agnipuraan

agnipuraan
अग्निपुराण.gif
agnipuraan, geetaapres Gorakhpur ka aavaran prushth
lekhak vedavyaas
desh Bhaarat
bhaasha sanskrut
shrrunkhala puraan
vishay vishnu tatha Shiv mahaatyam
prakaar hindu dhaarmik granth
prushth 15,000 shlok

agnipuraan puraan saahitya mein apni vyaapak drushti tatha vishaal gyaan bhandaar ke kaaran vishisht sthaan rakhata hai. vishay ki vividhta evam lokopayogita ki drushti se is puraan ka vishesh mahattv hai. anek vidvaanon ne vishyavas‍aatu ke aadhaar par ise 'bhaarateeya sans‍aakruti ka vish‍aavakosh' kaha hai. agnipuraan mein tridevon – brahma, vish‍aanu evam Shiv tatha soorya ki pooja-upaasana ka varnan kiya gaya hai. ismein para-apara vidyaaon ka varnan, mahaabhaarat ke sabhi parvon ki sankshipt katha, raamaayan ki sankshipt katha, matsya, koorm aadi avataaron ki kathaaeain, srushti-varnan, deeksha-vidhi, vaastu-pooja, vibhinn devataaon ke mantr aadi anek upayogi vishyon ka atyant sundar pratipaadan kiya gaya hai.

is puraan ke vak‍aata Bhagwan agnidev hain, at: yeh 'agnipuraan' kahalaata hai. at‍aayant laghu aakaar hone par bhi is puraan mein sabhi vidyaaon ka samaavesh kiya gaya hai. is drushti se an‍aaya puraanon ki apeksha yeh aur bhi vishish‍aat tatha mahat‍aavapoorn ho jaata hai.

padm puraan mein bhagavaan vish‍aanu ke puraanamaya s‍aavaroop ka varnan kiya gaya hai aur athaarah puraan Bhagwan ke 18 ang kahe gaye hain. usi puraanamaya varnan ke anusaar 'agni puraan' ko Bhagwan vish‍aanu ka baayaan charan kaha gaya hai.

anukram

katha evam vistaar

vistaar
aadhunik upalabdh agnipuraan ke kai sanskaranon mein 11,475 shlok hai evam 383 adhyaaya hain, parantu naaradapuraan ke anusaar ismein 15 hajaar shlokon tatha matsyapuraan ke anusaar 16 hajaar shlokon ka sangrah batalaaya gaya hai. ballaal sen dvaara daanasaagar mein is puraan ke diye gaye uddharan prakaashit pratiyon mein upalabdh naheen hai. is kaaran iske kuchh anshon ke lupt aur apraapt hone ki baat anumaanat: siddh maani ja sakti hai.

agnipuraan mein puraanon ke paanchon lakshanon athva varnya-vishyon-sarg, pratisrg, vansh, manvantar aur vanshaanucharit ka varnan hai. sabhi vishyon ka saanupaatik ullekh kiya gaya hai.

katha
agni puraan ke anusaar ismein sabhi vidhaaon ka varnan hai. yeh agnidev ke swayam ke shreemukh se varnit hai, isliye yeh prasiddh aur mahattvapoorn puraan hai. yeh puraan agnidev ne maharshi vashishth ko sunaaya tha. yeh puraan do bhaagon mein hain pehle bhaag mein puraan brahm vidya ka saar hai. iske aarambh mein Bhagwan vishnu ke dashaavataaron ka varnan hai. is puraan mein 11 rudron, 8 vasuon tatha 12 aadityon ke baare mein bataaya gaya hai. vishnu tatha Shiv ki pooja ke vidhaan, soorya ki pooja ka vidhaan, nrusinh mantra aadi ki jaankaari bhi is puraan mein di gayi hai. iske atirikt praasaad evam devaalaya nirmaan, moorti pratishtha aadi ki vidhiyaaain bhi bataayi gayi hai. ismein bhoogol, jyoti: shaastr tatha vaidyak ke vivran ke baad raajaneeti ka bhi vistrut varnan kiya gaya hai jismein Abhishek, saahaayya, sampatti, sevak, durg, raajadharm aadi aavashyak vishay nirneet hai. dhanurved ka bhi bada hi jnyaaanavardhak vivran diya gaya hai jismein praacheen astr-shastron tatha sainik shiksha paddhati ka vivechan vishesh upaadeya tatha praamaanik hai. is puraan ke antim bhaag mein aayurved ka vishisht varnan anek adhyaayon mein milta hai, iske atirikt chhand:shaastr, alankaar shaastr, vyaakaran tatha kosh vishyak vivran bhi diye gaye hai.

