akhil bhaarateeya pragatisheel lekhak sangh

akhil bhaarateeya pragatisheel lekhak beesaveen shati ke praarambh mein bhaarateeya pragatisheel lekhakon ka S samooh tha. yeh lekhak samooh apne lekhan se saamaajik samaanata ka samarthak karta tha aur kureetiyon anyaaya va pichhdepan ka virodh karta tha. iski sthaapana 1935 mein London mein hui. iske praneta sajjaad jheer the.


1935 ke ant tak London se apni shiksha samaapt karke sajjaad jheer Bhaarat laute. yahaaain aane se poorv ve Aligadh mein dau॰ Ashraf, ilaahabaad mein Ahmad Ali, mumbai mein kanhaiya laal munshi, banaaras mein premachand, Calcutta mein pro॰ heeran mukharji aur amrutasar mein rasheed jahaaain ko ghoshanaapatr ki pratiyaaain bhej chuke the. ve bhaarateeya ateet ki gauravapoorn sanskruti se usaka maanav prem, usaki yathaarth priyta aur usaka saundarya tatv lene ke paksh mein the lekin ve praacheen daur ke andhavishvaason aur dhaarmik saampradaayikta ke jhareele prabhaav ko samaapt karna chaahate the. unka vichaar tha ki ye saamraajyavaad aur jaageeradaari ki saiddhaantik buniyaadein hain. Allahabad pahunchakar sajjaad jheer Ahmad Ali se mile jo vishvavidyaalaya mein angreji ke pravakta the. Ahmad Ali ne unhein pro॰aaejaaj husain, raghupati sahaaya firaak, ehatishaam husain tatha vikaar ajeem se milvaaya. sabne sajjaad jheer ka samarthan kiya. shivdaan Singh chauhaan aur Narendra sharma ne bhi sahayog ka aashvaasan diya. pro॰ taaraachand aur amaranaath jha se snehapoorn protsaahan mila. saubhaagya se January 1936 mein 12-14 ko hindustaani ekedami ka vaarshik adhiveshan hua. anek saahityakaar yahaaain ekatr hue - sachchidaanand sinha, dau॰ abdul hak, ganga naath jha, josh maleehaabaadi, premachand, rasheed jahaaain, abdussattaar Siddiqui ityaadi. sajjaad jheer ne premachand ke saath pragatisheel sangathan ke ghoshanaapatr par khulkar baat-cheet ki. sabhi ne ghoshanaapatr par hastaakshar kar diye. Ahmad Ali ke ghar ko lekhak sangathan ka kaaryaalaya bana diya gaya. patra-vyavhaar ki prakriya praarambh hui. sajjaad jheer Punjab ke daure par nikal pade. is beech aleegadh mein sajjaad jheer ke mitron -dau॰ Ashraf, Ali sardaar Jaffrey, dau॰ abdul aleem, jaaainnisaar Akhtar aadi ne sthaaneeya pragatisheel lekhakon ka ek jalasa khwaaja manjoor Ahmad ke makaan par February 1936 mein kar daala. aleegadh mein un dinon saamyavaad ka behad jor tha. vahaan ki anjuman ke lagbhag sabhi sadasya saamyavaadi the aur party ke sakriya sadasya bhi.


vikaas aur avsaan

dekhte-dekhte sampoorn desh mein pragatisheel lekhak sangathan ki shaakhaaeain failane lageen. 9-10 April 1936 ko premachand ki adhyakshata mein hone vaale Lucknow adhiveshan mein us samay ke prasiddh lekhak premachand aur jainendr ismein shaamil hue. is adhiveshan mein premachand ka adhyaksheeya bhaashan jab hindi mein roopaantarit hua to hindi lekhakon ki prerana ka srot ban gaya. Lucknow adhiveshan mein kai aalekh padhe gaye jinmein Ahmad Ali, raghupati sahaaya, mahmoodujjfar aur heeran mukharji ke naam ullekhya hain. Gujarat, Maharashtra aur Madras ke pratinidhiyon ne bhi bhaashan diye. premachand ke baad sabse mahattvapoorn vaktavya hasarat mohaani ka tha. hasarat ne khule shabdon mein saamyavaad ki vakaalat karte hue kaha " hamaare saahitya ko svaadheenata aandolan ki sashakt abhvyakti karni chaahiye aur saamraajyavaadi, atyaachaari tatha aakraamak poonjeepatiyon ka virodh karna chaahiye. use majadooron, kisaanon aur sampoorn peedit janta ka pakshadhar hona chaahiye. usamein jan saamaanya ke du:kh-sukh, unki ichhaaon-aakaankshaaon ko is prakaar vyakt karna chaahiye ki isse unki inklaabi shaktiyon ko bal mile aur vah ekajut aur sangathit hokar apne sangharsh ko safal bana sakein. keval pragatisheelata paryaapt naheen hai. nae saahitya ko samaajavaad aur kamyunijm ka bhi prachaar karna chaahiye." adhiveshan ke doosare din sandhya ki goshthi mein jaya prakaash Narayan, Yusuf mehar Ali, indulaal yaajnyaik, kamalaadevi chattopaadhyaaya aadi bhi sammilit ho gaye the. is avsar par sangathan ka ek samvidhaan bhi sveekaar kiya gaya aur sajjaad jheer ko sangathan ka pradhaan mantri nirvaachit kiya gaya.

iska doosra dviteeya akhil bhaarateeya adhiveshan : Kolkata 1938, truteeya akhil bhaarateeya adhiveshan : Delhi 1942, chautha akhil bhaarateeya adhiveshan : mumbai 1945, paanchavaan akhil bhaarateeya adhiveshan : bheemadi 1949, chhatha akhil bhaarateeya adhiveshan : Delhi 1953 mein hua. 1954 tak pahuainchate pahuainchate yeh aandolan aapasi saamanjasya ki kami, saamaajik parivrtanon aur uddeshyaheenata ke kaaran dheema padhne laga aur iska baad iska koi adhiveshan naheen hua.[1]

sandarbh