amruta preetam

amruta preetam
Amrita Pritam (1919 – 2005) , in 1948.jpg
amruta preetam
janm: 31 August 1919
gujaraanvaala, Punjab (Bhaarat), Bhaarat
mrutyu: 31 October2005
nai Delhi, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: kavi, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: punjabi
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kavita, upanyaas, kahaani
saahityik
aandolan
:
chhaayaavaad,
pragativaad
pramukh kruti(yaaain): raseedi ticket, pinjar (upanyaas)
1981 mein jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit
punjabi ki pramukh kavi

amruta preetam (1919-2005) punjabi ke sabse lokapriya lekhakon mein se ek thi. Punjab (Bhaarat) ke gujaraaainvaala jile mein paida huin amruta preetam ko punjabi bhaasha ki pehli kavayitri maana jaata hai. unhonne kul milaakar lagbhag 100 pustakein likhi hain jinmein unki charchit aatmakatha 'raseedi ticket' bhi shaamil hai. amruta preetam un saahityakaaron mein theen jinki krutiyon ka anek bhaashaaon mein anuvaad hua. apne antim dinon mein amruta preetam ko Bhaarat ka doosra sabse bada sammaan padmavibhooshan bhi praapt hua. unhein saahitya academy puraskaar se pehle hi alankrut kiya ja chuka tha.[1]

amruta preetam ka janm 1919 mein gujaraanvaala Punjab (Bhaarat) mein hua. bachapan beeta Lahore mein, shiksha bhi vaheen hui. kishoraavastha se likhna shuroo kiya: kavita, kahaani aur nibandh. prakaashit pustakein pachaas se adhik. mahattvapoorn rachanaaen anek deshi videshi bhaashaaon mein anoodit.

1957 mein saahitya academy puraskaar, 1958 mein Punjab sarkaar ke bhaasha vibhaag dvaara puraskrut, 1988 mein balgaariya vairov puraskaar;(antarraashtreeya) aur 1982 mein Bhaarat ke sarvochch saahittyik puraskaar jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit. unhein apni punjabi kavita ajj aakhaaain vaaris shaah nooain ke liye bahut prasiddhi praapt hui. is kavita mein Bhaarat vibhaajan ke samay Punjab mein hui bhayaanak ghatnaaon ka atyant dukhad varnan hai aur yeh Bhaarat aur Pakistan donon deshon mein saraahi gayi.

anukram

pramukh krutiyaaain

charchit krutiyaaain

  • upanyaas- paanch baras lambi sadak, pinjar, adaalat, kore kaagaj, unchaas din, saagar aur seepiyaan
  • aatmakatha-raseedi ticket
  • kahaani sangrah- kahaaniyaaain jo kahaaniyaaain naheen hain, kahaaniyon ke aaaingan mein
  • sansmaran- kachcha aangan, ek thi saara
  • upanyaas
  • Doctor Dave (1949)- (hindi, gujaraati, malayalam aur angreji mein anoodit),
  • pinjar (1950) - (hindi, urdoo, gujaraati, malayalam, maraathi, angreji aur sarbokarot mein anoodit),
  • aahlana (1952) (hindi, urdoo aur angreji mein anoodit),
  • aashoo (1958) - hindi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • ik sinohi (1959) hindi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • bulaava (1960) hindi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • band daravaaja (1961) hindi, kannad, sindhi, maraathi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • rang da patta (1963) hindi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • ik si aneeta (1964) hindi, angreji aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • chakk number chhatti (1964) hindi, angreji, sindhi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • dharati saagar te seepiyaaain (1965) hindi aur urdoo mein anoodit,
  • Delhi diyaaain galiyaaain (1968) hindi mein anoodit,
  • ekate eriyl (1969) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • jalaavatan (1970)- hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • yaatri (1971) hindi, kannad, angreji baangla aur sarbokarot mein anoodit,
  • jebakatare (1971), hindi, urdoo, angreji, malayalam aur kannad mein anoodit,
  • ag da boota (1972) hindi, kannad aur angreji mein anoodit
  • pakki haveli (1972) hindi mein anoodit,
  • ag di lakeer (1974) hindi mein anoodit,
  • kachchi sadak (1975) hindi mein anoodit,
  • koi naheen jaanadaaain (1975) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • unahaaain di kahaani (1976) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • ih sach hai (1977) hindi, bulgaariyn aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • doosari manjil (1977) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • teharavaaain sooraj (1978) hindi, urdoo aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • uneenja din (1979) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit,
  • kore kaagaj (1982) hindi mein anoodit,
  • haradatt da jindageenaama (1982) hindi aur angreji mein anoodit
  • aatmakatha:
  • raseedi ticket (1976)
  • kahaani sangrah:
  • heere di kani, laatiyaaain di chhokari, panj vara lambi sadak, ik shahar di maut, teesari aurat sabhi hindi mein anoodit
  • kavita sangrah:
  • lok peed (1944), main jama too (1977), laamiyaaain vatan, kastoori, sunahude (saahitya academy puraskaar praapt kavita sangrah tatha kaagaj te kainavas jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar praapt kavita sangrah sahit 18 kavita sangrah.
  • gadya krutiyaaain
  • kirmichi lakeerein, kaala gulaab,
  • ag diyaaain lakeeraaain (1969),
  • iki pattiyaaain da gulaab, safranaama (1973),
  • aurat: ik drushtikon (1975), ik udaas kitaab (1976),
  • apne-apne chaar vare (1978), kedi jindagi keda saahitya (1979),
  • kachche akhar (1979), ik hath mehandi ik hath chhalla (1980),
  • muhabbatanaama (1980), mere kaal mukat samakaali (1980),
  • shauk surehi (1981), kadi dhupp da safr (1982),
  • ajj de kaafir (1982) sabhi hindi mein anoodit.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. "saahityakaar amruta preetam naheen raheen" (esaechateeemael). BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/entertainment/story/2005/10/051031_amrita_obit.shtml. abhigman tithi: 2008.

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