ardasheer pratham

ardasheera​ pratham
Iran ka shahanashaah
Coin01.jpg
ardasheer pratham ka sikka, jiske ulati taraf agni ki vedi bani hui hai, jo paarasi dharm ka ek chinh hai
shaasan 224–241 isavi
uttaraadhikaari shaapoor pratham
raajavansh saasaani raajavansh
pita baabak / paapag

ardasheera​ pratham (angreji: Ardashir I) ya ardasheer yakum (faarasi: اaaرaaدaaشaaيaaر یaaکaaم) Iran ke saasaani saamraajya ka sansthaapak aur pratham samraat tha. yeh pehle dakshini faaras praant ke istakhra​ kshetr ka shaasak hua karta tha jisne paarthi saamraajya ke patan ke saath apna saamraajya banaaya.[1] yeh saasaani saamraajya 400 saalon tak chala aur iska patan tab hua jab arab muslimon ke raashidun khilaafta​ ne 651 isavi mein ise haraakar khtm kar diya.

naam ka arth

'ardasheer' shabd madhya faarasi ke 'ardakhshera​' (Arđaaxšaēar), paarthi bhaasha ke 'artakhshathra​' (Artaxšaaθara) aur pahalavi bhaasha ke 'arthashtr' shabdon se sambandhit hai, jinka arth hai 'vah jiska raajya divya vyavastha ho'.[2] kyonki sanskrut aur faarasi donon hind-Irani bhaasha-parivaar ki bahne hain, is se milte-julate sajaateeya shabd sanskrut mein bhi milte hain: 'rit kshetr' (rit sanskrut mein sanaatan vyavastha ke liye praacheen shabd hai jiska hindu dharm mein mahatvapoorn arth hai).

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. The History of Iran, Elton L. Daniel, pp. 56, ABC-CLIO, 2012, ISBN 978-0-313-37510-1, ... During the period when the last Parthian kings were distracted by war with the Romans, Ardashir became ruler of Fars and was able to annex several districts on the fringes of the province ... The dynasty founded by Ardashir, the Sasanians ...
  2. The Nation, Volume 62, pp. 260, Nation Company, 1896, ... 'The Right Ruling,' but more literally in Arta-Khshathra, which is Artaxerxes, 'King of Righteousness' (Ardashir is the same word in a later form) ...