aral saagar

1960 mein jheel ka aakaar, is maanachitr mein vartamaan deshon ki raajanaitik seemaaen dikhaai gayi hain. ve desh jinse bhoomi dvaara visrjit paani ismein aata hai peele rang mein dikhaae gaye hain.

aral saagar ya araal saagar (kajaakh: Аaaрaaаaaл Тaaеaaңaaіaaзaaі, ujbek: Orol dengizi, roosi: Аaaрaaаaaлaaьaaсaaкaaοaaе мaaοaaрaaе, taajik/faarasi: dariya (ocha)-A-khavaarajm) madhya Asia mein sthit ek jheel hai jiske bade aakaar ke kaaran ise saagar kaha jaata hai, par ab dinodin iska aakaar ghatata ja raha hai. sthaaneeya bhaashaaon mein iska shaabdik arth hai 'dveepon ki jheel', jo is jheel mein ek samay par dikhne vaale lagbhag 1500 taapuon ke aadhaar par naamaankit thi. san 1960 mein soviyt prashaasan ne ismein visrjit hone waali do nadiyon - aamoo dariya aur sir dariya ko marubhoomi sinchaai ke liye vimaargit karne ka nirnaya liya, jiske baad se aral saagar ghata aur teen alag-alag bhaagon mein bant gaya. iske falasvaroop aane vaale 40 saalon mein araal saagar ka 90 pratishat jal khatm ho gaya tatha 74 pratishat se adhik satah sikud gayi aur iska aakaar 1960 ke iske aakaar ka sirf 10 pratishat hi rah gaya hai.[1]

itihaas

ek samay iska kshetrafal lagbhag 68,000 varg kilometer tha. iske baad san 2007 tak yeh apne mool aakaar ke 10 pratishat par aa gaya hai. paani ki lavanata mein vruddhi ho rahi hai aur machhaliyon ka jeevan asambhav ho gaya hai. 1960 ke baad ke dashakon mein sookhe ke kaaran aur paani modne ke liye banaai gayi naharon ke kuprabandhan ke chalte araal saagar ki tat rekha mein bhi kaafi kami dekhi gayi, jahaaain badi naukaaeain chalti theen, vahaaain registaan najar aane laga tha. lekin is sabke evaj mein ujbekistaan duniya ke pramukh kapaas niryaatakon mein gina jaane laga hai, jo ek samay soviyt sangh ki yojana thi.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. paryaavaran hraas ke 'kukhyaat prateek' bante jalasrot, sandeepasinh sisodiya, vebaduniya hindi