agni puraan ka mahattv

puraan saahitya mein agnipuraan apni vyaapak drushti tatha vishaal gyaan bhandaar ke kaaran vishisht sthaan rakhata hai. saadhaaran reeti se puraan ko 'panchalakshan' kehte hain, kyonki ismein sarg (srushti), pratisrg (sanhaar), vansh, manvantar tatha vanshaanucharit ka varnan avashyamev rahata hai, chaahe parimaan mein thoda nyoon hi kyon na ho. parantu agnipuraan iska apavaad hai. praacheen Bhaarat ki para aur apara vidyaaon ka tatha naana bhautikshaastron ka itna vyavasthit varnan yahaaain kiya gaya hai ki ise vartamaan drushti se ham ek vishaal vishvakosh kah sakte hain.

aagneya hi puraaneऽsmin sarva vidyaa: pradarshitaa:

yeh agni puraan ka kathan hai jiske anusaar agni puraan mein sabhi vidhaaon ka varnan hai. yeh agnidev ke swayam ke shreemukh se varnit hai isliye yeh prasiddh aur mahattvapoorn puraan hai. yeh puraan unhonne maharshi vashishth ko sunaaya tha. yeh puraan do bhaagon mein hain pehle bhaag mein brahm vidya ka saar hai. isko sunane se devagan hi naheen samast praani jagat sukh praapt karta hai. vishnu Bhagwan ke avataaron ka varnan hai. veg ke haath ke manthan se utpann pruthu ka aakhyaan hai. divya shaktimyi marisha ki katha hai. kashyap ne apni anek patniyon dvaara parivaar vistaar kiya usaka varnan bhi kiya gaya hai.

bhagavaan agnidev ne devaalaya nirmaan ke fal ke vishay mein aakhyaan diye hain aur chausath yoganiyon ka savistaar varnan bhi hai. Shiv pooja ka vidhaan bhi bataaya gaya hai. ismein kaal ganana ke mahattv par bhi prakaash daala gaya hai. saath hi ismein ganit ke mahattv ke saath vishisht raahoo ka varnan bhi hai. pratipda vrat, shikhivrat aadi vraton ke mahattv ko bhi darshaaya gaya hai. saath hi dheer naamak braahman ki ek katha bhi hai. dashami vrat, ekaadashi vrat aadi ke mahattv ko bhi bataaya gaya hai.

agni puraan ki sankshipt jaankaari

agni puraan mein agnidev ne ishaan kalp ka varnan maharshi vashishth se kiya hai. isame pandrah hajaar shlok hai. iske andar pehle puraan vishay ke prashn hai fir avataaron ki katha kahi gayi hai, fir srushti ka vivran aur vishnupooja ka vrutaant hai. iske baad agnikaarya, mantr, mudraadi lakshan, sarvadeeksha vidha aur Abhishek niroopan hai. iske baad mandal ka lakshan, kushaamaapaarjan, pavitraaropan vidhi, devaalaya vidhi, shaalagraam ki pooja aur moortiyon ka alag alag vivran hai. fir nyaas aadi ka vidhaan pratishtha poortakarm, vinaayak aadi ka poojan, naana prakaar ki deekshaaon ki vidhi, sarvadev pratishtha, brahamaand ka varnan, gangaadi teerthon ka maahaatmya, dweep aur varsh ka varnan, oopar aur neeche ke lokon ki rachana, jyotishchakr ka niroopan, jyotish shaastr, yuddhajayaarnav, shatakarm mantra, yantr, aushadhi samooh, kubjika aadi ki pooja, chh: prakaar ki nyaas vidhi, koti hom vidhi, manavantar niroopan brahmaacharyaadi aashramon ke dharm, shraaddhakalp vidhi, grah yagya, shrautasmaart karm, praayashchit varnan, tithi vrat aadi ka varnan, vaar vrat ka kathan, nakshatr vrat vidhi ka pratipaadan, maasik vrat ka nirdesh, uttam deepadaan vidhi, navavyoohapoojan, narak niroopan, vraton aur daanon ki vidhi, naadi chakr ka sankshipt vivran, sandhya ki uttam vidhi, gaayatri ke arth ka nirdesh, lingastotr, raajyaabhishek ke mantra, raajaaon ke dhaarmik krutya, svapn sambandhi vichaar ka adhyaaya, shakun aadi ka niroopan, mandal aadi ka nirdesh, ratn deeksha vidhi, raamokt neeti ka varnan, ratnon ke lakshan, dhanurvidya, vyavahaar darshan, devaasur sangraam ki katha, aayurved niroopan, gaj aadi ki chikitsa, unke rogon ki shaanti, go chikitsa, manushyaadi ki chikitsa, naana prakaar ki pooja paddhati, vividh prakaar ki shaanti, chhand shaastr, saahitya, ekaakshar, aadi kosh, pralaya ka lakshan, shaareerik vedaant ka niroopan, narak varnan, yogashaastr, brahmajnyaaan tatha puraan shravan ka fl bataaya gaya hai.

