aayaralaind ganatantr

Ireland
Éaaire
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: none
raashtragaan: amhraan na bhfiyaan
("the soljars song")
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
dabalin
53°a26′aN 6°a15′aW / 53.433°aN 6.25°aW / 53.433; -6.25
raajabhaasha(eain) aayarish, angreji
sarkaar ganaraajya
- raashtrapati mairi maik'aleej
- taaoisich Brian koven
svatantr sanyukt raajashaahi se
- ghoshit 21 January, 1919
- maanyata praapt 6 December, 1922
kshetrafal
- kul 70,273 varg kilometer (120vaan)
27,133 varg meal
- jal (%) 2.00 %
janasankhya
- July 2005 janaganana 4,148,000 (122 vaan)
- 2002 janaganana 3,917,203
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul $167.9 billion (49 vaan)
- prati vyakti $34,100 (4 vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.899[1]
bahut uchch · 11vaaain
mudra Euro (€) (EUR)
samay mandal GMT (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+0)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) aayarish samar time (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+1)
doorabhaash koot 353
Internet teeeladi .ie

Ireland ganatantr (aayarish : Poblacht na hÉaaireann) uttari-pashchimi Europe mahaadveep ka ek chhota sa desh hai. aayaralaind dweep ka lagbhag 80 pratishat bhaag aayaralaind ganatantr ke adheen hai. dablin yahaaain ka sabse bada nagar evam rajdhani hai. is desh ki kul janasankhya lagbhag 46 lakh hai jiske ek tihaai log dablin mahanagar kshetr mein rahate hain. iske uttar mein uttari aayaralaind hai jo sanyukt raajashaahi (UK) ke adheen hai. poorv mein aayari saagar hai, pashchim aur dakshin mein atalaantik mahaasaagar hai. 1973 se yeh Europeeya sangh ka sadasya hai. yahaaain ke adhikaansh log roman kaithalik hain.

anukram

itihaas

svaadheenata milne se poorv aayaralaind desh british shaasan ke aadheen tha. 3 May 1921 ko is desh ka vibhaajan ho gaya aur 6 December 1922 ko yeh yoo0 ke0 se svatantr hokar ek alag raajya ke roop mein sthaapitya ho gaya. raajya se ise desh ka darja 29 December 1937 ko praapt hua aur san 1949 ko yeh desh poorn roop se ripblik of Ireland ke naam se duniya ke maanachitr par ankit ho gaya parantu iska ek bhaag aaj bhi yoo0 ke0 ke adhikaar kshetr mein aata hai, jise uttari Ireland kaha jaata hai. san 1949 mein yeh desh Britain se svatantr to ho gaya parantu aarthik sansaadhanon ke abhaav mein iski arthavyavastha unnati ki or agrasar naheen ho saki. san 1950 mein yuropiyn committee ki sadasyata grahan karne ke baad, viksit sadasya deshon ke sahayog se iski arthavyavastha mein mahatvapoorn parivartan aaya jiske parinaamasvaroop yeh desh sakal ghareloo utpaad mein vishv mein chhathe sthaan par hai, iske saath hi raajanaitik svatantrata mein, aarthik svatantrata mein, maanavaadhikaar mein iski ganana uchchatam star par ki jaati hai.

