arjenteena

Repúablica Argentina (Spanish)
arjenteena ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: En unióan y libertad
"In Union and Liberty"
raashtragaan: Himno Nacional Argentino
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
byoonas aayars
34°a36′aS 58°a23′aW / 34.6°aS 58.383°aW / -34.6; -58.383
raajabhaasha(eain) Spanish1
nivaasi arjeintaain
sarkaar sangheeya adhyaksheeya ganaraajya
- raashtrapati maurisiyo mekri
- up raashtrapati Gabriela Michetti
- sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke adhyaksh rikaardo lornejeti
svatantrata Spain se
- May kraanti 25 May 1810
- ghoshana 9 July 1816
kshetrafal
- kul 2780403 varg kilometer (8 vaan)
10787572 varg meal
- jal (%) 1.1
janasankhya
- 2008 janaganana 40,677,348 (30 vaan)
- 2001 janaganana 36,260,130
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2007 praakkalan
- kul $524.140 billion (23 vaan)
- prati vyakti $13,317 (57 vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2007) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.808
bahut uchch · 38 vaan
mudra peso (ARS)
samay mandal ART (yoo॰atee॰asee॰-3)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) ART (yoo॰atee॰asee॰-2)
doorabhaash koot 54
Internet teeeladi .ar
1Guaraní is co-official in the province of Corrientes.
2Argentina also has a territorial dispute with the United Kingdom over an additional 10,00,000 varg ki.mi. (3,86,102 varg meal) of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

aarjeinteena dakshin America mein sthit ek desh hai. kshetrafal evam janasankhya ki drushti se dakshini amareeka ka Brazil desh ke baad dviteeya vishaalatam desh hai (kshetrafal: 27,76,656 varg ki.mi.). iske utatr mein Brazil pashchim mein chili tatha uttarapashchim mein paraagve hai. desh 22° the.a. tatha 55° the.a. ke madhya 37,700 ki॰ami॰ ki lanbaai me uttar dakshin faila hua hai. iski aakruti ek adhomukhi tribhuj ke samaan hai jo lagbhag 2,600 ki॰ami॰ chaude aadhaar se dakshin ki or sankara hota chala gaya hai. uttar mein yeh boliviya evam paraague, uttar, poorv mein yurugae tatha Brazil aur pashchim mein chili desh se ghira hai.

arjenteena ka naam arjentam se pada jisaak arth chaaaindi hota hai. chaandi ke liye prayukt laitin tatha spainish paryaayavaachi shabdon se hi, jo kramash: 'arjetam' evam 'plaata' hain, arjeteena aur 'raayo di la plaata' (desh ki mahaan eschuari) ka naamakaran hua hai.

aarambh mein yeh upanivesh tha jiski sthaapana Spain ke Charles truteeya ne purtagaali dabaav ko rokane ke liye ki thi. san 1810 E. mein desh ki janta ne Spain ki satta ke viruddh aandolan aarambh kiya jiske parinaam svaroop 1816 E. mein yeh svatantr hua. parantu sthaayi sarkaar ki sthaapana 1853 E se hi sambhav hui.

aarjeteena ganatantr ke atanrgat 22 raajyon ke atirikt ek Federal jila tatha tera Dale fyoogo, antaarkatika mahaadveep ke kuchh bhaag aur dakshini atalaantak saagar ke kuchh dweep hain.

anukram

prakrutik dasha

pashchim ke parvateeya kshetrafal ko chhodkar desh ka anya shesh bhaag mukhyat: nimn bhoomi hai. desh saamaanyat: chaar sthalaakrutik pradeshon mein vibhkt ho jaata hai: aindeej parvateeya pradesh, uttar ka maidaan, panpaaj aur paitaagoniya.

aindeej parvateeya pradesh ke antargat desh ka lagbhag 30 pratishat bhaag aata hai. pashchim mein uttar dakshin faili is parvatashreni ka utthaan truteeyak kalp mein aalps giri-nirmaan-kaal mein hua tha. yeh chili desh ke saath praakrutik seema nirdhaarit karti hai. is shreni mein hi, madhya Asia ke pashchaat seema nirdhaarit karti hai. is shreni me hi, madhya Asia ke pashchaat, vishv ke uchchatam shikhar sthit hain, jaise mount akonkaaguaa (7,023 meter), marseedariyo (6,672 meter) aur tupanagaato (6,802 meter). is pradesh mein angoor, shahatoot tatha anya fal bahutaayat se paida hote hain.

uttar ke maidaani pradesh ke antargat chaiko maisopotaamiya tatha misionej kshetr hain. is pradesh mein jalodh ke vistrut nikshep paae jaate hain. adhikaansh bhaag varsha mein baadhgrast ho jaate hain. chaiko kshetr vanasansaadhan mein dhani hai tatha misionej mein yarba maate (ek prakaar ki chai) ki kheti hoti hai. paraana, paraague aadi nadiyon se ghira maisopotaamiya pashuon ke liye prasiddh hai.

desh ke madhya mein sthit panpaaj pradesh atyadhik upajaaoo aur vistrut samatal ghaas ki maidaan hai. yeh desh ka sabse samruddhishaali bhaag hai jismein 80 pratishat janasankhya rahati hai. krushi evam pashupaalan udyogon ke kul utpaadan ka lagbhag do tihaai bhaag yaheen se praapt hota hai.

paitaagoniya pradesh raayo nigro se dakshin ki or desh ke dakshini chhor tak faila hai (kshetrafal: 7,77,000 varg ki.mi.). yeh ardhashushk evam alp janasankhyaavaala pathaari pradesh hai. yahaaain vishesh roos se pashu paalan ka kaarabaar hota hai.

nadiyaan aindeej parvat athva uttar ki uchch bhoomi se nikalkar poorv ki or pravaahit hoti hai aur atalaantak saagar mein girti hain. paraana, paraague tatha yurugue mukhya nadiyaan hain.

desh ki jalavaayu pradhaanat: sheetoshn hai. parantu, uttar mein chaiko ki atyaadhik ushn jalavaayu, madhya mein panpaaj ki sam or suhaavani jalavaayu, tatha upaantaarkatik sheet se prabhaavit dakshini paitaagoniya ka himaani kshetr jalavaayu ki vividhta ko pradarshit karte hain. desh ka yathesht akshaansheeya vistaar tatha uchchaavach ka vishisht antar hi is vividhta ke pradhaan kaaran hai. adhiktam taap (550sein.) uttari chhor par aur nimnatam (180sein.) dakshini chhor par milte hain. varsha ki maatra poorv se pashchim ki or ghatati jaati hai.

jalavaayu, mitti aur uchchaavach mein vishisht kshetreeya vibhinnataaon ke kaaran hi desh mein ushnakatibandheeya varshaavaale vanon se lekar marusthaleeya kaantedaar jhaadiyaan tak pai jaati hain.

janasankhya evam nagar

desh ki janansakhya ka adhikaansh, kuchh samay poorv se (1880 E.), aapravaasit yooropavaasi (mukhyat: Italy evam Spain nivaasi) hain. anya dakshini amareeka ke deshon ke vipreet yahaaain neegro athva Indian aadivaasiyon ki sankhya naganya hai. is prakaar deshvaasiyon mein prajaateeya evam saanskrutik samaanataaen milti hain. spainish raashtrabhaasha hai. 95 pratishat manushya roman kaithaulik hain.

nagareeya janasankhya ke aadhe log greater byoonas aayars mein vaas karte hain. is kshetr ki ganana vishv ke vishaalatam mahaanagareeya kshetron mein hoti hai. mukhya nagar hain- byoonas aayars, rojairiyo, kaardoba, la plaata, maar Dale plaata, tukuman, Santa fe, paraana, baahiya blainka, saalta, koriyeinteeyaj, tatha maindoja.

yaataayaat

paraana, yurugue tatha paraague nadiyaan antardesheeya jal yaataayaat ke liye vishvavikhyaat hain. byoonas aayars evam la plaata (donon plaata eschuari par sthit) aur baahiya blaika mukhya pattan hain. paraana nadi par rojeriyo sabse bada antardesheeya pattan hai byoonas aayars pashchimi golaardh ka, New York ke baad, doosra vishaalatam pattan hai tatha iske antargat desh ka 80 pratishat aayaat niryaat aata hain.

aarthik dasha

arjeteena vishv ka ek mahatvapoorn khaadya utpaadak aur khaadya niryaatak desh he. gehooain mukhya vyaavasaayik fasal hai jiski adhiktam kheti panpaaj mein hoti hai. is pradesh ki anya mahatvapoorn fasalein makka, jau, jai, patuaa aur alfaalfa hain. yarba maate, soyaabeen, sooraj mukhi ke beej, ganna kapaas, angoor jaitoon ityaadi ka utpaadan desh ke anya bhaagon mein kaafi maatra mein hota hai.

maans, chamada tatha oon ke utpaadan evam niryaat ki drushti se aarjeteena vishv ka ek mahatvapoorn desh hai. pashupaalan udyog mukhyat: panpaaj pradesh mein viksit kiya gaya hai. desh mein deri udyog ka bhi yathesht vikaas hua hai. matsyakshetron ke vikaas ki sambhaavnaaon ko lekar yeh desh aage badh raha hai.

khanij sansaadhan

ismein desh nirdhan he. seesa, jasta, tangastan, mainganeej, loha aur bereeliym hi yahaaain ke ullekhaneeya khanij hain. mitti ka tel bhi aarjeteena ka mukhya khanij hai jo mukhyataya paitaagoniya pradesh mein milta hai. yaantrik oorja mein bhi desh nirdhan hai yadyapi petreliym ke utpaadan mein ab vruddhi ho rahi hai.

audyogik vikaas

mukhyat: byoonas aayars fedaral kaipitl mein (32 pratishat), byoonas aayars raajya (32 pratishat) tatha Santa fe (10 pratishat) mein keindrit hai. vastunirmaan udyog ki vruddhi ka krushi evam pashupaalan udyogon par pratikool prabhaav pada hai. maans ko dibbon mein band karna, kaanch, shrungaarasaamagri, rang, halki masheenon, yantr, vastr, vastunirmaan ki masheenon aur bijli ki motaron aadi ka nirmaan mahatvapoorn udyog hai.

videshi vyaapaar

yahaaain se maans, dhaanya fasalon, alasi tatha alasi ka tel, oon, chamada, vanya evam dugdh padaarth aur pashuon ka niryaat hota hai. masheenon, idhan evam snehak, loha tatha ispaat se nirmit vastuon, lakdi, khaadyapadaarth, rasaayan evam oshadhi, alauh dhaatu tatha unase nirmit saamaan ka yahaaain aayaat kiya jaata hai. yeh vyaapaar mukhyat: sanyukt raajya amareeka, Britain, baajeej, pashchimi Germany, Netherland, Italy, venejyula tatha France se hota hai.

vibhaag

arjenteena mein 24 praant hain -

Map of Argentina with provinces names es.png
entre riyos.

1. byoonas aayars (rajdhani)

2. byoonars aayars (praant)

3. kaitamaarka

4. chaako

5. chubut

6. kordoba

7. koriyentes

8. entre riyos

9. fauramosa

10. jyoojui

11. la pampa

12. la riyoja

13. mendoja

14. misiyones

15. nyookveen

16. Rio negro

17. saalta

18. sain juaan

19. sain lui

20. sainta kruj

21. sainta fai

22. saintiyaago Dale estro

23. tiyera Dale fuego

24. tukumen



yeh bhi dekhiye