antarajaal

antarajaal

antarajaal (Internet), ek doosare se jude sanganakon ka ek vishaal vishv-vyaapi network ya jaal hai. isame kai sangathano, vishvavidyaalayo, aadi ke sarkaari aur niji sanganak jude hue hai. antarajaal se jude hue sanganak aapas me antarajaal niymaavali (Internet Protocol) ke jariye soochana ka aadaan-pradaan karte hai. antarajaal ke jariye milne waali soochana aur sevaao me antarajaal prushth, imel aur baatcheet seva pramukh hai. inke saath-saath chalachitr, sangeet, vidiyo ke ilektranik svarup ka aadaan-pradaan bhi antarajaal ke jariye hota hai.

anukram

sankshipt itihaas

  • 1969 Internet ameriki raksha vibhaag ke dvaara UCLA ke tatha stainaford anusandhaan sansthaan kanpyootars ka networking karke Internet ki sanrachana ki gayi.
  • 1979' british daakaghar pehla antararaashtreeya computer network bana kar naye praudyogiki ka upayog karna aarambh kiya.
  • 1980 bill Gates ka aaibeeem ke kanpyootars par ek Microsoft operating system lagaane ke liye sauda hua.
  • 1984 eppal ne pehli baar faailon aur foldaron, drop daaun menoo, maaus, graafiks ka prayog aadi se yukt "aadhunik safal computer" launch kiya.
  • 1989 tim bernar li ne Internet par sanchaar ko saral banaane ke liye braaujron, pannon aur link ka upayog kar ke world wide web banaaya.
  • 1996 Google ne stainaford vishvavidyaalaya mein ek anusandhaan pariyojana shuroo kiya jo ki do saal baad aupachaarik roop se kaam karne laga.
  • 2009 Dr Stefan volfaraim ne "volfaraim alfa" launch kiya

Bhaarat mein Internet

Bhaarat mein antarajaal 80 ke dashak me aaya, jab ernet (Educational & Research Network) ko sarkaar, ilektraaniks vibhaag aur sanyukt raashtra unnati kaaryakram (UNDP) ki or se protsaahan mila|saamaanya upayog ke liye jaal 15 August 1995 se upalabdh hua, jab videsh sachaanr nigam seemit (VSNL) ne getave service shuroo ki. Bhaarat duniya ke un chand deshon mein shaamil hai jahaan Internet ke band hone ki sabse jyaada sambhaavana hai. haal mein I ek report ne ek baar fir bhavishya mein hamaare yahaan Internet band ho jaane ki baat ko pukhta kiya hai. iski mukhya vajah Bhaarat mein Internet service provaaidars (global aaiesapi) ki sankhya ghatati hui sankhya hai.[1] Bhaarat me Internet users ki sankhya mein teji se ijaafa hua hai. yahaan 121 million logon tak Internet ki pahunch ho chuki hai, jo ki kul janasankhya ka kareeb 10 feesadi hai. duniya ke sabhi Internet users desh mein Bhaarat kar hissa 3 feesadi hai. yooj ke maamale mein Bhaarat mein Internet ka yooj sabse jyaada porn filmein dekhne ke liye kiya jaata hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] saath hi Internet ka yooj vyaktigat jarooraton jaise banking, train infaurmeshan-rijrveshan aur anya sevaaon ke liye bhi hota hai.

istoniya mein Internet

yahaan poore desh mein wireless Internet (vaai faai) ki ekses hai. chaahe aap airport mein ho ya samudratat ya jungle mein, har jagah Internet ki pahunch hai. yahaan ekses bhi free hai. istoniya mein 25 feesadi voting online hoti hai. yahaan paireints apne bachchon ki school ki daily ekteeviti, test ke number aur homework ko online dekh sakte hain. yahaan ek business online setaap taiyaar karne mein mahaj 18 minute ka samay lagta hai. istoniya mein 993,785 Internet user hain, jo ki is desh ki poori aabaadi ka lagbhag 78 feesadi hai. yahaan ki janasankhya 1, 274,709 hai. istoniya mein Internet par sabse adhik freedom hai.[1]

  • upayog: adhiktar upayog E kamars aur E-gavarnameint sevaaon ke liye hota hai. yahaan press aur blaagar online kuchh bhi kehne ke liye free hain. istoniya ne America ko peechhe kar doosare sthaan par chhoda hai. yeh chhota sa desh takaneeki taur par power house ban gaya hai. yahaan on line voting, electronic medical record Internet ke maadhyam se ekses hain. braandabaind se adhiktar susajjit yeh desh digital world ka ek mithk ban kar ubhara hai.[1]

America mein Internet

America ki janasankhya 313 million hain, jahaan 245 million log Internet ke user hain. yahaan par Internet ki pahunch 78 feesadi hai aur is desh ke log vishv ki 11 feesadi aabaadi Internet ke user ke taur par shaamil hain. istoniya ke baad Internet par sabse adhik freedom America, jarman, Australia, Hungary, Italy aur fileepeens hai. yeh desh duniya ke anya deshon ki tulana mein Internet par adhik freedom dena hai. yahaan par kaangresanal bill ka virodh kar rahi hain, jiska iraada praaivesi aur naun ameriki website hosting ko lekar hai. aadhe se adhik ameriki Internet par TV dekhte hain. yahaan par mobile par Internet ka upayog helth, on line banking, bilon ka pemeint aur sevaaon ke liye karte hain.[1]

Germany mein Internet

Germany mein Internet ka upayog sabse adhik social media ke upayog ke liye kiya ja raha hai. vaheen ab apni anya jarooraton, bainkig, parsanal vark aadi ke liye bhi kiya ja raha hai. pichhle paanch varsho mein Germany mein braadabaind sevaaen kaafi sasti upalabdh ho rahi hain. iske rate iski speed aadi par nirbhar karti hai. yahaan par Internet se TV aur telephone sevaaen bhi ek saath milti hain. yahaan ki 73 feesadi aabaadi ke gharon tak intanet ki pahunch upalabdh hai. Germany ke schoolon mein chhaatron ko free mein computer aur Internet ki suvidha upalabdh karaai jaati hai. Germany mein 93 feesadi user ke paas deeelaes kanekshan hai. Germany ki aabaadi 81 million dollar hai aur 67 million intanet user hain. yahaan 83 feesadi intanet ki ekses hai aur vishv ke Internet user ki sankhya mein yahaan ke logon ki teen feesadi hissedaari hai.[1]

Italy mein Internet

Italy mein Internet tak 58.7 feesadi logon ki pahunch hai. yahaan 35,800,000 log Internet ke user hain. yahaan 78 feesadi log imel bhejane aur paane ke liye Internet ka prayog kiya jaata hai. iske doosare number par 67.7 feesadi user ne naulej ke liye aur 62 feesadi user ne guds end services ke liye kiya hai. ek sarve ke anusaar 34.1 miliyr mobile user ne Internet ko ekses kiya. Italy mein intanet (6 emabeepeej, analimited data kebils/ edeeesael) 25 Euro dollar mein pratimaah ke rate se upalabdh hai.[1]

fileepeens mein Internet

fileepeens mein 10 logon mein se keval teen logon tak hi Internet ki pahunch hai. haalaaki is desh ka daava hai ki yeh social media ke liye vishv ka ek bada center hai. fileepeens mein user ko Internet par sabse adhik svatantrata mili hui hai. yahaan ke log bina kisi baadha ke Internet ka upayog karne ke liye svatantr hain. fileepeens ki kul janasankhya (2011 ke anusaar) 1,660,992 hai. ismein mein 32.4 feesadi logon tak intanet ki pahunch hai. fileepeens ke Internet user ki sankhya 33,600,000 hain. yahaan par log sabse adhik Internet ka upayog social media ke liye karte hain.[1]

Britain mein Internet

Britain ki aabaadi lagbhag 63 million hai aur yahaan par lagbhag 53 million Internet user hai. Internet ki ekses 84 feesadi logon tak hai, jo vishv ke kul user ki sankhya ka do feesadi hain. yahaan par uchch star par Internet par abhivyakti ki svaatantrata mili hui hai. lekin haal ke varsho mein social media twitter aur Facebook par lagaae aanshik pratibandh ne Internet par poorn svatantrata vaale desh ki shreni se baahar kar diya hai. yahaan par in social media ke sevaaon par pratibandh lagaaya ja sakta hai. UK mein 86 feesadi Internet user video saaits par vijit kar karti hai. yahaan 240 miyilyan ghante user on line video kanteint dekhte hain. Google ke baad yahaan you tube aur Facebook par vijit karte hain.[1]