adhyaayaanusaar vichaar

agnipuraan mein varnya vishyon par saamaanya drushti daalne par bhi unki vishaalata aur vividhta par aashcharya hue bina naheen rahata. aarambh mein dashaavataar (a. 1-16) tatha srushti ki utpatti (a. 17-20) ke anantar mantrashaastr tatha vaastushaastr ka sookshm vivechan hai (a. 21-106) jismein mandir ke nirmaan se lekar devata ki pratishtha tatha upaasana ka pukhaanupunkh vivechan hai. bhoogol (a. 107-120), jyoti shaastr tatha vaidyak (a. 121-149) ke vivran ke baad raajaneeti ka vistrut varnan kiya gaya hai jismein Abhishek, saahaayya, sampatti, sevak, durg, raajadharm aadi aavashyak vishay nirneet hain (a. 219-245). dhanurved ka vivran bada hi jnyaaanavardhak hai jismein praacheen astr-shastron tatha sainik shiksha paddhati ka vivechan vishesh upaadeya tatha praamaanik hai (a. 249-258). antim bhaag mein aayurved ka vishisht varnan anek adhyaayon mein milta hai (a. 279-305). chhandashaastr, alankaar shaastr, vyaakaran tatha kosh vishyak vivranon ke liye adhyaaya likhe gaye hain.

  • 11-16 : avataar kathaaeain
  • 18-20 : vanshon ka varnan, srushti.
  • 21-103 : vividh devataaon ki moortiyon ka parimaan, moorti lakshan, devata-pratishtha, vastupooja tatha jeernoddhaar.
  • 104- 149 : bhuvanakosh (bhoomi aadi lokon ka varnan), kuchh pavitra nadiyon ka maahaatmya, jyotishshaastr sambandhi vichaar, nakshatranirnaya, yuddh mein vijay praapt karne ke liye uchchaaran kiye jaane yogya mantr, chakr tatha anek taantrik vidhaan.
  • 150 : - manvantar.
  • 151 - 174 : varnaashram dharm, praayashchit tatha shraadhdan.
  • 175 - 208 : vrat ki paribhaasha, pushpaadhyaaya (vividh pushpon ka poojaayogyatv tatha pooja-ayogatv), pushp dvaara pooja karne ka fal.
  • 209 - 217 : daan ka maahaatmya, vividh prakaar ke daan, mantr ka maahaatmya, gaayatreedhyaanapaddhati, shivstrotr.
  • 218 - 242 : raajya sambandhi vichaar – raaja ke kartavya. Abhishek vidhi – yuddhakrama, ranadeeksha, svapnashukanaadi vichaar, durganirmaanavidhi aur durg ke bhed.
  • 243-244 : purushon aur striyon ke shareer ke lakshan.
  • 245 : chaamar, khadg, dhanush ke lakshan.
  • 246 : - ratnapareeksha.
  • 247 : - vaastulakshan.
  • 248 : - pushpaadipooja ke fal.
  • 253 : -258 adhikran (nyaayaalaya) ke vyavahaar.
  • 253-278 : chaturnaan vedaanaan mantraprayogairjaayamaanaani vividhaani falaani, vedashaakhaanaan vichaar:, raajnyaaan vanshasya varnanam.
  • 279-281 : rasaayurved ki kuchh prakriyaaeain.
  • 282-229 : vrukshaayurved, gajachikitsa, gajashaanti, ashvashaanti (haathi aur ghodon ko koi bhi rog na ho, iske liye upaaya)
  • 298 -372 : vividh devataaon ki mantr-shaanti-pooja aur devaalaya mahaatmya.
  • 298-372 : chhand shaastr aadi.
  • 337-347 : saahitya-ras-alaङakaar-kaavyadosh aadi
  • 348- : ekaakshari kosh.
  • 349-359 : vyaakaran sambandhi vividh vishay.
  • 460-367 : paryaaya shabdakosh.
  • 368-369 : pralaya ka nirupan.
  • 371- : narak nirupan.
  • 372-376 : yogashaastr pratipaadya vichaar.
  • 377-380 : vedaantajnyaaan.
  • 381- : geetaasaar.
  • 382- : yamageeta.
  • 383- : agnipuraan ka mahaatmya.

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