al beruni

abu rehaan muhammad bin Ahmad al-bayaruni (faarasi-arabi : اaaبaaوaaرaaیaaحaaاaaن مaaحaaمaaد بaaن اaaحaaمaaد بaaیaaرaaوaaنaaی yaani Abu rayahaan, pita ka naam Ahmad al-baruni) ya al beruni (973-1048) ek faarasi vidvaan lekhak, vaigyaanik, dharmajnya tatha vichaarak tha. al beruni ki rachanaaeain arabi bhaasha mein hain par use apni maatrubhaasha faarasi ke alaava kam se kam teen aur bhaashaaon ka gyaan tha - Syriai, sanskrut, yoonaani. vo Bhaarat aur Sri Lanka ki yaatra par 1017-20 ke madhya aaya tha. gjni ke Mehmood, jisne Bhaarat par kai baar aakraman kiye, ke kai abhiyaanon mein vo sultaan ke saath tha. alabaruni ko bhaarateeya itihaas ka pehla jaankaar kaha jaata tha.

anukram

jeevan

abbaasi shaasan ke patanonmukh dinon mein usaka janm khvaarajm mein san 973 mein hua tha. yeh sthaan ab ujbekistaan mein hai. usane ganit aur khagolavijnyaaan Abu nasr mansoor se seekhi. ve avesinna ke saathi the. afgaanistaan aur dakshin Asia ki yaatra par vo Mehmood gajnavi ke saath uske kaafile mein gaya. Bhaarat mein rahate hue usane bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ka adhyayan kiya aur 1030 mein taareekh-al-hind (Bhaarat ke din) naamak kitaab likhi. usaki mrutyu gjni, afgaanistaan (us samay ise afgaanistaan naheen kaha jaata tha balki faaras ka hissa kehte the) mein hui.

rachanaaen

chaaaind ki vibhinn avastha ko darshaati alaberuni ki ye kitaab dasavi-gyaarahaveen sadi mein likhi gayi thi. yahaaain sooraj ko frasi-arabi lipi mein aaftaab likha gaya hai

alabaruni ne 146 kitaabein likheen - 35 khagolashaastr par, 23 jyotishshaastr ki, 15 ganit ki, 16 saahityik tatha anya kai vishyon par.

  • taareekh al hind
  • al kaanoon al-masood
  • kaanoon al masoodi al haiyat
  • al najoom

darshan

al-baruni chikitsa visheshagya tha aur bhaashaaon par bhi achha adhikaar rakhata tha. iske saath hi vah ek mashahoor ganitjnya, bhoogolavetta, kavi, rasaayan vaigyaanik aur daarshanik bhi tha. unhone hi dharati ki trijya naapane ka ek aasaan formula pesh kiya. baruni ne ye bhi saabit kiya ki prakaash ka veg dhvani ke veg se adhik hoti hai.

mahatva