afreeki ameriki

afreeki ameriki
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jaiki raubinsan
kul janasankhya

42,020,743 [1]
jinmein 3,091,424 anya kaale log bhi shaamil hain.
(sanyukt raajya America ki janasankhya ka 13.6%)
2010 ki yoo॰aesa॰ janaganana

khaas aavaas kshetr
mukhya roop se sanyukt raajya America ke dakshini aur desh ke nagareeya kshetron mein.
bhaashaaeain
ameriki angreji afreeki ameriki sthaaneeya angreji luisiyaana kriyol French
gullaah
dharm
mukhyat: protestaint (78%)
sabse adhik alpasankhyak roman Catholic (5%) aur muslim (1%) [2]; koi dharm naheen (13%)
anya sambandhit samooh
hispainik aur laitino amerikiyon, anya America ke afreeki-ameriki log,
  • kaale Canadai
  • siyera Leon kriyol log
  • ameriko-liberiyns
  • videsh mein janme efro-ameriki
, efro-laitin ameriki

afreeki ameriki, jinhein kaale ameriki athva afreeki mool ke ameriki ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai, sanyukt raajya America ke vo naagrik hain jinki poorn athva aanshik vanshaavali up-sahaara afreeka mool ki rahi hai.[3][4]

afreeki ameriki sanyukt raajya America mein nasleeya aur jaateeya alpasankhyak ke hisaab se dviteeya sabse bada samooh hai.[5] adhiktar afreeki ameriki pashchim aur madhya afreeki vansh ke hain aur vartamaan sanyukt raajya America ki seemaaon ke bheetar gulaam banaakar bheje gaye ashvet logon ke vanshaj hain.[6][7] yaddapi, kuchh Africa, kairebiya, madhya America aur dakshin ameriki deshon aur unke vansh ke aapravaasi bhi isi pehchaan se jaane jaate hain.[4]

afreeki-ameriki itihaas 16veen shataabdi se shuru hota hai jab afreekiyon ko jabaran uttar America mein speni aur angreji upaniveshon mein gulaam bana ke le jaaya gaya tha. sanyukt raajya America ke astitv mein aane ke baad bhi kaale logon ko gulaam banaakar rakhana jaari raha. ye paristhitiyaaain punarnirmaan, ashvet samudaaya ka vikaas, sainya sangharshon mein bhaageedaari, nasleeya alagaav ka ant aur naagrik adhikaar aandolan se badli. 2008 mein, Barack Obama sanyukt raajya America ke raashtrapati nirvaachit hone vaale pehle afreeki ameriki bane.

sandarbh

  1. "The Black Population: 2010 [kaale logon ki janasankhya: 2010]" (angreji mein) (peedeeef). Census.gov. sitmbar 2011. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-06.pdf. abhigman tithi: 16 fravari 2015.
  2. "Pew Forum: A Religious Portrait of African-Americans [pyoo forum: afreeki-amerikiyon ka ek dhaarmik chitran]" (angreji mein). the pyoo forum on rilijn end pablik life. January 30, 2009. http://www.pewforum.org/A-Religious-Portrait-of-African-Americans.aspx. abhigman tithi: 16 fravari 2015.
  3. As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American. ""African American" in the American Heritage Dictionary" (angreji mein). education dot Yahoo dot com. http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/African%20American. abhigman tithi: 4 sitmbar 2013.
  4. a aa "The size and regional distribution of the black population". Lewis Mumford Center. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. http://mumford1.dyndns.org/cen2000/BlackWhite/BlackDiversityReport/black-diversity03.htm. abhigman tithi: October 1, 2007.
  5. American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "United States – QT-P4. Race, Combinations of Two Races, and Not Hispanic or Latino: 2000" (angreji mein). Factfinder.census.gov. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_QTP4&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-redoLog=false. abhigman tithi: 4 sitmbar 2013.
  6. Gomez, Michael A: Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South, p. 29. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, 1998
  7. Rucker, Walter C. (2006). The river flows on: Black resistance, culture, and identity formation in early America. LSU Press. pa॰ 126. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-8071-3109-1. http://books.google.com/?id=c2XlG4rRK4QC&pg=PA126.