antarraashtreeya sanskrut lipyantaran varnamaala

antarraashtreeya sanskrut lipyantaran varnamaala (angreji: IAST - International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration) ek lokapriya lipyantaran skeem hai jo ki indik lipiyon ke haanirhit (lausalais) romanakaran hetu prayog ki jaati hai. ismein gair-aaski varnon ka bhi prayog kiya jaata hai. iske alaava chhote-varn (small letters) aur bade-varn dono ka prayog kiya gaya hai.

anukram

lokapriyta

IAST sanskrut tatha paali ke romanakaran hetu sarvaadhik lokapriya lipyantaran skeem hai. yeh praaya: madrit prakaashanon mein prayog ki jaati hai, khaaskar kitaabein jo ki bhaarateeya dharmon se sambandhit praacheen sanskrut tatha paali vishyon par hon. yoonikod faunton ki sulabhata ho jaane se iska prayog ilaiktraunik taikst ke liye bhi badhne laga hai.

IAST 'international kaaaingres of oriyentalists' dvaara 1884 mein jeneva mein tay kiye gaye ek maanak par aadhaarit hai[1]. yeh devanaagari tatha anya braahmi parivaar ki indik lipiyon jaise shaarada lipi hetu ek haanirhit (lausalais) lipyantaran upalabdh karaati hai. saath hi yeh na keval sanskrut ke fonem hi naheen, balki fonetik traaainsakripshan bhi prakat karti hai. (udaaharanaarth, visrg shabdon ke ant mein aane vaale 'r' tatha 's' ka upasvan (allophone) hai.

Kolkata raashtreeya pustakaalaya romaneekaran-yojana, braahmi parivaar ki indik lipiyon ke romanakaran hetu IAST ka hi vistaar hai.

IAST ki prateek-yojana

IAST ki prateek yojana neeche di gayi hai-

a
a A
aa
ā Ā
i
i I
E
ī Ī
u
u U
oo
ū Ū
ri
ṛ Ṛ
ri
ṝ Ṝ

ḷ Ḷ

ḹ Ḹ
svar


A
e E
ai
ai Ai
O
o O
au
au Au
sandhyakshar
(diphthongs)


an
ṃ Ṃ
anusvaar
a:
ḥ Ḥ
visrg


kanthya taalavya moordhanya dantya oshthya
k
k K
ch
c C
t
ṭ Ṭ
t
t T
p
p P
aghosh
kh
kh Kh
chh
ch Ch
th
ṭah Ṭah
th
th Th
f
ph Ph
mahaapraan aghosh
g
g G
j
j J
d
ḍ Ḍ
the
d D
b
b B
saghosh
gh
gh Gh
jh
jh Jh
dh
ḍah Ḍah
dh
dh Dh
bh
bh Bh
mahaapraan saghosh

ṅ Ṅ
nya
ñ Ñ
n
ṇ Ṇ
na
n N
m
m M
naasikya
ya
y Y
r
r R
l
l L
va
v V
ardhasvar
sh
ś Ś
sh
ṣ Ṣ
s
s S
ooshm
h h H saghosh sangharshi

ISO 15919 ke saath tulana

adhiktar roop se aaieऍsati ISO 15919 ka ek upasamuchchaya hai. nimnalikhit paaainch apavaad hain kyonki ISO maanak ne kuchh atirikt prateek bhi sveekaar kiye hain jo devanaagari evam anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon dvaara gair-sanskrut bhaashaaon ke shabdon ko likhne ke liye prayukt hote hain.

devanaagari IAST ISO 15919 tippani
A/ e e ē ISO e -- ऎ/ ॆ ke liye
O/o o ō ISO o -- ऒ/ॊ ke liye
n ISO -- gurumukhi 'tippi' ke liye
ri/ ru ISO -- d ke liye .
ri/ ॄ r̥aā for consistency with .

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

not