achalapur

achalapur Maharashtra raajya ke amaraavati jile mein sthit ek nagar hai. madhyakaal mein visheshat: 9veen shati se 12veen shati E. tak achalapur jain sanskruti ke kendra ke roop mein vikhyaat tha. jain vidvaan dhanapaal ne achalapur mein hi apna granth 'dhamm parikkha' samaapt kiya tha. aachaarya hemachandrasoori ne bhi apne vyaakaran mein achalapur ka ullekh kiya hai- 'achalapurechakaaralakaarayorvyatyayo bhavati' arthaat achalapur ke nivaasiyon ke uchchaaran mein ch aur l ka vyatyaya (ulatafer) ho jaata hai. aachaarya jayasinhasoori ne 9veen shati E. mein apni dharmopadeshamaala mein ayalapur ya achalapur ke arikesari naamak jain naresh ka ullekh kiya hai- 'ayalapure diganbar bhatto arikesari raaja'. achalapur se 7veen shati E. ka ek taabhrapatt bhi praapt hua hai. baitool gajetiyr ke anusaar is kile ko raaja il - L ne banaaya tha jiski rajdhani elijpur vartamaan achalapur mahaaraashtaïar thi. raaja il ne hi ajanta elora ki gufaaon ko banaaya tha jo baad mein raaja il - L ke naam par elora kahalaai gayi. kherala par raaj karne vaale ek anya raaja jaitapaal ka jikr padhaऩae ko milta hai jiske baare mein kaha jaata hai ki uske paas paaras patthar tha jiska upayog vah lohe ko sona banaane mein karta tha. is raaja ke kaaryakaal mein tax lagaan na chukaane vaale kisaano ke lohe se bane sabhi upayogi saamaan jaise gaichi, sabbal, kulhaadi, faavada tak kurk kar leta tha jise vah baad mein paaras patthar se sona bana kar apne khajaane mein rakhata tha. apaar sona hone ke chakkar mein hi logo ne is kile ko aaj khandahar ka roop de diya.

raaja ke paas paaras patthar hone ka khaamiyaaja use kai baar bhogana pada kyoki har koi pratidghandi shaasak us kile par chadhaai sirf paaras patthar ko paane ke liye hi karta tha. maraathi ke ek maatr praachin ganrath vivek sindhu mein kherala raajavansh ki kai kahaaniyo ko is granth ke rachayita mukundaraaj svaami ne likha hai. ek janashruti ke anusaar baar -baar aakraman aur ladaai - maarakaat se pareshaan hokar ant samay mein raaja jaitapaal ne mugalo ke paas vah anmol paaras patthar na chala jaaye is dar se paaras patthar ko bachaane ke liye use is kile se theek saamane uske dghaara banavaaye gaye raavanavaadi ke taalaab mein fek diya tha. mugalo ke baad jab agreji shaasan aaya aur use bhi is kile ke raaja dghaara raavanavaadi ke taalaab mein paaras patthar hone ki baat pata chali to ve bhi use paane ke liye bharsak prayaas kiye jismein angrejo dghaara raavanavaadi ke taalaab ke chaaro or haathiyo ke paanv mein lohe ki saakal - chain ko baandh kar use taalaab ke chaaro or ghumaane tatha usamein ki ek maatr lohe ki chain - saakal ke sone ban jaane ki bhi janashruti sunane ko milti hai.

mishrit gaund evam rajput raajaaon ke is kile ke ek anya raaja L - il se mugal senaapati Rahman shaah dulha ke beech ki ladaai ko lekar bhi kai kahaaniyaaain sunane ko evam padhaऩae ko milti hai. vivek sindhu ke anusaar mugal senaapati ka aur jaitapaal ka yudgh hua tha lekin elijpur vartamaan achalapur mein Rahman shaah dulha ke dhad ki majaar ke paas bani raaja il ki majaar is kahaani ko jhuthalaati hai. uske anusaar Rahman shaah dulha aur raaja il ka yudgh hua tha. magal senaapati maara gaya lekin raaja il ke marne ki kahaani kuchh alag hi sunane ko milti hai. barahaal kisi jamaane mein kherala shaktishaali raajya raha hoga jismein nimaad ke alaava 35 paragane uske adhin the. 13 vi evam 14 vi tathaa15 vi sadi ke daur mein kherala raajavansh ka itihaas kaafi romaanchakaari evam dil ko dahala dene waali shauryagaathaaon se bhara hua hai. aaj sarkaari upeksha evam dekharekh ke abhaav mein kherala ka kila mah$j ek praachin Bhaarat ki pehchaan ban kar rah gaya hai.

us taalaab mein hai paaras patthar ....

