antariksh anveshan

saitarn V rocket jiska upayog ameriki changrama abhiyaanon par kiya jaata hai

antariksh yaatra ya antariksh anveshan brahmaand ki khoj aur usaka anveshan antariksh ki takaneekon ka upayog karke karne ko kehte hai. antariksh ka shaareerik taur par anveshan maanaveeya antariksh udaanon va robotik antariksh yaano dvaara kiya jaata hai.

haalaaainki khagolavijnyaaan ke jriye ham antariksh mein maujood vastuon ka nirikshan maanav itihaas mein lambe samay se karte aa rahe hai parantu 20vi sadi ki shuruaat mein bade va kaaragar rauketon ke kaaran humne antariksh anveshan ko ek satya bana diya hai. antariksh anveshan mein aadhukin vaigyaanik anusandhaan, kai raashtron ko ek jut karna, maanavata ka bhavishya mein jeevit rahana pakka karna aur anya deshon ke khilaaf sainya va sainya takaneekon ka vikaas karna shaamil hai. kai baar antariksh anveshan par alag-alag tarah se tika ki gayi hai.

antariksh anveshan ka upayog sheet yuddh jaise kaalon mein apna kaushal va varchasv siddh karne ke liye aksar hota aaya hai. antariksh anveshan ki shuruaat soviyt sangh aur America ke bich shuroo hui "antariksh hod" se hui jab soviyt sangh ne 4 October 1957 ko maanav-nirmit pehli vastu, sputanik 1 pruthvi ki kaksha mein prakshepit kiya tha aur iske baad ameriki Apollo 11 antariksh yaan ko chandrama par 20 July 1969 ko utaara gaya tha. in donon ghatnaaon ko apne kaal ki badi upalabdhi ke roop mein dekha jaata hai. sovit antariksh kaaryakram ne kai shurooaati upalabdhiyaan haasil ki jinme 1957 mein pehle jeevit praani ko kaksha mein bhejana, 1961 mein pehli maanaveeya antariksh udaan (yoori gagaarin vostok 1 mein), 1965 mein pehla antariksh mein kadam (eleksi leonov dvaara), 1966 mein kisi baahya antariksh vastu par pehli svayanchalit lainding aur 1971 mein pehla antariksh station (salyoot 1) bhejana shaamil hai.

anveshan va khoj ke pehle 20 varshon baad ek-tarafa udaanon se dhyaan pun: upayog mein laae ja sakane vaale sroton ki or muda jinme space shatal kaaryakram shaamil hai aur hod se miljul kar kaam karne par keindrit hua jiska parinaam antarraashtreeya antariksh station (ISS) hai.

2000 mein peepals ripblik of China ne ek safal maanav antariksh udaan kaaryakram ki shuruaat ki. iske saath hi yuopeeya sangh, Japan aur Bhaarat ne bhi bhavishya mein maanavi antariksh missiono ki yojana banaai hai. cheen, roos, Japan aur Bhaarat ne 21vi sadi mein chandrama par maanav abhiyaanon ki shuruaat kaki hai aur yuopeeya sangh ne chandrama aur mangal, donon par maanav abhiyaanon ki shuruaat karne ka nirnaya liya hai. 1990 ke baad se kai niji companiyon ne antariksh paryatan ko badhaava dena shuroo kiya hai aur iske baad chandrama ka niji anveshan bhi karne ki maang ki hai.