Hungary mein Internet

Hungary mein 59 feesadi log Internet ke user hain. pichhle 1990 se daayal ap kanekshanon ki sankhya badhi hai. yahaan varsh 2000 se braadabaind kanekshanon ki sankhya mein kaafi teji I. yahaan 6,516,627 Internet user hain. yahaan ke user adhiktar kaumarshiyl aur maarketing maisej ke liye Internet ka upayog karte hain.[1]

Australia mein Internet

Australia ki janasankhya : 22,015, 576 hai, jismein se 19, 554,832 Internet user hain. Australia mein Internet par online kantet mein user ko kaafi had tak svatantrata mili hui hai. vah sabhi raajaneetik, sosaaital diskors, hyooman right ke ullanghar aadi ki jaankaari haasil kar leta hai. Australia mein Internet ki upalabdhata dar 79 feesadi hai. Australia ke log apne gharon se kai kaam apne mobile par kar lete hain.[1]

Argentina mein Internet

Argentina mein pehli baar 1990 mein Internet ka upayog vaanijyak upayog ke liye shuroo kiya gaya tha, haalaaki pehle is par ekedamik drushtikon se focus kiya ja raha tha. dakshini America ka yeh ab sabse bada intanet ka upayog karne wala desh hai. yahaan ki anumaanit janasankhya 42,192,492 hai, jismein 28,000, 000 log Internet user hain. yeh kul sankhya ke lagbhag 66.4 feesadi hai. yahaan 20,048,100 log Facebook par hain.[1]

dakshin-Africa mein Internet

dakshin-Africa mein pehli intanet kanekshan 1998 mein shuroo kiya gaya tha. iske baad Internet ka kaarmishiyl upayog 1993 se shuroo hua. Africa mahaadveep mein vikaas ki tulana mein dakshin Africa 13 vaan sabse adhik intanet ki ekses wala desh hai. Internet ke upayog ke maamale mein yeh desh Africa ke anya deshon se kahi aage hai. ek anumaan ke anusaar yahaan ki janasankhya 48,810,427 hai, jinmein se 8,500,000 Internet user hain.[1]

Japan mein Internet

Japan mein Internet ka upayog adhiktar blaagar ke liye karte hain. Japan ke kalchar mein blog bada rol ada karte hain. ausatan jaapana ka ek user 62.6 minute apne samay ka upayog blog par karta hai. iske baad dakshin Korea ke user hain, jo 49.6 minute aur teesare sthaan par Poland ke user hain, jo 47.7 minute apna vakt blaang par dete hain.[1]

Brazil mein Internet

yahaan 42 feesadi log har din social media ke liye Internet ka upayog rakate hain. 18 se 24 saal aayuvarg ke yuva sabse adhik intanet ka upayog kar rahe hain. maitropolitn shaharon mein Internet ka upayog TV dekhne ke liye bahut adhik ho raha hai.[1]

turkemenistaan mein Internet

duniya mein Internet ki seva sabse adhik mahangi turkemenistaan mein hai. yahaan analimited intanet ekses ke liye dollar ki dar se 2048 hai, jo ek maah mein 6,821.01 dollar tak pahunch jaati hai. yahaan sabse sasti Internet seva 43.12 dollar prati maah mein user ko 2 jeebi 64 kebeepeees seemit hai. jabki roos mein haai speed analimited Internet lagbhag 20 dollar prati maah hai.[1]

sabse tej Internet speed dakshin Korea mein

ek report ke mutaabik, Internet ki speed tej hone par ek parivaar saal bhar mein Internet par hone vaale kharch mein se kareeb 5 lakh rupaye bacha sakta hai. ismein sabse jyaada paisa entertainment, on line deal, daily sarch aur traival mein istemaal hone vaale Internet ke roop mein bacha sakta hai. ausat world wide daaunalod speed 58k kilobaait prati second hai. dakshin Korea mein sabse adhik Internet ki ausat speed sabse tej hai. yahaan ki speed 2202 kebeepeees hai. poorvi Europeeya desh romaaniya doosare sthaan par 1909 aur bulgaariya teesare sthaan par 1611 kebeepeees ke saath hai. speed ke maamale mein Hongkong mein Internet ki ausat peek speed 49 emabeepeees hai. jabki America mein 28 emabeepeees hai. haalaaki America vishv ka sabse adhik Internet se juda hua desh hai.[1]

