ajrabaijaan ka itihaas

ajrabaijaan ka itihaas saataveen sadi se bhi poorv ka hai, jab is kshetr ke logon ka sthaaneeya arab raashtron ne islaam mein parivartan kiya. 16veen aur 17veen shataabdiyon mein, yeh kshetr hakhaamani saamraajya aur usmaani saamraajya ke beech vivaad ka kaaran tha.

ajarabaijaan ya ajrabaijaan praant (ajeri: آaaذaaرaaبaaاaaیaaجaaاaaن, Azəarbaycan) poorvi Europe aur pashchimi Asia ki seema par ek aitihaasik aur bhaugolik kshetr hai. yeh kaispiyn saagar dvaara poorv mein ghira hai, roos ke uttar pashchimottar, Turkey aur Armenia ke liye dakshin pashchim karne ke liye jaurjiya ko daagestaan kshetr aur Iran ke dakshin mein. ajarabaijaan vibhinn jaatiyon ke liye ek ghar, adhikaansh logon ka hai, ek jaateeya samooh ajarabaijaan ke log hain jo sankhya ajarabaijaan ke svatantr ganaraajya mein 8 million ke kareeb.

maadhya aur faarasi ke shaasan ke dauraan, kai albaaniya paarasi dharm ko apnaaya aur fir isaaiyat mein svich karne se muslim aur arab aur adhik mahattvapoorn baat yeh muslim turkon ke aane se pehle. Turkey ke janajaatiyon ko gjeeyon ki chhoti si band jiski vijay abhiyaan ki bade paimaane par deshi kokeshiyaan aur Iran ke roop mein janajaatiyon ki aabaadi ke tark banana ko netrutv ke roop mein aa chuke hain par vishvaas kar rahe hain ogujon ke Turkey bhaasha ko apnaaya aur kai sau varshon ki avadhi mein islaam mein badla.[1]

upanivesh ki sthaapana ke 80 se adhik kaakeshas mein roosi saamraajya ke antargat varsh ke baad, ajarabaijaan lokataantrik ganaraajya 1918 mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha. raajya tha 1920 mein soviyt senaaon ne hamla kar diya aur 1991 mein soviyt sangh ke patan tak soviyt shaasan ke adheen raha.

saamyavaad

28 April 1920 ko soviyt samaajavaadi ganaraajya ki ghoshana ki raashtreeya sarkaar ki [ko shaantipoorn aatmasamarpan ke baad bolshivik balon, ajarabaijaan tha. sheegra hi ke logon ka Congress ke baad sitmbar 1920 mein East] aayojit tha mein baakoo. haalaanki, aupachaarik roop se ek svatantr raajya, ajarabaijaan SSR par nirbhar thi aur mein sarkaar dvaara niyantrit Moscow. yeh mein sammilit kiya gaya traanas kaukeshyan SSR saath Armenia aur jaurjiya ke saath March 1922 mein. 1922 December mein ek samjhaute par hastaakshar karke, TSFSR ke chaar mool ganaraajyon mein se ek ban gayi soviyt sangh. TSFSR 1936 mein bhang kar aur uske teen kshetron mein soviyt sangh ke bheetar alag ganaraajyon ban gaya.

svatantrata aur Armenia ke saath yuddh


sandarbh

  1. Seyahatname Evliya Çaaelebi ke dvaara (1611–1682)