. yoon to hamaare desh ke kai raaja-mahaaraajaaon ke kile unke dvaara jama kiye gaye prachur khajaanon se bhare pade hain . vishv ke jaane- maane itihaasakaar tolami ke anusaar vartamaan kaal ka baitool beete kal ke akhand Bhaarat ka kendra bindu tha. is baitool mein isa pashchaat 130 se 161 kondaali naamak raaja ka kabja tha jo ki apne aapko gaund jaati ka maanata tha. is akhand Bhaarat ka kendra bindu kaha jaane vaale baitool jile par yainoo to gond raaja- mahaaraajaaon ki kai peedhiyo ne kai sadiyo tak raaj kiya. mugalo ke aakraman ke pashchaat hi 35 paragano vaale kherala (khedla) raajavansh ke kile ko mugalo ne apne anishcheet hamalo ke baad hue samjhaute ke tahat usaka naam badal kar use naya naam mehamudaabaad kar diya .

baitool jila mukhyaalaya se lagbhag das ki॰mee॰ ki door par sthit aitihaasik mahatva ki dharohar kahalaane wala khedla kila aaj bhi jeern-sheern avastha mein maujood hai. khandahar mein tabdeel ho chuke is kile ki deevaaron ke bejaan patthar aaj bhi apne saath hue barbarata poorvak vyavahaar ko cheekh-cheekhakar gujre itihaas ki gaatha ko taaja kar yahaaain par aane- jaane vaalo ko ek pal ke liye stabdh kar dete hai. itihaas ke pannon par apna svarnim naam ankit kara chuke is kile ke baare mein anek kisse kahaaniyaaain sunane ko milti hai. aaj bhi yahi kisse kahaaniyaaain in kilo ke hisso mein khudaai ka kaaran bante chale ja rahe hai. baitool jila mukhyaalaya se maatr das kilo meter ki doori par sthit raavanavaadi oorf khedala gram ke paas sthit khedala ka kila ki kai baar khudaai ho chuki hai. ek kivdanti ke anusaar kile ke saamane 22 hektar ki bhoomi par bana baitool jile ka sabse bada taalaab jismein ek sone ka soorya mandir dhansa hua hai. is mandir ke liye kai baar khudaai ho chuki lekin beech taalaab mein mandir ke dhanse hone ke kaaran use chaaro or se hajaaro tan mitti ke malabe ko aaj tak koi bhi poorn roop se nikaal baahar kar paaya hai.

is mandir ko lekar aaspaas ke logo mein prachalit ek adhanvishvaas ke anusaar mandir ke liye mandir ki khudaai karne vaale ko uske sapane mein yeh maang ki jaati hai ki vah agar mandir mein chhupe khajaane ko paana chaahata hai to use sabse pahalein apne pehle putr evam pehli putravadhu ki narabali deni hogi . aaj yahi kaaran hai ki mandir tak koi bhi pahainuch paane mein safal naheen ho saka hai. dusara sachchaai yeh hai ki aaj jis vyakti ki tathaakathit parivaarik sampati bane is taalaab se beete varsh gram panchaayat ne khudaai karke saikado tektar taali mitti logo ke kheto mein daali hai jo aaj in logo ko bharpoor paidaavar de rahi hai. ek anya kisse ke mutaabik raaja jaitapaal ki nagari mein ek baar bahut jamkar akaal pada . sookhe va akaal se praja mein traahi-traahi ka aalam vyaapt ho gaya. tab koi sant vahaan se gujre . raaja ne unki aavabhagat kar unase raajya mein faile sookhe va akaal ke nidaan ka upaaya poochha. raaja il ke aatithya se prasann mahaatma ne raaja il se kaha ki vah apne kill ke theek saamane 22 ekad ki bhoomi par taalaab khudavaaye tatha us taalaab ki khudaai ke baad us taalaab ke beecho beech Bhagwan bholenaath ke mandir ka banava kar uske paraas shivling ki sthaapana kar usaki pratham pooja apne pehle putr va putr vadhoo se karavaaye saath hi soorya ke taap ko kam karne ke liye use Bhagwan soorya ka sone ka bhavya mandir banavaana hoga agar vah aisa karta hai to uske raajya mein tatha is taalaab mein kabhi paani ki kami naheen aaegi. mahaatma ki seekh ke anusaar jab raaja ne apne putr va vadhu mandir sthaapana ke baad poojan ke liye bheja tab putr va vadhu ka poojan poora bhi naheen hua tha ki vah sthaan poora ka poora jalamagn ho gaya aur raaja aur uske putr evam vadhu us jal mein jal magr ho gaye.