antarajaal shabdaavali

  • aaparaanet
  • ataichament ya anulagnak, yeh ek ऎsi prakriya hai jiske dvaara kisi bhi prakaar ki faail mel sandesh ke saath jodakar Internet ke maadhyam se kisi ko bhi bheji ya praapt ki ja sakti hai.
  • aaski (ASCII), iska arth "American staindard code for infrmeshan intaracheinj"hai. yeh notaped me surakshit kiye jaane vaale tekst ka bauyadifaalt faarmet hai yadi aap notaped me kisi tekst ko praapt kar rahe hai to vah faarmet ASCII hai.
  • auto kampleet, yeh suvidha braausar ke edres baar me hoti hai. iske shuroo me kuchh data type karte hi URL poorn ho jaata hai. iske liye jaroori hai ki vah URL pehle prayog kiya gaya ho.
  • anti vaairas program, is program me computer ki memori ya sanganak sanchika me chhupe hue vaairas ko dhoondh nikaalne ya sambhav ho to, nasht karne ki kshamata hoti hai.
  • baindavidth, iske dvaara Internet ki speed naapi jaati hai. baindavidth jitni adhik hogi, Internet ki speed utani hi jyaada hogi.
  • braausar, world wide web par soochana praapt karne me madadgaar software ko braausar kehte hai.netaskep neveegetar aur Internet eksaplorar sarvaadhik prachalit braausar hai.yeh ek ऎsa software hota hai jo HTML aur usase sambandhit program ko padh sakta hai.
  • bukamaark, braausar me sthit vishesh link, jo kisi vishesh sekshan me link banaane mein madad karta hai. Internet eksaplorar me yeh fevaret kahalaata hai.
  • keshe ya tempareri Internet eksaplorar, sarfing ke dॊraan web pej aur usase sanbandhint chitr ek asthaayi bhandaar me traansafr ho jaate hai.yeh tab tak nahi hatate hai, jab tak inhe hataaya na jaaye ya ye riples na ho jaaye|ek hi website par jaana utana hi aasaan hota hai, kyonki samaan kanteint daaunalod ki aavashyakta nahi hoti|yadi aap alag -alag saaitas par vijit kar rahe ho to ye faail aapki speed kam kar deti hai.
  • kuki, yeh web sarvar dvaara bheja gaya deta hota hai, jise braausar dvaara sarfar ke computer me ek sanchika me store kar liya jaata hai.
  • dimodyooleshan, modem se praapt ऎnaalaug deta ko digital deta me badalne ki prakriya dimodyooleshan kahalaati hai.
  • daaunalod, kisi sanchika ko world wide web se kaupi karne ki prakriya dauunalod kahalaati hai.
  • kshetreeya naam panjeekaran, kisi bhi company ko apni vishisht pehchaan kaayam rakhane ke liye apni company ka naam panjeekaran karavaana hota hai.yeh prakriya Internet service provaadar ki dekh-rekh me chalti hai.
  • E-Commerce, Internet par vyaapaarik lekha-jokha rakhnane ki prakriya aur net par hi khrareedi -bikri ki prakriya E-Commerce kahalaati hai.
  • hom-pej, web braausar se kisi site ko open karte hi jo prusht saamane khulata hai vah usaka hom pej kahalaata hai.
  • FAQ (frequently asked question), website par kisi khaas vishay se jude 0

.',;l,l,l,;lprashn |web site par faq ke maadhyam se prashn bhi bheje ja sakte hai.

  • daayal-ap kanekshan, ek computer se modem dvaara Internet se jude kisi anya computer se stendard phone line par kanekshan ko daayal ap kanekshan kehte hai.
  • daayal-ap networking, kisi parsanal computer ko kisi anya parsanal computer par, LAN aur Internet se jodane vaale program ko daayal ap networking kehte hai.
  • daayarekt kanekshan, kisi computer ya LAN aur Internet ke beech sthaayi sampark ko daayarekt kanekshan kaha jaata hai. yadi phone kanekshan company se telephone kanekshan leej par liya jaata hai, to use leejd line kanekshan kehte hai.
  • sanchika; HTML (haaipar tekst maarkaap leingvej) world wide web par daakyoomeint ke liye prayog hone waali maanak maarkaap bhaasha|HTML bhaasha taig ka upayog karta hai.
  • HTTP (haaipar tekst transfer protokaal), world wide web par sarvar se kisi user tak dastaavejo ko transfer karne wala kamyoonikeshan protokaal HTTP kahalaata hai.

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh