angika bhaasha

angika bhaasha
aङagika bhaasha
boli jaati hai Bhaarat, Nepal
kshetr Bihar, jhaarakhand, pashchim Bengal
kul bolne vaale 7,40,892 (lagbhag 7,25,000 Bhaarat mein, 15,892 Nepal mein)
bhaasha parivaar hind-Europeeya
bhaasha koot
ISO 639-1 bh (bihaari)
ISO 639-2 anp
ISO 639-3 anp
Indic script
is panne mein hindi ke alaava anya bhaarateeya lipiyaan bhi hai. paryaapt software samarthan ke abhaav mein aapko aniyamit sthiti mein svar va maatraaen tatha sanyojak dikh sakte hain. adhik...

angika ek bhaasha hai jo jhaarakhand ke uttar poorvi bhaagon mein boli jaati hai jismein godda, saahibganj, paakud, dumaka, devaghar, kodarama, girideeh jaise jile sammilit hain. yeh bhaasha Bihar ke bhi poorvi bhaag mein boli jaati hai jismein Bhaagalpur, munger, khagadiya, begoosaraaya, poorniya, katihaar, arariya aadi sammilit hain. yeh Nepal ke taraai bhaag mein bhi boli jaati hai. angika bhaarateeya aarya bhaasha hai.

anukram

lipi

angika ko devanaagari lipi mein likha jaata hai. ise ang bhaasha ke naam se bhi pukaara jaata hai. devanaagari mein 12 svar ( sahit) aur 49 vyanjan hote hain aur ek avagrah bhi hote hain, ise baaen se daayein or likha jaata hai.

ang lipi

yadi hindi aur sanskrut shabdon ki baat ki jaaye to kul 49 vyanjan aur 12 svar hain, parantu angika ko agar hindi aur sanskrut se rahit dekha jaaye to varnon ki sthiti bilkul alag tarah se hogi.

svar varn

is sthiti mein kul 11 svar varn honge.

svar varn k ke saath maatra
a k
aa ka
i ki
u koo
A ke
ai kai
O ko
au kau
kॊ
aऽ kऽ
an kan

vyanjan varn

vyanjan varn ki sankhya 33 hogi.

vyanjan varn tippani
k
kh
g
gh varn angika mein upayog naheen hota apitu na upayog hota hai.
ch
chh
j
jh nya bhi upayog naheen hota uske sthaan par na upayog hota hai.
t
th
d
dh n ke sthaan par na upayog hota hai, parantu aap chaahein to n ka upayog kar sakte hain.
t
th
the
dh
na
p
f
b
bh
m
ya
r
l
va
s/sh sh ka upayog keval sanskrut ke shabdon mein upayog hota hai angika mein iska uchchaaran sh hota hai.
h
d
dh
shr
tr

itihaas

angika mukhya roop se praacheen ang yaani Bhaarat ke uttar-poorvi evam dakshin Bihar, Jharkhand, Bengal, Assam, udeesa aur Nepal ke taraai ke ilaakon me boli jaanevaali bhaasha hai. yeh maithili ki ek boli ke taur par jaani jaati hai. iska yeh praacheen bhaasha kambodiya, viytanaam, Malaysia aadi deshon mein bhi praacheen samay se boli jaati rahi hai. angika bhaasha aarya-bhaasha parivaar ka sadasya hai aur bhaashaai taur par baangla, asamiya, udiya aur nepaali, khmer bhaasha se iska kaafi nikat ka sambandh hai. praacheen angika ke vikaas ke shurooaati daur ko praakrut aur apabhransh ke vikaas se joda jaata hai. lagbhag 1.5 se 2 karod log angika ko maatru-bhaasha ke roop mein prayog karte hain aur iske prayogakarta Bhaarat ke vibhinn hisson sahit vishv ke kai deshon me faile hain. Bhaarat ki angika ko saahityik bhaasha ka darja haasil hai. angika saahitya ka apna samruddh itihaas raha hai aur aathaveen shataabdi ke kavi sarah ya sarahapa ko angika saahitya mein sabse ooaincha darja praapt hai. sarahapa ko hindi evam angika ka aadi kavi maana jaata hai. Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara angika ko jald hi bhaarateeya samvidhaan ki aathaveen anusoochi mein bhi shaamil kiya jaaega. ab ye to bhavishya hi baatayega ki angika ko joda jaata hai ki naheen.

bhaasha parivaar

angika hind-Europeeya bhaasha-parivaar parivaar ke andar aati hai. ye hind aarya upashaakha ke antargat vargeekrut hai. hind-aarya bhaashaaeain vo bhaashaaeain hain jo sanskrut se utpann hui hain. urdoo, Kashmiri, bangaali, udiya, punjabi, romaani, maraathi, maithili, nepaali jaisi bhaashaaeain bhi hind-aarya bhaashaaeain hain.

'angika' shabd ki vyutpatti

angika shabd ang se bana hai. angapradesh (vartamaan mein Bhaagalpur ke aas paas ka kshetr) mein boli jaane waali bhaasha ko angika naam diya gaya. angika ko log chhechha ke naam se bhi jaante hain.

angika cinema

angika bhaasha mein nirmit pehli film khagadiya waali bhauji (film) 2007 ko Bihar mein pradarshit kiya gaya.[1] suneel chhaila bihaari ne nai angika film banaane ke baare mein soch rahein hain. vo jab baanka aaye the to unhonne is vishay par dainik jaagaran se baatcheet ki thi. unhon ne kaha tha ki logo ke samaksh angika ke ashleel chalachitr aur sangeet parosa ja raha hai jisse angika ki chhavi khraab ho rahi hai. unhonne ashleel sangeet banaane vaalon par nishaana saadha tha. ek nai film ang putr April 2010 ko pradarshit hui thi, jasame angika ke lok geet mein maahir suneel chhaila bihaari ji ne mukhya bhoomika nibhaaya tha. [2]

kuchh sarvaadhik prayukt angika shabd

diye gaye kuchh angika ke shabd hindi ke samaantar hai kyonki un shabdon ko sanskrut se liya gaya hai.

angika uchchaaran angreji tulya hindi angika uchchaaran angreji tulya hindi angika uchchaaran angreji tulya hindi angika uchchaaran angreji tulya hindi
kऽ Ka ka, ke, ki aaro aaro aur ego ego ek takॊ Takao tak
mऽ Ma mein chhai chai hai tohan tonhon aap, tum ki Ki ki
hai hai yeh hॊ hao vah chhelai chhelai tha lऽ la, l liye
pऽ Pa par keval Keval keval sada Sadaa sada saath Saath saath
okarॊ okrao uske u u vah hamऽ hama main baad Baad baad
hona Hona hona khaana, khaaya chhai Khana, khay chai khaana, khaata hai maaya Maay maaain sऽ Sa se
ya Ya ya naam/nॊ Naam/Nao naam ghॊr Ghaor ghar dvaara Dwara dvaara
shabd Sabdh word par Par lekin naay Naay naheen ki Ki kya
sabbhe Sabhe sab chhelai chelae the hamऽ Huma ham jabऽ Jaba jab
bhaasha Bhasha bhaasha upayog Upyog upayog desh Desh desh pratyek Pratek pratyek
anya Anya anya adhik Adhik adhik sankhya Sangya sankhya dhanyavaad Dhanyavaad dhanyavaad

angika va anya bhaasha

angika aur hindi

angika aur hindi bhaasha ke vaakya sanrachana ek samaan hote hain.

kr.san. angika hindi
1 Ram (karta) aam (sanjnyaa) khaaya (karm) chhai. Ram (karta) aam (sanjnyaa) khaata (karm) hai.
2 hamऽ padhai chhiyai. main padhta hooain.
3 uऽ hasai chhai. vah hainsata hai.

angika aur maithili

angika aur maithili ka bahut puraana sambandh hai. agar kaha jaaye ki angika bhaasha ki rachanaakarta maithili bhaasha hai to galat naheen hoga. angika mein maithili se kai shabd aaen hain. jaise: aapanai, hinka(aadar ke saath 'aap'), bhaujaaya(bhaabhi), tarakaari(sabji). atyant aadar shuchak shabd maithili se li gayi hai.

angika aur Bhojpuri

Bhojpuri se bhi kuchh shabd milte julate hai parantu Bhojpuri se liye naheen gaye. jaise: okara (usako), jeje (jo jo), kahalॊ {Bhojpuri mein kahalऽ} (kaha). ye shabd hai jo Bhojpuri se milte hain.

angika aur bangaali

angika aur bangaali bhaasha mein kaafi samaanataaen hain. bangaali ke kai shabd hai jo hoobahoo angika mein upayog hotein hain. yadi aap hindi mein kaheinge kya hua to angika aur bangaali mein ki holo bola jaayega. kaheen kaheen kuchh shabd ke uchchaaran mein badlaav aata hai. jaise vyaapak (hindi) >> byaapak (angika) >> byapॊk (bangaali).

angika aur gujaraati

angika ke hind aarya bhaasha hone ke kaaran iske kuchh shabd gujaraati se bhi milte hain. jaise: kenhॊ chhau.>>kem chho (કaaેaaમ છaaો).

angika aur hindi-urdoo

angika mein hindi va urdoo se bhi kuchh shabd aaye hain. jaise nasha, dost, ajeeb, jinda, ameer ......ityaadi. angika mein urdoo ke shabdon ko kam hi upayog kiya jaata hai.

vyaakaran

svar varn

kuchh aise svar varn bhi hain jo angika ko likhne mein mukhya roop se saath deta hai.

varn uddhaaharan hindi
aॊ aabॊ aaiye
l॑ jaayal॑ jaane ke liye
aऽ sऽ se

yahaaain aॊ varn bangaali bhaasha ki uchchaaran ko darshaata hai. l॑ varn "l" ke uchchaaran ko aadha se thoda kam pradarshit karta hai, aur sऽ varn "s" ko saamaanya se thoda adhik uchch uchchaaran karta hai.

vaakya vyaakaran

yadi aap hindi se angika mein boleinge to aapko niche diye gaye uddhaaharan se samajhna hoga.

kr.san hindi vaakya angika roopaantaran
1 ye angika bhaasha ka ek vaakya uddhaaharan hai. E angika bhaasha k ego vaakya uddhaaharan chhekai.
2 aap ek mahaan vyakti hain. tohon ego mahaan vyakti chhekhॊ.
3 aapse mil ke achha laga. tora s mili k achha laagalॊn.
4 yahaaain do choohe daud rahe hain. hinh doo musॊ daudi rahalau chhai.

vachan

hindi bhaasha ke tarah angika mein bhi vachan pranaali hoti hai, parantu hindi ke samaan naheen. aap neeche diye gaye uddhaaharan se samajh sakte hain.

hindi vaakya ekavachan/dvivchan bahuvachan
vahaan do kutte hain. hunnऽ (ego) kutta chhai/hunnऽ dugo kutta chhai. hunnऽ kuttaseeni chhai.
ped par keval ek aam hai. gaachhi pऽ keval ego aam chhai. gaachhi pऽ dheriseeni aam chhai.
in aamo ko khaaiye naheen kyonki ye abatak pakein naheen. hai aam kऽ khaaiyau naay kenhaki i abhi tak pakalॊ naay chhai. hai aamseeni ka khaaiyau naaya kenhaki i abhi tak pakalॊ naay chhai.

yahaaain diye gaye uddharanon se ye spasht hai ki vaakya dvikvachan mein rahane se angika ke vaakyon par koi prabhaav naheen padta, arthaat vo ekavachan mein hi rahata hai. yadi do se adhik sanjnyaa hai tab sanjnyaa ke saath seeni lagta hai aur vo bahuvachan vaakya kahalata hai.

vaakya sanrachana

angika mein vaakya sanrachana hindi ke samaan hai. jis prakaar hindi mein aadar shuchak shabd aap hota hai theek usi prakaar angika mein bhi aadar shuchak shabd hota hai. uddhaaharan ke taur par:

hindi vaakya angika roopaantaran
atyadhik aadar shuchak aap kaun hain. aapanai ke hekhaat/hekhain.
aadar shuchak aap kaun hain. tॊhon ke chhekau.
anaadar shuchak tum kaun ho. tॊhan ke chhekain.

shuddh va ashuddh angika

neeche diye gaye vaakyon mein shuddh angika ko darshaya gaya hai, ye vo vaakya hain jise log aksar bolne mein galati karte hain.

kr. san. ashuddh angika shuddh angika hindi anuvaad
1 tohan hundऽ jaabhain. tohan hunnah jaibhain. tum vahaaain jaaoge.
2 tauyein khaabhऽ ki naaya. taun khaibhऽ ki naaya. aap khaaenge ki naheen.
3 hammऽ hunnऽ khaayal॑/khaayal jaabai. hammऽ hunnऽ khaayalऽ jaibai. main vahaan khaane liye jaaoonga.
4 hamऽ godda jaitalateeyaiy. hamऽ godda jaiteeyaun. main godda jaata.
5 roopa kaarjayaalaya aapanॊ bhaayak/ bhaaya kऽ lejatai. roopa kaarjayaalaya aapanॊ bhaayak/ bhaaya kऽ laijaitai. roopa kaaryaalaya aapne bhaai ko le jaaegi.

ling vyaakaran

angika bhaasha mein streeling aur pulling na ke baraabar hota hai. streeling aur pulling ka pata keval sambodhan ke samay chalta hai ya fir bhootakaal mein . bhootakaal mein keval streeling ka pata chalta hai.

streeling pulling kriya
bhootakaal raadha khaayal॑ geli/gelॊ chhai. Ram khaayal॑ gelॊ chhai. jaana
sambodhan he! trupti keenh rahaya chhau. ho! prashoon kinh rahaya chhau. rahana

upayukt inhi sthaanon par streeling evam pulling ka gyaat hota hai. jab log agyaat logon ko bulaate hain to kaheen kaheen heho ka bhi upayog karte hai. ye koi jaruri naheen hai ki aap heho ka upayog hi karein, ye aapke oopar nirbhar karta hai.

avlokan

angika moolyat: Bihar aur jhaarakhand mein boli jaati hai. angika ke shabdon ko moolat: sanskrut ke shabdakosh se liya gaya hai, parantu angika ke kai shabd bangaali aur maithili se bhi mel khaate hain.

angika pranaali

angika mukhyat: ang kshetr mein baali jaane waali bhaasha hai parantu angika ko log apnaane se itara rahein hain. angika teen bhaag mein vibhaajit hone ke karan ye tay naheen kar pa rahe ki shuddh angika kaun si hai. kuchh log angika ko barbaad kar rahe hain. angika mein I jabaradast kushabd ka prabhaav logo ke liye maanasikta paida kar raha hai. angika ke kuchh shabd Bhojpuri ke prabhaav mein bigad rahe hain, kyonki Bhojpuri jaise sundar bhaasha ka bhi yahi haal hai. haalaaainki maithili evam kuramaali bhaasha se angika ko abhi tak koi haani naheen hua hai. iseeliye logon se praarthana hai ki shuddh angika aur ashuddh angika mein antar samajhe.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain