alavar

alavar
nagar
अलवर शहर में स्थित सागर जलाशय का एक दृश्य
alavar shahar mein sthit saagar jalaashaya ka ek drushya
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Rajasthan
jila alavar
mahaapaur
nagar paalika adhyaksh
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: alwar.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 27°a20′aN 76°a23′aE / 27.34°aN 76.38°aE / 27.34; 76.38 alavar Bhaarat ke Rajasthan praant ka ek shahar hai. yeh nagar Rajasthan ke mevaat anyachal ke antargat aata hai. Delhi ke nikat hone ke kaaran yeh raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr me shaamil hai. Rajasthan ki rajdhani Jaipur se kareeb 160 ki॰mee॰ ki doori par hai. alavar araavali ki pahaadiyon ke madhya mein basa hai. alavar ka praacheen naam 'shaalvapur' tha. chaaradeevaari aur khaai se ghire is shahar mein ek parvatashreni ki prushthabhoomi ke saamane shankvaakaar pahaad par sthit baala kila iski vishishtata hai. 1775 mein ise alavar rajavaade ki rajdhani banaaya gaya tha.

anukram

alavar kshetr ka itihaas

alavar ek aitihaasik nagar hai aur is kshetr ka itihaas mahaabhaarat se bhi adhik puraana hai. lekin mahaabhaarat kaal se iska kramik itihaas praapt hota hai. mahaabhaarat yuddh se poorv yahaaain raaja viraat ke pita venu ne matsyapuri naamak nagar basa kar use apni rajdhani banaaya tha. raaja viraat ne apni pita ki mrutyu ho jaane ke baad matsyapuri se 35 meal pashchim mein viraat (ab bairaath) naamak nagar basaakar is pradesh ki rajdhani banaaya. isi viraat nagari se lagbhag 30 meal poorv ki or sthit parvatamaalaaon ke madhya sariska mein paandavon ne ajnyaaatavaas ke samay nivaas kiya tha. teesari shataabdi ke aaspaas yahaaain gurjar pratihaar vansheeya kshatriyon ka adhikaar ho gaya. isi kshetr mein raaja baadharaaj ne matsyapuri se 3 meal pashchim mein ek nagar tatha ek gadh banavaaya. vartamaan raajagadh durg ke poorv ki or is puraane nagar ke chinh ab bhi drushtigt hote hain. paaainchavi shataabdi ke aaspaas is pradesh ke pashchimottareeya bhaag par raaj ishar chauhaan ke putr raaja umaadatt ke chhote bhaai moradhvaj ka raajya tha jo samraat pruthveeraaj se 34 peedhi poorv hua tha. isi ki rajdhani moranagari thi jo us samay saabi nadi ke kinaare bahut door tak basi hui thi. is basti ke praacheen chinh nadi ke kataav par ab bhi paae jaate hain. chhathi shataabdi mein is pradesh ke uttari bhaag par bhaati kshatriyon ka adhikaar tha. raajauragadh ke shilaalekh se pata chalta hai ki san 959 mein is pradesh par gurjar pratihaar vansheeya saavar ke putr mathanadev ka adhikaar tha, jo kannauj ke bhattaarak raaja parameshvar kshitipaal Dave ke dviteeya putr shri vijyapaal Dave ka saamant tha. iski rajdhani raajapur thi. 13veen shataabdi se poorv Ajmer ke raaja beesaladev chauhaan ne raaja mahesh ke vanshaj mangal ko haraakar yeh pradesh nikumbhon se chheen kar apne vanshaj ke adhikaar mein de diya. pruthveeraaj chauhaan aur mangal ne byaavar ke raajapooton ki ladkiyon se vaivaahik sambandh sthaapit kiya. san 1205 mein kutubuddeen aibak ne chauhaanon se yeh desh chheen kar pun: nikumbon ko de diya. 1 June 1740 ravivaar ko mauhabbat Singh ki raani bakht kuainvar ne ek putr ko janm diya, jiska naam prataap Singh rakha gaya. iske pashchaat san 1756 mein mauhabbat Singh bakhaade ke yuddh mein Jaipur raajya ki or se ladta hua veeragati ko praapt hua. raajagadh mein usaki vishaal chhatari bani hui hai. mauhabbat Singh ki mrutyu ke baad uske putr prataapasinh ne 1775 E. ko alavar raajya ki sthaapana ki.

british gaijetar ke anusaar alavar ka kshetr in nimnalikhit rajput shaakhaao ke prabhutv ke anusaar bata hua tha .

1. raath kshetr - is kshetr par sankat gotr ke chauhaan raajapooto ka raajya tha jo aaj ka neemaraana aur baharod ka kshetr hai .

2. vai kshetr - is kshetr par shekhaavat raajapooto ka prabhutv tha aaj ka yeh baharod aur thaana gaaji ka kshetr kahalaata hai .

3. narukhand - is kshetr par naruka aur raajaavat raajapooto ka prabhutv hua karta tha . alavar ke sabhi raaja is kshetr se the .

4. mevaat kshetr - is kshetr par mev jaati(muslim),gair rajput jaati adhik pai jaati hai ..

alavar ke paryatan sthal

poore alavar ko ek din mein dekha ja sakta hai, lekin iska arth yeh naheen, ki alavar mein dekhne laayak jyaada kuchh naheen hai. alavar aitihaasik imaaraton se bhara pada hai. yeh deegar baat hai ki in imaaraton ke utthaan ke liye sarkaar kuchh naheen kar rahi hai. iska jeeta jaagata udaaharan hai shahar ki city pailes imaarat. is poori imaarat par sarkaari daftaron ka kab‍aja hai, kehne maatr ke liye iske ek tal par sangraahalaya bana diya gaya hai, vijay mandir pailes par adhikaar ko lekar kaanooni ladaai chal rahi hai. isi jhagade ke kaaran yeh band pada hai, baala kila police ke adhikaar mein hai. fatahaganj ke makabare ki sthiti aur bhi kharaab hai, sab kuchh gaardo ke haathon mein hai, ve chaahein to aapko ghoomane dein, ya mana kar dein. ghoomane ke lihaaj se alavar ki sthiti bahut suvidhaajanak naheen, par alavar ka saundarya paryatakon ko baar-baar yahaan aane ke liye prerit karta hai.

fatahaganj gumbad

fatahaganj ka makabara paaainch manjila hai aur Delhi mein sthit apni samakaaleen sabhi imaaraton mein sabse uchch koti ka hai. khoobsoorti ke maamale mein yeh hoomaaainyu ke makabare se bhi sundar hai. yeh bharatapur road ke najadeek, railway line ke paar poorv disha mein sthit hai. yeh makabara ek bageeche ke beech mein sthit hai aur ismein ek school bhi hai. yeh praaya 9 baje se pehle bhi khul jaata hai. ise dekhne ke baad riksha se moti dungari ja sakte hain. moti dungari ka nirmaan 1882 mein hua tha. yeh 1928 tak alavar ke shaahi parivaaron ka aavaas raha. mahaaraaja jayasinh ne ise tudvaakar yahaan isse bhi khoobsoorat imaarat banavaane ka faisala kiya. iske liye unhonne Europe se vishesh saamaan mangaaya tha, lekin durbhaagyavash jis jahaaj mein saamaan aa raha tha, vah doob gaya. jahaaj doobne par mahaaraaj jayasinh ne is imaarat ko banavaane ka iraada chhod diya. imaarat na banane se yeh faayda hua ki paryatak is pahaadi par berok-tok chadh sakte hain aur shahar ke sundar dushya ka aanand le sakte hain.

purjan vihaar

yeh ek khoobsoorat baag hai, jiske beech mein ek bada harit haaoos (Green house) hai jise Shimla kaha jaata hai. mahaaraaj shiyodhan Singh ne 1868 mein is bageeche ko banavaaya aur mahaaraaj mangal Singh ne 1885 mein Shimla ka nirmaan karaaya. is bageeche mein anek chhaayaadaar maarg hain aur kai favvaare lage hue hain. aage diya sheershak company baag isi ka varnan hai.

company baag

company baag saal ke baarah maas khula rahata hai. Shimla (harit house) mein ghoomane ka samay subah 9 se shaam 5 baje tak hai. company baag dekhne ke baad aap church road ki taraf ja sakte hain. yahaan seint endrayoo church hai lekin yeh aksar band rahata hai. is road ke antim chhor par hope circle hai, yeh shahar ka sabse vyast sthaan hai aur yahaan aksar traffic jaam rahata hai. iske paas hi bahut saari dukaanein hain aur beech mein oopar ek Shiv mandir hai. hope circle se saat sadke vibhinn sthalon tak jaati hai. ek ghantaaghar tak jaati hai jahaaain par kalaakand baajaar bhi hai. ek sadak tripoliya gate se city pailes complex tak jaati hai. tripoliya mein kai chhote-mote mandir hain. city pailes ki taraf jaate hue raaste mein sarraafa baajaar aur bajaaja baajaar padate hain. yeh donon baajaar apne sone ke aabhooshanon ke liye prasiddh hai.

city pailes

city pailes ek khoobsoorat parisar hai: gate ke peechhe ek maidaan mein Krishna mandir hain. iske bilkul peechhe moosi raani ki chhatari aur anya darshaneeya sthal hain. is mahal ka nirmaan 1793 mein raaja bakhtaavar Singh ne karaaya tha. paryatak iski khoobsoorti ki taareef kiye bina naheen rah paate. poori imaarat mein jilaadheesh aur police suparitendent aadi ke sarkaari daftaron ka kab‍aaja hai. vaise is imaarat ke sabse oopari tal par teen hauls mein vibhkt sangrahaalaya bhi hai jise dekhne ka samay subah 10 baje se shaam 5 baje tak hai, shukravaar ko avakaash rahata hai. pehle hall mein shaahi paridhaan aur mitti ke khilaune rakhe hain, doosare hall mein madhya Asia ke anek jaane-maane raajaaon ke chitr lage hue hain. is hall mein taimoor se lekar aurangajeb tak ke chitr lage hue hain. teesare hall mein aayuddh saamagri pradarshit hai. is hall ka mukhya aakarshan Akbar aur jahaangeer ki talavaarein hain. isi sangrahaalaya ki 'ek miyaan mein do talavaar' yahaaain ka vishesh aakarshan hai.

city pailes ke bilkul peechhe ek chhota khoobsoorat jalaashaya hai, jise saagar kehte hain. iske chaaron taraf do manjila khemon ka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. taalaab ke paani tak seedhiyaaain bani hain. is jalaashaya ka prayog snaan ke liye kiya jaata tha. yahaan kabootaron ko daana khilaane ki parampara hai. jalaashaya ke saath mandiron ki ek shrrunkhala bhi hai. daayeen taraf raaja bakhtaavar Singh ka smaarak aur shaheedon ki yaad mein bana sangamaramar ka smaarak bhi hai. iska naam raaja bakhtaavar Singh ki patni moosi raani ke naam par rakha gaya hai, jo raaja bakhtaavar Singh ki chita ke saath sati ho gayi thi.

vijay mandir jheel mahal

yeh khoobsoorat mahal 1918 mein banaaya gaya tha. yeh mahaaraaja jayasinh ka aavaas tha. iska ka dhaancha paramparaagat imaaraton se bilkul alag hai. iske andar ek Ram mandir bhi hai. saamane se poori tarah dikhaai naheen deta lekin iske peechhe waali jheel se is mahal ka manoram drushya dekha ja sakta hai. mahal ko dekhne ke baad jheel ke saath vaale maarg se baal kila pahuncha ja sakta hai. auto vaale in donon sthalon tak pahunchaane ke liye 200 Ru lete hain. paarivaarik ङaaagade ke kaaran yeh mahal aajkal band hai, yahaan paryatakon ko ghoomane ki anumati naheen hai.

baala kila, alavar

city pailais parisar alavar ke poorvi chhor ki shaan hai. iske oopar araavali ki pahaadiyaaain hain, jin par baala kila bana hai. baala kile ki deevaar poori pahaadi par faili hui hai jo hare-bhare maidaanon se gujarati hai. poore alavar shahar mein yeh sabse puraani imaarat hai, jo lagbhag 928 i0 mein nikumbh raajapooton dvaara banaai gayi thi. ab is kile mein dekh naheen sakte, kyonki isame police ka vaayaralais kendra hai. alavar an‍aatarraaj‍aayeeya bas adde se yahaan tak achha sadak maarg hai. donon taraf chhaayaadaar ped lage hain. raaste mein pattharon ki deevaarein dikhaai deti hain, jo bahut hi sundar hain. kile mein jayapol ke raaste pravesh kiya ja sakta hai. yeh subah 6 baje se shaam 7 baje tak khula rahata hai. karni maata ka mandir isi ke raaste me hai aur shraddhaaluon ki suvidha ke liye yeh mangalvaar aur shanivaar ki raat ko 9 baje tak khula rahata hai. kile mein pravesh karne ke liye tab police suparitendent ki anumati ki aavashyakta naheen padti. paryatakon ko keval santari ke paas rakhe rajistar mein apna naam likhna hota hai. iske baad vah kile mein ghoom sakte hain. aapaatakaal ke samay aap paryatak suparitendent ke kaaryaalaya mein phone kar sakte hain.

jaya samand jheel

hari-bhari pahaadiyaan keval alavar mein hi naheen hai, iske paas ke ilaakon mein bhi anek khoobsoorat jheelein aur pahaadiyaan hain. yahaan ghoomane ka sabse upayukt samay monsoon hai. shahar ke sabse kareeb jaya samand jheel hai. iska nirmaan alavar ke mahaaraaj jaya Singh ne 1910 mein piknik ke liye karavaaya tha. unhonne is jheel ke beech mein ek taapoo ka nirmaan bhi karaaya tha. jheel ke saath vaale road par ken se bane hue ghar bada hi manoram drushya prastut karte hain. yeh jheel ka sabse sundar najaara hai. jaya samand road bahut hi pareshaan karne wala hai. at: jaya samand, sileesed aur alavar ghoomane ke liye auto ke sthaan par taxi leejiye. yeh chaar-paanch ghante mein aapko antarraajyeeya bas adde se alavar pahuncha degi. iske liye taxi vaale paryatakon se 400-500 Ru lete hain. jheel ke paas rookane ki koi vyavastha naheen hai.

sileesedh jheel

sileesed jheel alavar ki sabse prasiddh aur sundar jheel hai. iska nirmaan mahaaraav raaja vinaya Singh ne 1845 mein karavaaya tha. is jheel se roopaaral nadi ki sahaayak nadi niklati hai. monsoon mein is jheel ka kshetrafal badhakar 10.5 varg kimi ho jaata hai. jheel ke chaaron or hari-bhari pahaadiyaan aur aasmaan mein safed baadal manoram drushya prastut karte hain.

kundala

kundala gaaainv chaaro or se parvat se ghira hua hai. yahaaain ka drushya bahut hara-bhara rahata hai.

alavar ki sanskruti

sangeet

alavar mein bhapang vaadyayantr raajasthaani lokageet ki pehchaan hai. yeh mevaati sangeet sanskruti ki dharohar hai. is vaadyayantr ke ustaad jahur Khan mevaati maane jaate hai. inki kahaani bahut hi rochak hai. saalon pehle ek din mevaati ji beedi bech rahe the aur graahakon ko aakarshit karne ke liye bhapang baja rahe the. us samay abhineta dileep Kumar alavar mein shooting kar rahe the. unhonne mevaati ji ko bhapang bajaate hue sun liya. unase prabhaavit hokar dileep ji unhein Bollywood le gaye. vahaan unhonne anek filmon ka paarsh‍aav sangeet taiyaar kiya jinmein ganga-jamuna, naya daur aur aankhe pramukh hain. unhonne desh se baahar bhi apni kala ka pradarshan kiya. ab vah alavar mein hi rahe hain aur vaheen bhapang bajaane ki shiksha dete rahe. bhapang bajaane vaale sabhi kalaakaar muslim hote hue bhi Shiv bhakt hain: vah yeh maanate hain ki is vaadyayantr ki utpati Shiv ke damaroo se hui hai.

monsoon ka jaadoo

monsoon mein alavar ki pahaadiyaan hariyaali se bhar jaati hain, jheel paani se bhari hoti hain aur pahaadiyon se girte jal strot alavar ki niraali chhata pesh karte hain. alavar se dakshin-pashchim ki taraf 45 kimi. door taalavruksh naam ki jagah hai. varsha ritu ke samay yahaan ghoomane ka apna hi aanand hai. sariska-alavar road par kushalagadh se 10 kimi. ka raasta praakatik saundarya se bhara pada hai. isi raaste par ganga-mandir hai aur garm-thande paani ke jalastrot hai. alavar se 25 kimi. door natani ka baran gaanv hain. yahaan se 6 kimi. door naaladeshvar naamak jagah hai. yeh donon jagah apni hariyaali ke liye prasiddh hai. yahaan par praakrutik roop se bana hua shivling bhi hai. sileesed jheel se 10 kimi. door garbh ji aur dehara gaanv ke nikat chuhaad siddh naam ke ङaaarane hain. inse thodi hi doori par vijay mandir pailes sthit hai.

thaharane ka sthaan

alavar mein rookane ke liye bahut saare hotel hain aur yeh saste bhi hain. lekin inmein se parivaaron ke rookane ke liye kuchh hi hotel upayukt hain. alavar mein rookane ke liye anek vaibhavashaali hotel bhi hain jahaan jyaada paise dekar anek aur bhavya suvidhaaon ka laabh liya ja sakta hai. yeh sabhi hotel alavar ke kuchh kimi. ke daayar mein hi hain.

viraasat

alavar ki sabse prasiddh aitihaasik viraasat neemaraana-run the hil fort kesaroli alavar se 12 kimi door hai. is kile ka nirmaan 14veen sadi mein kiya gaya tha. ab yeh ek hotel mein badal chuka hai, ismein 21 kamarein hain. in kamron ke naam bade hi raajasi shaili mein rakhe gaye hain jase hindola mahal aur sitaara mahal. jab alavar mein paryatakon ki sankhya kam hoti hai to 1 May se 31 August tak yahaan aane vaalon ko 20-40 pratishat ki chhut di jaati hai. is samay kamre ko subah 9 baje se shaam 5 baje tak ke liye kiraae par liya ja sakta hai aur is par hotel 60 pratishat ki chhoot bhi deta hai. hotel oonto ki savaari ke liye bhi prabandh karta hai. ise Bhaarat ki sabse puraani aitihaasik viraasat kaha jaata hai jahaan aap rook sakte hain. yeh hotel ek pahaadi par bana hua hai. iska parakota 214 foot ooncha hai. iska nirmaan yaduvanshi raajapooton ne 14veen sadi mein karavaaya tha. in yaduvanshi raajaaon ne 14veen sadi ke madhya mein jab Ferozshah tugalak ka shaasan tha tab islaam ko apna liya tha.

alavar se lagbhag 7 kimi. door hotel burj haveli hai. yeh haveli alavar ki sabse naveen viraasaton mein se ek hai. is haveli ko June 2005 mein hotel mein parivrtit ka diya gaya. yeh 240 varsh puraani hai aur alavar-raajagadh maarg par burj gaanv mein sthit hai. is hotel mein sabhaagaar, taranataal aur restaurant aadi suvidhaaen di jaati hai. iske alaava yahaan par raajasthaani, bhaarateeya, chaaineej aur kauntineintal vyanjan parose jaate hain.

inke alaava sarkit haaoos bhi ek vikalp hai jahaan par thahara ja sakte hain. yeh mahaaraaj jayasinh ki viraasat hai, sarkit haaoos alavar ki dakshin disha mein raghu maarg aur Nehru maarg ke beech mein sthit hai. yahaan thaharane ke liye aapko jila magistrate ki anumati ki aavashyakta padti hai. anumati praapt karne ke liye aapko jila magistrate ko faiks karna hota hai. iska faiks na. hai 2336101, telifon na. hai 2337565, iske alaava sileesed mein aar.ti.di.si. ka hotel lek pailes bhi achha vikalp hai. iske alaava aur bhi vikalp hai.

khaanapaan

shahar mein khaane ke liye jyaada vikalp naheen hai. vahaan khaane ki kuchh dukaanein hai lekin vahaan par keval aaisakreem, pestri aur pijja hi milte hain. jinka sevan sab log naheen kar sakte. shahar me keval ek hi achha restaurant hai. iska naam prem pavitra bhojanaalaya hai. yeh apne raajasthaani vyanjanon ke liye prasiddh hai vishesh taur par paalak paneer kadhi-pakaudi, gatte ki sab‍aaji aur missi roti ke liye. bhojan ki vividhta is baat par bhi nirbhar karti hai ki aap kahaan thaharate hain. moti dungari bas terminal ke paas achhe bhojanaalaya hai. yahaan par anek vyanjanon ka aanand liya ja sakta hai. in sabke alaava alavar ka milk cake bhi bahut prasiddh hai. sthaaneeya log ise kalaakand ke naam se pukaarate hain. kalaakand ke liye thaakur das end sans ki dukaan poore alavar shahar mein prasiddh hai.

khareedaari

fort-pailes ki apni dukaan hai. iska naam neemaraana shaup hai. is dukaan par aap kapade, momabattiyaan aadi vastuen khareed sakte hain. fort pailes ke bilkul neeche do dukaanein hain. ek ka naam amika aartas hai aur doosari ka shyaam silver kraaft. in dukaanon se raajasthaani smaarikaaon ki khareedaari ki ja sakti hai. agar aap paramparaagat aabhooshanon ki khareedaari karna chaahate hain to puraane baajaar chale jaaie. yahaan 35-40 dukaanein hain. yahaan se manapasand aabhooshanon ki khareedaari ki ja sakti hain. in dukaanon ki haath ki bani hui paayal bahut hi prasiddh hai.

sthiti

alavar Rajasthan ke utar-poorv mein araavali ki pahaadiyon ke beech mein sthit hai aur Delhi ke paas hai.

doori

alavar Jaipur se 148 kimi. aur Delhi se 156 kimi. door hai. yaatra mein lagne wala samay: Jaipur se teen ghante, Delhi se saadhe teen ghante

maarg

jayapoor se raashtreeya raajamaarg 8 dvaara shaahapoora aur amer hote hue alavar pahuncha ja sakta hai. Delhi se raashtreeya raajamaarg 8 dvaara dhaarooheda aur maanesar hote hue alavar pahuncha ja sakta hai.

bhraman samay

alavar ghoomane ke liye sabse achha mausam October se March ka hai lekin monsoon ke samay bhi alavar ghoomane jaaya ja sakta hai. us samay alavar ki chhata dekhne laayak hoti hai.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

alavar ke sabse najadeek havaai adda saanganer hai. yahaan se alavar pahunchaane ke liye taxi vaale 700-800 roo lete hain.

rel maarg

relamaarg dvaara bhi aasaani se alavar pahuncha ja sakta hai. Delhi se Delhi-Jaipur, Ajmer-shataabdi, Jammu-Delhi aur Delhi-jaisalamer express dvaara aasaani se alavar railway station pahuncha ja sakta hai. yahaan se aage ki yaatra aap taxi dvaara kar sakte hain. agar aapne hotel mein aarakshan karva rakha hai to hotel ki gaadi aapko station par lene aaegi.

sadak maarg

Delhi se alavar (raashtreeya raajamaarg 8 se) dhaarooheda pahuainch kar baaen bhivaadi ki or mudiye, thoda aage daayein bhivaadi-alavar tol maarg se aasaani se alavar pahuncha ja sakta hai. taul road par chalne ke liye raajasv naheen dena padata hai. Delhi se gudgaaainv, sohana, firojapur jhirka, naugaaainv hokar bhi alavar pahuncha ja sakta hai. haalaanki yeh donon raashtreeya raajamaarg naheen hain, par donon hi maarg ab achhe hain. donon hi se doori lagbhag samaan 160 ki.mi.hai.

baahari kadiyaaain