ailekjaindar Graham bail

alekjaandar Graham bail

alekjeindar Graham bail (Alexander Graham Bell) (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) ko poori duniya aamtaur par telephone ke aavishkaarak ke roop mein hi jyaada jaanti hai. bahut kam log hi yeh jaante hain ki Graham bail ne na keval telephone, balki kamyunikeshan technology ke kshetr mein kai aur bhi upayogi aavishkaar kiye hain. optikl-faaibar system, fotofon, bail aur desibail unit, metal-ditektar aadi ke aavishkaar ka shreya bhi unhein hi jaata hai. ye sabhi aisi takaneek par aadhaarit hain, jiske bina sanchaar-kranti ki kalpana bhi naheen ki ja sakti hai.[1]

anukram

jeevani

Graham bail ka janm skautalaind ke edinbarg mein 3 March san 1847 ko hua tha.

vilkshan pratibha ke dhani

Graham bail ki vilkshan pratibha ka andaaja is baat se lagaaya ja sakta hai ki ve mahaj terah varsh ke umr mein hi graduate ho gaye the. yeh bhi behad aashcharya ki baat hai ki ve keval solah saal ki umr mein ek behatareen myoojik teacher ke roop mein mashahoor ho gaye the.

maan ke badhirpan ne dikhaaya raasta

apangata kisi bhi vyakti ke liye ek abhishaap se kam naheen hoti, lekin Graham bail ne apangata ko abhishaap naheen banane diya. daraasal, Graham bail ki maan badhir theen. maan ke sunane mein asamarthata se Graham bail kaafi dukhi aur niraash rahate the, lekin apni niraasha ko unhonne kabhi apni safalta ki raah mein rukaavat naheen banane diya. unhonne apni niraasha ko ek sakaaraatmak mod dena hi behtar samjha. yahi kaaran tha ki ve dhvani vigyaan ki madad se na sun paane mein asamarth logon ke liye aisa yantr banaane mein kaamayaab hue, jo aaj bhi badhir logon ke liye kisi varadaan se kam naheen hai.

badhiron se khaas lagaav

agar yeh kahein ki Graham bail ne apna poora jeevan badhir logon ke liye kaarya karne mein laga diya, to shaayad galat naheen hoga. unki maan to badhir theen heen, Graham bail ki patni aur unka ek khaas dost bhi sunane mein asamarth tha. choonki unhonne shuroo se hi aise logon ki takaleef ko kaafi kareeb se mahasoos kiya tha, isliye unke jeevan ki behatari ke liye aur kya kiya jaana chaahiye, ise ve behtar dhang se samajh sakte the. ho sakta hai ki shaayad apne jeevan ki inheen khaas paristhitiyon ki vajah se Graham bail telephone ke aavishkaar mein safal ho paae hon.

aavishkaaron ke janak

Graham bail bachapan se hi dhvani vigyaan mein gahari dilchaspi rakhate the, isliye lagbhag 23 saal ki umr mein hi unhonne ek aisa piyaano banaaya, jiski madhur aavaaj kaafi door tak suni ja sakti thi. kuchh samay tak ve speech technology vishay ke teacher bhi rahe the. is dauraan bhi unhonne apna prayaas jaari rakha aur ek aise yantr ko banaane mein safal hue, jo na keval myoojikail nots ko bhejane mein saksham tha, balki aartikulet speech bhi de sakta tha. yahi telephone ka sabse puraana model tha.

shiksha

ek chhote bachche ke roop mein, bail, apne bhaaiyon ki tarah, apne pita se ghar par apne praarambhik schooli shiksha praapt ki. ek kam umr mein, haalaanki, unhonne kaha ki vah keval pehle chaar roopon ko poora karne, school 15 saal ki umr mein chhod diya hai jo royal haai school, edinbarg, Scotland, mein naamaankit kiya gaya tha. [22] unke school record, na sulajha tha anupasthiti aur bhaavashoonya gred dvaara chihnit. vah apne maang ki pita ki niraasha karne ke liye, udaaseenata ke saath school ke anya vishyon ka ilaaj kiya hai, jabki unka mukhya byaaj., vigyaan, vishesh roop se jeev vigyaan mein bane [23] school chhodne par, bail apne daada, alekjeindar bail ke saath rahane ke liye London ki yaatra ki. lambe samay tak gambhir charcha aur adhyayan mein kharch ke saath vah apne daada ke saath bitaae varsh ke dauraan seekhane ki ek prem paida hua tha. bade bail apne yuva chhaatr, visheshataaon unke chhaatr ek shikshak khud banane ki jaroorat hai ki spasht roop se aur vishvaas ke saath baat karne ke liye seekhana hai karne ke liye kaafi prayaas le liya. [24] 16 saal ki umr mein, bail ek "student-teacher 'ke roop mein ek sthaan surakshit elgin mein vestan house academy, more, Scotland mein bhaashan aur sangeet ki. vah laitin aur greek mein ek chhaatr ke roop mein naamaankit kiya gaya tha, vah board ke liye vaapasi aur satr pound prati 10 mein kakshaaen khud ko nirdesh diye [25] agale varsh, vah edinbarg vishvavidyaalaya mein bhaag liya. pichhle varsh vahaan daakhila liya tha jo unke bade bhaai melavil mein shaamil hone. vah apne parivaar ke saath Canada ke liye ravaana hone se pehle 1868 mein, lambe samay tak naheen, aleck apni maitrik pareeksha poori ki aur London vishvavidyaalaya mein pravesh ke liye sveekaar kar liya gaya. [26]

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain