aibtaabaad

Shimla pahaadi se aibtaabaad ka najaara

aibtaabaad (urdoo: اaaیaaبaaٹ آaaبaaاaaد) ya abattaabaad ya abataabaad Pakistan ke khaibar-pakhtoonakhva raajya ke hajaara kshetr mein sthit ek shahar hai. yeh nagar Islamabad se 50 kimi (31 meal) uttar-pashchim aur peshaavar se 150 kimi (93 meal) poorv oraash ghaati mein 4,120 fut (1,260 meter) ki ooainchaai par basa hua hai. aibtaabaad shahar aibtaabaad jile ki rajdhani hai. yeh shahar poore Pakistan mein apne lubhaavane mausam, shreshth vidyaapeethon aur bahut se fauji sansthaanon ke liye mashahoor hai.

anukram

itihaas

aibtaabaad ka naam angreji fauj ke major James aibbat (James Abbot) par rakha gaya, jisne Punjab par angreji kbja ho jaane ke baad January 1853 mein is shahar ki neev rakhi. vah Punjab ke hajaara kshetr ka 1849 se April 1853 tak deputy kameeshnar tha. aibtaabaad jald hi hajaara kshetr ka prashaasan kendra ban gaya. yahaaain ek badi fauji chhaavani bane gayi jo abhi tak chali aa rahi hai.[1] 1901 mein shahar aur chhaavani milkar aibtaabaad ki kul aabaadi 7,764 thi. 1911 tak yeh badhkar 11,506 ho gayi. 2005 mein iski anumaanit janasainkhya 1,20,888 thi.[2] aajkal ise Islamabad ke baahari ilaaka ka hissa bhi maana jaata hai.

1 May 2011 ko Osama bin Laden aibtaabaad mein ek badi kothi mein chhupa hua paaya gaya aur ameriki chhaapaamaaron ne use vaheeain maar giraaya.[3][4]

log

1998 ki janaganana mein yahaaain par 81,000 log rah rahe the jinmein se 94.26% ki maatrubhaasha punjabi ki hindako upabhaasha thi.[5] yahaaain ke bahut se log urdoo aur angreji bhi samajhte hain. kuchh pashto aur punjabi ki potohaari upabhaasha bolne vaale bhi yahaaain rahate hain.

mausam

patajhad aur basant mein yahaaain ka mausam achha rahata hai aur halaki garmi pad sakti hai. garamiyon mein dupahar ka taapamaan 30° seinteegred se oopar kam hi jaata hai. sardiyon mein taapamaan shoonya se kam bhi kabhi-kabhaar hi hota hai. January ke maheene mein kabhi-kabhi halaki barf pad jaati hai.

bhoogol

aibtaabaad ka shahar saraban naam ke pahaadon se ghira hua hai. saraban pahaadon mein ek "Shimla pahaadi" mashahoor hai jahaaain bahut se paryatak aibtaabaad nagar ka oopar se drushya dekhne jaate hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

bahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh