albart aainsteen

albart aainsteen
Albert Einstein

1921 mein aainsteen
janm 14 March 1879
Ulm, vurttanabarg, jarman saamraajya
mrutyoo 18 April 1955(1955-04-18) (umr 76)
prinstan, new jersey, sanyukt raajya
nivaas Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, United Kingdom, United States
naagarikta
  • Wüarttemberg/Germany (1879–1896)
  • Stateless (1896–1901)
  • svitjrlaind (1901–1955)
  • Austria (1911–1912)
  • Germany (1914–1933)
  • sanyukt raajya America (1940–1955)
kshetr bhautiki
sansthaaeain
  • Swiss Patent Office (Bern)
  • jyoorikh vishvavidyaalaya
  • Charles University in Prague
  • ETH Zurich
  • Prussian Academy of Sciences
  • Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
  • University of Leiden
  • Institute for Advanced Study
maatrusanstha
  • ETH Zurich
  • University of Zurich
dauktaret salaahakaar alfred klenar
Other academic advisors Heinrich Friedrich Weber
Notable students
  • Ernst G. Straus
  • Nathan Rosen
  • Leó Sziláard
  • Raziuddin Siddiqui[1]
prasiddh kaarya
  • saapekshata and special relativity
  • prakaash vaidyut prabhaav
  • Mass-energy equivalence
  • Theory of Brownian Motion
  • Einstein field equations
  • Bose–Einstein statistics
  • Unified Field Theory
  • EPR paradox
puraskaar
  • bhautiki ka Nobel puraskaar (1921)
  • Matteucci Medal (1921)
  • Copley Medal (1925)
  • Max Planck Medal (1929)
  • Time Person of the Century (1999)
jeevan sangi Mileva Marić (1903–1919)
Elsa Löawenthal, néae Einstein, (1919–1936)
Signature

albart aainsteen (jarman : Albert Einstein; 14 March 1879 - 18 April 1955) ek saiddhaantik bhautikvid the. ve saapekshata ke siddhaant aur dravyamaan-oorja sameekaran E = mc2 ke liye jaane jaate hain. unhein saiddhaantik bhautiki, khaaskar prakaash-vidyut ootsarjan ki khoj ke liye 1921 mein Nobel puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. aainsataain ne saapekshata ke vishesh aur saamaanya siddhaant sahit kai yogadaan diye. unke anya yogadaanon mein- saapeksh brahmaand, keshikeeya gati, kraantik upachhaaya, saankhyik maikeniks ki samasyaaऍ, anuon ka braauniyn gati, anuon ki utparivrttan sanbhaavyata, ek anu vaale gas ka kvaantam siddhaantam, kam vikirn ghanatv vaale prakaash ke ooshmeeya gun, vikirn ke siddhaant, ekeekrut kshetr siddhaant aur bhautiki ka jyaamiteekaran shaamil hai. aainsteen ne pachaas se adhik shodh-patra aur vigyaan se alag kitaabein likheen. 1999 mein time patrika ne shataabdi-puroosh ghoshit kiya. ek sarvekshan ke anusaar ve saarvakaalik mahaanatam vaigyaanik maane gaye. aainsteen shabd buddhimaan ka paryaaya maana jaata hai.

anukram

bachapan aur shiksha

albart aainsteen ka janm Germany mein vutemabarg ke ek yahoodi parivaar mein hua. unke pita ek engineer aur selsamain the. unki maan pauleen aainsteen thi. haalaaainki aainsteen ko shuroo-shuroo mein bolne mein kathinaai hoti thi, lekin ve padhaai mein avval the. unki maatrubhaasha jarman thi aur baad mein unhonne itaaliyn aur angreji seekhi. 1880 me unka parivaar Munich shahar chala gaya jahaan unke pita aur chaacha ne Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie naamak company kholi. ye company bijli ke upakaran banaati thi aur isne Munich ke Oktoberfest mele mein pehli baar roshani ka intajaam bhi kiya tha. unka parivaar yahoodi dhaarmik paramparaaon ko naheen maanata tha aur aainsteen Catholic vidyaalaya mein padhane gaye. apni maaain ke kehne par unhonne saarangi bajaana seekha. unhein ye pasand naheen tha aur baad me ise chhod bhi diya, lekin baad me unhe mojaart ke saarangi sangeet me bahut aanand aata tha.

1893 mein albart aainsteen (aayu 14 varsh)

harman aainsteen ke bete paanch se das saal ki umr tak ek Catholic praathamik school mein padhe| haalaaainki aainsteen ne kathinaai se bolna seekha fir bhi ve praathamik school mein ek avval chhaatr the.aainsteen ne maje ke liye model aur yaantrik upakaranon ka nirmaan kiya aur ganit mein pratibha dikhna bhi shuroo kiya. 1889 maiks talmood ne das varsheeya aainsteen ko vigyaan ke mahatvapoorn granthon se vaakif karaaya. talmood ek gareeb yahoodi medical chhaatr the. yahoodi samudaaya ne talmood ko chhah saal ke liye pratyek guruvaar ko aainsteen ke saath bhojan karne ki vyavastha ki. is samay ke dauraan talmood poore dil se kai dharmanirpeksh shaikshik hiton ke maadhyam se aainsteen nirdeshit karte the.

rochak tathya

mahaan vaigyaanik albart aainsteen apne dimaag mein hi shodh ka vijual prayog kar khaaka taiyaar kar lete the. yeh unke leboretri prayog se jyaada sateek hota tha. aainsteen ko unke prayog ke liye Nobel puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya, lekin iske saath milne waali raashi par unka adhikaar naheen ho paaya. yeh raashi unke talaak ke dauraan beevi se setalameint ke dauraan deni padi. bhale hi aainsteen ko duniya sabse mahaan vaigyaanik maanein, lekin ve bachapan mein seekhane aur padhne mein kamjor aur dheeme the. ve university mein daakhile ke liye pehle entrens egjaam mein fail ho gaye the. ek paitholaujist (rog vigyaani) ne aainnsteen ke shav pareekshan ke dauraan unka dimaag chura liya tha. uske baad vah 20 saalon tak ek jaar mein band raha. aainsteen apni kharaab yaadadaasht ke liye badnaam the. yeh sach hai ki ve aksar taareekhein, naam aur phone number bhool jaate the. jarman vaigyaanik aainsteen ko ijraail ke raashtrapati pad ka prastaav diya gaya, lekin unhonne ise vinmrataapoorvak mana kar diya. itne bade vaigyaanik ke saath koi vivaad na ho, aisa ho naheen sakta. ve 1902 mein ek avaidh santaan ke pita bane. 1879 mein janme aainsteen ki kaanooni roop se 1909 aur 1919 mein do shaadiyaaain huin theen. aainsteen samet daarvin elan poi aur saddaam husain jaisi hastiyon ne apni pehli shaadi kajin se ki thi.[2]

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sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

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