arab log

arab
اaaلaaعaaرaaب al-arab
Arab infobox.jpg
filip arab • damishk ka yohanna • al-kindi • al-khnasa
iraak ke faisal pratham • jamaal abdul naaser • asmahaan • meya jiyaade
kul janasankhya

lagbhag 30 karod[1]

khaas aavaas kshetr
Flag of the Arab League.svg arab sangh 28,00,00,000
Flag of France.svg fraans 35,00,000[2]
Flag of Argentina.svg arjenteena 13,00,000–33,00,000[3][4]
Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya 24,66,874[5]
Flag of Iran.svg Iran 7,00,000 – 20,00,000[6]
Flag of Israel.svg ijraail 15,00,000
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 11,00,000[7]
Flag of Spain.svg Spain 8,00,000[8]
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 5,00,000[9]
Flag of Brazil.svg braajeel 1,64,000[10]
bhaashaaeain
arabi, aadhunik dakshin arabi,[11] arabi ki kismein
dharm
adhiktar islaam; fir: isaai; anya dharm
anya sambandhit samooh
anya saami (semetik) log va kuchh afreeki-Asiaee jaatiyaaain

arab log ya arabi log (arabi: عaرaبa‎, angreji: Arab) ek maanav jaatiyon ka samooh hai jo mukhya roop se pashchimi Asia aur uttar afreeka mein rahate hain. arab log mukhya roop se arabi bhaasha aur sanskruti se jude hue hain haalaanki aitihaasik roop se 'arab' ki paribhaasha mein fer-badal aaya hai.[12][13][14] kuchh kaalon mein yeh shabd keval badoo logon ke liye prayog hua hai jabki anya kaalon mein barbar log bhi ismein shaamil rahein hain.[15] yadi 'arab logon' ki sabse vistrut paribhaasha li jaae to inki janasainkhya 30 karod se adhik hai aur kuchh sroton ke anusaar yeh haan cheeniyon vishv ki doosari sab se badi maanav jaati hai.

anukram

naam ki utpatti

'arab' naam ke srot aur arth ko lekar vidvaanon mein vivaad hai. yeh sab se pehle 9veen sadi isaapoorv ke ek akkaadi bhaasha ke shilaalekh mein mila hai jismein aseeriyaai saamraajya ke Syria ko 'karakar ke yuddh' ke baad kbje kar lene ka varnan hai. ismein aseeriya ke raaja shalmaanaser truteeya ki faujon dvaara looti cheejon mein 'gindaboo arab ke 1000 ooaint' bhi shaamil hain. yeh gindaboo is yuddh mein aseeriyaai ke viruddh ladne vaale mitrapaksh mein arab gut ka sardaar tha.

'arab' naam ki utpatti ki sabse lokapreeya kahaani yeh hai ki yeh ek 'yaarab' (يaعaرaبa‎, Yarab) naamak aadmi se aaya hai jo arabi bhaasha bolne wala pehla vyakti tha. praacheen arab buddhijeevi al-hamadaani ki alag rai thi. unka kehna tha ki kyonki arab log mesopotaamiya se pashchim mein basate the, isliye unke liye 'grab' shabd istemaal hone laga, jiska arth arabi aur anya sthaaneeya bhaashaaon mein 'pashchim' hota hai. yahi bigdkar 'arab' ban gaya. ek anya praacheen arab itihaasakaar, al-masoodi, ka kehna tha ki shuroo mein yeh naam 'araabaah vaadi' ke nivaasiyon ke liye tha jo vistrut hokar poori jaati ke liye prayog hone laga.

pehchaan

haalaaainki bahut se log arab pehchaan ko muslim pehchaan jaisa hi maanate hain, vaastav mein yeh do alag cheejein hain. bahut se arab isaai hote hain aur kuchh yahoodi bhi hote hain. vartamaan kaal mein 7% se 10% arab isaai dharm ke anuyaayi hain.[16]

inhein bhi dekhein

  • badoo log

sandarbh

  1. Margaret Kleffner Nydell Understanding Arabs: a guide for modern times, Intercultural Press, 2006, ISBN 1-931930-25-2
  2. Michèale Tribalat, « Mariages « mixtes » et immigration en France », Espace populations sociéaatéaas [En ligne], 2009/2 | 2009, mis en ligne le 01 avril 2011
  3. Argentina. Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
  4. CIA – The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
  5. Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2006
  6. Iran, CIA factbook (1% Arabic-speakers and 3% ethnic Arabs)
  7. WorldStatesmen.org – Mexico
  8. 5,598,691 foreign population in Spain (2009), Spanish National Statitistic Institute press report, Instituto Nacional de Estadíastica (Spain). June 3, 2009. (Spanish)
  9. toplumsal yapı araşaatıaarması 2006: Bu düaazenlemeyle ortaya çaaıaakan tabloda Tüarkiye'de yetişaakinlerin (18 yaş ve üaastüaandekilerin) etnik kimliklerin dağaaıaalıaamı ... % 0,7 Arap ... şaaeklindedir.
  10. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatíastica
  11. Serge D. Elie, "Hadiboh: From Peripheral Village to Emerging City", Chroniques Yéaméanites: "In the middle, were the Arabs who originated from different parts of the mainland (e.g., prominent Mahrî tribes10, and individuals from Hadramawt, and Aden)". Footnote 10: "Their neighbours in the West scarcely regarded them as Arabs, though they themselves consider they are of the pure stock of Himyar.”
  12. Arabs, Mark Allen, pp. 8, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2006, ISBN 978-0-8264-9055-1, ... So the answers to 'Who is an Arab?' are untidy and have meant different things at different points in history ...
  13. The Arab State, pp. 404, University of California Press, 1990, ISBN 978-0-520-06434-8, ... Who is an Arab? Clearly the shortest acceptable definition is: any individual whose native language is Arabic ...
  14. Being Arab: Ethnic and Religious Identity Building among Second Generation Youth in Montreal, Paul Eid, pp.182, McGill-Queen's Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-7735-7735-0, ... The Arab label encompasses a wide variety of national, religious, and ethnic groups, each giving rise to distinct communal allegiances that, while intersecting, are nonetheless perceived by the actors as incommensurable ...
  15. Swiss Review of World Affairs, Volumes 31-34, Neue Züarcher Zeitung, 1981, ... still insists that only Bedouins are true Arabs and refers to all non-Bedouin Arabs with a scomful gesture as 'the others' ...
  16. Muhajababes, Allegra Stratton, pp. 15, Melbourne University Publishing, 2006, ISBN 978-0-522-85325-4, ... only 10 per cent of Arabs are Christian ...