aintimoni


aintimoni / Antimony
raasaayanik tatv
Sb,51.jpg
namoona
raasaayanik chinh: Sb
parmaanu sankhya: 51
raasaayanik shrunkhala: upadhaatueain
Sb-TableImage.png

aavart saarani mein sthiti
Electron shell 051 Antimony.svg
electronic dhaancha
anya bhaashaaon mein naam: Antimony (angreji), Сaaуaaрaaьaaмaaа (roosi), アaaンaaチaaモaaン (Japani)

aintimoni ek raasaayanik tattv hai.

ainteemani ke yaugik

ainteemani ke +3 sanyogi Sb (III) tatha +5 sanyoji Sb () yaugik gyaat hai.

ainteemani (III) aaksaaid (Sb2O3) shvet choorn jo jal mein vileya hai. yeh ubhayadharmi hai. taartar emetik banaane tatha aushadhi ke roop mein prayukt.

ainteemani () aaksaaid (Sb2O5)-peet thos jo jal mein avileya hota hai. ise ainteemani peintaakloraaid ke jal apaghatan dvaara ya ainteemani ko naaitrik aml ke saath garmakarake praapt karte hain. yeh uttam aakseekaarak hai aur potaisiym aayodaaid ke amleeya vilyan mein se aayodeen mukt karta hai.

SbCl5+2KI - -> SbCl3 +2KHCl + I

ainteemani (III) kloraaid (SbCl3)- ainteemani traaikloraaid -shvet jalagraahi thos jo jal dvaara apaghatit hokar aakseekloraaid banaata hai-

SbCl3+ H2O3 --> SbOCl + 2HHCl

ainteemani () kloraaid (SbCl5)- enteemani peintaakloraaid. rangaheen dravya jise sanlit traaikloraaid ke saath kloreen ki abhikriya karaakar banaaya jaata hai. yeh prabal kloreeneekaarak hai.

ainteemani potaisiym taartaret ya taartar emetik ya potaisiym ainteemonil taartaret (2 KSbO C4H4O6 H2O) -shvet vishaila choorn jiska upayog emetik ke roop mein tatha rangabandhak ke roop mein hota hai.

ainteemani (III) salfaaid (Sb2S3) ainteemani traaisalfaaid, ya stibnaait- kaala ya laal avileya kristaleeya thos, jiska upayog diyaasalaai banaane mein tatha aatishvaaji mein hota hai.

ainteemani () salfaaid (Sb2S5), ainteemani peintaasalfaaid- peela avileya choorn jiska upayog ranjak ke roop mein tatha rabar ke balvaneekaran mein kiya jaata hai.

ainteemani salfet Sb2(SO4)- shvet kristaleeya avileya thos jo visfotak ke roop mein prayukt hota hai.

ainteemani haaidraaid ya stibeen (SbH3)- asthaayi rangaheen gas jo saralata se apaghatit hokar ainteemani utpann karti hai.

chitradeergha