antarraashtreeya majdoor diwas

antarraashtreeya majdoor diwas
अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मज़दूर दिवस
Mumbai mein ek me din rally
aadhikaarik naam antarraashtreeya shramik diwas
anya naam me din
manaane vaale kaam karne vaale majadooron aur unke shram yoonianon
tithi May 1
utsav aayojit sadak pradarshanon
sanbandhit May diwas

antarraashtreeya majdoor diwas[1] ko manaane ki shurooaat 1 May 1886 se maani jaati hai jab amareeka ki majdoor yoonianon ne kaam ka samay 8 ghante se zyaada na rakhe jaane ke liye hadtaal ki thi. is hadtaal dauraan Chicago ki heya market mein bam dhamaaka hua tha. yeh bam kis ne feinka koi pata naheen. iske nishkarsh ke taur par police ne majdooron par goli chala di aur saat majdoor maar diye. "bharoseyog gavaahon ne tasdeek ki ki pistaulon ki sabhi falaishein gali kendra ki taraf se aain jahaaain police khadi thi aur bheed ki taraf se ek bhi flaish naheen I. is se bhi aage waali baat, praathamik akhabaari riporton mein bheed ki taraf se goleebaari ka koi jaise naheen. mauke par ek teleegraaf khanba goliyon ke saath hui chhed ke saath pur hua tha, jo sabhi ki sabhi police vaale taraf se aain theen."[2][3][4] chaahe in ghatnaaon ka amareeka[5] par ekdam koi bada prabhaav naheen pada tha lekin kuchh samay ke baad amareeka mein 8 ghante kaam karne ka samay nishchit kar diya gaya tha. maujooda samay Bhaarat aur anya mulkon mein majdooron ke 8 ghante kaam karan sambandhit kaanoon laagoo hai.

anukram

uddeshya

kisi bhi samaaj, desh, sanstha aur udyog mein majdooron, kaamagaaron aur mehanatakashon ka aham rol hota hai. un ki badi sankhya is ki kaamayaabi ke liye haathon, akl-ilm aur tanadehi ke saath juti hoti hai. kisi bhi udyog mein kaamayaabi ke liye maalik, saramaaya, kaamagaar aur sarkaar aham dhade hoti hain. kaamagaaron se bina koi bhi audyogik dhaancha khada naheen rah sakta.

vichaar

Bhaarat

chennai ke mairina beech par majdoor ki jeet

Bhaarat mein ek May ka dehaada sab se pehle chennai mein 1 May 1923 ko manaana shuroo kiya gaya tha. us samay is ko Madras diwas ke taur par pravaanit kar liya gaya tha. is ki shurooaat bhaarati majdoor kisaan party ke neta kaamared singaraaveloo chetyaar ne shuroo ki thi. Bhaarat mein Madras ke High Court saamane ek bada mujaahara kar kar ek sankalp ke paas karke yeh sahamati banaai gayi ki is diwas ko Bhaarat mein bhi kaamagaar diwas ke taur par manaaya jaaye aur is din chhutti ka ailaan kiya jaaye. Bhaarat samet lagbhag 80 mulkon mein yeh diwas pehli May ko manaaya jaata hai. is peechhe tark hai ki yeh din antarraashtreeya majdoor diwas ke taur par pravaanit ho chuka hai.

mahaatma Gandhi

mahaatma Gandhi ne kaha tha ki kisi desh ki tarakki us desh ke kaamagaaron aur kisaanon par nirbhar karti hai. udyogapati, maalik ya prabandhak samajhne ki bajaay apne-aap ko trasti samajhne. lokaraaji dhaancho mein to sarkaar bhi logon ki taraf se chuni jaati hai jo raajaneetik logon ko apne desh ki baagdor trasti ke roop mein saunpate hain. vah prabandh chalaane ke liye majdooron, kaamagaaron aur kisaanon ki behatari, bhalaai aur vikaas, aman aur kaanooni vyavastha banaaai rakhane ke liye vachanabaddh hote hain. majdooron aur kisaanon ki badi sankhya ka raaj prabandh mein bada yogadaan hai. sarkaar ka rol audyogik saanti, udyogapatiyon aur majdooron daramiyaan sukhadaayak, shaantamayi aur paarivaarik sambandh kaayam karna, jhagade aur takaraav ki soorat mein un ka samjhauta aur sulaah karavaane ka prabandh karna aur un ke masalon ko audyogik tribunal kaayam kar kar nirpakkhata aur paaradarashi dhang ke saath kudarati nyaaya ke asool ke siddhaant anusaar insaaf pradaan karna aur un ki behatari ke liye samay -samay sir kaanooni aur vivran pranaali nirdhaarit karna hai.

guru naanak aur bhaai laalo

bhaarateeya sandarbh mein guroo naanak Dave ji ne kisaanon, majdooron aur kaamagaar ke hak mein aavaaj uthaai thi aur us samay ke ahankaari aur lutere haakim ooaint paalak bhaagon ki roti na kha kar us ka ahankaar toda aur bhaai laalo ki kaam ki kamaai ko satkaar diya tha. guroo naanak Dave ji ne 'kaam karna, naam japana, baaaint chhakana aur dasavandh nikaalna' ka sandesh diya. gareeb majdoor aur kaamagaar ka vinmrata raaj sthaapit karne ke liye manamukh se guramukh tak ki yaatra karne ka sandesh diya. 1 May ko bhaai laalo diwas ke taur par bhi sikh jagat mein manaaya jaata hai.

chitrashaala

sandarbh