sanskruti

Ireland ki mool, jo paaramparik sanskruti hai, vah ab gaaainvon tak hi seemit rah gayi hai. gaaainvon mein base aayarish apni sanskruti ke prati aaj bhi utane hi aasthaavaan hai jitne pehle hua karte the. ve un reeti-rivaajon, paramparaaon ko jeevant kiye hue hai jo kisi bhi desh ki pehchaan hoti hai. aayarish khule vichaaron ke hote hai. ve apne vichaaron aur bhaavon ko pradarshit karne mein jara bhi sankoch naheen karte. yahi khulaapan unki vyavahaarakushala ko aur bhi sudrudh banaata hain. aayarish aur aaingreji yahaaain ki mukhya bhaashaaen hai. aayarish bhaasha is desh ki maatrubhaasha hai aur aaingreji ko sarkaari taur par doosari bhaasha ka sthaan praapt hai. bol-chaal mein aayarish aur aaingreji dono bhaashaaon ka prayog hota hai parantu aaingreji bhaasha mukhya roop se jyaada prayog ki jaati hai. samay ke saath yahaaain ki jeevan-shaili mein bhi bada parivartan aaya. bade gharo ka sthaan chhote apaartameintas ne le liya, faayarapeles ka sthaan central heetig system ne le liya aur paaramparik aayarish bhojan ki jagah fast food ne le li. aayarish bhojan mein mukhya roop se maaains aur aaloo ka upayog bahutaayat maatra mein hota hai. vibhinn prakaar ke anaajon se bani bred yahaaain ke logon ke bhojan ka aadhaar hai. aayarish apne svaasthya ke prati atyadhik jaagruk hai isliye ve taaji sabjiyon ke saath shahad ko bhi apne bhojan mein shaamil karte hai. bhaarateeya, chaayaneej, itailiyn aur maiksikn bhojan yahaaain ke logon ki pasand ban raha hai parantu fast food yuva varg ki mukhya pasand hai. Ireland ki pab sanskruti poore vishv mein prasiddh hai.

krushi evam udyog

aayarish krushi mukhyat: vanaspati par aadhaarit udyog ke roop viksit hui hai. bhoomi ke ek bade bhaag ko pashuon ke chaare aur bhoose ke liye diya gaya hai. san 1998 mein Ireland ki poori bhoomi ke kshetrafal ka keval 19,5% bhaag hi kheti aur pashuon ke chaare ke liye upayog mein laai ja rahi thi. lagbhag 6% bhoomi par anaaj jaise gehooain, jau, makka aadi anaaj ugaae gaye the, 1,5% bhoomi par hari fasalon ka utpaadan ho raha tha arthaat bhoomi ka ek bada bhaag pashu-paalan mein upayog ho raha hai. iska kaaran yeh hai ki pashu-paalan yahaaain ki niryaat-aay ka mukhya srot hai. pashuon ka maaains aur unase banane vaale dairy utpaadan ko yahaaain se anya deshon ko niryaat kiya jaata hai. utpaadan keematon ka 60% gaaya ke maaains aur dugdh utpaadan se hi poora hota hai. Ireland vishv mein sabse bade beef utpaadak desh ki roop mein viksit ho raha hai. Ireland mein lagbhag 130,000 kisaan hain. san 2002 ke okadon ke anusaar 13% kisaan 35 varsh se kam umr ke hai, 46% kisaan 35 aur 55 varsh ke umr ke beech hai, 21% kisaan 55 aur 65 varsh ke umr ke beech hai aur 20% kisaan 65 varsh se adhik umr ke hai. ek samay tha jab krushi bhoomi ka maalik hona ameer hone ka prateek tha aur aay ka mukhya srot bhi tha. is sarve se yeh anumaan lagaaya ja sakta hai ki krushi ke prati yuvaaon ka aarkashan kam hota ja raha hai. ve naukri ya swayam ke vyavasaaya mein adhik roochi le rahe hai. yahaaain ka mukhya roop se udyog kapde par chhapaai, dava aur machhali-paalan hai. iske saath Khan-paan ki vastuon ki paiking aur vitran udyog bhi hai jiske liye yahaaain ek ef.di.I. I. vyaapaar sangathan banaaya gaya hai jiska in udyogon par niyntran rahata hai.

