annaamaachaarya

Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya
upanaam annaamaachaarya
janm saaaincha:janmatithi.
mrutyu fravari 23, 1503(1503-02-23) (umr 94)
shaili(yaan) Karnataka sangeet
vyavasaaya sant, kavi
vaadya tanboora
website http://www.annamayya.org/

shri tallaapaaka annaamaachaarya (శaa్aaరaaీ తaaాaaళaa్aaళaaపaaాaaక అaaనaa్aaనaaమaaాaaచaaాaaరaa్aaయ) ya seedhe annaamaachaarya (May 9, 1408- February 23, 1503) ek telugu sant kavi aur Karnataka sangeet rachayita the. ve dakshin Bhaarat ke pehle sangeetajnya the jinhonne sankeertan ki rachana ki. unhonne tiroomaala saat parvaton ke devata Bhagwan veinkateshvar ki stuti mein anek bhajanon ki rachana ki. telugu bhaasha bhaashi unako pad-kavita ka pitaamah maanate hain.[1]. annaamaachaarya ke adhiktar bhajan aadhyaatmikta (madhur bhakti bhaav) se bhare hain.

anukram

aaranbhik jeevan

annaamaachaarya ka janm baishaakh shuddh poornima (tadanusaar 9 May 1409) ko Bhaarat ke Andhra Pradesh raajya ke kadppa jile ke ek gaanv mein hua.[2]

saahityik jeevan

Bhagwan veinkateshvar ki stuti mein annaamaachaarya ne 32,000 bhajanon sankeertanon ki rachana ki.[3], lekin inmein mahaj 13000 rachanaaen hi is samay upalabdh hain. unke bhajan do prakaar ke hain-aadhyaatmik aur shrrungaarik[4], haalaanki jyaadaatar rachanaaen shrrungaarik hain. unki aadhyaatmik rachanaaen vaishnav darshan par aadhaarit hai. annaamaachaarya raamaanujaachaarya sanpradaaya ke the. unhonne ahobila math mein shri sataagopa yateendr se deeksha grahan ki..

He dwells on the subjects of morality, Dharma, righteousness, etc. in his spiritual songs. His erotic songs worship Lord Venkateswara by describing his amorous and romantic adventures, a tradition now known as Madhura Bhakti. Most of these songs describe the adventures of Venkateswara and Alamel Manga, while others describe the Bhakti of Krishna's devotees.

He was one of the first few who opposed the social stigma towards the untouchable castes in his era[5], with his sankeertanas explaining that the relationship between God and human is the same irrespective of the latters' color, caste and financial status, in beautiful yet powerful usage of words in his song "Brahmam Okkate Parabrahmam Okkate..."

His choice of words gives a mellifluous tone to his songs, charming the listener. His prodigious literary career that produced about 32,000 songs, many of which were greatly acclaimed, has earned him a place among the all-time greats of telugu literature.[6]

jeevan ki pramukh ghatnaaen

His meeting with Purandara Dasa in Tirumala. Once when Purandara Dasa visited Tirumala he heard a great old man singing his composition in front of the Almighty Srinivasa. He at once approached the old man and said that the song was composed for practising music. At the same time, Sri Sri Vyasaraya of the Vyasaraya mutt intervened and introduced the great old man as Talapaka Anammacharya to Purandara Dasa. This is one of the major event in the history of Music where two great souls met each other and paid due respect to each other.Purandara Dasa is revered as the Father of Carnatic Music who formulated the music as it is today. The composition Sri Annamacharya sang is like Padumanabha Paramapurusha

sankeertan

An ardent devotee of Lord Venkateswara of Tirupati, AP, Annamacharya (also known as Annamayya) successfully composed more than 32,000 sankeertanas (Carnatic compositions) in the Carnatic music tradition. Though a great feat in itself, it still falls short of the estimated 475,000 sankeertanas composed by Purandara Dasa(known as the 'Father of Carnatic Music'). While enjoying popularity in his own days, his compositions were forgotten for over three centuries for some inexplicable reason. They were later found engraved on copper plates, hidden for centuries inside the Sri Venkateswara temple at Tirumala.

Annamacharya considered his compositions as floral offerings to God. In the poems, he praises Venkateswara, describes his love for him, argues and quarrels with the Lord, confesses the devotee's failures and apprehensions, and surrenders himself to Venkateshwara. His songs are classified into the Adhyaatma (spiritual) and Sringaara (romantic) sankeertanas genres.

Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) has been successfully endeavouring to preserve the rich heritage of his compositions. The sustained efforts of dedicated scholars and musicians during the last thirty years have also helped revive their popularity among the Telugu people.

The sankeertanas engraved on copper plates were found in the Tirumala temple just opposite the Hundi, concealed in a very small room. It is said only 12,000 of the 32,000 sankeertanas were found. No leads have been available to trace the remaining sankeertanas. Some personnel involved in deciphering the plates say that the people of those days could have melted the copper plates for personal use.

lokapriya sanskruti

The telugu film "Annamaya" was based on his story. It was released on 13th May 1997. It starred Nagarjuna Akkineni as Annamacharya. The cast included RamyaKrishna, Suman, Mohanbabu. It proved to be a massive hit-probably an epoch making movie in Telugu industry. The film was directed by ace veteran K.Raghavendra Rao who is considered as one of the most influential directors of the Telugu Film Industry. The tunes composed by M.M. Keeravani topped the charts for a long period. The audio of this film has had the greatest sales to date in Telugu Film industry. This film also received many Awards including a national award. It was produced under VMC banner. The film undoubtably left an indelible mark in the audience. His sankirtanas are very popular amongst Carnatic singers and connoisseurs, especially in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

The programme, LakshaGala Sankirthanarchana, some 160,000 people sang seven Annamayya keertanas in Hyderabad, creating a new Guinness record on May 10, 2009.[7]

vyaktigat jeevan

Annamacharya lived for 95 years until Phalguna Bahula Dwadasi (12th day after full moon) in the year Dhundhubhi (February 23, 1503). His wife, Thimmakka[8], was also a poet, and had written Subhadra Kalyanam, and is considered the first Telugu woman poet. His son PeddaTirumalacharya is also a well-known vaggeyakari (poet).

lokapriya bhajan

Some popular sankeertanas are[9]:

  • Adivo alladivo sri Harivasamu
  • Kondalalo nelakonna koneti rayudu vadu
  • Bhavamu lona bhahyamu nandunu
  • Muddugare Yasoda mungita muthyamu veedu
  • Podagantimayya mimmu Purushotthama
  • Kanti Sukravaramu gadiya ledinta
  • Antharyami alasiti solasiti inthata néae sharanune
  • Kalaganti kalaganti ippudetu kalaganti[10]
  • Eduta evvaru leru antha Vishnu mayame
  • Enta mantramuna evvaru talachina

Many of Annamayya's songs are popularized during the past 25 years by Garimella Balakrishna Prasad through his association with the Annamacharya Project of Tirumala Tirpathi Devasthanam and by the legendary Bharat Ratna M.S.Subbulakshmi through her Balaji Pancharatna Mala in the year 1980.

sandarbh

baahari kadi