afreeka mein dharm

maali ka ek masjid

afreeka mein dharm bahuaayaami hain. adhikaansh log ya to islaam ko maanate hain ya isaai dharm ko. islaam aur isaai dharm meinafreeki log vibhinn prakaar ki dhaarmik maanyataaon ko sveekaar karte hain[1] aur inke dhaarmik aastha ke ankade ekatr kar paana bahut hi mushkil hai, kyonki ye kai aasthaaon waali mishrit janasankhya ki sarkaaron ke liye bahut hi samvedansheel vishay hota hai.[2] world book vishvakosh ke anusaar afreeka ka sabse bada maanya dharm islaam hai. iske baad yahaan isaai aate hain. britainika vishvakosh ke anusaar yahaan ki kul janasankhya ka 45% bhaag muslim aur 40% isaai log hain. 15% se kam log ya to naastik hain, ya afreeki dharmon ko maanane vaale hain. ek bahut hi chhota pratishat hinduon, bahaai logon aur yahoodiyon ko jaata hai. yahoodiyon ke kshetr yahaan beeta ijraail, lemba log aur poorvi yugaanda ke abayudaya hain.

afreeka mein dhaarmik avalanban (2006 ke anumaan)[3]
kshetr kul janasankhya (2006) % isaai % muslim % paaramparik % hindu % baha'E % yahoodi % koi dharm naheen % naastik
madhya Africa 81.3% 9.6% 8.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.0% 0.6% 0.0%
poorvi Africa 302,636,533 62.0% 21.1% 15.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0%
uttari Africa 209,948,396 9.0% 87.6% 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.1% 0.1%
dakshini Africa 50,619,998 82.0% 2.2% 9.7% 2.1% 0.7% 0.1% 2.7% 0.3%
pashchimi Africa 274,271,145 59.1% 21.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0%
dharm kul janasankhya % isaai % muslim % paaramparik % hindu % baha'E % yahoodi % koi dharm naheen % naastik

yahaan ek prakaar ki spardha chalti rahati hai, ki kaun bada hai. kintu yahaan ke bahut se log donon hi dharmon ka ekasaath paalan karte hue chalte hain aur saath hi yahaan ke paaramparik afreeki dharmon ko bhi maanate hain. yahaan ke paaramparik dharm lok-sanskruti par aadhaarit hain.

anukram

abraahamik dharm

afreeki bahumat abraahamik dharm maanata hai: islaam evam isaai. donon hi afreeka paryant faile hue hain. 2000 ke aankadon ke anusaar yahaan 45% janasankhya isaai evam 40.6% janasankhya muslim hai.

isaai dharm

isaai dharm yahaan raaja ejaana ke ekjm raajya ka shaahi dharm 330 E mein ghoshit hua tha. ithiyopiya mein pratham shataabdi mein aaya. yooropiyaai selar, frumentiys 430 E mein ithiyopiya aaya, tab usaka svaagat vahaan ke shaasakon ne kiya, jo isaai naheen the. uske anusaar das varsh baad raaja sahit poori praja ne isaai dharm grahan kiya va raajadharm ghoshit hua.

islaam

islaam ke anuyaayi poore mahaadveep mein faile hue hain. is dharm ki jadein paigambar muhammad ke samay tak jaati hain, jab unke sambandhi evam anuyaayi ebesiniya mein paigan arab logon se apni jaan bachaane aaye the. islaam afreeka mein sinaai praayadveep evam misr ke raaste aaya. iska poorn sahayog islaamik arab evam faarasi vyaapaariyon evam naavikon ne kiya. islaam uttari afreeka evam afreeka ke seeng mein pradhaan dharm hai. pashchimi afreeka ke aantarik bhaagon evam tateeya kshetron mein aur poorvi afreeka ke tateeya kshetron mein bhi yeh aitihaasik evam pradhaan dharm hai. yahaan bahut se muslim saamraajya rahe hain. islaam ki drut-pragati beesaveen evam ikkeesaveen shataabdiyon tak hoti aayi hai. new yaurk times ke anusaar isaai dharm yahaan ek anyadeshi dharm hi raha hai.

yahoodi

yahoodi dharm ke log bhi afreeka paryant faile hue mileinge. baahari logon ko afreeka mein isaai evam islaam dharmon ke itihaas jaisa naheen prateet hone par bhi yahoodi dharm ki yahaan praacheen evam samruddh itihaas hai. aaj yahaan kai deshon mein yahoodi samudaaya hain, jinmein ithiyopiya ke beeta ijraayal, yugaanda ke abyudaya, Ghana ke house of ijraail, Nigeria ke igabo yahoodi evam dakshini afreeka ke lemba log mukhya hain.

hindu dharm

islaam, isaai evam yahoodiyon ki apeksha hindu dharm ka itihaas yahaan atyant laghu hai. haalaanki iske anuyaaiyon ki upasthiti yahaan saamraajyavaad-kaal se bahut pehle, balki madhyakaal se hi rahi hai. dakshin afreeka evam poorv afreeki tateeya deshon mein hindu janasankhya ullekhaneeya rahi hai.

paaramparik dharm

paaramparik afreeki dharmon mein dheron maanyataaen aur vishvaas prachalit hain. ye kai afreeki samaajon dvaara maane jaate rahe hain, kintu khaas jaati vishesh ke liye ye khaas hote hain. kai parivartan kiye hue muslim evam isaai log in maanyataaon ko abhi bhi maanate hain. pashchim afreeka ke bahut se paaramparik maton mein se kuchh yahaan diye hue hain. ye benin, Nigeria, Ghana aadi mein prachalit hain.

legaba, saango, eboh, aadi

sandarbh

  1. "Internet par afreeki dharm ", stainaford vishvavidyaalaya
  2. onishi, noramitsu (1 November 2001). "raaijing muslim power in afreeka kaujej anarest in Nigeria end elsvheyar". the new yaurk times company. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C00EEDC1030F932A35752C1A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1. abhigman tithi: 1 March 2009.
  3. the asosiyeshan of rileejiys data aarkeevs, soshiyolauji vibhaag, pennisilveniya vishvavidyaalaya. 2006 kshetreeya aankade ye dharm san.raashtra ke maanak naheen hain. udaa0 poorvi afrika mein poorvi Africa ke adhikaansh raashtra hain, saath hi jimbaabve, [[maidaagaaskar, mojaambeek aur jaambiya bhi hain. angola ko madhya afreeka mein daala hua hai aur yahaan dakshini afreeka, sanra. ke dakshini afreeka se bahut chhota hai. janasankhya ke aankadae dhaarmik aastha ka pratishat hain, evam vibhinn sroton se lekar A.aar.di.A. dvaara ekasaath milaae gaye hain.