amerigo vespoochi

amerigo vespoochi

amerigo vespukki (Vespucci, Amerigo, 1454 - 1512 E.) Italy ke naavik tatha saudaagar the. inke Patrick naam 'amereego' par amareeka mahaadesh ka vartamaan naam pada, kyonki sarvapratham inhonne ise 'nai duniya' ke roop mein pahachaana.

parichay

amereego vespoochi ka janm flaareins mein hua tha. inhonne jyotish shaastr ka achha gyaan praapt kar liya tha. apne jamaane mein ye akshaansh deshaantar ki ganana mein sabse kushal vyakti the. flaareins mein medisi (Mecdici) ke vyaapaarik kaaryaalaya mein lipik ka kaarya karne ke kaal mein inki abhiruchi bhoogol ke adhyayan tatha globe, rekhaachitr evam maanachitron ke sangrah mein lagi aur kramash: ye kushal maanachitrakaar bhi ban gaye. 1489 E. tatha 1491 E. ke beech ye medisi ke pratinidhi svaroop kisi mahatvapoorn kaaryavash baaraselona bheje gaye. 1493 E. mein inka sambandh jaanato veraardi (Giannetto Berardi) ke sevil sthit vyaapaaragruh se ho gaya. veraardi Spain ke raaja ke adheen tha. sevil sthit vyaapaaragruh aitalaantik mahaasaagar ke aarapaar abhiyaan karanevaale poton ke nirman ka theka leta tha. jaanoto ki mrutyu ke pashchaat uske kaam ko vespoochi ne sainbhaala aur is prakaar sambhavat: kolamvas ki doosari samudri yaatra ke liye potanirmaan mein sespoochi ne haath bataaya.

vespoochi, ki samudrayaatraaeain 1497-1505 E. ki avadhi mein huin. May, 1499 E. tatha June, 1500 E. ke beech Spain ke abhiyaan mein vispoochi ne naavik ki hesiyt se bhaag liya. is yaatra mein emaajaan ka muhaana, orineeko ka muhaana aadi ka pata laga. vespoochi ne samjha ki ve sudoor poorv Asia praayadveep ka chakkar laga rahe hain tatha iske aage Asia ke samudra mileinge. 13 May, 1501 E. ko silon (Sri Lanka) tatha hindamahaasaagar mein pahuainchane ke vichaar se Portugal sarkaar ke tatvaavadhaan mein inka doosra abhiyaan hua. ismein ye Brazil tat se hokar paitaagoniya tat ke aage saan soolina (San Sulina) ki khaadi ke aaspaas tak gaye.

bhaugolik anveshanon ke itihaas mein is yaatra ka bada mahatva hai. iske baad vespoochi tatha anya vidvaanon ko is baat ka vishvaas ho gaya ki uparyukt bhaag Asia ke naheen varan nai duniya ke hisse the. 1508 E. mein vespoochi Spain ke pramukh naavik niyukt hue. saath hi saath nae khoje gaye deshon evam un tak pahuainchane ke raaston ke nakshe banaane evam vibhinn pot kaptaanon dvaara preshit aaainkadon ki tulana evam vyaakhya karne ka kaam bhi inhonne sainbhaala. yeh kaarya ye apne mrutyu kaal tak karte rahe.