abhishleshan

beech ka sanket hanheriyn mein hai jo atyadhik abhishleshit hai. upar evam neeche ke sanket kramash: romaaniyn evam jarman mein hain, jo 'inflekted bhaashaaeain' hain

abhishleshan (eglootineshan) do vastuon ka milna. bhaashaavijnyaaan mein shabdon ke sanmelan ko abhishleshan kehte hain. bhaasha mein padon ke dvaara arth ka tatha parasarg aadi ke dvaara sambandh ka bodh hota hai. 'mere' shabd mein 'main' (arth tatv) aur 'ka' (sambandh tatv) ka abhileshan karke "mere' shabd banaaya gaya hai. is abhileshan ke aadhaar par hi bhaashaaon ka aakrutimoolak vargeekaran kiya jaata hai. cheeni bhaasha mein abhishleshan naheen hai kintu Turkey bhaasha abhishleshan ka achha udaaharan hai.

iske teen mukhya bhed hain-

(1) prashlisht abhishleshan (inakaaraporeshan), ismein donon tatvon ko alag naheen kiya ja sakta.

(2) abhishlisht abhishleshan (sinpul eglootileshan) mein abhishlisht tatv pruthak‌ dikhaai dete hain.

(3) shlisht abhishleshan (inaflekshan) mein yadyapi arth tatv mein vikaar ho jaata hai fir bhi sambandh tatv alag maaloom hota hai.

sanskrut vyaakaran mein abhishleshan ki prakriya ko saamarthya kehte hain. vahaaain iske ekaarthi bhaav aur vyapeksha mein do bhed maane gaye hain. praacheen paashchaatya darshan mein do vichaaron ke samanvaya ke liye iska prayog hua hai. chikitsaashaastr mein drav padaarth mein baikteeriya, sel ya jeevaanuon ke paraspar sanyog ke liye is shabd ka prayog hota hai.