shiksha

Ireland mein shiksha primary, sekendari aur haaiyar teen staron par nidhaarit ki gayi hai. pichhle kuchh varsho mein uchch shiksha ke kshetr mein bahut adhik vikaas hua hai. san 1960 mein hue aarthik vikaas ke kaaran shiksha pranaali mein sudhaar ke anek parivartan hue hai. yahaaain sabhi staron par shiksha nishulk hai parantu yeh suvidha keval kuchh deshon ke vidyaarthiyon ke liye hi hai. Ireland mein shiksha primary, sekendari aur haaiyar teen staron par nidhaarit ki gayi hai. pichhle kuchh varsho mein uchch shiksha ke kshetr mein bahut adhik vikaas hua hai. san 1960 mein hue aarthik vikaas ke kaaran shiksha pranaali mein sudhaar ke anek parivartan hue hai. yahaaain sabhi staron par shiksha nishulk hai parantu yeh suvidha keval i0 yoo0 deshon ke vidyaarthiyon ke liye hi hai. praarambhik shiksha sabhi schoolon mein di jaati hai jiska uddeshya pratyek bachche ka shaareerik, bauddhik aur maanasik vikaas karna hai. yeh shiksha mukhyat: national school, malteedomineshanal schoolon mein di jaati hain. adhikaash vidyaarthi sekeindari school tak ki shiksha poori karte hi hain. yeh shiksha mukhyat, malteeskool, kampreeheinsiv school, vokeshanal ya volenatari schoolon mein poori ki jaati hai. adhikaansh vidyaarthi 12-13 varsh ki umr mein pravesh lete hai aur 17-19 varsh ki umr mein ve leevig certificate pareeksha dekar sekeindari shiksha samaapt kar lete hai. Ireland mein uchch shiksha ke kshetr mein anek vishvavidyaalaya aur sansthaae hai jinki ganana vishv ki sabse achhi sansthaaon mein hoti hai. top university.kaam website 2008 ke aaainkadon ke anusaar university of davalin triniti college ko vishv ke sarvashreshth vishvavidyaalayon mein 49vein sthaan par, university kaalej dabalin ko 108vein sthaan par, university kaalej kaark ko 226 sthaan par, dabalin city vishvavidyaalaya ko 302 sthaan par aur dabalin university of teknaalaaji 328 sthaan par pradarshit kiya gaya hain.

dharm

ripblik of Ireland mein kisi dharm ko koi maanyata praapt naheen hai. isaai dharm ko adhik sankhya mein manaane ke kaaran yahaaain isaai dharm prachalit ho gaya. is desh ki lagbhag 92% aabaadi roman Catholic dharm ka paalan karti hai. keval 3% log protestent dharm ko maanate hai, church aafai Ireland ko 2.35% presavaayateriyn ko 0.37% maithodist ko 0.14% aur anya chhote parantu sthir dharm ko maanane vaalon mein jaivish samudaaya ka 0.04% aur islaam ka 0.11 pratishat hai. san 2005 mein yoorovauromeetar dvaara karaae gaye sarve ke anusaar 73% aayarish naagrik gaaaind mein vishvaas rakhate hai. 22% aatma jaisi shakti mein vishvaas rakhate hai aur keval 4% logon ka ishvar mein vishvaas naheen hai.

sangeet evam kala

Ireland mein sangrahaalaya aur kala deerghaaeain badi sankhya mein hai. mukhyat, garmiyon ke maheene mein yahaaain badi sankhya mein sangeet aur kala se sambandhit kai kaaryakram vyavasthit kiye jaate hai. seltik myoojik yahaaain ka paaramaparik sangeet hai, jo aayarish sangeet ka ek bhaag hai. vishv manch par aayarish sangeet ko pehchaan dilaane mein James gaalave ka sahayog atulaneeya hai. kala mein seltik Art ek puraani kala hai jismein rekhaaon ki simetri banaai jaati hai jismein seltik cross, nautavark dijaayan, seltik tri of life, spaairal dijaayan, paartakulis dijaayan aadi hai jo kisi na kisi maanyata se judi hui hai. yahaaain ka seint petrik diwas tyauhaar bahut prasiddh hai jismein logon dvaara kala se sambandhit anekon kaaryakram prastut kiye jaate hai.

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.

inhein bhi dekhein