abhidha

shabdon ki teen shaktiyaaain hoti hain : abhidha, lakshana tatha vyanjana.

abhidha : jab kisi shabd ka saamaanya arth mein prayog hota hai tab vahaaain usaki abhidha shakti hoti hai, jaise 'sir par chadhaana' ka arth kisi cheej ko kisi sthaan se uthaakar sir par rakhana hoga.

lakshana : jab shabd ka saamaanya arth mein prayog na karte hue kisi vishesh prayojan ke liye istemaal kiya jaata hai, yeh jis shakti ke dvaara hota hai use lakshana kehte hain. lakshana se 'sir par chadhne' ka arth aadar dena hoga. udaaharan ke liye 'aaingaaron par lotana', 'aaainkh maarana', 'aaainkhon mein raat kaatna', 'aag se khelna', 'khoon choosana', 'thahaaka lagaana', 'sher banana' aadi muhaavaron mein lakshana shakti ka prayog hua hai.

vyanjana : jab abhidha aur lakshana apna kaam khatmakar leti hain, tab jis shakti se shabd-samoohon ya vaakyon ke kisi arth ki soochana milti hai use 'vyanjana' kehte hain. vyanjana se nikle adhikaansh arthon ko vyangyaarth kehte hain. 'sir par chadhaana' muhaavare ka vyangyaarth na to 'sir' par nirbhar karta hai na 'chadhaane' par varan poore muhaavare ka arth hota hai uchhrunkhal, anushaasanaheen athva dheeth banaana.

baahari kadiyaaain