akhil bhaarateeya hindi saahitya sammelan

akhil bhaarateeya hindi saahitya sammelan, (All-India Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Paryag (Allahabad)) hindi bhaasha evam saahitya tatha devanaagari ka prachaar-prasaar ko samarpit ek pramukh saarvajanik sanstha hai. iska mukhyaalaya prayaag (Allahabad) mein hai jismein chhaapaakhaana, pustakaalaya, sangrahaalaya evam prashaasanik bhavan hain. hindi saahitya sammelan ne hi sarvapratham hindi lekhakon ko protsaahit karne ke liye unki rachanaaon par puraskaaron aadi ki yojana chalaai. uske mangalaaprasaad paaritoshik ki hindi jagat mein paryaapt pratishtha hai. sammelan dvaara mahila lekhakon ke protsaahan ka bhi kaarya hua. iske liye usane sekasariya mahila paaritoshik chalaaya.

sammelan ke dvaara hindi ki anek uchch koti ki paathya evam saahityik pustakon, paaribhaashik shabdakoshon evam sandarbhagranthon ka bhi prakaashan hua hai jinki sankhya dedh-do sau ke kareeb hai. sammelan ke hindi sangrahaalaya mein hindi ki hastalikhit paandulipiyon ka bhi sangrah hai. itihaas ke vidvaan major vaamanadaas vasu ki bahumoolya pustakon ka sangrah bhi sammelan ke sangrahaalaya mein hai, jismein paaainch hajaar ke kareeb durlabh pustakein sangruheet hain.

anukram

sthaapana

hindi saahitya sammelan ki sthaapana 1 May 1910 E. mein naagari prachaarini sabha ke tatvaavadhaan mein hua.

1 May san 1910 ko kaashi naagari prachaarini sabha, Varanasi ki ek baithak mein hindi saahitya sammelan ka ek aayojan karne ka nishchaya kiya gaya. isi ke nishchayaanusaar 10 October 1910 ko Varanasi mein hi pandit madanamohan maalaveeya ke sabhaapatitv mein pehla sammelan hua. doosra sammelan prayaag mein karne ka prastaav sveekaar hua aur san 1911 mein doosra sammelan Allahabad mein pandit govindanaaraayan mishr ke sabhaapatitv mein sampann hua. doosare sammelan ke liye prayaag mein 'hindi saahitya sammelan' naam ki jo samiti banaayi gayi, vahi ek sanstha ke roop mein, prayaag mein viraajamaan hai. hindi saahitya sammelan, svatantrata-aandolan ke samaan hi bhaasha-aandolan ka saakshi aur raashtreeya garv-gaurav ka prateek hai. shri purushottam das Tandon sammelan ke janm se hi mantri rahe aur iske utthaan ke liye jiye; iseeliye unhein 'sammelan ke praan' ke naam se abhihit kiya jaata hai. is sanstha ne hindi mein uchch koti ki pustakon (visheshat:, maanaviki se sambandhit) ka srujan kiya. Gandhiji jaise log bhi isse jude. unhone san 1917 mein indaur mein sammelan ki adhyakshata ki.

hindi saahitya sanmelan adhiniyam, 1962 ke dvaara ise raashtreeya mahatva ki sanstha ghoshit kiya gaya.

itihaas

akhil bhaarateeya star par hindi ki taatkaalik samasyaaon par vichaar karne ke liye desh bhar ke hindi ke saahityakaaron aur premiyon ke pratham sammelan ki adhyakshata mahaamana pandit madanamohan maalaveeya ne ki thi. is adhiveshan mein yeh nishchaya hua ki is prakaar ka hindi ke saahityakaaron ka sammelan prativrsh kiya jaae, jisse hindi ki unnati ke prayatnon ke saath saath usaki kathinaaiyon ko door karne ka bhi upaaya kiya jaae. sammelan ne is disha mein anek upayogi kaarya kiye. usane apne vaarshik adhiveshanon mein janta aur shaasan se hindi ko raashtrabhaasha ke roop mein apnaane ke sambandh mein vividh prastaav paarit kiye aur hindi ke maarg mein aanevaali baadhaaon ko door karne ke bhi upaaya kiye. usane hindi ki anek pareekshaaeain chalaai, jisne desh ke bhinn bhinn anchalon mein hindi ka prachaar aur prasaar hua.

hindi saahitya sammelan ke in vaarshik adhiveshanon ki adhyakshata bhaaratavarsh ke suprasiddh saahityikon, pramukh raajaneetijnyaon evam vichaarakon ne ki. mahaatma Gandhi iske do baar sabhaapati hue. mahaatma Gandhi ke prayatnon se ahindeebhaashi pradeshon mein is sanstha ke dvaara hindi ka vyaapak prachaar hua. shri purushottamadaas Tandon sammelan ke pratham pradhaan mantri the. unheen ke prayatnon se is sanstha ki itni unnati hui.

