abu bakar

Abu bakr ka asli naam abdullaah ibn abi kuhaafa (Abdullah ibn Abi Quhaafah arabi عaaبaaد اaaلaaلaaه بaaن أaaبaaي قaaحaaاaaفaaة), c. 573 E – 23 August 634 E, inka mashahoor naam Abu bakr (أaaبaaو بaaكaaر) hai.[1] Abu bakr paiganbar muhammad ke sasur aur unke pramukh saathiyon mein se the. vah muhammad saahab ke baad musalmaanon ke pehle khaleefa chune gaye. sunni musalmaan inko chaar pramukh pavitra khaleefaaon mein agrani maanatein hain. ye paiganbar muhammad ke praarambhik anuyaayiyon mein se the aur inki putri aayasha paiganbar ki chaheti patni thi.

anukram

parichay

Abu bakr usmaan ke putr the. inke upanaam 'sik' aur 'ateek' bhi the. unhonne 40,000 dirham ki pooainji se vyaapaar aarambh kiya tha jo us samay ghatkar 5000 dirham rah gayi thi jab unhonne paiganbar ke saath madeena ko prasthaan kiya. paiganbar ki mrutyu (June, 8, 632 E.) ke pashchaat madeena ke aadivaasiyon ne ek sabha mein lambe vivaad ke pashchaat Abu bakr ko paiganbar ka khaleefa (uttaraadhikaari) sveekaar kiya.

paiganbar ki mrutyu hote hi makka, madeena aur taaif naamak teen nagaron ke atirikt samast arab pradesh islaamavimukh ho gaya. paiganbar dvaara lagaae gaye karon aur niyukt kiye gaye karmachaariyon ka logon ne bahishkaar kar diya. teen apraamaanik purush paiganbar tatha ek apraamaanik stri paiganbar apna pruthak prachaar karne lage. apne ghanishthatam mitron ke paraamarsh ke viruddh Abu bakr ne vidrohi aadivaasiyon se samjhauta naheen kiya. 11 sainik daston ki sahaayata se unhonne samast arab pradesh ko ek varsh mein niyantrit kiya. musalmaan nyaayapanditon ne dharmaparivrtan ke aparaadh ke liye mrutyudand nishchit kiya, kintu Abu bakr ne un sab jaatiyon ko kshama kar diya jinhonne islaam aur usaki keindreeya shakti ko pun: sveekaar kar liya.

padaarohan ke ek varsh ke bheetar hi Abu bakr ne khaalid (putr valeed) ko aajnyaa di ki vah musanna naamak senaapati ke saath 18,000 sainik lekar Iraq par chadhaai kare. is sena ne Irani shakti ko anek ladaaiyon mein nasht karke baabul tak, jo Irani saamraajya ki rajdhani madaain ke nikat tha, apna aadhiptya sthaapit kiya. iske baad khaalid ne Abu bakr ke aajnyaaanusaar Iraq se Syria ki or kooch kiya aur vahaaain marusthal ko paar karke vah 30,000 arab sainikon se ja mila aur 1,00,000 bijanteeni sena ko filsteen ke ajan daiin naamak sthaan par paraast kiya (31 July 634 E.). kuchh hi dinon baad Abu bakr ka dehaant ho gaya (23 August 624).

shaasanavyavastha mein Abu bakr ne paiganbar dvaara pratipaadit gareebi aur aasaani ke siddhaanto ka anukaran kiya. unka koi sachivaalaya aur naajakeeya kosh naheen tha. kar praapt hote hi vyaya kar diya jaata tha. vah 5,000 dirham saalaana swayam liya karte the, kintu apni mrutyu se poorv unhonne is dhan ko bhi apni niji sampatti bechakar vaapas kar diya.

sandarbh

  1. [1], from islam4theworld

sandarbh granth

  • myor: kailifet;
  • ibne ahaseer (Hyderabad mein mudrit)
  • ibne khaladoon.

baahari kadiyaan