arabi registaan

arabi registaan (as-sahara al-arabeeya)
registaan
Arabian Desert.png
antariksh se li gayi arabi registaan ki tasveer
desh Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq
Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait
Flag of Oman.svg omaan
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg saudi arab
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg sanyukt arab ameeraat
Flag of Yemen.svg yaman
vishesh al-nafood
al-sabaatain teele
al-vaheebaah teele
rub al-khaali
uchchatam bindu al-nabi shueb pahaad 12,336 fut (3,760 mi)
- nirdeshaank 18°a16′a2″aN 42°a22′a5″aE / 18.26722°aN 42.36806°aE / 18.26722; 42.36806
lanbaai 2,100 ki.mi. (1,305 meal), poorv-pashchim
chaudaai 1,100 ki.mi. (684 meal), uttar-dakshin
kshetrafal 23,30,000 ki.mi.² (8,99,618 varg meal)
baayom registaan

arabi registaan (angreji: Arabian Desert; arabi: اaaلaaصaaحaaرaaاaaء اaaلaaعaaرaaبaaيaaة, as-sahara al-arabeeya) pashchimi Asia mein sthit ek vishaal registaan hai jo dakshin mein yaman se lekar uttar mein faaras ki khaadi tak aur poorv mein omaan se lekar pashchim mein Jordan aur iraak tak faila hua hai. arabi praayadveep ka adhikaaainsh bhaag is registaan mein aata hai aur is marusthal ka kul kshetrafal 23.3 lakh kimi2 hai, yaani poore Bhaarat ke kshetrafal ka lagbhag 70%. iske beech mein rub al-khaali naam ka ilaaka hai jo vishv ka sabse vistrut reteela kshetr hai.[1]

arabi registaan ka vaataavaran bahut kathor hai. din mein yahaaain atyant garmi aur sooraj ka prakop rahata hai aur raat mein taapamaan kabhi-kabhi shunya se bhi neeche gir jaata hai. is vajah se yahaaain jeev vividhta kaafi kam hai, haalaanki yahaaain gjl aur oriks jaise hiran, ret billi aur kaantedaar dum waali girgit jaise praani rahate hain. yahaaain kabhi dhaareedaar lakadbaggha, siyaar aur bijjoo bhi milte the lekin aniyantrit shikaar aur anya maanavi gatividhiyon se vah yahaaain vilupt ho chuke hain.[2]

is kshetr ki dharati ke roop vividh hain. laal ret ke teele, laava ki vistrut chattaanein, shushk pahaadi shrunkhalaaeain, sookhi vaadiyaaain aur aise reteele kshetr jismein chalne vaale daladal ki tarah andar dhansakar doob jaate hain - sabhi is registaan mein maujood hain.

anukram

kuchh vishesh bhaugolik cheejein

  • ad-dahana naam ka ek tang registaani kshetr jo saudi arab ke uttar mein sthit an-nafooda​ registaan (65,000 kimi2, yaani Jharkhand se jra chhota) ko dakshinpoorv ke rub al-khaali se jodta hai
  • uttar-se-dakshin 800 kimi tak chalne wala tuvaik​ pahaadiyon ka silsila, jo vaastav mein ek pathaar ka ghaat hai (iski poorvi taraf dhalaan hai lekin pashchimi or achaanak gahari khaaiyaaain hain)
  • amm as-sameem ke daladal-jaise ati-shushk rateele kshetr
  • omaan ke poorvi tat se laga vaheeba ka reteela kshetr (jise kabhi-kabhi ret ka saagar kehte hain)
  • rub al-khaali ka mahaan registaani ilaaka, jo itna sookha hai ki yahaaain bahut kam praani aur vanaspati milte hain, jiski vajah se iska naam 'khaali' pada hai

desh aur nivaasi

arabi registaan ka adhiktar hissa saudi arab mein aata hai, halaaki iska kuchh ansh misr ke seenaai praayadveep, dakshin iraak aur dakshini Jordan mein bhi faila hua hai. yahaaain ke log mukhya roop se arab jaati ke hain, jismein shaharon-bastiyon mein rahane vaale aur khaanaabadosh baduin log donon shaamil hain. dhaarmik drushti se yahaaain ke lagbhag sabhi log islaam ke anuyaayi hain, haalaanki kuchh isaai bhi basate hain. lagbhag sabhi sthaaneeya log arabi bhaasha bolte hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Deserts and Desert Environments, Professor Julie J Laity, pp. 26, John Wiley & Sons, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4443-0074-1, ... The Rub' al Khali, the largest continuous body of sand in the world, receives less than 50 mm year ...
  2. Saudi Arabia, Anthony Ham, Martha Brekhus Shams, Andrew Madden, pp. 144, Lonely Planet, 2004, ISBN 978-1-74059-667-1, ... numerous species have been driven to the edge of extinction by hunting, overgrazing and damage to vegetation by 4WD vehicles. Those which are no longer seen in the Sands include the striped hyena, jackal and honey badger, while several species have been reintroduced: the Arabian oryx ...