
tamaasha
poonam
1951 afsaana
deedaar
1950 khilaadi
samaadhi shekhar
nishaana
mashaal samar
sangraam
aadhi raat
1949 mahal hari shankar
1948 padamini
1947 saajan
chandrashekhar prataap
1946 eight dej shamasher Singh
shikaari
(1946 film)
1945 begam
humaayooain
1944 kirn
chal chal re naujavaan arjun
1943 angoothi
kismat shekhar
najma yusuf
1941 anjaan ajeet
jhoola ramesh
naya sansaar
1940 aajaad
bandhan nirmal
1939 kangan kamal
1938 nirmala
vachan
1937 ijjt
prem kahaani
saavitri
1936 achhoot kanya prataap
janmabhoomi Ajay
jeevan naya Ranjit

bataur nirmaata

varsh film tippani
1983 laal chunariya
1953 parineeta
1949 mahal

naamaankan aur puraskaar

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain