ameer khusaro

ameer khusaro
Amir Khusro.jpg
prushthbhoomi
janm 1253
patiyaali, eta, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu 1325
shaili(yaan) gajl, khayaal, kavvaali, rubaai, taraana
vyavasaaya sangeetajnya, kavi

abul hasan ameer khusaru chaudahaveen sadi ke aaspaas Delhi ke paas rahane vaale ek pramukh kavi (shaayar), gaayak aur sangeetakaar the. khusaro ko hindustaani khadeeboli ka pehla lokapriya kavi maana jaata hai.[kiske dvaara?] ve apni paheliyon aur mukariyon ke liye jaane jaate hain. sabse pehle unheen ne apni bhaasha ko hindavi ka ullekh kiya tha. ve faarasi ke kavi bhi the. unako Delhi saltanat ka aashray mila hua tha. unke grantho ki soochi lambi hai. saath hi inka itihaas srot roop mein mahattv hai.

madhya Asia ki laachan jaati ke turk saifuddeen ke putr ameer khusaro ka janm san (652 hi.) mein eta uttar pradesh ke patiyaali naamak kasbe mein hua tha. laachan jaati ke turk changej khaaain ke aakramanon se peedit hokar balavan (1266 -1286 i0) ke raajyakaal mein ''sharanaarthi ke roop mein Bhaarat mein aa base the. khusaro ki maaain balaban ke yuddhamantri imaadutul mulak ki ladki, ek bhaarateeya musalmaan mahila thi. saat varsh ki avastha mein khusaro ke pita ka dehaant ho gaya. kishoraavastha mein unhonne kavita likhna praarambh kiya aur 20 varsh ke hote hote ve kavi ke roop mein prasiddh ho gaen. khusaro mein vyavahaarik buddhi ki kami naheen thi. saamaajik jeevan ki khusaro ne kabhi avhelna naheen ki. khusaro ne apna saara jeevan raajyaashraya mein hi bitaaya. raajadarabaar mein rahate hue bhi khusaro hamesha kavi, kalaakaar, sangeetajnya aur senik hi bane rahe.

bhaarateeya gaayan mein kvvaali aur sitaar ko inheen ki den maana jaata hai. inhonne geet ki tarj par faarasi mein aur arabi gjal ke shabdon ko milaakar kai paheliyaaain aur dohe likhe.

anukram

jeevan

inke teen putron mein abulahasan (ameer khusaro) sabse bade the - 4 baras ki umr mein ve Delhi laae gaye. 8 baras ki umr mein ve prasiddh soofi hajrat nijaamuddeen auliya ke shishya bane. 16-17 saal ki umr mein ve ameeron ke ghar shaayari padhne lage the. ek baar Delhi ke ek mushaayare mein balaban ke bhateeje sultaan muhammad ko khusaro ki shaayari bahut pasand I aur vo inhein apne saath multaan (aadhunik Pakistani Punjab) le gaya. sultaan muhammad khud bhi ek achha shaayar tha - usane khusaro ko ek achha ohada diya. masanavi likhvaai jismein 20 hajaar sher the - dhyaan rahe ki isi samay madhyaturki mein shaayad duniya ke aajatak ke sabse shreshth shaayar maulaana roomi bhi ek masanavi likh rahe the ya likh chuke the. 5 saal tak multaan mein unka jindagi bahut aisho aaraam se gujri. isi samay muglon ka ek khema Punjab par aakraman kar raha tha. inko kaid kar heraat le jaaya gaya - muglo ne sultaan muhammad ka sar kalam kar diya tha. do saal ke baad inki sainik aakaanksha ki kami ko dekhkar aur shaayari ka andaaj dekhkar chhod diya gaya. fir yo patiyaali pahuainche aur fir Delhi aae. balaban ko saara kissa sunaaya - balaban bhi beemaar pad gaya aur fir mar gaya. fir kaikubaad ke darbaar mein bhi ye rahe - vo bhi inki shaayari se bahut prasann raha aur inhe mulukashuara (raashtrakavi) ghoshit kiya. jalaaluddeen khilji isi vakt Delhi par aakraman kar satta par kaabij hua. usane bhi inko sthaai sthaan diya. jab khilji ke bhateeje aur daamaad alaauddeen ne 70 varsheeya jalaaluddeen ka ktl kar satta hathiyaai to bhi vo ameer khusaro ko darbaar mein rakha. chittaud par chadhaai ke samay bhi ameer khusaro ne alaauddaan ko mana kiya lekin vo naheen maana. iske baad malik kaafoor ne alaauddeen se satta hathiyaai aur mubaarak shaah ne malik kaafoor se.

== rachana

==

udaaharan

doha

khusaro dariya prem ka, so ulati va ki dhaar,

jo ubaro so doob gaya, jo dooba huva paar.



sej vo sooni dekh ke rovuain main din rain,

piya piya main karat hooain paharon, pal bhar sukh na chain.

raini chadhi rasool ki so rang maula ke haath.
jiske kapare rang diye so dhan dhan vaake bhaag..

khusaro baaji prem ki main khelooain pi ke sang.
jeet gayi to piya more haari pi ke sang..

chakava chakavi do jane in mat maaro koya.
ye maare karataar ke rain bichhoya hoya..

khusaro aisi peet kar jaise hindu joya.
poot paraae kaarane jal jal koyala hoya..

khusarava dar ishk baaji kam ji hindu jan maabaash.
kaj baraae murda ma sojd jaan-A-khes ra..

ujjval baran adheen tan ek chitt do dhyaan.
dekhat mein to saadhu hai par nipat paap ki Khan..

shyaam set gori liye janamat bhai aneet.
ek pal mein fir jaat hai jogi kaake meet..

pankha hokar main duli, saati tera chaav.
mujh jalati ka janam gayo tere lekhan bhaav..

nadi kinaare main khadi so paani jhilmil hoya.
pi gori main saaainvari ab kis vidh milna hoya..

saajan ye mat jaaniyo tohe bichhdt mohe ko chain.
diya jalat hai raat mein aur jiya jalat bin rain..

rain bina jag dukhi aur dukhi chandr bin rain.
tum bin saajan main dukhi aur dukhi daras bin nainn..

angana to parabat bhayo, dehari bhai vides.
ja baabul ghar aapne, main chali piya ke des..

aa saajan more nayanan mein, so palak dhaap tohe dooain.
na main dekhooain aur na ko, na tohe dekhan dooain.

apni chhavi banaai ke main to pi ke paas gayi.
jab chhavi dekhi peehoo ki so apni bhool gayi..

khusaro paati prem ki Birla baaainche koya.
ved, kuraan, pothi padhe, prem bina ka hoya..

santon ki ninda kare, rakhe par naari se het.
ve nar aise jaaainge, jaise ranarehi ka khet..

khusaro sareer saraaya hai kyon sove sukh chain.
kooch nagaara saans ka, baajat hai din rain..

pad

chhaap tilk sab chheeni re mose naina milaaike

chhaap tilk sab chheeni re mose naina milaaike

prem bati ka madava pilaaike

matavaali kar leenhi re mose naina milaaike

gori gori baiyaaain, hari hari choodiyaaain

baiyaaain pakad dhar leenhi re mose naina milaaike

bal bal jaaoon main tore rang rajava

apni si kar leenhi re mose naina milaaike

khusaro nijaam ke bal bal jaae

mohe suhaagan keenhi re mose naina milaaike

chhaap tilk sab chheeni re mose naina milaaike

gjl

jihaal-A miskeen makun tagaaful,

duraaye naina banaaye batiyaan |

ki taab-A-hijraan nadaaram ऎ jaan,

na leho kaahe lagaaye chhatiyaan ||


shabaan-A-hijraan daraj choon julf

va roj-A-vaslat cho umr kotaah,

sakhi piya ko jo main na dekhoon

to kaise kaatoon andheri ratiyaan ||


yakaayak aj dil, do chashm-A-jaadoo

b sad frebam baaburd taskeen,

kise padi hai jo ja sunaave

piyaare pi ko hamaari batiyaan ||


cho shamma sojaan, cho jrra hairaan

hamesha giryaan, be ishk aan meh |

na neend naina, na ang chaina

na aap aavein, na bhejein patiyaan ||


bahakk-A-roje, visaal-A-dilbar

ki daad maara, gareeb khusarau |

sapet man ke, varaaye raakhoon

jo jaaye paanv, piya ke khatiyaan ||


khbaram raseeda imashab, ke nigaar khaahi aamad
sar-A-man fida-A-raahi ke savaar khaahi aamad.

hama aahavaan-A-sehara, sar-A-khud nihaada bar kaf
ba ummeed aan ke roji, ba shikaar khaahi aamad.

kashishi ke ishk daarad, naagujaaradaat baadeenashaan
ba janaaja gar na I, bamajaar khaahi aamad.

main Hindustan ki tooti hooain. agar tum vaastav mein mujhse jaanana chaahate ho to hindavi mein poochho. main tumhein anupam baatein bata sakooaingaa” - ameer khusaro

sandarbh


baahari kadiyaaain