hindi saahitya sammelan ki shaakhaaeain desh ke nimnalikhit raajyon mein hain. uttar pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra tatha Bengal. ahindeebhaashi pradeshon mein kaarya karne ke liye iski ek shaakha vardha mein bhi hai, jiska naam "raashtrabhaasha prachaar samiti" hai. iske kaaryaalaya Maharashtra, Mumbai, Gujarat, Hyderabad, utkal, Bengal tatha asam mein hain. in donon sansthaaon dvaara hindi ki jo vividh pareekshaaeain li jaati hain, unamein desh aur videsh ke do lakh se adhik pareekshaarthi prativrsh lagbhag 700 pareekshaakeindron mein bhaag lete hain. ye praveshika, prathama, madhyama tatha uttama kahalaati hain. hindi saahitya vishay ke atirikt aayurved, arthashaastr, raajaneeti, krushi, evam shikshaashaastr mein upaadhipreekshaaeain sammelan dvaara li jaati hain. hindi saahitya sammelan aur usaki praadeshik shaakhaaon dvaara hindi ka jo saarvadeshik prachaar hua, uske parinaamasvaroop desh ki svatantrata ke aandolan ke saath saath hindi ko raashtrabhaasha ke roop mein sveekaar kiye jaane ka aandolan teevratar hua aur fir svatantrataapraapti ke baad bhaarateeya samvidhaan mein hindi ko raashtrabhaasha ka pad diya gaya.

sammelan ka uddeshya

hindi saahitya sammelan ka uddeshya hai-

  • deshavyaapi vyavahaaron aur kaaryon mein sahajata laane ke liye raashtralipi devanaagari aur raashtrabhaasha hindi ka prachaar karna;
  • hindeebhaashi pradeshon mein sarkaari tantr, sarkaari, arddhasarakaari, gair sarkaari nigam, pratishthaan, kaarkhaanon, paathashaalaaon, vishvavidyaalayon, nagar-nigmon, vyaapaar aur nyaayaalayon tatha anya sansthaaon, samaajo, samoohon mein devanaagari lipi aur hindi ka prayog karaane ka prayatn karna;
  • hindi saahitya ki shreevruddhi ke liye maanaviki, samaajashaastr, vaanijya, vidhi tatha vigyaan aur takaneeki vishyon ki pustakein likhvaana aur prakaashit karna;
  • hindi ki hastalikhit aur praacheen saamagri tatha hindi bhaasha aur saahitya ke nirmaataaon ke smruti-chihnon ki khoj karna aur unka tatha prakaashit pustakon ka sangrah karna;
  • ahindeebhaashi pradeshon mein vahaaain ki pradesh sarkaaron, buddhijeeviyon, lekhakon, saahityakaaron aadi se sampark karke unhein devanaagari lipi mein hindi ke prayog ke liye tatha sampark bhaasha ke roop mein bhi hindi ke prayog ke liye prerit karna;
  • hindeetar bhaasha mein upalabdh saahitya ka hindi mein anuvaad karavaane aur prakaashan karne ke liye har sambhav prayatn karna aur granthakaaron, lekhakon, kaviyon, patra-sampaadakon, prachaarakon ko paaritoshik, prashansaapatr, padak, upaadhi se sammaanit karna.

sammelan se sambaddh sansthaaऍn

sammelan roopi is vishaal vatavruksh ki anek shaakhaaऍn, prashaakhaaऍn poore desh mein hindi prachaar mein lagi hui hain. inmein se kuchh sansthaaऍn sammelan se seedhe sambaddh hain aur kuchh raashtrabhaasha prachaar samiti, vardha ke maadhyam se judi hain. uttarapradesheeya hindi saahitya sammelan; Madhya Pradesh hindi saahitya sammelan, Bhopal; Haryana praadeshik hindi saahitya sammelan, gudgaaainv; Mumbai praanteeya hindi saahitya sammelan, Mumbai; Delhi praanteeya hindi saahitya sammelan, Delhi; vindhya praadeshik hindi saahitya sammelan, reeva; graamotthaan vidyaapeeth, saingariya, Rajasthan; Mysore hindi prachaar parishd, baingaloor; madhya Bhaarat hindi saahitya samiti, Indore; bhaaratendu samiti kota, Rajasthan tatha saahitya sadan, abohar bhi sammelan se seedhe sambaddh hain.

prakaashit patrika

sammelan ke saahitya vibhaag dvaara ek traimaasik shodhapatrika "sammelan patrika" ka prakaashan hota hai.

raashtrabhaasha sandesh (maasik),

pradhaan sampaadak : shri vibhooti mishr

pata : hindi saahitya sammelan prayaag, 12, sammelan maarg, Allahabad-3 (u.pr.)

inhein bhi dekhein

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