raaja il ke putr evam vadhu ki jal samaadhi ke baad se lekar aaj tak yahaan kabhi paani ki kami logon ko mahasoos naheen hoti hain. ek anya katha ke anusaar raaja il ke paas chamatkaarik paaras patthar tha jo unhein kisi mahaatma ne seva se prasann hone par diya tha. saath hi iska durupyog karne ka mana kiya tha. aaj kheaati vyavasaaya ka jo kar roopayon mein liya jaata hai vah raaja il ke jamaane mein pondhara-chhani jo lohe ki hua karti thi, use kar ke badle liya jaata tha. ise vishaal taake mein jama kar raaja il is chamatkaarik paaras patthar se chhuaate the, tab vah lohe ke tukade sone mein badal jaate the. yeh kaarya poornat: gupt roop se hua karta tha. yeh rahasya raaja ke marne ke baad hi aam ho paaya tha. itihaas ki kitaabon mein bhi is baat ka ullekh maujood hai. saath hi yeh ullekh bhi hai ki jab raaja ka sir kat gaya tha fir bhi vah bheeshan yudgh kar rahe the. tabhi raaja ki kisi raani ne apne paas ke amoolya paaras patthar ko magul shaasan na hathiya le is dar se mahal se lagbhag 1.5 kimi door sthit bade taalaab mein feink diya tha. is taalaab mein khedala ke raaja dvaara mugalo se aakraman ke pashchaat uske paas maujood amoolya paaras mani ko fekane ki ek katha ne gore agreinjo tak ko vichlit kar diya tha. bataaya jaata hai ki chaar haathiyo ke pairo mein lohe ki majabut saakal baandh kar unhe taalaab ke chaaro or ghumaaya gaya tha jismein se maatr ek hi saakal ke lohe ke hone ki saakal ke sone ke ban jaane ki afavaah ne bhi is taalaab mein kai baar logo ko khudaai karne ko majabur kar daala hai. jila mukhyaalaya baitool se lagbhag das kimi door sthit taalaab ke paas kaalaantar mein jo aabaadi rahi thi vahi aabaadi aaj raavanavaadi gram ke naam se jaani jaati hai.

itihaas va kile va taalaab ki aaj ki sthiti jaanane ke liye baarish ke baad chhaayi hariyaali mein ise dekhne ka man banaaya. aadivaasi jinka jangalo se kaafi puraana rishta raha hai. satapudaachanl ke ghane jangalo ke beecho-beech sthit raaja il ka kila aaj bhi bhale chaaro or hare bhare khet aur khalihaano se ghira ho lekin beete kal vah jungle aur jangali jaanavaro se ghira hua tha. aadivaasi hone ke kaaran raaja 'ilaÓ ke kile ka pravesh dwaar 70 se 80 feet ooncha hone ke kaaran vah kisi bhi seedhe hamla ka us par koi asar naheen padta tha. lagbhag do dhaai sau bade majaboot pattharon ko kalaatmak roop se taraashakar unka upayog shaanadaar seedhiyon ke nirmaan mein kiya gaya tha. pravesh dwaar se raaja ke mahal ki doori saadh chaar sau gaj ki hai. adhik oonchaai par bane raaj il ke is kile se poora aaspaas ka kshetr dikhaai pad jaata hai. kile tak pahainuchane waali sabhi sandigdh gatividhiyo par paini najar rakhane ke baad bhi is kile par anek baar aakraman hue hai vah sirf is mahal mein chhupe khajaane evam paaras patthar ke kaaran jo in panktiyo ke likhe jaane tak na to mugalo ko mila na aaj ke laalachi insaan ko jisne iski khoj mein poore kile ko khandahar ka roop de diya hai.



achalapur aur paratavaada
city
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Maharashtra
jila amaraavati
janasankhya 1,07,304 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 369 meter (1,211 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a16′aN 77°a31′aE / 21.26°aN 77.51°aE / 21.26; 77.51