adhivakta

adhivakta, abhibhaashak ya vakeel (aidavoket advocate) ke anek arth hain, parantu hindi mein aise vyakti se hai jisko nyaayaalaya mein kisi anya vyakti ki or se uske hetu ya vaad ka pratipaadan karne ka adhikaar praapt ho. adhivakta kisi doosare vyakti ke sthaan par (ya uske taraf se) daleel prastut karta hai. iska prayog mukhyat: kaanoon ke sandarbh mein hota hai. praaya: adhikaansh logon ke paas apni baat ko prabhaavi dhng se kehne ki kshamata, gyaan, kaushal, ya bhaasha-shakti naheen hoti. adhivakta ki jaroorat isi baat ko rekhaankit karti hai. anya baaton ke alaava adhivakta ka kaanoonavid (lawyer) hona chaahiye. kaanoonavid usako kehte hain jo kaanoon ka visheshagya ho ya jisne kaanoon ka vyaavasaayik adhyayan kiya ho. vakeel ki bhoomika kaanooni nyaayaalaya mein kaafi bhinn hoti hai.

bhaarateeya nyaayapranaali mein aise vyaktiyon ki do shreniyaaain hain : (1) aidavoket tatha (2) vakeel. aidavoket ke naamaankan ke liye bhaarateeya "baar kaaunsil' adhiniyam ke antargat pratyek praadeshik uchch nyaayaalaya ke apne-apne niyam hain. uchchatam nyaayaalaya mein naamaankit aidavoket desh ke kisi bhi nyaayaalaya ke samaksh pratipaadan kar sakta hai. vakeel, uchchatam ya uchch nyaayaalaya ke samaksh pratipaadan naheen kar sakta. aidavoket general arthaat‌ mahaadhivakta shaasakeeya paksh ka pratipaadan karne ke liye pramukhatam adhikaari hai.

vakaalatanaama

vakaalatanaame ka ek namoona neeche diya gaya hai-

nyaayaalaya ....................................................................................... 

taraf se ....................................................... mukadama sankhya ..........................

........................................................................ 
......................................................................... vaadi/apeelaarthi/aavedak 


prati, 
......................................................................... 
......................................................................... prativaadi/uttaradaayi/aavedak


 main/ham ............................................................................................................. nivaasi gram ......................................................................................... ka hooain, jo is mukadame mein yeh vakaalatanaama likh lete hain ki oopar mukadama karne ke liye mainne/humne shri ............................................................................ adhivakta ko mehanataana ada karne ka vachan dekar apna vakeel niyukt karta hooain/karte hain. ukt vakeel mahodaya ko main/ham yeh adhikaar deta hooain/dete hain ki mukadamein mein hamaare or se pairavi karein, aavashyak prashn poochhein, javaab dein aur bahas karein. dastaavej ka kaagaj mein haajir karein, vaapas levein, panchanaama daakhil karein panch niyukt karein ya utha levein aaair degree praapt ho jaaye to use jaari karaavein, degree ka roopaya kharcha va harjaane ka roopaya ya kisi doosari taraf ka roopaya jo adaalat se hamein milne wala ho vasool karein/ hamaari or se adaalat mein daakhil karein. koi fees va staamp shulk devein ya pramaanit karein, nakal praapt karein, adaalat ki anumati se misil ka muaayana kar aavashyak hone par mukadama sthaapit karaavein va is mukadamein ke sambandh mein doosare kaagaj jaroori jo samajhein karein, pairavi ke liye apni or se koi doosra vakeel niyukt karein yadi aavashyak ho to apna nigraani ka adaalat pairavi karein. 

 is adhikaari patra ke anusaar ukt vakeel mahodaya is mukadame ke sambandh mein jo kaam kareinge yeh sab mera/hamaara kiya hua samjha jaavega aur vah mujhe/hamein apne hi kiye samaan maanya hoga. adhivakta daure mein jaane ko baadhya na honge aur unhein yeh bhi adhikaar hoga ki thaharaai hui fees ka koi bhaag na paane par mukadamein ki pairavi chhod dein. har pesh par ham khud haajir raheinge ya apni mukhatyaar ko bhejeinge, vakeel saahab chitthi se mukadamein ki khabar hamein bhejane ke jimmedaar na honge. ham kisi bhi haalat mein fees vaapas na le sakeinge. isliye yeh adhikaar evam swayam apni sammatti se likh diya aur hastaakshar kiya tatha apne do parichit saathiyon ke angootha ka chinh lagaakar shri .....................................................ko oopar likhe mukadama mein niyukt kar adhikaar dete hain. taaki pramaan rahe aur hastaakshar kiya tatha ham tasadeek karte hain ki shri.............................................................................. kaae pahachaanate hain.

inhone hamaare saamane adhivakta/adhivakta shri................................................................ ko vakeel niyukt karne vaale hastaakshar mukarrar kiya/angootha lagaaya/sveekrut kiya. 

gavaah- 

1. .................................. 

2. .................................. 


 vaadi/prativaadi adhivakta 

dinaank ..............................

inhe bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain